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`200 / US $20 / ISSN 0973-161X | DECEMBER 2019 | VOLUME 15 | ISSUE 17
EMPLOYABILITY & ENTREPRENEURSHIP
RAJASTHAN
READY TO ...
Our Publications and Initiatives
Founded in 2005, eGov magazine is published in both
print and online formats. Innovative ...
Editor-in-Chief, eGov magazine, and
Founder Publisher & CEO,
Elets Technomedia Pvt Ltd
DR RAVI GUPTA
MAGAZINE
It compiles ...
CONTENTS
Cover Story: Rajasthan Leading Way to
Become India’s Skill Capital
14 NAVEEN JAIN
Chairman- Rajasthan Skill and
L...
EVENT NAME PLACE MONTH
GOVERNANCE / URBAN / SMART CITY / IT / INNOVATION / ENERGY /
ENVIRONMENT / AGRICULTURE
DECEMBER 201...
CHIEF MINISTER PERSPECTIVE
10 DECEMBER 2019 [ egov.eletsonline.com ] The Largest Portal on e-Governance in Asia and the Mi...
CHIEF MINISTER PERSPECTIVE
11Connect with us on egovonline @egovonline eGov Magazine egov_elets eletsvideos DECEMBER 2019
...
MINISTER’S PERSPECTIVE
12 DECEMBER 2019 [ egov.eletsonline.com ] The Largest Portal on e-Governance in Asia and the Middle...
MINISTER’S PERSPECTIVE
13Connect with us on egovonline @egovonline eGov Magazine egov_elets eletsvideos DECEMBER 2019
34-y...
POLICYMAKER’S PERSPECTIVE
14 DECEMBER 2019 [ egov.eletsonline.com ] The Largest Portal on e-Governance in Asia and the Mid...
POLICYMAKER’S PERSPECTIVE
15Connect with us on egovonline @egovonline eGov Magazine egov_elets eletsvideos DECEMBER 2019
T...
POLICYMAKER’S PERSPECTIVE
16 DECEMBER 2019 [ egov.eletsonline.com ] The Largest Portal on e-Governance in Asia and the Mid...
POLICYMAKER’S PERSPECTIVE
17Connect with us on egovonline @egovonline eGov Magazine egov_elets eletsvideos DECEMBER 2019
O...
INTERVIEW
18 DECEMBER 2019 [ egov.eletsonline.com ] The Largest Portal on e-Governance in Asia and the Middle East	
To clo...
INTERVIEW
19Connect with us on egovonline @egovonline eGov Magazine egov_elets eletsvideos DECEMBER 2019
What are the key ...
POLICYMAKER’S PERSPECTIVE
20 DECEMBER 2019 [ egov.eletsonline.com ] The Largest Portal on e-Governance in Asia and the Mid...
POLICYMAKER’S PERSPECTIVE
21Connect with us on egovonline @egovonline eGov Magazine egov_elets eletsvideos DECEMBER 2019
t...
POLICYMAKER’S PERSPECTIVE
22 DECEMBER 2019 [ egov.eletsonline.com ] The Largest Portal on e-Governance in Asia and the Mid...
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SPOTLIGHT: LEADER’S PERSPECTIVE
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SPOTLIGHT: LEADERS PERSPECTIVE
25Connect with us on egovonline @egovonline eGov Magazine egov_elets eletsvideos DECEMBER 2...
SPOTLIGHT: RISU
26 DECEMBER 2019 [ egov.eletsonline.com ] The Largest Portal on e-Governance in Asia and the Middle East	
...
SPOTLIGHT: RISU
27Connect with us on egovonline @egovonline eGov Magazine egov_elets eletsvideos DECEMBER 2019
have a dema...
COVER STORY
28 DECEMBER 2019 [ egov.eletsonline.com ] The Largest Portal on e-Governance in Asia and the Middle East	
Stre...
COVER STORY
29Connect with us on egovonline @egovonline eGov Magazine egov_elets eletsvideos DECEMBER 2019
S
kills and kno...
COVER STORY
30 DECEMBER 2019 [ egov.eletsonline.com ] The Largest Portal on e-Governance in Asia and the Middle East	
asso...
COVER STORY
31Connect with us on egovonline @egovonline eGov Magazine egov_elets eletsvideos DECEMBER 2019
dream of creati...
SPOTLIGHT: RSLDC
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SPOTLIGHT: RSLDC
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Rajendra P...
SPOTLIGHT: RSLDC
34 DECEMBER 2019 [ egov.eletsonline.com ] The Largest Portal on e-Governance in Asia and the Middle East	...
POLICYMAKER’S PERSPECTIVE
35Connect with us on egovonline @egovonline eGov Magazine egov_elets eletsvideos DECEMBER 2019
W...
POLICYMAKER’S PERSPECTIVE
36 DECEMBER 2019 [ egov.eletsonline.com ] The Largest Portal on e-Governance in Asia and the Mid...
POLICYMAKER’S PERSPECTIVE
37Connect with us on egovonline @egovonline eGov Magazine egov_elets eletsvideos DECEMBER 2019
s...
eGov December 2019: Skill Employability and Entrepreneurship Rajasthan Ready to Take Off
eGov December 2019: Skill Employability and Entrepreneurship Rajasthan Ready to Take Off
eGov December 2019: Skill Employability and Entrepreneurship Rajasthan Ready to Take Off
eGov December 2019: Skill Employability and Entrepreneurship Rajasthan Ready to Take Off
eGov December 2019: Skill Employability and Entrepreneurship Rajasthan Ready to Take Off
eGov December 2019: Skill Employability and Entrepreneurship Rajasthan Ready to Take Off
eGov December 2019: Skill Employability and Entrepreneurship Rajasthan Ready to Take Off
eGov December 2019: Skill Employability and Entrepreneurship Rajasthan Ready to Take Off
eGov December 2019: Skill Employability and Entrepreneurship Rajasthan Ready to Take Off
eGov December 2019: Skill Employability and Entrepreneurship Rajasthan Ready to Take Off
eGov December 2019: Skill Employability and Entrepreneurship Rajasthan Ready to Take Off
eGov December 2019: Skill Employability and Entrepreneurship Rajasthan Ready to Take Off
eGov December 2019: Skill Employability and Entrepreneurship Rajasthan Ready to Take Off
eGov December 2019: Skill Employability and Entrepreneurship Rajasthan Ready to Take Off
eGov December 2019: Skill Employability and Entrepreneurship Rajasthan Ready to Take Off
eGov December 2019: Skill Employability and Entrepreneurship Rajasthan Ready to Take Off
eGov December 2019: Skill Employability and Entrepreneurship Rajasthan Ready to Take Off
eGov December 2019: Skill Employability and Entrepreneurship Rajasthan Ready to Take Off
eGov December 2019: Skill Employability and Entrepreneurship Rajasthan Ready to Take Off
eGov December 2019: Skill Employability and Entrepreneurship Rajasthan Ready to Take Off
eGov December 2019: Skill Employability and Entrepreneurship Rajasthan Ready to Take Off
eGov December 2019: Skill Employability and Entrepreneurship Rajasthan Ready to Take Off
eGov December 2019: Skill Employability and Entrepreneurship Rajasthan Ready to Take Off
eGov December 2019: Skill Employability and Entrepreneurship Rajasthan Ready to Take Off
eGov December 2019: Skill Employability and Entrepreneurship Rajasthan Ready to Take Off
eGov December 2019: Skill Employability and Entrepreneurship Rajasthan Ready to Take Off
eGov December 2019: Skill Employability and Entrepreneurship Rajasthan Ready to Take Off
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eGov December 2019: Skill Employability and Entrepreneurship Rajasthan Ready to Take Off

  1. 1. `200 / US $20 / ISSN 0973-161X | DECEMBER 2019 | VOLUME 15 | ISSUE 17 EMPLOYABILITY & ENTREPRENEURSHIP RAJASTHAN READY TO TAKE OFF ASHOK GEHLOT Hon’ble Chief Minister Rajasthan ASHOK CHANDNA Hon’ble Minister of Skill, Employment & Entrepreneurship, Sports & Youth Affairs Government of Rajasthan NAVEEN JAIN Secretary Labour, Skill, Employment & Entrepreneurship, Factory & Boiler Inspection & Medical & Health Services (ESI), Chairman, Rajasthan Skill & Livelihood Development Corporation (RSLDC), Government of Rajasthan DR SAMIT SHARMA Commissioner Labour, Skill, Employment & Entrepreneurship & Managing Director, Rajasthan Skills & Livelihood Development Corporation (RSLDC), Government of Rajasthan SPECIAL FEATURE ON A CONCLAVE ON NEXTGEN SKILLING 20th December 2019, Jaipur SUMMIT RAJASTHAN SKILL NATIONAL
  2. 2. Our Publications and Initiatives Founded in 2005, eGov magazine is published in both print and online formats. Innovative use of ICT in Governance is at the heart of our all eGov initiatives. Urban Innovation Summit, Raipur Bhupesh Baghel Chief Minister, Chhattisgarh Send your feedback about our interviews, features, articles, and news. You can either comment on the webpage of the stories, or mail at editorial@elets.in TV tv.eletsonline.com EDITOR-IN-CHIEF Dr Ravi Gupta EDITORIAL TEAM: DELHI/NCR Senior Assistant Editor: Souvik Goswami Assistant Editors: Vivek Ratnakar, Gopi Krishna Arora, Mukul Kumar Mishra, Sreetama Datta Roy Senior Sub Editor: Anupama Mehra Senior Correspondents: Rashi Aditi Ghosh Correspondent: Ritika Srivastava LUCKNOW BUREAU Senior Assistant Editor: Arpit Gupta MUMBAI BUREAU Associate Editor: Kartik Sharma Senior Correspondent: Harshal Yashwant Desai JAIPUR BUREAU Associate Editor: Kartik Sharma CHANDIGARH BUREAU Assistant Editor: Priya Yadav HYDERABAD BUREAU Senior Assistant Editor: Sudheer Goutham B AHMEDABAD BUREAU Assistant Editor: Hemangini S Rajput SALES & MARKETING Pushp Kumar Singh, Anuj Kumar, Nikhil Lakhera, Mohammed Rashid Farooqui, Neha Dwivedi, Sourabh Dixit SUBSCRIPTION & CIRCULATION TEAM Manager, Subscription: +91-8860635832,subscription@elets.in DESIGN TEAM Art Director: Om Prakash Thakur Deputy Art Directors: Gopal Thakur, Shyam Kishore ADMINISTRATION Director: Archana Jaiswal EDITORIAL & MARKETING CORRESPONDENCE eGov – Elets Technomedia Pvt Ltd: Stellar IT Park Office No: 7A/7B, 5th Floor, Annexe Building, C-25, Sector-62, Noida, Uttar Pradesh - 201301, Phone: +91-120-4812600, Fax: +91-120-4812660 Email: info@elets.in Owner, Publisher, Printer - Dr Ravi Gupta, Printed at Vinayak Print Media, D - 249, Sector-63, Noida 201 307. Uttar Pradesh and published from 710, Vasto Mahagun Manor, F-30 Sector-50, Noida, Uttar Pradesh © All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic and mechanical, including photocopy, or any information storage or retrieval system, without publisher’s permission. Urban Development & Aviation Summit, Amritsar Usha Padhee Joint Secretary, Ministry of Civil Aviation and CMD, Pawan Hans Limited Urban Development Summit, Jodhpur Prafulla Kumar Commissioner of Police, Jodhpur Smart City Summit, Kanpur Santosh Kumar Sharma Commissioner, Kanpur Municipal Corporation & CEO, Kanpur Smart City FOR ADVERTISEMENT, SPONSORSHIP & BRANDING OPPORTUNITY Contact: Anuj Sharma; Mobile: +91-8076514979; Email: anuj@egovonline.net
  3. 3. Editor-in-Chief, eGov magazine, and Founder Publisher & CEO, Elets Technomedia Pvt Ltd DR RAVI GUPTA MAGAZINE It compiles ICT-related advancements being introduced, exercised by various government organisations via eGovernance module. NEWS Dealing with various key developments and policy-related decisions that define Indian governance style at large, this section throws light on the most important aspects. WEBSITE With a reach of sixty lakhs, the website is pushing the Digital India campaign of the Government of India. It highlights various dimensions of anything and everything related to the changing trends of governance in India . EVENT REPORTS This segment narrates the discussions and deliberations of participants at the occasional conferences held nationally or internationally. CASE STUDIES It deals with in-depth detail of various projects being implemented in any part of the country, worth inspiring others in providing solutions. VIDEOS The youtube channel ‘EletsTv’ deals with live recorded versions of tech- experts and key decision makers who participate in key debates or discussion of Elets knowledge conferences. INTERVIEWS This section highlights various stakeholders, bureaucrats and policy makers influencing governance in the country. Rajasthan Leading the Quest of Building Skill Empowered Youth in the Nation Youth is the biggest resource, which contributes to the country’s economy. According to a UN report, India has the world’s largest youth population. However, the number of skilled and employable youth is a challenge, which is being addressed by the Government of India. According to the Ministry of Sill Development, Employment and Entrepreneurship (MSDE), India adds approximately 12 million people to its workforce every year. However, less than four percent are deemed employable or skilled enough to serve the needs of the organisations. Our workforce readiness is one of the lowest in the world and a large chunk of skill impartment