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Hyderabad | Sep-16 | GRAM OORJA : Energy access in rural India : Enabling Agriculture

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Presenter : Anshuman Lath

Publié dans : Sciences
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Hyderabad | Sep-16 | GRAM OORJA : Energy access in rural India : Enabling Agriculture

  1. 1. Energy access in rural India Enabling Agriculture Hyderabad September 23, 2016
  2. 2. Business Overview : Gram Oorja • Gram Oorja fulfils the electricity, cooking fuel and water needs of tribal communities in the remote, off-grid regions of India using PV micro-grids, biogas based cooking grids and solar pumps • Ensures operational and financial stability of projects through an effective metering and tariff mechanism and organising appropriate finance • Currently working in tribal villages of Maharashtra, Jharkhand, Odisha, Rajasthan and North Karnataka. • Plans to expand into the tribal belts of Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh as well as the North-East. • Clients include some of India’s largest foundations like the Tata Trusts and ICICI Bank Limited and policy and research institutions worldwide • Founded by entrepreneurs from premier institutions like the IITs and IIMs and with experience in social, financial and energy sectors
  3. 3. Products Solar micro-grids ranging from 5-20 kWp Biogas grids ranging from 50-200 cubic meter size for cooking Solar water pumps (AC & DC) Electrification of education and health institutions
  4. 4. Funders Funders Community Partners/ customers Beneficiaries A C •Bosch Solar •Sir Dorab Tata Trust •ICICI Bank •Rotary •Grundfos Foundation •Tribal communities Funds Orders Business Model • Gram Oorja works to integrate the various aspects to ensure delivery of sustainable projects Long Term Handholding
  5. 5. Our Activities
  6. 6. Target Markets •69 districts with more than 25% tribal population •Gram Oorja plans to expand into the tribal districts of Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh and Rajasthan
  7. 7. • Deep relationships with social service organisations who work intensively with communities • Ability to understand needs and aspirations and design appropriate systems • Ability to source appropriate finance ensuring sustainability of projects • Ability to work in geographically and politically difficult markets nationwide • Has been able to provide a good base for testing various products anywhere in India • Strong survey reach and skills Gram Oorja – Unique Value Proposition
  8. 8. Solar water pumping - Agriculture
  9. 9. Dongripada Village – Dongripada Taluka – Jawhar District – Palghar Pump size – 3 HP PV size – 3 KWp Total head – 55 m Pump capacity – 28,000 lits/day Irrigated land – 5 acres Type of irrigation – Drip Crops – Vegetables & flowers
  10. 10. Jhumkapatia Village – Jhumkapatia Taluka – Rasol District – Dhenkanal Pump size – 7.5 HP PV size – 7.8 KWp Total head – 35 m Pump capacity – 1.25 lakh lits/day Irrigated land – 9 acres Type of irrigation – Drip Crops – Vegetables & fruits
  11. 11. Survani Village – Survani Taluka – Dhadgaon District – Nandurbar Pump size – 7.5 HP PV size – 7.5 KWp Total head – 25 m Pump capacity – 2.5 lakh lits/day Irrigated land – 17 acres Type of irrigation – Flood Crops – Vegetables
  12. 12. Survani Pump size – 7.5 HP PV size – 7.5 KWp Total head – 25 m Pump capacity – 2.5 lakh lits/day Cost comparison with diesel engine: Diesel engine required to achieve equivalent output of water – 10 HP Its diesel consumption – 2 lit/hr Operational time – 5 hrs Diesel rate – 55 Rs/lit Expenditure on diesel per day – Rs. 550/- Life of the solar pumping unit – 25 years
  13. 13. Solar Micro-grid – Commercial load
  14. 14. Bhamane Village – Bhamane Taluka – Joida District – Uttar Kannad Number of houses – 32 Population – 160 Project – Hybrid micro-grid Technologies used – Solar PV & micro hydro
  15. 15. Bhamane Total generation – 8 KW PV size – 3 KWp Turbine – 5 KW Rice huller – 3 HP Flour mill – 3 HP
  16. 16. 1. Setting the stage • The first stage is Deep interaction with the community • Assess the needs and willingness of the TG • Inherent leadership in the community, if any, comes to the forefront • Get the women on-board • Building trust and goodwill is essential This stage could be the most significant cost apart from hardware
  17. 17. 2. Designing to meet future aspirations Once on-demand power is provided, people discover and add new uses for electricity: • Utilization of the system steadily increases • Lifestyle changes and livelihood opportunities warrant high loads that must be planned for – In Darewadi, a flour mill, two computers and a water pump account for ~16-18 units per day – Water pumps have transformed the lives of women by eliminating 4-5 hours of work during dry months – Water pumps will enable some farmers to graduate from an annual crop to two crops per year
  18. 18. Sample Load Profiles
  19. 19. 3. Devising a sustainable tariff  Metered consumption based charging is essential for – accountability – discipline – load management  Creating a corpus with billing collections is essential for – battery replacement – day-to-day O&M
  20. 20. Example of monthly paper bill (in Darewadi) Battery bank
  21. 21. 4. Minimizing battery backup • Minimizing battery storage has several advantages – Reduced upfront investment – Reduced battery replacement costs – Minimizing environmental impact • Manual optimization through separate feeder lines for household, commercial and street-lighting loads – Enables better management during periods of low generation
  22. 22. Feeder line circuits Darewadi during monsoons
  23. 23. 5. Meeting safety & quality standards • The installations should meet safety standards as per utility specifications • Higher upfront investment but longer term sustainability • Possibility of interconnection with the grid, depending on future policy • Ensures safety of people and cattle • Helps meet the psychological need of being connected to the world
  24. 24. 6. Closing the loop: Transfer of ownership • Entrepreneurs cannot stay engaged indefinitely for day-to-day management, resolving disputes, etc • A representative trust or village council plays a critical role in the success of the project • People more likely to maintain if they feel like owners • Anecdotal evidence from Darewadi
  25. 25. Biogas based Cooking Grid
  26. 26. Biogas based Cooking Grid
  27. 27. Rationale • Cleaner, healthier and less cumbersome cooking systems with Biogas. • Less burden on women to collect firewood. • Reduction in smoke-related health problems due to burning of wood. • Saves time, energy and money spent in getting firewood/kerosene/LPG. • Increases time for family and for productive cottage industries. • Reduced burden on forests due to less dependency on firewood. • Nominal harmful greenhouse gas emissions due to the use of clean energy.
  28. 28. Biogas cooking grids at Kolvan Individual Consumer School i.e . Commercial Consumer Scrubber and Boosting System Gas Line Flame @ Site Flame @ End User Flame @ Commercial User Biogas Plant Consum er
  29. 29. Roof Top installations for Schools Gram Oorja has installed small PV systems for running electrical load in schools & organizations including few lights, fans & computers: • Pragati Pratishthan School • Sadhana Village • Ghatandevi Shikshak Prasarak Mandal • Shree Gadage Maharaj Secondary Ashram School & Junior college • Mahajan Guruji Secondary and Higher Secondary Ashram School • Kranti Jyoti Savitribai Phule Primary, Secondary & Junior College • Vanvasi Kalyan Ashram
  30. 30. Roof Top installations for Primary Health Centers Gram Oorja has installed PV systems for running electrical load in 11 Primary Health Centers in Nandurbar District to ensure 24x7 electricity for operating lights, fans, medical equipment and refrigeratiors for vaccine storage. The system configurations were:  Solar Photovoltaic capacity: 3 kWp  Solar Photovoltaic capacity: 6 kWp
  31. 31. Biogas cooking grids
  32. 32. Acceptance