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“The beginning of
wisdom, is the
definition of terms”
    - Socrates
What is a cognitive bias?
Cognitive biases are psychological tendencies
that cause the human brain to draw incorrect
concl...
History
                                                                         Amos Tversky               Daniel Kahnema...
conte
                         nts

    social biases              memory biases




decision-making biases    probability...
social biases
19* social biases                                                                                  19* social biases
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memory biases
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decision-making
     biases
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probability
/ belief biases
Quoted from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_cognitive_biases
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Quoted from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_cognitive_biases 35* probability Cognitive biases - a visual study guide

Quoted from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_cognitive_biases
35* probability / belief biases 35* probability / belief biases

Availability cascade
Availability heuristic A self-reinforcing process in which a
Estimating what is more likely by collective belief gains more and
what is more available in memory, more plausibility through its
which is biased toward vivid, unusual, increasing repetition in public
or emotionally charged examples. discourse (or "repeat something long
enough and it will become true").



Belief bias
An effect where someone's
evaluation of the logical strength
of an argument is biased by the
believability of the conclusion.
? >
Conjunction fallacy
The tendency to assume that
specific conditions are more
probable than general ones.



Ambiguity effect
The tendency to avoid options for
which missing information makes
Ostrich effect the probability seem "unknown".
Ignoring an obvious
(negative) situation.


Capability bias
The tendency to believe that the
Attentional bias  closer average performance is
to a target, the tighter the
The tendency to neglect relevant
distribution of the data set.
data when making judgments of a
correlation or association.


Authority bias
Disposition effect The tendency to value an
ambiguous stimulus (e.g., an art
The tendency to sell assets that
performance) according to the
have increased in value but hold
opinion of someone who is seen
assets that have decreased in value.
as an authority on the topic.


*number listed here is not an academic fact, it is simply listed to aid the memorization process.

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