infrastructure is redundant to the industry needs. Rajasthan has been a pioneer in bolstering an ecosystem of skilled and employable youth. The Rajasthan Skill and Livelihoods Development Corporation (RSLDC) and the Department of Skills, Employment and Entrepreneurship (DSEE), Rajasthan has been instrumental in being the wind beneath the wings for the millions of youth of Rajasthan. To celebrate the state’s initiatives and success, Elets Technomedia, in association with the Department of Labour, Skill, Employment & Entrepreneurship, Government of Rajasthan and RSLDC is organising National Skill Summit Rajasthan on 20th December 2019. This special issue of eGov magazine carries a kaleidoscope of interviews and special articles on the state’s skill building initiatives, which include the exclusive interviews of Naveen Jain, Secretary, Labour, Skill, Employment & Entrepreneurship, Factory & Boiler Inspection & Medical & Health Services (ESI), Chairman, RSLDC, Government of Rajasthan; Dr Samit Sharma, Commissioner, SEE & Labour cum MD, RSLDC; Sunita Sanghi, Senior Advisor, Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship; Shuchi Sharma, Secretary of Higher & Technical Education Department, Government of Rajasthan, from the policymakers. From the Academia, the issue carries interviews and articles from and by Lalit K Panwar, VC, Vice-Chancellor, Rajasthan ILD Skills University; Vijaya Deshmukh, Director, National Institute of Fashion Technology, Jodhpur and Toolika Gupta, Director, Indian Institute of Crafts and Design, Jaipur among others. We hope that this bouquet of interviews and articles in this issue of eGov magazine will keep our esteemed readers updated on the skilling ecosystem of Rajasthan in the policymaking as well as academia perspective. Editorial
  4. 4. CONTENTS Cover Story: Rajasthan Leading Way to Become India’s Skill Capital 14 NAVEEN JAIN Chairman- Rajasthan Skill and Livelihood Development Corporation (RSLDC); Secretary-Department of Labour, Skill, Employment & Entrepreneurship; and Commissioner, Labour, Government of Rajasthan 18 DR SAMIT SHARMA Commissioner, SEE & Labour cum MD, RSLDC 26 LALIT K PANWAR Vice-Chancellor, Rajasthan ILD Skills University 35 SUNITA SANGHI Senior Advisor, Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship, Government of India 24 SHUCHI SHARMA Secretary of Higher & Technical Education Department, Government of Rajasthan 40 VIJAYA DESHMUKH Director, National Institute of Fashion Technology (NIFT) Jodhpur 44 PANKAJ GUPTA President IIHMR University 46 DR TOOLIKA GUPTA Director, IICD 49 PROF H D CHARAN Vice Chancellor, Bikaner Technical University 52 ANKUR GUPTA Principal Secretary, Department of Higher & Technical Education, Electronics & Information Technology, Government of Haryana 48 PROF R A GUPTA Vice Chancellor Rajasthan Technical University 10 ASHOK GEHLOT, CHIEF MINISTER, RAJASTHAN ARTICLES 28 12 ASHOK CHANDNA, SKILL, EMPLOYMENT AND ENTREPRENEURSHIP ALONG WITH YOUTH AFFAIRS GOVERNMENT OF RAJASTHAN
  5. 5. EVENT NAME PLACE MONTH GOVERNANCE / URBAN / SMART CITY / IT / INNOVATION / ENERGY / ENVIRONMENT / AGRICULTURE DECEMBER 2019 Urban Transformation Summit Chandigarh 12 December Innovation Summit Telangana Hyderabad 18 December Urban Investment & Innovation Summit Noida 20 December Safe Childhood Awards Jaipur 20 December JANUARY 2020 National Renewable Energy Summit Rajasthan Jaipur 10 January National Agri-Tech Summit Kerala January Urban Innovation Summit New Delhi January Madhya Pradesh Agro Summit Bhopal January FEBRUARY 2020 Science & Technology Summit Jaipur 7 February Rajasthan STRIDE Summit Jaipur February TECHNOLOGY / BFSI 8th NBFC100 Tech Summit Mumbai 23 January 7th National Co-operative Banking Summit Mumbai February 4th BFSI Leadership Summit Mumbai 28 February HEALTH Healthcare Innovation Summit Lucknow December National Medical Education Conclave New Delhi January Healthcare Innovation Summit Hyderabad February EDUCATION Higher & Technical Education and HR Conclave Jaipur 16-17December National Skill Summit Jaipur Jaipur 20December 16th World Education Summit Hyderabad 21-22February School Leadership Summit Chandigarh 18April Education Conclave Pune 23 May 17th World Education Summit New Delhi 7-8 August 2020 18th World Education Summit Bengaluru 4-5 December 2020 CIO.eletsonline.com www.eletsonline.com | #eletsonline EVENT NAME PLACE MONTH GOVERNANCE / URBAN / SMART CITY / IT / INNOVATION / ENERGY / ENVIRONMENT / AGRICULTURE DECEMBER 2019 Urban Transformation Summit Chandigarh 12 December Innovation Summit Telangana Hyderabad 18 December Urban Investment & Innovation Summit Noida 20 December Safe Childhood Awards Jaipur 20 December JANUARY 2020 National Renewable Energy Summit Rajasthan Jaipur 10 January National Agri-Tech Summit Kerala January Urban Innovation Summit New Delhi January Madhya Pradesh Agro Summit Bhopal January FEBRUARY 2020 Science & Technology Summit Jaipur 7 February Rajasthan STRIDE Summit Jaipur February TECHNOLOGY / BFSI 8th NBFC100 Tech Summit Mumbai 23 January 7th National Co-operative Banking Summit Mumbai February 4th BFSI Leadership Summit Mumbai 28 February HEALTH Healthcare Innovation Summit Lucknow December National Medical Education Conclave New Delhi January Healthcare Innovation Summit Hyderabad February EDUCATION Higher & Technical Education and HR Conclave Jaipur 16 -17 December National Skill Summit Jaipur Jaipur 20 December 16th World Education Summit Hyderabad 21-22 February School Leadership Summit Chandigarh 18 April Education Conclave Pune 23 May 17th World Education Summit New Delhi 7-8 August 2020 18th World Education Summit Bengaluru 4-5 December 2020 EVENT CALENDAR 2019 - 20 CIO.eletsonline.com EVENT NAME PLACE MONTH GOVERNANCE / URBAN / SMART CITY / IT / INNOVATION / ENERGY / ENVIRONMENT / AGRICULTURE DECEMBER 2019 Urban Transformation Summit Chandigarh 12 December Innovation Summit Telangana Hyderabad 18 December Urban Investment & Innovation Summit Noida 20 December Safe Childhood Awards Jaipur 20 December JANUARY 2020 National Renewable Energy Summit Rajasthan Jaipur 10 January National Agri-Tech Summit Kerala January Urban Innovation Summit New Delhi January Madhya Pradesh Agro Summit Bhopal January FEBRUARY 2020 Science & Technology Summit Jaipur 7 February Rajasthan STRIDE Summit Jaipur February TECHNOLOGY / BFSI 8th NBFC100 Tech Summit Mumbai 23 January 7th National Co-operative Banking Summit Mumbai February 4th BFSI Leadership Summit Mumbai 28 February HEALTH Healthcare Innovation Summit Lucknow December National Medical Education Conclave New Delhi January Healthcare Innovation Summit Hyderabad February EDUCATION Higher & Technical Education and HR Conclave Jaipur 16 -17 December National Skill Summit Jaipur Jaipur 20 December 16th World Education Summit Hyderabad 21-22 February School Leadership Summit Chandigarh 18 April Education Conclave Pune 23 May 17th World Education Summit New Delhi 7-8 August 2020 18th World Education Summit Bengaluru 4-5 December 2020 EVENT CALENDAR 2019 - 20
  6. 6. CHIEF MINISTER PERSPECTIVE 10 DECEMBER 2019 [ egov.eletsonline.com ] The Largest Portal on e-Governance in Asia and the Middle East Rajasthan is the first state that has established livelihood mission to address the challenges of unemployment and ensuring gainful and sustainable employment to the youth of the state, writes Harshal Desai of Elets News Network (ENN). Rajasthan: Well on its way to boost Skill, Employment and Entrepreneurship To ensure proper enforcement of the provisions of employment exchange, collect and disseminate information about various self employment schemes to job seekers and run special scheme to assist job seekers of all strata society, are the major concern for governments. Rajasthan has is the first state that has established livelihood mission to address the challenges of unemployment and ensuring gainful and sustainable employment to the youth of the state. Recently, last month, Rajasthan Skill and Livelihood Development Corporation signed a Memorandum of Understanding with Higher and Technical Education Department to start 39 skill development courses in 118 state colleges under the Mukhya Mantri Yava Kaushal Yojana. Besides, this the government has also Ashok Gehlot Chief Minister, Rajasthan
  7. 7. CHIEF MINISTER PERSPECTIVE 11Connect with us on egovonline @egovonline eGov Magazine egov_elets eletsvideos DECEMBER 2019 announced to open Industrial Training Institute and Polytechnic colleges in each district for women. 10 district headquarters namely Jaipur, Ajmer, Bhilwara, Jodhpur, Kota, Bikaner, Alwar, Udaipur, Banswara and Tonk already have the women polytechnic colleges. UNEMPLOYMENTALLOWANCE Government has announced unemployment allowance of 3500 rupees per month for educated unemployed youth. Under the Chief Minister Yuva Sambal Yojana by Labor and Planning Department, Government has decided to pay Rs. 3000 rupees to the male and 3500 rupees to female and special qualified persons on monthly basis. EASYLOANSANDPLACEMENT CAMPS Further, in order to ensure job opportunities and promote entrepreneurship, Rajasthan Government will provide easy loans to eligible candidates. Employment Department, from December 2018 to November 2019, has organised 186 campus placement camps at district headquarters and 13774 youths were selected for employment. In order to motivate the youth for self- employment, various credit provider institutions are invited and consulted in the skills, planning and entrepreneurship camps. With the aim of creating employment and self- employment potential among the youth Skill development training is imparted by RSLDC. During this training, information related to entrepreneurship development is also made available. For this, additional 30 hours training is imparted in the RSTP scheme in the corporation as well. Government is exploring various fields and has decided to create job opportunities in tourism, information technology, education, hospital, health care, hospitality service. These sectors will be extensively promoted. The work of promotion of employment opportunities in various service areas is done by the concerned departments. Short term skill training programs are organized by RSLDC to make youth employment oriented in these service areas. In this order, after 18 December 2018, 16035 unemployed youth of the state are being provided employment and self-employment opportunities by providing training in the areas of tourism, information technology, health care and hospitality etc. through various schemes of the corporation. So far, a total of 94,710 youths have been trained in the above areas by the corporation and about 36 thousand youths have been provided employment opportunities. TAPPINGOPPORTUNITIESIN GOVERNMENTANDSEMI- GOVERNMENTANDPRIVATE SECTOR Government is also making efforts to provide more jobs and self-employment opportunities to the unemployed youth in government, semi-government and private sector. With a view to providing more private sector employment, self-employment and training opportunities to the youth unemployed in the state, a total of 75 skills, planning and entrepreneurship camps were organized at each district headquarters from December, 2018 to July, 2019 employing 30535 youth, Self- employment and training opportunities have been provided. The fortnightly newspaper published by the department is available online on the website of Rajasthan Rojgar Sandesh Department. SKILLTRAININGCENTRE After 18 December 2018, 57 skill training centers were set up by RSLDC to increase the number of skill training centers under skill training programs in the tribal areas as per the requirements of the region. 6008 youth have been trained in these training centers during this period. Currently 1229 youth are trained. ONLINEPLATFORMTOEASE REGISTRATIONPROCESS The registration process of unemployed candidates has been made online by employment offices. Also, the application for unemployment allowance, verification, approval and payment process has been made online as per instructions. Placement portal is being prepared by DOIT and Department. Employment offices are providing counseling to unemployed aspirants and camps are being organised to make primary selection of youth for employment. SELFHELPGROUPS Formation of self-help groups for unemployed persons in rural and urban areas in the state is also on the agenda. Initiation of training system for skill development and upgrading in non-agricultural sector; Shoe making, cracks, carpeting, beekeeping, fisheries industry, dairy, making of forged and artistic objects by carving stones, R.C. C. Creating self-employment opportunities by developing skills in shuttering etc; Emphasis on providing easy credit facility to skilled laborers, handicraftsmen, artisans and trained unemployed youth are some of the major initiatives which are being conceptualised by the government. Skill training programs are being organized in all districts of the state by RSLDC under skill training related to non-agricultural sector for unemployed persons in rural and urban areas of the state. In this sequence, 83,738 youth have been trained by the corporation after 18 December 2018.
