Dr. Eirini Georgiou from PerioExperts.
Periodontal disease refers to the periodontal tissues that surround, bind and support the teeth into their socket. These tissues are the gums, the jaw bone, the cementum of the root and the periodontal ligament. In healthy circumstances the gums are light pink, do not bleed and are firmly attached to the tooth, like a nice frame around a picture painting.
Periodontal disease can affect all people regardless age, but as age progresses the incidence of infection increases. It is estimated that in US 80% of people over 45 years old suffer from periodontal disease. Although periodontal disease is nowadays the main cause of tooth loss in adults, early diagnosis and preventive therapy, provide effective treatment.
Recently, periodontal disease is associated with the onset of cardiovascular problems, diabetes melitus, or premature birth and underweight babies, and morbid obesity. Therefore, the preservation and restoration of periodontal health is directly related to the conservation and restoration of general health.