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Seoul | Jun-15 | Smart Villages Agenda & Concept

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Given by: Dr Terry van Gevelt

Our Seoul media workshop was a two-day residential event featuring a combination of background briefings from local and international experts and entrepreneurs on energy markets and developments in the South East Asian off-grid sector. The workshop offered an opportunity to explore the Smart Villages concept and study nascent Smart Village projects and relevant technologies from around the world.

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Seoul | Jun-15 | Smart Villages Agenda & Concept

  1. 1. e4sv.org
  2. 2. e4sv.org DAY 1 – FRIDAY JUNE 12TH - CONCEPT AND OFF-GRID ENERGY FACILITATION/CHAIR: RICHARD HAYHURST 09.00 Welcome & introductions 09.30 Smart Village concept – Dr Terry van Gevelt, University of Cambridge 10.15 Video case study – Terrat Village, Tanzania 10.30 Break 11.00 Group discussion: taking energy for granted What is it like having to live without (reliable) energy? 11.30 Presentation – Dr Alvin Yeo, UNIMAS (Universit Malaysia Sarawak Employing ICT for Socio-Economic Development in Remote and Rural Communities in Malaysian Borneo: A Holistic, Interdisciplinary and Participatory Approach 12.15 Video case study – Cinta Mekar, Indonesia 12.30 Lunch 14.00 Group discussion: in-country examples 14.45 Insights in energy reporting, journalistic practice & challenges across different global regions – Sharon Schmickle, Julia Vitullo-Martin 15.30 Break 16.00 Video case study – Light Up Borneo, Sabah, Malaysia 16.15 Group discussion: technology options –Where is cutting-edge research taking us? Dr Claudia Canales 17.00 Video case study – SACASOL, Philippines 17.30 Close
  3. 3. e4sv.org DAY 2 – SATURDAY JUNE 13TH - BENEFITS AND CHALLENGES FACILITATION/CHAIR: RICHARD HAYHURST 09.00 Recap of day 1; Technology leapfrogging benefits 09.15 Entrepreneurship case study - EKOCENTER 09.45 Presentation – Dr Chong Eng Tan, UNIMAS Objective-Oriented Technology Innovation for ICT Adoption in the Remote and Rural Areas 10.30 Break 11.00 Health case study – QUANTUMDX Video case study – Swasthya Slate, India 11.45 Journalism challenge - Smart City analogy - JVM/SS 13.00 Lunch • 14.00 Group exercise – imagining a smart village 15.00 Insights in energy reporting – Sharon Schmickle, Julia Vitullo-Martin 15.30 Break 16.00 E4SV Stories, Images and Blogs – Dr Claudia Canales-Holzeis, University of Oxford 16.30 E4SV Future activities, opportunities, conclusions and finish – Richard Hayhurst 17.00 Close
  4. 4. e4sv.org CONCEPT AND OFF-GRID ENERGY • 3 year project with related activities in 5 regions – W&E Africa, SE Asia, India, South America • Off grid energy to rural communities and potential impact • Bottom up approach – listening to ambitions, mapping on-ground initiatives, • Matching with general progress, leading to policy advice at national and international level • Give you a background on off-grid renewable energy – key issue in Paris
  5. 5. e4sv.org
  6. 6. e4sv.org CONCEPT AND OFF-GRID ENERGY • Energy provision roughly kept track with population growth • Still an off-grid population + poor quality access • Pico/nano solutions – good penetration, no longer toys, big guys moving in • Mini-grids – fallacy that private sector will provide • Hub and spoke approach • Metrics a developing field – Multi-tiered access key to new Sustainability Goals of Energy Access for All