  8. 8. MINISTER’S PERSPECTIVE 12 DECEMBER 2019 [ egov.eletsonline.com ] The Largest Portal on e-Governance in Asia and the Middle East Ashok Chandna, the youngest minister in the Rajasthan Cabinet who is handling the portfolios of Skill, Employment and Entrepreneurship along with Youth Affairs and Sports has been making concerted efforts to create skilling avenues and link them with job opportunities. However, he believes that to achieve this goal there need to be a paradigm shift in the approach towards creating a better environment in favour of skilling, which starts with raising the standards of outcomes of our schooling process to create a wide and strong base for skilling the youth, writes Elets News Network (ENN). Strengthening Skilling Avenues for Youth in Rajasthan Skill, employment and entrepreneurship and youth affairs are perhaps the top areas where governments—across the country—are focusing a lot as both the subjects are related to the youth. Rajasthan is one such state—which, through Rajasthan Skill and Livelihoods Development Ashok Chandna Skill, Employment and Entrepreneurship along with Youth Affairs Government of Rajasthan Corporation (RSLDC) and Department of Skills and Employment and Entrepreneurship (DSEE)—has conceptualised and implemented various schemes that are essential to equip and empower the youth with more and more job opportunities.
  9. 9. MINISTER’S PERSPECTIVE 13Connect with us on egovonline @egovonline eGov Magazine egov_elets eletsvideos DECEMBER 2019 34-year-old Ashok Chandna is the youngest minister in the Rajasthan Cabinet. He is a Polo player and participates in a Polo tournament along with his team – Chandna Group – every year in Jaipur. Chandna has been elected second time in a row as an MLA. “As we know, employment and skilling are interlinked, and unemployment is the most critical and reason for frustrating among youth of the State. Therefore a lot more needs to be done. On the skilling and employment front, since taking up the charge this year, I have been trying to strengthen skilling avenues for the youth and to link it with employment opportunities,” says Ashok Chandna, who is handling the portfolios of Skill, Employment and Entrepreneurship as the Minister of State and is also serving as the Minister of Youth Affairs and Sports (Independent Charge), Government of Rajasthan. Chandna, in a message published in RSLDC’s newsletter, has expressed his concerns that today youths are fascinated by government and corporate white collar jobs and shun blue collar jobs. “The time has come to acquire new skills and keep an open mind to new approaches in the various job sectors so as to develop and evolve today’s youth. We are living in an ever-changing world. Skills that worked in the past may not work in the future. To continue to succeed, reskilling, learning and adapting should become a continuous process. Skill development can help youth exponentially. The Youth seeks employment opportunities to move ahead in life. Our skill development schemes need to be tailored to meet the aspirations of the youth,” the message reads. The minister has assured DSEE and RSLDC, the nodal agency for skilling in Rajasthan, of his full support to further the initiatives. The Rajasthan Government has recently announced various schemes including Rs 3,500 per month for unemployed youth. “They have been getting the benefit of the Chief Minister Yuva Sambal Yojana from February this year. Under the scheme, male applicants get Rs 3,000,” Chandna writes. The State government also runs schemes to provide women government job. There are about 56 departments where the government is planning to recruit new candidates. and differently-abled persons Rs 3,000 per month for two years, or until they get any job. DSEE and RSLDC are leaving no stone unturned to achieve this through proper co-ordination of all skill development efforts across the State; building the vocational and technical training framework; skill up-gradation; building of new skills; and innovative thinking not only for existing jobs but also jobs that are to be created. According to Chandna, Rajasthan’s Skilling Ministry and RSLDC are doing their best to make this possible. “If we raise the standards of outcomes of our schooling process while also creating a larger environment favouring skilling, we will have created a wide and strong base for skilling our youth,” he believes. The mission of the RSLDC is to address the needs of rising unemployment in Rajasthan through formulating and promoting appropriate livelihood strategies for the State’s economically weak working population and fulfilling Government’s larger vision of attaining inclusive economic growth. The Government of Rajasthan has also conceptualised a strategy to promote sports. The government is planning to host a sports event similar to Asian and National Games in the State next year. According to the Sports Ministry the preparation has already been started. Chandna has announced that these games will be organised next year between 2nd and 7th January. Participating in these games will help players to prepare for Khelo India games. Further, in order to encourage sports, the Rajasthan Government has made announcement to give jobs to players who have won medals at the national level at various games. And, those who participate in the national games of Indian Olympic Federation or Para Olympics Committee will get direct
  10. 10. POLICYMAKER’S PERSPECTIVE 14 DECEMBER 2019 [ egov.eletsonline.com ] The Largest Portal on e-Governance in Asia and the Middle East Rajasthan Skill and Livelihood Development Corporation (RSLDC) is considered to be an icon in the country in terms of building and imparting relevant skill sets to the youth of the state. Based on the background of the youths and their career objectives, RSLDC provides customised skill training, including soft skills as well as domain knowledge. In an exclusive interview with Kartik Sharma of Elets News Network (ENN), Naveen Jain, Secretary, Labour, Skill, Employment & Entrepreneurship, Factory & Boiler Inspection & Medical & Health Services (ESI), Chairman, Rajasthan Skill & Livelihood Development Corporation (RSLDC), Government of Rajasthan, gives insights on various initiatives being taken by RSLDC in providing skilling and employment to the youth of Rajasthan. RSLDC: Imparting Relevant Skills to Youth for Better Tomorrow In the field of skilling, Rajasthan Skill and Livelihood Development Corporation (RSLDC) is considered as an icon in the country. Could you tell us about this corporation, how does it function and what was the concept behind incorporating such an entity for skilling? In 2004, the Government of Rajasthan had constituted Rajasthan Mission on Livelihood (RMOL) and our Chief Minister was the Chairman of this. The objective of this mission was to provide various skill training programmes and employment to the youth of the state. After five years, a budget announcement was made, the ‘skill’ part was added and it was then called Rajasthan Mission on Skill and Livelihood. In 2010, this mission was converted into a section 25 Naveen Jain Chairman- Rajasthan Skill and Livelihood Development Corporation (RSLDC); Secretary-Department of Labour, Skill, Employment & Entrepreneurship; and Commissioner, Labour, Government of Rajasthan
  11. 11. POLICYMAKER’S PERSPECTIVE 15Connect with us on egovonline @egovonline eGov Magazine egov_elets eletsvideos DECEMBER 2019 The youth today has to understand that if they struggle for the coming four to five years of their life, the next 50 years of their life can be turned into something beautiful. company. After two years by another budget announcement, it was finally converted into a corporation which is known as RSLDC. The objectives remained almost similar to what they were at the beginning - l To provide skill training to needy youth l To provide employment after skills are imparted l To encourage self-employment among the youth These three broad objectives were defined while making the RSLDC in 2012. In 2014, another development took place and the CM of Rajasthan was made the Chairman of the Corporation. Also in the same year, the entire department was reconstituted and now it is known as the Department of Skill Entrepreneurship and Employment (SEE). RSLDC is working for the skill training and creating employment opportunities for the youth and other skilled personnel of the state. What are the major activities undertaken by this corporation? The major activities that have been taken up by RSLDC include: l Establishing skill development centres in different parts of the state with the help of government agencies and private training partners. l Connecting the youth either to placement or self-employment once skill training has been given. l Analysing the skill demand and supply gaps by having constant interactions with industries and working for those skills which are going to be in high demand in the future. l RSLDC works as a centralised nodal agency. If any other department wants to implement some skill The first scheme is known as Employment Linked Skill Training Programme (ELSTP). Started in 2012, it is partly funded by the Rajasthan government. Very strict norms are followed in this programme and it is warranted by the training partners that they will establish a skill training centre, fulfilling all the requirements. These norms are quite high in standards. They also have to follow the National Skill Qualification (NSQ) framework. And after the training, 50 percent youths have to be given placement and 20 percent have to be given self- employment. Payments to the training partners are made - l When they fulfil the training criteria l When they fulfil the assessment criteria l When they fulfil the assessment and self-employment criteria The second scheme is known as Regular Skill Training Programme (RSTP). The main objective of this scheme is to run the various programmes with the help of Krishi Vigyan Kendras, Universities, Colleges, Technical Institutions and Non-Governmental Organisations (NGOs). training programmes, they don’t need to set up their own infrastructure. They can transfer their budget to RSLDC and the corporation can arrange training programmes according to the objectives of that department. . RSLDC runs various kinds of skill training programmes, can you name some of them for the benefit of the readers? RSLDC runs various schemes based on different objectives.
