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“The beginning of
wisdom, is the
definition of terms”
    - Socrates
What is a cognitive bias?
Cognitive biases are psychological tendencies
that cause the human brain to draw incorrect
concl...
History
                                                                         Amos Tversky               Daniel Kahnema...
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    social biases              memory biases




decision-making biases    probability...
social biases
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memory biases
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decision-making
     biases
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probability
/ belief biases
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Quoted from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_cognitive_biases 8* memory Cognitive biases - a visual study guide

Quoted from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_cognitive_biases
8* memory biases 8* memory biases

Suggestibility Rosy retrospection
A form of misattribution where The tendency to rate past events
ideas suggested by a questioner more positively than they had actually
are mistaken for memory. rated them when the event occurred.




Reminiscence bump Self-serving bias
The effect that people tend to Perceiving oneself responsible for
recall more personal events from desirable outcomes but not
adolescence and early adulthood responsible for undesirable ones.
than from other lifetime periods.




Egocentric bias
Cryptomnesia / Recalling the past in a
False memory self-serving manner, e.g.
A form of misattribution where a remembering one's exam grades
memory is mistaken for imagination, as being better than they were, or
or the confusion of true memories remembering a caught fish as
with false memories. being bigger than it was.




Hindsight bias
Consistency bias Filtering memory of past events
Incorrectly remembering one's past through present knowledge, so that
attitudes and behavior as resembling those events look more predictable
present attitudes and behavior. than they actually were; also known as
the 'I-knew-it-all-along effect'.



*number listed here is not an academic fact, it is simply listed to aid the memorization process.

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