  7. 7. e4sv.org CONCEPT AND OFF-GRID ENERGY • Terrat – our first smart village – jatropha as biofuel, from darkness to light, stimulating entrepreneurship, health, community • ICT as enabling technology via UNIMAS telecentres • Working with remote communities at their pace, on their terms • Forest signs saving knowledge and passing on to young generation • Handicrafts – installing ambition, go for high end products • Deconstruction stories from Myanmar, Vietnam
  8. 8. e4sv.org CONCEPT AND OFF-GRID ENERGY • Local examples – Abdallah on Nigerian SERC’s 3 offgrid villages, Lominda on Biogas from cowdung for school cooking, solar for vegetable drying, Yao on Philippines and bicycle power, Anna on island using solar for battery charging • State of technology – solar forges ahead, storage investment, biofuel energy/cost ratios, floating hydro, geothermal, new appliances (DC), powerful enough for pumps, mobile coverage (google) – watch out for Otech. • Need for researchers to take into account developing world applications right from the beginning
  9. 9. e4sv.org WHY ARE WE HERE, WHAT ARE WE DOING? • WE HAVE SOME NEW THINKING WE BELIEVE JOURNALISTS ARE BEST WAY TO SPREAD THIS VALUE YOUR INSIGHTS, INDEPENDENCE AND INDIVIDUALITY • WE WANT TO PROVIDE INSPIRATION, CONTEXT, CASE STUDIES, DATA AND CONTACTS TO FOLLOW SMART VILLAGES OVER NEXT 2.5 YEARS • 2ND WORKSHOP – FIRST IN KIGALI, OTHERS TO FOLLOW IN INDIA, BOLIVIA AND WEST AFRICA MIX OF PRESENTATIONS, CASE STUIDES, EXERCISES AND DISCUSSION INTERACTIVE REPORT AND NETWORK
  10. 10. e4sv.org WHY NOW? • PARIS CLIMATE CHANGE TALKS • SUSTAINABILITY GOALS – ENERGY ACCESS FOR ALL • LOCAL SITUATION • TECHNOLOGY TIPPING POINT • PROTO SMART VILLAGES
  11. 11. e4sv.org THE SMART VILLAGES CONCEPT Dr Terry van Gevelt Project Manager, Smart Villages Initiative Research Associate, University of Cambridge
  12. 12. e4sv.org A RURAL ANALOGUE TO SMART CITIES • 47% of world’s population • 70% of world’s poor
  13. 13. e4sv.org ENERGY AND RURAL DEVELOPMENT • 1.3 billion individuals without electricity • 3 billion suffer from energy poverty • Overwhelming majority in rural areas (85%)
  14. 14. e4sv.org ENERGY AND DEVELOPMENT
  15. 15. e4sv.org ENERGY AND DEVELOPMENT
  16. 16. e4sv.org ENERGY AND DEVELOPMENT: SOUTH KOREA • Saemaul Undong (New Village movement) • Arguably the most successful modern integrated rural development strategy • Top-down and bottom-up approach that balanced local control and participation with central government control
  17. 17. e4sv.org ENERGY AND DEVELOPMENT: SOUTH KOREA
  18. 18. e4sv.org ENERGY AND DEVELOPMENT: SOUTH KOREA
  19. 19. e4sv.org ENERGY AND DEVELOPMENT: SOUTH KOREA Today he has electricity and television, access to motortillers and mechanical transport, and his life is comfortable, but, like most Koreans his age, he remembers when things were different. In his youth most farming was done by hard stoop labour, and one family could manage only a small farm. Fields were reaped with a sickle, and every day for weeks afterwards farmers like Chang had to spread dried sheaves in the courtyards and thresh them with a flail. Wives had to separate the grain from the chaff with winnowing baskets, and husk each day’s grain laboriously with a mortar and pestle. Sorensen (1988:3)
  20. 20. e4sv.org ENERGY AND DEVELOPMENT: SOUTH KOREA
  21. 21. e4sv.org
  22. 22. e4sv.org RURAL ELECTRIFICATION
  23. 23. e4sv.org INCUMBENT TECHNOLOGY BUNDLE Technology Generation capacity (W) Services available Estimated economic cost Fuel-based lighting, dry cell batteries, fee-based mobile phone charging N/A Lighting, radio communication reception, two-way mobile communication Day-to-day payments for increments of energy