  12. 12. POLICYMAKER’S PERSPECTIVE 16 DECEMBER 2019 [ egov.eletsonline.com ] The Largest Portal on e-Governance in Asia and the Middle East This programme has been made for specialised categories of the population like women, disabled persons, and even inmates living in correctional homes. It is a targeted scheme where the trainee age group has been fixed from 15 to 45 years. Around 31 fields are covered and around 127 types of programmes are made available in this scheme. ELSTP and RSTP are both free programmes; the trainees don’t have to pay anything. Furthermore, the training partners are given the responsibility for mobilising the required youth to attend the classes. The above two schemes are totally funded by the Rajasthan government. The third scheme is known as Deen Dayal Upadhyay Grameen Kaushalya Yojana (DDUGKY). This scheme is financed by the Rural Development Ministry of the Government of India. It also has very strict norms. Here, youth in the age group of 15 to 35 years who belong to rural areas are selected, mobilised and given training in their desired area of interest. This programme is also implemented through various training partners and demands timely assessment as well as placement. If placements are not achieved according to the norms, heavy penalty and recovery with interest may be imposed on the training partner. Here, the training partners have to be very cautious about achieving their targets. The fourth scheme is very famous; it is called Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana 2.0 (PMKVY 2.0). The scheme is funded by the Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship (MSDE). It was launched in 2015 and is running in its second stage now. Some part of PMKVY is implemented directly by the Government of India while a big part is still given to the states so that they can run this scheme according to their needs. These four basic schemes are run, of which two schemes are of the state government and the other two are Central Government schemes. Besides these four schemes, RSLDC has decided to go for some other innovative schemes which I will like to explain in further questions. RSLDC has decided to go for some innovative schemes and recently a scheme has been launched for college students. Could you kindly elaborate on this scheme? The main target group of our four schemes, ELSTP, RSTP, DDUGKY, and PMKVY 2.0 was mainly youths who are school dropouts, who have some skills but they have to be further strengthened. Or the youths from rural and urban areas who are not able to get some glorified placement so that they can fulfil their financial obligations to the family. But it was found that there is a segment that has been completely left out, which are college students. In Rajasthan, there are more than 300 government colleges and lakhs of students are studying there. But it was found that after doing BA, B.Com, B.Sc., or BBA, the graduates are not considered employable as they have some academic knowledge but they lack industrial knowledge. To fulfil this gap, College Education Commissionerate has come up in collaboration with RSLDC to launch the Mukhya Mantri Yuva Kaushal Yojana (MMYKY). The scheme was given go-ahead in the budget 2019-20. Here colleges will provide infrastructure, including projectors, computer labs and electricity, which is readily available with them. But the trainers and training material will be provided by RSLDC after conducting thorough surveys in the concerned colleges. This scheme has completed its first phase by conducting these surveys in different colleges and their demands have been assessed. Many students have come forward and shown their willingness to participate, based on which, we have invited applications from our training partners.
  13. 13. POLICYMAKER’S PERSPECTIVE 17Connect with us on egovonline @egovonline eGov Magazine egov_elets eletsvideos DECEMBER 2019 Our existing training partners have shown their interest and as a result, around 118 colleges have received around 300 batches in which more than 8000 students are enrolled. This scheme is unique because no state in the country has gone for an official state-sponsored scheme for college students. Final year college students have been targeted so that when they pass out in the coming year, they possess three to four months skill experience or some skill certification which can increase their chances of getting a good placement. Could you please elaborate on some of these initiatives? Are there any other innovative initiatives taken by RSLDC? There are many areas and parameters where RSLDC is still lagging behind. If we really want to train our youths for the jobs ahead, we have to take some concrete measures. Since its inception, RSLDC has trained more than four lakh youths, out of which more than 1.87 lakh have been assessed and above 1.5 lakh have been given placement. These figures are very good but still, there are many youth segments that are left out. One segment has been covered by MMYKY, but when we go to the field, we get feedback that there is no flexibility in the newer training sessions. As a part of the training, we teach both soft skills and domain knowledge, which goes on for three to nine months. Sometimes, the youth has domain knowledge but he doesn’t have soft skills and as a result, he gets rejected in interviews. To remedy this, RSLDC decided to have dedicated vendors for only the soft skills part. It means we will have a flexi-course where you can come for three things: • English speaking • Basic knowledge of IT • Personality development In this flexi-course, you can choose either English or IT or personality development or all three or any of three. Another area that has been taken up is blue collar entrepreneurship. We believe that ideas can come to anybody; it is not limited only to B. Tech students or highly technical people. We had recently conducted the Blue Collar Entrepreneurship Seminar and it has been decided that RSLDC will prepare a project proposal that would be presented to the state government in the next budget (2020). If everything goes right, we will convince the government to take certain measures to encourage the incubation of ideas coming from the youths of ITI or from the RSLDC skill centres. It means that even the guys who are passing out from one or two year course at ITI or maybe three to six months training at RSLDC, they will be given some support in the form of co-working areas, subsidies, and financial or legal mentoring by the experts. The third initiative which has been planned concerns the youths from Rajasthan who aim to join the Army or the Police. To join the Army and Police, aspirants have to appear in competitive exams. It has been found that the coaching centres for these two examinations are charging very heavily. They take money not only for coaching but for hostel facilities also. In some places, the price ranges from Rs 30,000 to Rs 1.5 lakhs. In this regard, RSLDC would like to either have its own centre or tie-up with already established centres, as the government may allow. In the fourth initiative, we are trying to improve our overseas placement bureau. RSLDC has an overseas placement bureau that is working very well. It helps those workers who are going abroad to take up some employment. In the time of need or in any crisis, the desired help is provided to those workers and youths who have gone abroad. Many youths from Rajasthan are going to the Gulf or African countries for jobs and there they may face some problems, in which, the overseas placement bureau is helping. We are also providing pre-departure orientation training to these youths in Jaipur and Sikar. People had to go to Delhi before opening these two centres, because this training is compulsory for going abroad. And in the near future, we are starting the same centres at Junjhunu, Churu and Nagaur as well. It is good that the youths are being skilled but are there any issues which they need to be told? The RSLDC is making a good effort already but what is the message for youths who want to get trained or skilled? Sometimes when we design things, we normally wonder why such great training programmes don’t get the desired youths or why our youths are not getting employment in the desired numbers. The answer is that the youth in Rajasthan have to understand that these days, some knowledge of the English language, IT skills, and personality development traits are necessary. Your body language is important; your behaviour towards the women in the office has to be very good because any wrong gesture may land you into trouble. The youth today has to understand that if they struggle for the coming four to five years of their life, the next 50 years of their life can be turned into something beautiful. So my message to the youth is - try to struggle and adapt yourself to the new conditions.
