3. The game of badminton consists of
two to four players (singles or
doubles). The aim of badminton is
to hit the shuttle with your racket so
that it passes over the net and
lands inside your opponent’s half of
4. Play begins from the
right half court. Players
must hit the shuttlecock
into the diagonal
6. Badminton was first called as Poona. It
was developed from a children’s game
called battledore and shuttlecock. The
object of this game was to see how long
a group could volley the shuttlecock by
hitting it with the battledore, or paddle.
This cooperative, non-competitive game
was originally played without a net.
7. It was in the 1860s, when some
British officers in India who were
stationed at 'Kirkee' near the city of
'Poona' (now known as Pune city)
used to play a game which was
very similar to badminton and the
game was known as the 'Poona'
game at that time.
8. These soldiers played with Battledores
(Paddles) which was used to hit the
shuttlecock and had also added a net in
between the players. When these British
soldiers returned back home at
Gloustershire County in the 1870s, they
continued to play this 'Poona' badminton
9. In 1873, the Duke of Beaufort held a
lawn party in his country place, called
Badminton. A game of Poona was
played on that day and it became
popular among the elite people of British
society. The new party sport became
known as "the Badminton game" and
started to grow popular.
10. The year 1877, is of historic
significance for badminton, as
the 'Bath Badminton Club', the
first badminton club ever, was
formed and also the first official
set of rules were developed.
11. The International Badminton Federation (IBF) was
formed in 1934 with 9 founding members.
- New Zealand
– used to hit the bird, the racquet is shaped like
a tennis racquet and has strings, but weighs
much less. The frame of the racket, including
the handle, is not to exceed 680 mm (26.75
inches) in overall length, and 230 mm (9 inches)
in overall width. The overall length of the head is
not to exceed 290 mm. Most racquets are made
from light man-made materials such as
aluminum or graphite, and are strung with
synthetic material such as nylon.
17. Shuttle, Shuttlecock, Bird, Birdie whatever it is called, it is badminton's
version of a tennis ball. It has a small ball at
the front to give it speed, and feathers
protruding from it to help it float when it is
hit high into the air. An official shuttlecock
must have 14-16 feathers and are usually
made from a goose or duck and from the
left wing of the bird only.
19. Shoes – special court shoes
are worn to allow players to
move quickly across the
court, and to give them
traction for quick movements
-plays an important role in badminton matches. The
Badminton World Federation’s Laws of Badminton
provide specific standards for net height, width, and
construction. An official badminton net must measure
5 feet high in the center, and 5 feet, 1 inch at the
sides. The net attaches to vertical posts on either side
of the court. The net should measure 30 inches from
bottom to top, and must consist of a uniform, darkcolored mesh. The net should have a white tape
running along the top to make the net’s full height
visible to players and officials.
23. Badminton Court - shall be a
rectangle laid out with lines of
40mm wide, preferably in white
or yellow color. The Badminton
Court Dimensions are of
13.4m in length and 6.1m in
27. Scoring System
• Every time you win a rally,
you get a point.
• The winner of a badminton
match is the player(s) who
win two games out of three.
28. • A game is won by being the first
to reach 11, 15 or 21 points.
• Each game must be won by at
least two points and a number of
systems are available for
extending a game where a score
of 10-10, 14-14 or 20-20 has
29. • The server is not allowed to serve until
his opponent is ready. If the opponent
attempts to return service, he is deemed
to have been ready.
• Both the server and the opponent
receiving the serve are required to stand
so that some part of both feet remains in
contact with the surface of the court while
in a stationary position until the service
has been delivered.
30. • Every time there is a serve – there is a
• The side winning a rally adds a point to
• At 20 all, the side which gains a 2 point
lead first, wins that game.
• At 29 all, the side scoring the 30th point,
wins that game.
• When you’re saying the score, always
say the server’s score first.
31. • The side winning a game
serves first in the next
• If players commit an error in
the service court, the error is
corrected when the mistake
Serving is how you start the rally
is the person who hits the second
shot in the rally. In doubles, the
receiver’s partner is not allowed to
hit this shot.
33. How to serve
In badminton, the serve must be hit in an upwards
direction, with an underarm hitting action. You are
not allowed to play a "tennis style" serve.
The main rule here is that when you hit the shuttle,
it must be below your waist. To be exact, the rules
define this to be a height level with the lowest part
of your ribcage. In other words, you can serve from
a bit higher than the top of your shorts, but not
35. Two Service Courts
your right service court, and your left
Doubles Service Courts.
They are wider, because they use the
outside side line (remember: the doubles
court is wider); and they are shorter,
because they use the inside back line.
36. How service courts are used
The server must stand inside a service court.
The receiver must stand inside the diagonally opposite service
The serve must travel into the diagonally opposite service court.
If the serve is going to land outside the service court, then the
receiver should let it fall to the floor. If the receiver hits the serve,
then the rally continues even if the serve had been going out.
The server and receiver must stay inside their service boxes until
the server contacts the shuttle with his racket. After that, they can
leave the boxes immediately and move anywhere on court.
37. Deciding who gets to serve first
In a major tournament, a coin toss is used
to decide which side will serve first.
In more casual club or league games, you
usually just throw the shuttle up in the air,
let it land, and see which side it points
towards: that side serves first.
• The order of server depends on the
score odd or even same as in singles.
• The service courts are changed by the
servicing side only when a point is
scored. In all other cases, the players
continue to stay in their respective
service court from where they played
previous rally. This shall guarantee
48. Singles, Doubles, and Mixed
You can have either two or four
players on a badminton court: one
player on each side, or a team of
two players on each side.
49. Five Types of Badminton
Mixed doubles (each team is a man and
Men’s doubles and women’s doubles are
also called level doubles.
50. Interval and Change of Ends
• When the leading score reaches 11
points, players have a 60 second
• A 2 minute interval between each
game is allowed.
• In the third game, players change
ends when the leading score
reaches 11 points.
The stroke used to put
the shuttlecock into play
at the start of each rally;
also called a "service".
53. Low serve
The low serve travels into the receiver's
forecourt, to fall on or just behind his
short service line. Low serves must
travel as close to the net tape as
possible, or they will be attacked
fiercely. In doubles, the straight low
serve is the most frequently used
54. High serve
The high serve is hit very high,
so that the shuttle falls vertically
at the back of the receiver's
service court. The high serve is
never used in doubles, but is
common in singles.
A lift is played upwards to the
back of the opponent's court.
Midcourt lifts are most
commonly played in response to
a smash or well-placed push.
61. Defensive lift
A lift that is hit very high, so that the player
gains time for recovery to a good base
A lift that is hit more shallowly, so that the
opponent is forced to move very quickly to
prevent the shuttle from travelling behind
63. Defensive clear
A clear that is hit very high, so that the
player gains time for recovery to a good
A clear that is hit more shallowly, so that the
opponent is forced to move very quickly to
prevent the shuttle from travelling behind
64. Baseline : The back
boundary line at each
end of the court, parallel
to the net.
An illegal stroke in which
the shuttle is not hit, but
caught and held on the
racket before being
released; also called a
66. Drop shot
A shot hit softly and with
finesse to fall rapidly
and close to the net in
the opponent's court.