  24. 24. e4sv.org HOME SOLUTIONS Technology Generation capacity (W) Energy sources Services available Estimated economic cost Pico-lighting solution 0.1 - 10 Hydro, wind, solar Lighting, radio communication reception, two-way mobile communication US$ 10-100
  25. 25. e4sv.org HOME SOLUTIONS Technology Generation capacity (kW) Energy sources Services available Estimated economic cost Stand-alone home systems 10 – 1,000 Hydro, wind, solar Same as PLS plus additional lighting and communication, television, fans, limited motive and heat power US$ 75 – 1,000
  26. 26. e4sv.org MINIGRIDS Technology Generation capacity (kW) Energy sources Services available Estimated economic cost Mini-grids 1 - 1000 Hydro, wind, solar, biomass; diesel; hybrid combinations Same as SHS plus enhanced motive and heat power, and ability to power community- based services Medium-large capital cost, low marginal cost to end-user
  27. 27. e4sv.org ENERGY SYSTEMS Cost to consumer Population Density Home systems Minigrids
  28. 28. e4sv.org HUB-AND-SPOKE MODEL
  29. 29. e4sv.org INTEGRATED RURAL DEVELOPMENT
  30. 30. e4sv.org LINKING ENERGY AND DEVELOPMENT • Electricity  development? • Lighting, Television vs. Income generation • Energy requirements …a society’s ability to harness energy [is] the basis of development - Spencer (1897) …the energy available to man limits what he can do and influences what he will do. - Cottrell (1955)
  31. 31. e4sv.org LINKING ENERGY AND DEVELOPMENT: S. KOREA • Agriculture – Electricity-powered processing – Seedlings nurtured in greenhouses – Television programs for farmers (85%) – Diversified crop portfolios – High value cash crops – Larger-scale ranch management for livestock
  32. 32. e4sv.org LINKING ENERGY AND DEVELOPMENT: S. KOREA • Agriculture – Urban demand – Market structured by cooperatives – Processing and storage infrastructure – Increased information improved rural household bargaining power
  33. 33. e4sv.org LINKING ENERGY AND DEVELOPMENT: S. KOREA • Rural industry – Companies manufacturing light industrial goods for export and domestic markets • Food processing, textiles, leather products, wigs, furniture, paper products, chemicals, ceramics, electronics and machine parts
  34. 34. e4sv.org LINKING ENERGY AND DEVELOPMENT: S. KOREA
  35. 35. e4sv.org PILLARS OF RURAL DEVELOPMENT EnergyInfrastructure (physical/ICT) Market structuring Education Champions Entrepreneurs Health
  36. 36. e4sv.org THE SMART VILLAGES INITIATIVE Project team: Universities of Cambridge and Oxford Key partners: - National Science Academies - Practical Action / TERI Funding: charitable foundations: CMEDT & TWCF
  37. 37. e4sv.org REGIONAL ENGAGEMENT  East Africa – June 2014  SE Asia – January 2015  South Asia – October 2015  South America – January 2016  West Africa – April 2016  Central America – November 2016
  38. 38. e4sv.org THE SMART VILLAGES INITIATIVE Focus: pico -systems, stand-alone home systems, micro- /mini-grids Policy advice: an insightful, ‘view from the frontline’ of the challenges of village energy provision for development, and how they can be overcome Approach: bring together the key players: villagers, entrepreneurs, academics, NGO’s, financers, regulators and policy makers etc:  What are the barriers?  How can they be overcome?  What messages to funders and policy makers?
  39. 39. e4sv.org OUR ACTIVITIES Regional engagement activities Forward-look workshops Entrepreneurial competitions Case study documentation Impact evaluations Technical reports Policy briefs Edited books Final workshops Six international workshops
  40. 40. e4sv.org Thank you for your attention www.e4sv.org | info@e4sv.org | @e4SmartVillages

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