  14. 14. INTERVIEW 18 DECEMBER 2019 [ egov.eletsonline.com ] The Largest Portal on e-Governance in Asia and the Middle East To close the yawning gap between skill sets requirements and the supply of trained youth, especially from rural areas, Rajasthan Skill and Livelihoods Development Corporation as part of its outreach programme is work- ing tirelessly in the state to enhance employability through skill development training programmes and ensuring job opportunities, says Dr Samit Sharma, Commissioner, SEE & Labour cum MD, RSLDC, in an interaction with Shivani Babbar of Elets News Network (ENN). RSLDC – Empowering Youth to Contribute to Nation Building DR SAMIT SHARMA Commissioner, SEE & Labour cum MD, RSLDC
  15. 15. INTERVIEW 19Connect with us on egovonline @egovonline eGov Magazine egov_elets eletsvideos DECEMBER 2019 What are the key focus areas of RSLDC? The key focus areas of functioning of Rajasthan Skill and Livelihoods Development Corporation (RSLDC) include employability enhancement through skill development training programmes and ensuring job opportunities as per the scheme guidelines; meeting demand side requirements; focus on training and employability enhancement of women, SC/ST communities, minorities, jail inmates, and Nari Niketan inhabitants; and technology- based interventions for close monitoring. How does RSLDC ensure uniformity in imparting skills to rural as well as urban students/youth? Majority of the youth—as high as 78 percent—who are trained by RSLDC come from rural background. We provide residential facilities as part of our outreach programme for the youth. The Corporation identifies rural poor for skill training programmes by organising Special Gram Sabhas. The convergence departments mobilise the youth as per their requirements and hand them over to RSLDC for training. What measures do RSLDC take to ensure that the students are employable? Employability is linked to the quality of training. RSLDC has introduced various measures to ensure that training is provided appropriately. The District Skill Coordinators are required to visit Skill Development Centres regularly and observe the quality of trainings and provide their inputs for improvement; IP camera has been introduced in classes to monitor the ongoing training programmes. Photo attendance is initiated by RSLDC to implement skill development mandate of various departments have been proved very useful and the same has been appreciated at central level as well as by many states. What is the role of technologies like AI, ML, IoT, etc, in skill-building? How is RSLDC deploying these technologies? The above new age courses have a significant role in the future development of the country. We would ensure that entry level skilling requirements in these technologies are taken up by RSLDC. What is your message for the youth and our readers of the eGov magazine? India is far behind in availability of skilled workforce as compared to USA and other developed nations, though India is having the right population mix. This demographic advantage is required to be converted in demographic dividend. It is all possible through wide range of skill development programmes. The skilled person is an asset for the country and has got a better chance to lead a fulfilling and sucessful life and contribute to nation building. monitored through district level WhatsApp groups. Moreover, placements are linked with payments. Therefore, training partners are mandated to provide placements as per the scheme guidelines. We conduct regular review meetings with training partners to ensure that they comply with the scheme guidelines. Is there a gap between the demand and supply of skills? If yes, how are you catering towards fulfilling the demand? Yes, there is definitely a gap between skill sets requirements and the supply of trained youth. Majority of the skill training programmes are supply based, however, we are trying to minimise the gap by forging partnerships with Industries and identifying their skill needs. We are also planning a district-level skill gap analysis to ascertain the type of employment available at the local level and conduct such programmes which are locally suitable. What are the innovations which have been taken up by Rajasthan in Skilling? The Integrated Scheme Management System (ISMS) software of RSLDC is the platform which captures all activities related to skilling. Various reports are generated through this platform. The convergence model
  16. 16. POLICYMAKER’S PERSPECTIVE 20 DECEMBER 2019 [ egov.eletsonline.com ] The Largest Portal on e-Governance in Asia and the Middle East What are the major focus areas of the Ministry of Skill, Development, Employment and Entrepreneurship? Ministry for Skill Development & Entrepreneurship (MSDE) focusses on enhancing employability of the youth through skill development. Since its formation, MSDE has been working to provide fillip to all skill development efforts across the country through removal of disconnect between demand and supply of skilled manpower, building the vocational and technical training framework, skill up-gradation and building capacities for new age skills among others. The Ministry is continually working to achieve the objectives of Skill India Mission with Scale, Speed and Quality. It is aided in these initiatives by its functional arms – National Skill Development Agency (NSDA), National Skill Development Corporation (NSDC), National Skill Development Fund (NSDF) and 38 Sector Skill Councils (SSCs); training partners registered with NSDC as well as Jan Shikshan Sansthan (JSS) Centres. What are the recent initiatives taken by the Department? Who are the major stakeholders for whom these initiatives would be relevant? The initiatives under Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship are focused towards inclusivity of all groups of people. Under PMKVY 2016-2020, more than 40 percent all trained are women. Multiple special projects specifically focused on the needs of women have been implemented across India, says K P Krishnan, Secretary, Ministry of Skill, Development, Employment and Entrepreneurship, Government of India, in an interview with Sreetama Datta and Shivani Babbar of Elets News Network (ENN). MSDEFocussesonInclusivity ofAllGroupsofPeople Programmes such as PMKVY 2.0, Apprenticeship and Jan Sikhshan Sansthan (JSS), Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Kendras (PMKK) and Skills Acquisition and Knowledge Awareness for Livelihood Promotion (SANKALP) have not only been streamlined to achieve scale with quality but also to build the capacities at multiple levels to meet the skill demand and aspirations of the youth. More than 70 lakh youths have benefitted from PMKVY 2.0 and we have already started working on the next version of the Scheme which shall incorporate the learnings of the past to provide more holistic skilling avenues to the youth of the country. Apprenticeship is another area where we are very actively collaborating with employers and State Governments to significantly increase the enrolment of apprentices in the country. We recently amended the Apprenticeship Rules in 2019 to make it more employer driven and attractive and simpler for the establishments. Multiple rounds of workshops have been done with the stakeholders including CPSUs to disseminate and encourage apprenticeship in the country. Similarly, the ITI ecosystem is also in consolidation phase wherein a lot of emphasis is being given to expand the coverage and increase quality. The total number of Industrial Training Centres (ITIs) “Far reaching institutional reform is being brought about by merging the existing skill regulatory bodies - National Skill Development Agency (NSDA) and National Council for Vocational Training (NCVT) into the National Council for Vocational Education and Training (NCVET). NCVET’s primary role would be to assure the quality of training services delivered in the VET sector in the country through the effective regulation of recognised bodies and Qualifications.”
  17. 17. POLICYMAKER’S PERSPECTIVE 21Connect with us on egovonline @egovonline eGov Magazine egov_elets eletsvideos DECEMBER 2019 the informal sector, skills that have been acquired informally are recognised and certified through recognition of prior learning to facilitate the transition to the formal sector. The imperative of developing skills to reap the demographic advantage and providing decent jobs to all has led to several programmes that have been introduced at the national as well as state level. What are the major challenges faced by the Ministry and what are the ways taken to mitigate those? Given the nature of Indian economy, more than 80 percent of our workforce is in the informal sector mostly working with low level of skill sets and limited avenues for skilling/ re-skilling and up-skilling. At MSDE, we are cognizant of this fact and that is where one of the major strategic priorities of our Vision 2025 roadmap is to “Catalyse Demand for formal skills specifically from small and informal enterprises and entrepreneurs”. We were already facilitating the process of recognising informal skills through Recognition of Prior Learning. Multiple courses aimed towards informal and MSME sector has been developed but now we would like to take this to our next level. We are already working on a comprehensive plan for the same. The second challenge that we face is the low aspirational value of skill development. It is still considered only a secondary alternate to general education. Our third focus is convergence, currently more than 18 Central Ministries are implementation various Skilling Schemes and programs which are sometimes targeted towards similar segments. In addition to this State Governments also do run their own skill development programmes. Disability (PwD), Women, SC, ST, Minority and other marginalized communities. A special Skill Council for Persons with Disability (SCPwD) was also formed in October 2015 for cross sectoral alignment and development of curricula in line with special needs of PwD candidates. As per various reports, the Indian youth do not meet the employability criteria. What is your take on this? In India, there exists a skill gap at two levels. On the one hand, there is the educated labour force that are not able to find employment matching their aspirational levels due to the mismatch in the skill sets sought by the employers. On the other hand, we see the low education/skill levels of the labour force leading to skill gaps in jobs that require skilled workforce. According to the Labour Bureau (2014) the current size of India’s formally skilled workforce is only two per cent. Recent studies have indicated that employers found just about 25 percent of Indian professionals ‘employable’ in the organised sector (NITI Aayog 2015). Nearly 82 percent of the workforce is in the informal sector with no formal training and primarily on-the-job learning. The question, therefore, is not only of fresh skilling but also of up-skilling / re-skilling the existing workforce to boost their employability in a labour market where job profiles keep changing with technological advancement. However, skilling this huge labour force is a challenge given the very dynamic work environment, high proportion of school-dropouts, huge informal workforce, poor quality of training in the past etc. The task therefore involves effective measures to meet the skilled manpower requirement of the high growing sectors, increased investment in training infrastructure, ensuring that in increased from 11,964 in 2014 to 14,693 in 2018-19 with trainee enrolment increasing from 16.90 lakh to 23.08 lakh during the period. Far reaching institutional reform is being brought about by merging the existing skill regulatory bodies - National Skill Development Agency (NSDA) and National Council for Vocational Training (NCVT) into the National Council for Vocational Education and Training (NCVET). NCVET’s primary role would be to assure the quality of training services delivered in the VET sector in the country through the effective regulation of recognised bodies and Qualifications. How is it ensured that there is to ensure an all-inclusive delivery of these initiatives across demographic dividend? The initiatives under Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship are focused towards inclusivity of all groups of people. Under PMKVY 2016-2020, more than 40 percent all trained are women. Multiple special projects specifically focused on the needs of women has been implemented across India.Similarly, the National Action Plan for Skill Training of Persons with Disabilities (PwD) was jointly launched by the Ministry of Skill Development & Entrepreneurship (MSDE) and Department of Empowerment of Persons with Disability (DoPWD) on 21st March, 2015. The Plan envisages skill training of 25 lakh persons over seven years. Training Centres are continuously being encouraged to become PwD friendly. Additional incentives have been provided for PwD candidates in the form of enhanced conveyance support, increased cost of training, transportation cost and support for assistive aids. A cross-functional unit for Affirmative Action has been set up at NSDC to focus on projects for Persons with
  18. 18. POLICYMAKER’S PERSPECTIVE 22 DECEMBER 2019 [ egov.eletsonline.com ] The Largest Portal on e-Governance in Asia and the Middle East How does MSDE offer support to those with an entrepreneurial bent of mind? To promote entrepreneurship development within the country, MSDE has taken multiple initiatives, some of which are listed as follows: • Integration of Entrepreneurship Orientation Module in ITI and PMKVY - Keeping in view the mandate of MSDE, an end to end customised entrepreneurship orientation module has been integrated under the Employability and Life Skill Course module in the PMKVY courses ensuring that every candidate undergoing skill training is oriented towards Entrepreneurship. In ITI courses, the module on Entrepreneurship is already integrated as a section in the Employability Skills Module. • Pradhan Mantri YUVA Yojana (PM YUVA): PM-YUVA scheme was launched in 2017 which provided entrepreneurship education to 33,325 candidates in 239 institutes of higher learning over two years, is now being re-structured to make it relevant for the candidates emerging from skilling ecosystem (ITI, Polytechnic, PMKK, JSS and RPL trainees). Pilot programme is being conducted and revamped Project proposal of Rs 490 crore has been submitted to Ministry of Finance (Deptt. of Expenditure) for their approval and the same is awaited. • National Entrepreneurship Awards Scheme (NEAS): NEAS was instituted by the Ministry of Skill Development & Entrepreneurship (MSDE) in the year 2016-17 to encourage a culture of entrepreneurship in the country by recognising the efforts of exceptional first generation entrepreneurs and ecosystem builders i.e. to individuals and organisations supporting entrepreneurs in their entrepreneurial journey. These entrepreneurs should have established models of excellence for others to emulate and improve upon. • Economic Empowerment of Women Entrepreneurs and Start-ups by Women (WEE) – To encourage women entrepreneurship and start-up by women, MSDE has signed an agreement with Deutsceh Gesellschaft for International Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) on August 16, 2018 to be implemented for three years (2018 to 2021) with the objective to improve the framework conditions for women-led enterprises in India. • The National Institute for Entrepreneurship and Small Business Development (NIESBUD), Noida and Institute of Entrepreneurship (IIE), Guwahati - Both the Institutes are autonomous bodies registered under Societies Registration Act-1860 and functioning under the administrative control of Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship. The organisational structure and functions of these institutes have been restructured to align it with the mandate of the Ministry. The revised functions of the institutes now focus on providing training, mentoring, consultancy, research, etc. for entrepreneurship promotion and development. What is your message for the youth as well as the readers of eGov magazine? Skills and Knowledge are the driving forces of economic growth and social development for any country. Countries with higher levels and better standards of skills adjust more effectively to the challenges in domestic and international job markets. India adds approximately 12 million people to its workforce every year. However, less than four percent are deemed employable or skilled enough to serve the needs of the organisations. To address these challenges, Ministry of Skill Development & Entrepreneurship in coordination with other Central Ministries, State Governments and Industry hascreated in skilling ecosystem. Through your magazine, I urge the youth of our country to join this skilling movement to make India the skilled capital of the world. Over the last four years, MSDE has been able to create the foundation for skill development in India. We have been able to create a dialogue around the importance of skills. Youth need to focus on continuous learning and lifelong learning. “In India, there exists a skill gap at two levels. On the one hand, there is the educated labour force that are not able to find employment matching their aspirational levels due to the mismatch in the skill sets sought by the employers. On the other hand, we see the low education/skill levels of the labour force leading to skill gaps in jobs that require skilled workforce.”
