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History of surgery.pptx

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History of surgery.pptx

  1. 1. Tips on using my ppt. 1. You can freely download, edit, modify and put your name etc. 2. Don’t be concerned about number of slides. Half the slides are blanks except for the title. 3. First show the blank slides (eg. Aetiology ) > Ask students what they already know about ethology of today's topic. > Then show next slide which enumerates aetiologies. 4. At the end rerun the show – show blank> ask questions > show next slide. 5. This will be an ACTIVE LEARNING SESSION x three revisions. 6. Good for self study also. 7. See notes for bibliography.
  2. 2. Periods of History
  3. 3. Periods of History • Prehistory • Ancient history • Middle ages • Modern age • Contemporary age
  4. 4. Introduction & History.
  5. 5. Introduction & History. • It wasn't until the 1900s that the likelihood of surviving surgery was greater than the chance of dying during or immediately after surgery. • The growth of surgery depended upon- 1. Knowledge of Anatomy. 2. Hemostasis 3. Asepsis. 4. Anesthesia. 5. Opening and closing cavities
  6. 6. Introduction & History. 1. Knowledge of Anatomy. 2. Hemostasis solved in the 16th century 1. Asepsis. 2. Anesthesia. 3. Opening and closing cavities would not be fully resolved until the ending decades of the 19th century.
  7. 7. Milestones.
  8. 8. Milestones. • 6,500 B.C.E.: Skulls found in France show signs of a rudimentary surgery called trepanation, which involves drilling a hole in the skull. • 1540 C.E.: English barbers and surgeons unite to form The United Barber-Surgeons Company. These barber-surgeons performed tooth extractions and bloodletting. • 1818: First transfusion of human blood.
  9. 9. Milestones. • 1843: First use of ether as an anesthetic. • 1846: First public use of anesthesia during surgery. Ether was used. The patient was conscious but felt no pain during the procedure to remove a tumor in his neck.
  10. 10. Milestones. • 1847: Semmelweis proposed the practice of washing hands with chlorinated lime solutions in • 1864: Louis Pasteur proved germ theory of disease. • 1867: British surgeon Joseph Lister publishes Antiseptic Principle in the Practice of Surgery, extolling the virtues of cleanliness in surgery. The mortality rate for surgical patients immediately falls.
  11. 11. Milestones. • 1885: First successful appendectomy performed, in Iowa. • 1893: First successful heart surgery performed, Provident Hospital, Chicago. • 1895: First X-ray performed, in Germany. • 1896: First successful heart surgery performed, in Germany. Surgeons repaired a stab wound in the muscle of the right ventricle. • 1928: Antibiotics discovered.
  12. 12. Milestones. • 1940: First metal hip replacement surgery performed. • 1950: First successful organ transplant The kidney recipient rejected the organ after eight months. • 1952: First successful heart surgery where the heart was stopped and restarted. • 1953: First successful surgery using a heart- lung bypass machine
  13. 13. Milestones. • 1967: First heart transplant surgery performed, by South African Christian Barnard. • 1975: First organ surgery performed using laparoscopic or minimally invasive, technique. • 1978: First "test-tube" baby born using in vitro fertilization. • 1982: Jarvik-7 artificial heart used.
  14. 14. Milestones. • 1984: Baby Fae survives 21 days after being transplanted with the heart of a baboon. • 1985: First documented robotic surgery. • 1999: First successful hand transplant (previous patients had rejected their grafts). • 2007: First natural orifice transluminal endoscopic surgery performed. • 2008: Connie Culp has the first near- total full face transplant
  15. 15. Milestones. • 2013: A nerve transfer procedure gives a paraplegic patient the ability to move their hands.
  16. 16. Our Contribution.
  17. 17. Our Contribution. • Sushrut
  18. 18. Heroes of Surgery
  19. 19. Heroes of Surgery • Father of Surgery- Sushrut •
  20. 20. Heroes of Surgery • Andreas Vesalius human anatomy. • French army surgeon Ambrose Paré – Developed an emollient of egg yolk, rose oil, and turpentine for gunshot wounds. – Brought the resurgence of ligating, – “I treated him. God cured him,”
  21. 21. Heroes of Surgery • Louis Pasteur germ theory of disease. • 1865, Joseph Lister, “listerism.” Lister recommended antisepsis, or the removal of bacteria from instruments, wounds, and the air above the patient. His process consisted of using carbolic acid as a sterilizing agent, • A second important advance by Lister was the development of sterile absorbable sutures. He was able to cut the ends of the ligature short, thereby closing the wound tightly .
  22. 22. Heroes of Surgery • John Hunter (1728-1793). museum of comparative anatomy and pathology in the world • On October 16, 1846, William T.G. Morton, a Boston dentist, persuaded John Collins Warren , professor of surgery at the Massachusetts General Hospital, to let him administer sulfuric ether to a surgical patient from whom Warren went on to remove a small, congenital vascular tumor of the neck painlessly.
  23. 23. Get this ppt in mobile 1. Download Microsoft PowerPoint from play store. 2. Open Google assistant 3. Open Google lens. 4. Scan qr code from next slide.
  24. 24. Get this ppt in mobile
  25. 25. Get my ppt collection • https://www.slideshare.net/drpradeeppande/ edit_my_uploads • https://www.dropbox.com/sh/x600md3cvj8 5woy/AACVMHuQtvHvl_K8ehc3ltkEa?dl =0 • https://www.facebook.com/doctorpradeeppa nde/?ref=pages_you_manage

Notes de l'éditeur

  • drpradeeppande@gmail.com
    7697305442

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