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Introduction of psychotherapy

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Introduction of psychotherapy

  1. 1. “A method of treatment based on the development of intimate (therapeutic) relationship between client & therapist for the purpose of exploring & modifying the client behavior in a satisfying direction.” …By Lego S. 4/24/2013 Jayesh Patidar 2
  2. 2. Count… • “A process in which a person who wishes to relieve symptoms or resolve problems in living or seeking personal growth enters in implicit or explicit contract to interact in a prescribed way with a psychotherapist.” …By – Psychiatric Glossary (1980) 4/24/2013 Jayesh Patidar 3
  3. 3. • Changing maladaptive behavior pattern. • Reducing of elimination environmental conditions that may be causing such a behavior. • Improving interpersonal & other competencies i.e communication skill • Helping the patient to resolve inner conflict & overcome feelings of handicap • Modifying an individual’s accurate assessment of himself & the world around him • Helping him to develop a sense of self-identity. 4/24/2013 Jayesh Patidar 4
  4. 4. • Psychotic patient with severe behavior disturbance like excitement. • Organic psychosis (in acute phase) • Patient’s who are unmotivated & unwilling to accept it. • Group psychotherapy in hysteria, hypochondriasis etc. • Patient’s who are unlikely to respond, eg; personality disorder , specially antisocial personality. 4/24/2013 Jayesh Patidar 5
  5. 5. • Patient may become excessively dependent on therapy or therapist. • Intensive psychotherapy may be distressing to the patient & result in exacerbation of symptoms & deterioration in relationship. • Disorder s for which physical treatment would be more appropriate may be missed • Ineffective psychotherapy waste time & money & changes in patient’s morale. 4/24/2013 Jayesh Patidar 6
  6. 6. 4/24/2013 Jayesh Patidar 7
  7. 7. TYPES OF PSYCHOTHERAPY Individual Psychotherapy Interpersonal Psychotherapy •Psychoanalysis •Marital therapy •Hypnosis •Family therapy •Abreaction •Transactional therapy •Reality therapy •Uncovering Behavioral Psychotherapy Group Psychotherapy •Behavior Modification •Systematic Desensitization •Aversion therapy •Assertiveness training Other Psycho-social •Cognitive behavior therapy therapy •Implosive (flooding) therapy •Therapeutic community •Positive reinforcement •Millieu therapy -Response shaping •Occupational therapy -Modelling •Play therapy -Token economy •Recreational therapy •Music therapy 4/24/2013 Jayesh Patidar •Dance therapy 8
  8. 8. 1. Milieu Therapy 2. Therapeutic Community 3. Attitude Therapy 4. Occupational Therapy 5. Play Therapy 6. Music Therapy 4/24/2013 Jayesh Patidar 9
  9. 9. 4/24/2013 Jayesh Patidar 10

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