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  20. 20. SPOTLIGHT: LEADER’S PERSPECTIVE 24 DECEMBER 2019 [ egov.eletsonline.com ] The Largest Portal on e-Governance in Asia and the Middle East You have recently taken the position of Secretary, Higher Education and Technical Department, in the State of Rajasthan. How do you see To achieve the goal of revamping the curriculum, we are urging all the colleges and universities to come up with a new and modern curriculum in their institutions, thus making the classes more interesting for the students to attend, says Shuchi Sharma, Secretary of Higher & Technical Education Department, Government of Rajasthan, in conversation with Kartik Sharma & Prathana Dutta of Elets News Network (ENN). RajasthanMovingInTheDirection OfUpgradingTheCurriculumIn TechnicalEducation Shuchi Sharma Secretary of Higher & Technical Education Department, Government of Rajasthan this responsibility and are you looking forward to it? It’s a great responsibility that I have been entrusted with and I feel though a
  21. 21. SPOTLIGHT: LEADERS PERSPECTIVE 25Connect with us on egovonline @egovonline eGov Magazine egov_elets eletsvideos DECEMBER 2019 marked with radio frequency identification (RFI) What initiatives have been undertaken by the department to make education sector vibrant and result-oriented? With an objective to prepare good academicians, the department has started induction training programme for newly appointed assistant professors. Initiatives like free coaching classes for regular students of the colleges help the department in making education sector vibrant and result- oriented. Subject matter experts in the department are preparing e-content for these classes. The department is also opting for skill education initiatives along with regular studies to make students after their graduation and post-graduation degree. Please provide a brief description about the administrative initiatives taken for smooth functioning of the department. The review meetings with the concerned officials of the respective department on regular basis are among the major initiatives that helped in smooth functioning of the department. We have also installed Biometric attendance system for principals and professors. The OIC system installed in various colleges helps in monitoring the progress and problems of the colleges at CCE level. What message would you like to give to the students? My message to the students is that life is the most precious gift of God. It should be lived joyfully. For this, every moment should be lived creatively. We should not lose any opportunity to leave something new and go on contributing to building a healthy society. to boredom. We need to move in the direction of upgrading the curriculum. To achieve this goal, we are urging all the colleges and universities to come up with a new and modern curriculum in their institutions, thus making the classes more interesting for the students to attend. What measures are taken to enhance the quality and upgrading the curriculum of Technical Education in the state? TEQIP (The Scheme of MHRD and World Bank) has provided Rs 10 crore to each engineering college of Rajasthan and Rs 20 crore to Rajasthan Technical University, Kota, for enhancement of quality and up gradation of curriculum of technical education. In last few months, the department has arranged many training seminars, conferences for improvement of pedagogy and various latest equipment’s. About Rs 25 crore will be spent in current financial year on modern labs, computers and research facilities by which more than 10 thousand students of technical institutes will be benefitted with better facilities in education, research and consultancy. What are the newly introduced schemes for Research and Development of the state in terms of technical education? Choice Based Credit System (CBCS) and semester system has been introduced in all departments of Rajasthan Technical University, Kota. This has been recognized by National Board of Accreditation, New Delhi. • Uploading of university degrees on National Depository platform. • Under RUSA Scheme of MHRD there is construction of cafeteria and books in library will be lot has been done to give a good education system to the society still there is the scope of improvement. In fact, something needs to be done in a direction that emphasizes the evolution of the student as a good human being. Therefore, I believe somewhere a dent is needed in the fundamentals of the present education system to achieve this goal. What are the challenges that you foresee towards achieving the target? How do you plan to address these challenges? At the 15th World Education Summit Mumbai, you spoke on the concept of ‘Joy of Giving’. Could you share your insight on this concept and what is the need of such a concept in the Higher Education sector today? Knowledge shared is knowledge gained. ‘Joy of Giving’ is the concept that is tied up to the innate nature, compassion and interdependence in human beings. It is a paradox that more we acquire more discontented we become. In reality, acquiring more and more leads to discontentment and what we give to others is what makes us feel content. If we inculcate ‘Joy of Giving’ as an essential part of the school curriculum, we can teach the child to apply it in day-to-day activities, thereby crystallising the curriculum. A child who is a ‘giver’ is more beneficial to the society than an ‘acquirer’. What is your vision in developing the higher education ecosystem in the state of Rajasthan? Besides infrastructure, we need to focus on the syllabus and keep it from getting redundant. Irrelevant topics which are still taught in classes need to be removed. In case of a redundant syllabus, not only are teachers disinterested in teaching, even the students don’t turn up in lectures due
  22. 22. SPOTLIGHT: RISU 26 DECEMBER 2019 [ egov.eletsonline.com ] The Largest Portal on e-Governance in Asia and the Middle East Although we are just a two-and-a-half-year-old university, we have initiated the affiliation process. Currently, we are present in 23 districts of Rajasthan out of 33. As many as 3,200 students are enrolled in our university, says Lalit K Panwar, Vice-Chancellor, Rajasthan ILD Skills University, in an exclu- sive interview with Shivani Babbar of Elets News Netowrk (ENN). He also shares the institute’s vision an plans in the pipeline for the upcoming years. RISU envisions making youths employable and industry ready Lalit K Panwar Vice-Chancellor, Rajasthan ILD Skills University What is the vision of RISU that makes it an engine of social growth in Rajasthan? RISU was established on March 30, 2017, by the Government of Rajasthan. It is the first university on skill development established by a state government in the country. The vision of the university is to make youths employable, by imparting relevant skills. Our objective is to impart employment skills to school students, studying in the 10+2, as well as the college students so that they are industry-ready from the very first day.    We are offering concurrent Diploma and Certificate programmes in skill training. At present we are offering 118 courses, of which most popular courses are of Hotel Management, Fashion Design, Yoga and Wellness, and Fire Safety and Disaster Management among others.  Education is evolving rapidly to keep pace with the needs of the market. In view of this, how often is the curriculum updated?   Our courses cover new-age technologies like the Internet of Things (IoT), Artificial Intelligence (AI), Animation and VFX to name a few, which are considered to be promising fields and 100 percent placement is assured. Mechatronics is the latest course that we have introduced. Our courses are a blend of traditional and new-age courses, which
  23. 23. SPOTLIGHT: RISU 27Connect with us on egovonline @egovonline eGov Magazine egov_elets eletsvideos DECEMBER 2019 have a demand in the market. Does the industry provide any inputs in terms of the course curriculum or other aspects? Yes, of course. We have two industry members on our Academic Council and under the chairmanship of Industries Commissioner, there is a Standing Committee where I am one of the members in the capacity of Vice- Chancellor of RISU. The members of this Committee include employers and industrialists. In this way, an Academia Industrialists Matrix has been built. All the members and stakeholders of the Committee meet regularly to set the agenda and receive feedback from the employers and industrialists.  Has RISU taken any special initiative to attract youths from the rural areas of Rajasthan and improve their livelihoods? Although we are just a two-and-a-half- year-old university, we have initiated the affiliation process. Currently, we are present in 23 districts of Rajasthan out of 33. As many as 3,200 students are enrolled in our university. Even in the remotest of areas, such as Jaisalmer, Ganganagar, Dungarpur, Udaipur, Swai Madhopur, Kota etc. our courses are being pursued by students.  Is RISU engaged in any research and development activities or initiatives? collaborations from next academic session, once we set up our campus and start offering regular classes and research & development facilities.  We have taken up some academic innovations. Concurrently, the students to pursue BA, B. Com or B. Sc. can opt for Skill Development Certificates and Diploma at our university for up to two years, simultaneously, while opting for their regular courses. This improves their chance of employability. For instance, it is difficult for a regular B.Com student to get the desired job, but a B.Com with a two-year Diploma programme in entrepreneurship, or a B. Sc. with a Diploma in AI or BA degree with Diploma in Event Management increases their chance of employability in an organisation of their aspiration.  Some of the leading private colleges such as Agrawal College, Subodh College, Bhilwara Mahila Ashram etc. have come forward to collaborate with us for the impartment of relevant courses to the students.  Next year onwards we aim to grant free affiliations to almost 300 government colleges which are offering undergraduate and postgraduate programmes for skill development courses. We will also help these colleges in the faculty development process so that students can acquire the relevant and in-demand skill sets which will make them employable once they complete graduation or postgraduation.  We have not started with research activities yet as we do not have our campus yet. Government has allotted us land in the Sikar Delhi Bypass road but the construction process and recruiting faculty members are still in process. At present, we are focussing on affiliation, development of skill development courses, which include six months certificate courses and one-year diploma courses, two-year advanced diploma courses and three-year degree courses. The Bachelor’s and Master’s degrees are called Bachelor of Vocation (B. Voc) and Master of Vocation (M. Voc) respectively. Right now we are engaged in curricular development, conducting exams and providing placement support to the pass outs of RISU.  Is RISU collaborating with any global organisation or institute?    Right now we have signed Memorandums of Understanding (MoUs) with leading institutes like Malviya National Institute of Technology (MNIT), Bharatiya Skill Development University (BSDU) among others. We aim to attempt international
  24. 24. COVER STORY 28 DECEMBER 2019 [ egov.eletsonline.com ] The Largest Portal on e-Governance in Asia and the Middle East Strengthening the skill component among the employable youth is one of the biggest components contributing towards the country’s economy. Rajasthan has been one of the first states in the country to set up a Skill Mission. Kartik Sharma and Sreetama Datta of Elets News Network (ENN) assess how Rajasthan has pioneered in building a skilled and empowered youth vis a vis human resource for the country. RAJASTHAN LEADING WAY TO BECOME INDIA’S SKILL CAPITAL
