A teacher education technique which allows teacher to
apply well define teaching skill to a carefully prepared
lesson in a planned series of 5-10 minutes encounter
with small group of real class room student ,often with
the opportunity to observe the performance an
To help individual teacher to develop or modifying
specific teaching skill under control teaching practice
through immediate feed back.
To bring instructional improvement by developing
effective teaching skill among teacher
1.It is real teaching that focus developing teaching skill.
Duration of 5-10 minute
Small topic with few objectives
Limited number of teaching skill
2.It is highly individualized instruction.
3.It provides immediate feed back
7. Prerequisites for microteaching1.Stimulus variation -maintain the learners attention
in the class at high level.
2.Set induction- developing rapport between student
and teacher that motivates student.
3.Fluency in questioning- use of higher cognitive level
like comprehension, application ,analysis, synthesis
4.Recognizing attending behavior- observing the
students verbal and non verbal response to the
5.Lecturing – confident presentation and organized
pattern with clear, simple and audible voice.
6.Non verbal cues- teacher behavior that encourage
student active participation in learning eg giving
smile and nodding of head as positive reward to
7.Completing the communication- skill of following
through the full cycle of communication
8. Probing question-skill of asking question that
invites student for further clarification by adding to
the answer that they already have given.
9.Reinforcing learning- praising the student for
10.Illustrating use of example- giving sufficient
example that are relevant to students experience
11.Planned repetition- focusing and highlighting the
main point and providing the progressive summary.
12.closure-those behavior that help learner to relate new
knowledge with the old one.
11. Microteaching cycleMicro lesson (5 min teaching
back Re-plan lesson
12. Teaching skill
1. Writing instructional objectives
2.Introducing a lesson
3.Fluencing in questioning
6.Illustrating with example
8.Reinforcement of learning
14. Step in micro teaching
1.Identifying teaching skill
Teaching skill is identified
The number of teaching skill to be developed or
15. Step in micro teaching contd
2.Planning for teaching
Write only few objectives that can be accomplished
with in time limit (5-10 min)
Selection of appropriate content and teaching
learning method and media.
16. Step in micro teaching contd
3.Implementing the plan or microteaching.
The teacher trainee teaches the lesson to small group
of student which is observed by the teacher supervisor
If possible the teaching learning interaction is
recorded on a video recorder.
17. Step in micro teaching contd
4.Playing back of recorded microteaching session
The recorded teaching act is played back and studied
by the supervisor, peers and trainee himself or herself.
If there is no provision of recording video, recorded
directly in evaluation tool.
18. Step in micro teaching contd
5.Discussion and feed back
Feedback should start with the strength that is
Description of situation, not the judgment should be
19. Step in micro teaching contd
6.Replanning of the lesson
Re-plan the lesson as identifying the teaching skill by
incorporating the improvement considered necessary.
7.Repetition of teaching session
The teaching session is repeated as in implementing
the plan or microteaching with improved teaching act.
20. Step in micro teaching contd
8.Replaying the recorded teaching act for
discussion and feedback
The recorded microteaching session is replayed for
observation and further criticisms in step 4and 5.
1.It is carried out in real classroom situation so teacher
get confidence in such situation in future.
2.It helps competency in identified teaching skill.
3.Play back of the recording of the actual teaching help
supervisor and peers not to depend on the recall but
based their judgment on the review of the teaching
act. thus assessment become more objective
23. contd5.The video recoding help to student teacher to asses
6.The immediate feed back also help to carryout the re-
planing and re teaching to bring necessary
improvement in time.
7.It become economical, it takes comparatively short
time and reduce the complexities of the normal class
room teaching practice.
8.It is more individualized it allows each trainee to
progress at own pace.
9.It is useful in developing teaching efficiency in pre
service as well as in-service teacher education
25. Limitation of microteaching
1.The provision of video camera itself is an expensive
2. The discussion and feed back, repetition of
microteaching till the behavior of teacher comes to an
acceptable level are very time consuming activities
3.It can not be used in all teaching method.