2. • A manager alone cannot perform all the tasks assigned to
him… should delegate authority.
• Subdivision and sub-allocation of powers to the
subordinates in order to achieve effective results.
3. Elements of Delegation
1. Authority –
The power and right of a person to use and allocate
the resources efficiently, to take decisions and to give
orders so as to achieve the organizational objectives.
Authority is the right to give commands, orders and get
the things done.
4. 2. Responsibility –
The duty of the person to complete the task assigned
Responsibility without adequate authority leads to
discontent and dissatisfaction among the person.
5. 3. Accountability –
Being answerable for the end result. Accountability can
not be delegated.
It arises from responsibility.
8. Limitation of delegation
On the part of supervisors:
Lack of ability to plan & direct
Lack of willingness to share and let go
Lack of trust on subordinates
Lack of control
9. Limitation of delegation
On the part of Subordinates
Lack of self confidence
Fear for victim of criticism
Dependability on decision
Not accept delegation
10. Principles of Delegation of Authority
Principle of result excepted-
Principle of Parity of Authority and Responsibility-
Principle of absolute responsibility-
11. Principle of Authority level-
This principle suggests that a manager should exercise his authority
within the jurisdiction / framework given.
Superior should give clear instruction and delegation and
subordinates to take assistance and guidance from seniors.
• In a decentralization concern, authority is retained by the
top management for taking major decisions and framing
policies concerning the whole concern.
13. Advantages of Decentralization
Relieves top management from work load
Motivates the lower level employees, as it make their job
more attractive and interesting.
Encourages lower level employee to take initiatives.
14. Disadvantages of Decentralization
Hampers uniformity in decision making.
Increases the administrative cost due to duplication of work
Difficult for top management to exercise control.