  25. 25. COVER STORY 29Connect with us on egovonline @egovonline eGov Magazine egov_elets eletsvideos DECEMBER 2019 S kills and knowledge are the driving forces of our nation’s economic growth and social development. India has been facing severe shortages of well trained and skilled workers. India is the most dynamic and youngest economy across the world, for foreign investments and to cater the same we will need trained and educated, and niche workforce in diverse sectors. India adds approximately 12 million people to its workforce every year. However, less than four percent are deemed employable or skilled enough to serve the needs of the organisations. Our workforce readiness is one of the lowest in the world and a large chunk of skill impartment infrastructure is redundant to the industry needs. To address these challenges, Ministry of Skill Development, Employment and Entrepreneurship (MSDE) is being instrumental in creating an ecosystem of coordination of all skill development efforts across the country. MSDE also aims to remove disconnect between demand and supply of skilled manpower. The Ministry not only imparts the necessary skills but also aims to develop innovative thinking for existing jobs as well as the jobs that would be created. Rajasthan has been one of the first states in the country to set up a Skill Mission, Rajasthan Mission on Livelihoods (RMoL) in 2004 for skill development in the state, which has been rechristened as Rajasthan Mission on Skill and Livelihoods in 2009-10. In a bid to improve the employability index among the youth of the state, Department of Skills and Employment and Entrepreneurship (DSEE), Rajasthan has conceptualised and implemented various schemes which are essential to equip and empower the youth with more and more job opportunities. Talking about the initiatives of the Department, Ashok Chandna, Minister of Skill, Employment and Entrepreneurship; Sports & Youth Affairs, Government of Rajasthan says, “As we know, employment and skilling are interlinked, and unemployment is the most critical and reason for frustrating among youth of the State. Therefore a lot more needs to be done. On the skilling and employment front, since taking up the charge this year, I have been trying to strengthen skilling avenues for the youth and to link it with employment opportunities.” AREASOFCHALLENGE India currently faces a severe shortage of well-trained, skilled workers. It is estimated that only 2.3 percent of the workforce in India has undergone formal skill training as compared to 68 percent in the UK, 75 percent in Germany, 52 percent in USA, 80 percent in Japan and 96 percent in South Korea. Large sections of the educated workforce have little or no job skills, making them largely unemployable. Therefore, India must focus on scaling up skill training efforts to meet the demands of employers and drive economic growth. MSDE mentions that India’s annual skilling capacity was estimated at approximately 7 million during the period 2013-2014. Apart from meeting its own demand, India has the potential to provide a skilled workforce to fill the expected shortfall in the ageing developed world. The Ministry further states, “The enormity of India’s skilling challenge is further aggravated by the fact that skill training efforts cut across multiple sectors and require the involvement of diverse stakeholders such as: multiple government departments at the centre and state levels, private training providers, educational and training institutions, employers, industry
  26. 26. COVER STORY 30 DECEMBER 2019 [ egov.eletsonline.com ] The Largest Portal on e-Governance in Asia and the Middle East associations, assessment and certification bodies and trainees. All these stakeholders need to align their work together in order to achieve the target of ‘SkillIndia’.” A Nasscom report states that about 40 percent of India’s total workforce has to be re-skilled over the next five years to cope with the emerging technology trends like Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning. RSLDC–ARCHITECTFORSKILLED ANDEMPLOYABLEYOUTH Rajasthan Mission on Skill and Livelihoods was converted into corporation in the year 2012, and was further rechristened as Rajasthan Skill and Livelihoods Development Corporation (RSLDC). RSLDC currently operates by employing multipronged strategies to engage stakeholders from industries, training institutes, education sector, associations and government bodies with various active Skill Development Centres. Naveen Jain, Chairman, RSLDC, who is also the Secretary, Labour, Skill, Employment & Entrepreneurship, Factory & Boiler Inspection & Medical & Health Services (ESI), shares the objectives of RSLDC as: • Establishing skill development centres in different parts of the state with the help of government agencies and private training partners. • Connecting the youth either to placement or self-employment once skill training has been given. • Analysing the skill demand and supply gaps by having constant interactions with industries and working for those skills which are going to be in high demand in the future. • RSLDC works as a centralised nodal agency. If any other department wants to implement some skill training programmes, they don’t need to set up their own infrastructure. They can transfer their budget to RSLDC and the corporation can arrange training programmes according to the objectives of that department. Mukta Arora, DGM, RSLDC says, “Every year 8 to 10 million youth enter the working age population in India. This may appear as a huge opportunity, but it also poses a threat of a demographic disaster unless and until it is timely addressed by making youth employable at the same pace as they are penetrating into the job market. Rajasthan seeks to provide employment opportunities to 1.5 million youth in five years. RSLDC has acknowledged these gaps and have designed platforms to enable to take care of the ground realities.”. RAJASTHANREACHINGOUTTO WEAKERSEGMENTSOFSOCIETY DSEE has laid special emphasis in ensuring last-mile connectivity to every segment of the society. In an attempt to ensure last-mile reach, the DSEE is laying special emphasis on providing Skill training to women, transgenders, Persons with Special Abilities, juveniles, inmates of the correctional homes, LTV PAK Migrants and other such special and untapped segments of the society, thus empowering them with quality training and placement opportunities. Samit Sharma, Managing Director, RSLDC says, “Having visualised the In a bid to improve the employability index among the youth of the state, Department of Skills and Employment and Entrepreneurship (DSEE), Rajasthan has conceptualised and implemented various schemes which are essential to equip and empower the youth with more and more job opportunities.
  27. 27. COVER STORY 31Connect with us on egovonline @egovonline eGov Magazine egov_elets eletsvideos DECEMBER 2019 dream of creating ‘Skill Rajasthan’ and with an aim of generating numerous job opportunities for the youth, the Rajasthan Mission on Livelihoods (RMOL) was set up way back in 2004. Since then, Skills has come a long way. Now with streamlined support from the Central Government through the National Skill Development Corporation and Ministry of Skill Development & Entrepreneurship, Skills has become a buzzword among the training partners as well as the masses.” INTEGRATINGITWITHSKILL DEVELOPMENTPROGRAMMES In a bid to create transparency in the skill imparting ecosystem and also to mobilise the youth towards registering and participating in the skill training sessions, RSLDC and DSEE are heavily deploying Information Technology. Some of the IT and ICT initiatives include Integrated Scheme Management Systems (ISMS), Aadhaar Enabled Biometric Attendance System (AEBAS), Online Skill Calendar, Livelihood portal etc. WAYFORWARD According to Chandna, DSEE and RSLDC are leaving no stone unturned to achieve this through proper co- ordination of all skill development efforts across the State; building the vocational and technical training framework; skill up-gradation; building of new skills; and innovative thinking not only for existing jobs but also jobs that are to be created. . Stating the importance of soft skills, Jain says, “We will have a flexi-course containing three components: • English speaking • Basic knowledge of IT • Personality development In this flexi-course, youths can choose either English or IT or personality development or all three or any of three. Another area that has been taken up is blue collar entrepreneurship. We believe that ideas can come to anybody; it is not limited only to B. Tech students or highly technical people. It has been decided that RSLDC will prepare a project proposal that would be presented to the state government in the next budget (2020). If everything goes right, we will convince the government to take certain measures to encourage the incubation of ideas coming from the youths of ITI or from the RSLDC skill centres. The other initiatives are to provide coaching to the youth who aim to join the Army or Police and to aid in the overseas placement process. Sharing message for the youth, Jain says, “The youth in Rajasthan has to understand that these days, some knowledge of the English language, IT skills, and personality development traits are necessary. Your body language is important; your behavior towards the women in the office has to be very good because any wrong gesture may land you into trouble. The youth today has to understand that if they struggle for the coming four to five years of their life, the next 50 years of their life can be turned into something beautiful. So my message to the youth is - try to struggle and adapt yourself to the new conditions.” RSLDC currently operates by employing multipronged strategies to engage stakeholders from industries, training institutes, education sector, associations and government bodies with various active Skill Development Centres.
  28. 28. SPOTLIGHT: RSLDC 32 DECEMBER 2019 [ egov.eletsonline.com ] The Largest Portal on e-Governance in Asia and the Middle East Rajasthan Skill and Livelihoods Development Corporation (RSLDC) as a nodal agency for skill development and livelihood activities in the state is fully geared up in its skilling initiatives in a bid to achieve its target of skilling the youth to fit into emerging market scenario by building a skilling system that embraces changing demands of employment market, writes Vivek Ratnakar of Elets News Network (ENN). RSLDC: BRIDGING Job-Skill Gapin Rajasthan R ajendra Prasad Meena, who is from a small village called Tapilya in Sikar district of Rajasthan, could not afford to go to a college due to financial constraints. His father is a daily wage labourer, who struggled hard to make ends meet. But Rajendra was determined to improve the financial situation of his family. “I decided to do something to improve my family’s financial and social condition. Coincidentally, Rohitash & Hari Sir from Safeducate Pvt. Ltd., a Skill Development Centre being run under the Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Grameen Kaushalya Yojana (DDU-GKY), Sikar came to my village and explained us about its training programme,” says Meena. The decision to join the training programme proved to be life altering experience for him. “After completing the programme, I got selected in FedEx Pvt. Ltd. as an Operations Assistant which helps me earn over Rs 15,000 per month,” he says with pride underscoring how he has not only improved his family’s financial condition, but also helped him gain respect in the society.
  29. 29. SPOTLIGHT: RSLDC 33Connect with us on egovonline @egovonline eGov Magazine egov_elets eletsvideos DECEMBER 2019 Rajendra Prasad Meena’s story is that of hope and courage; of dreams becoming a reality; and of the rise of Rajasthan on the back of positive social and economic transformation enabled by Rajasthan Skill and Livelihoods Development Corporation (RSLDC). However, looking at the efficacy of interventions designed by RSLD only in terms of job creation and skill development for individuals would be a folly, for the Corporation’s programmes have been successfully churning out entrepreneurs who are critical in helping India’s cause of economic growth and development for all. Take for example, the case of Varsha whose father works in a bangle factory as a labourer and earns Rs 7,000 per month, while her mother sells vegetables to support the family. Varsha joined as a Computer Faculty & Centre Coordinator at Karni Computer Centre, Nagaur, after completing her training as a documentation assistant in 2017. She learned how to manage a computer centre and saved some money to start her own computer centre. She took her life’s biggest decision to quit her job after one year and laid the foundation of her venture named Tulsi Computer & Emitra. Her sister helped her with a working capital of Rs 50,000, which was loaned by Uco Bank. Starting her computer training centre in a rented accomodation with six computers, today Varsha has hired create quality and productive employment opportunities for the youth, because it is not just for the economic benefit that youth must be skilled, there are social reasons too. Moreover, India is turning out to be a high growth market – which will generate employment in a big way, and with the ageing world population, young India has an opportunity to be the global supplier of manpower. The Central Government’s Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship, too, has projected a total human resource requirement of 103.4 million people between 2017 and 2022,” Chandna adds. Department of Skills, Employment and Entrepreneurship (DSEE) and RSLDC are leaving no stone unturned to achieve this by way of proper co- ordination of all skill development efforts across the State, building the vocational and technical training framework, skill up-gradation, building of new skills, and innovative thinking not only for existing jobs but also jobs that are to be created. Naveen Jain, Secretary, DSEE and Labour Department; and Chairman, RSLDC, says that “the aim is to make Rajasthan the future skill State of the country. We believe ‘skill education’ has the ingredients to change the future of the country”. Recognising the existing skill gaps, he another girl at Rs 7,000 per month to support her in the business. Varsha is strengthening her business by re- investing her earnings, and has emerged as a shining example of what a girl can achieve if given the right direction and support. There are hundreds of such stories to share from across Rajasthan -- thanks to RSLDC which is driving the youth of Rajasthan towards realising their own potential through skilling and making them employable. “Today’s youth are fascinated by government and corporate white collar jobs and shun blue collar jobs. The time has come to acquire new skills and keep an open mind to new approaches in the various job sectors so as to develop and evolve today’s youth. We are living in an ever changing world. Skills that worked in the past may not work in the future. To continue to succeed, reskilling, learning and adapting should become a continuous process,” says Ashok Chandna, Minister of State for Skill, Employment and Entrepreneurship; and Minister of Youth Affairs and Sports (Independent Charge), Government of Rajasthan. His thoughts sum up the vision with which Rajasthan is moving towards empowering the youth to reap the benefits of demographic dividends India has today. “Rajasthan government’s aim is to
  30. 30. SPOTLIGHT: RSLDC 34 DECEMBER 2019 [ egov.eletsonline.com ] The Largest Portal on e-Governance in Asia and the Middle East adds that every year hundreds of youth are churned out of the formal education system with only a formal degree to boast of. “They lack the practical know-how –– skilling. We need to inculcate learning, knowledge and employability factor in the formal education system. In a scenario of plenty of discussion on the new technologies like Artificial Intelligence (AI) and robotic we should not forget that at the end of the day we will need a qualified person to operate these machines.” According to a Nasscom report, about 40 percent of India’s total workforce has to be re-skilled over the next five years to cope with the emerging technology trends like AI and machine learning. In view of the paradigm shift happening in skilling space, Rajasthan has been spearheading the efforts to actively implement strategies to address the challenges of unemployment, says Dr Mukta Arora, DGM, RSLDC. “Way back in 2004, recognising the dire need to bridge the gap between demand and supply of skilled manpower and improve employment prospects, Rajasthan became the first state in the country to launch a skill mission with the creation of the Rajasthan Mission on Livelihoods (RMoL).” In 2015, for an effective integration of various skilling units -- Industrial Training Institutes (ITIs), Employment Exchange and RSLDC, -- under one umbrella, the Department of Skills, Employment and Entrepreneurship (DSEE) was formed. Rajasthan was also the first State in the country to establish a ‘Government Skill University”. RSLDC as a nodal agency for skill development and livelihood activities is fully geared up in its skilling initiatives in a bid to achieve its target of skilling the youth to fit into emerging market scenario by building a skilling system that embraces changing demands of employment market. The efforts put in by RSLDC in promoting skill development have not gone unnoticed. The State has won the ‘Skoch Platinum Award’ for Best State in Skill Development for two consecutive years – 2017 and 2018. Rajasthan also held ASSOCHAM Gold Trophy for Best State in Skilling for three consecutive years – 2015, 2016 & 2017 – and ASSOCHAM Diamond Trophy for Best State in Skilling in 2018. To leverage the job opportunities arising, RSLDC is also actively engaging with Sector Skills Councils (SSCs), industries, and other stakeholders to improve various aspects of skill development such as improving the quality of training, speeding process of certification and assessment and understanding the emerging job trends. According to Naveen Jain, in retail sector there are plenty of employment opportunities, as shopping mall are rapidly on the rise in Rajasthan. He also says that other sectors like IT and ITes, and security services are generating lot of opportunities for new talent. Moreover, the e-commerce segment has also created lot of demand for jobs. The way forward, Jain says is the need of private players playing greater role; a robust entity in place to regulate the entire skilling ecosystem; and greater incentives for employers to take skilling to the next level. “You need to slow down to speed up. You need to build yourself an integrated platform that works when you are not working. Leveraging your knowledge and reducing time spent to do such is the key to success,” he advises.
  31. 31. POLICYMAKER’S PERSPECTIVE 35Connect with us on egovonline @egovonline eGov Magazine egov_elets eletsvideos DECEMBER 2019 Why it was so important to focus on the development of youth and create awareness about various skilling activities Youth of a state or nation is the reservoir of energy to be harnessed for the growth and development of the country. The demographic transition across globe where many economies are ageing has provided India a unique opportunity with its huge youth population to be able to provide workforce across globe. Therefore, education and skill development is the key to channelise their energy. As per a report by Boston Consulting Group (BCG), World Skills Russia and energy company Rosatom, the human We are witnessing another Industrial revolution which necessitates constantly upgrade our skills to keep pace with technological changes. Our dream for becoming the future skill capital of the world depends on how fast we can adapt to this changing scenario, says Sunita Sanghi, Senior Advisor, Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship, Government of India in an interview with Sreetama Datta and Shivani Babbar of Elets News Network (ENN). MSDE:Encouraging Convergent Approach to Build Skilled Nation capital development could accelerate the GDP growth in a given country by between 0.5 percent and two percent. With the largest youth population in the World, India has the opportunity to accelerate the economy by skilling youth as per market demands. Skill development is an enabler of sustained livelihood opportunities. In India where more than 30 percent of students’ dropout even before completing class 10th, Skill Development is the pathway for such students to get back to mainstream workforce. Therefore, creating awareness for skilling is very important for country like India. Sunita Sanghi Senior Advisor, Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship, Government of India
  32. 32. POLICYMAKER’S PERSPECTIVE 36 DECEMBER 2019 [ egov.eletsonline.com ] The Largest Portal on e-Governance in Asia and the Middle East the Common Cost Norms special incentives have been provided for women candidates, special women- oriented projects are being implemented under PMKVY, Women Centric training centres in both short term and long-term skill development programs have been developed/are under development. We are also working with Germany for a programme on Economic Empowerment of Women Entrepreneurs and Start-ups by Women (WEE). Our efforts have already started bearing fruits. More than 40 percent of the candidates trained under PMKVY are women and we know that this percentage is bound to increase. Our efforts are to improve employability of women so as to improve their participation in the labour market. The Jan Shikshan Sansthan programme implemented by the Ministry aims to help especially the women to take up economic activities by providing training at their door steps. If India has to bring to life its dream of becoming the future opportunities. There is increased focus on involving districts in the skill development through creation of District Skill Committees and also development of district Skill Plans to address the challenges of local skill requirements. There are various central ministries which are implementing programs to address the specific sectoral and socio economic groups’ skill requirements. Skill Development is a cross cutting subject involving various stakeholders. We at MSDE encourage convergent approach. How does skilling India’s youth, especially young women, play a key role in the overall growth of the country? If you educate a man you educate an individual but if you educate a woman you educate a whole family. As a Ministry, we firmly believe that women play a very important role in nation building and no nation has succeeded in long run, if it did not provide equitable opportunities to women. To bring in more women under the realm of skill development, we are working on a multi-pronged approach. Under We would like to know about the concerted efforts by Government to empower India’s youth through variety of skill development initiatives in association with a number of organisations? We have been working on multiple dimensions to create a layered skill ecosystem which is inclusive and dynamic at the same time. Supply and demand mismatch for skilled manpower has been an inherent problem in our economy. We have worked in a very concerted manner to foster deeper engagements with Industry and reduce this supply-demand gap. As many as 38 sector skill councils have been formed with primary objectives to identify the skill development needs in line with that of the Industry, determine skills or competency standards and qualifications, and conduct standardised assessment and certification. Till date more than 3,500 courses or Qualification packs have been developed which have been validated by more than 2,000 companies. All this is being done under the NSQF framework so that this standardised framework can be easily adopted. We are also facilitating a greater participation from the private sector to enhance and upgrade the Training Infrastructure in the country through Public-Private Partnership (PPP) mode. NSDC, a public private company under Ministry of Skill development and Entrepreneurship has been given the role to catalyse, fund and enable the creation of large, quality vocational training institutions network in the country. Similarly, we have steadily increased and upgraded the long term training ecosystem represented by Industrial Training Institutes in the country. We have also taken skill development to schools under Samagra Sikhsha Abhiyaan wherein we are working with MHRD. MSDE is also working in the Aspirational Districts to ensure availability of adequate skilling
  33. 33. POLICYMAKER’S PERSPECTIVE 37Connect with us on egovonline @egovonline eGov Magazine egov_elets eletsvideos DECEMBER 2019 skill capital of the world, what should be key focus? The nature of job is changing dynamically than ever before. We are witnessing another Industrial revolution which necessitates constantly upgrade our skills to keep pace with technological changes. Our dream for becoming the future skill capital of the world depends on how fast we can adapt to this changing scenario. We need to focus on future skills such as Artificial Intelligence (AI), Internet of Things (IoT), Cloud Computing, programmes on cyber- physical systems. It needs a collaborative industry level response. We have already stepped up to the challenge with the FutureSkills Initiative – a truly industry driven learning ecosystem. IT/ITES Sector Skill Council continuously working with the Industry to bring in Industry 4.0 programs at a rapid pace. We have introduced in our ITI ecosystem new age courses and have tied up with IBM and CISCO to train our youth. We are gearing up for this next wave of Industrial revolution and believe that we will realize the dream of becoming the skill capital of the world Please share a brief insight about The Skill India Mission. How it has contributed to the country’s skill development ecosystem? The Government of India launched National Skill Mission in 2015 and announced a policy with objective to create, correct, certify, connect and catalyse the efforts to ensure availability of adequately skilled manpower. The National Policy on Skill Development and Skill India Mission are facilitating government to formalise, standardise, converge and support the skill development efforts in the country. Most of the Central Ministries and State Governments are implementing various skill development initiatives which are targeted towards various sections of the society, demography and geography. There needs to be unifying framework in terms of quality and regulation so that certification is valued universally. We have been able to achieve this through National Skill Qualification framework wherein we have been successful in bringing most the Government funded programs under this umbrella. Similarly, we are working on various initiatives for further unification of the system such as unified regulator through National Council National Council for (NCVET) and a National Database for Skill Development in India through Skill India Portal. MSDE is also focussing on Apprenticeship training to help youth have experience to work on the shop floor and government of India shares the stipend which enterprises pay to the apprentice trainee. To improve participation of the MSMEs in the skill ecosystem a third party aggregator program has been initiated to help small enterprises use apprentices without any hassle. This has probably happened for the first time in skill development history of India and could not only happen because of the overarching framework provided by National Policy on Skill Development and Skill India Mission. What is your message for the readers of eGov magazine? I would like to extend my warm wishes to all the eGov magazine readers, especially the youths and would like to take this opportunity to tell them that multiple skilling avenues have been made available for them by Government of India through Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship. These skilling initiatives would help the youth enhance their employability and access employment opportunities. We are committed to facilitate anyone who so wishes to acquire skill development of his/her choice. Please visit MSDE, PMKVY, NSDC and DGT websites for any information pertaining to our skilling initiatives. Helpline numbers are available in case of any further information.

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