Born in Vienna in 1909
Educated in Austria and England
Doctorate in Law from Germany
Came to the US in 1937
Taught and Consulted
New York University
Claremont Graduate School (Since 1971)
10. Sub Questions
What are my most valuable strengths and most dangerous
How do I learn and work with others?
What are my most deeply held values?
And in what type of work environment can I make the
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Self-efficacy: believe in one’s ability to do a
Self-monitoring: observing one’s own
behavior and adapting it to the situations.
Social Cognitive Theory: version of the
Social Learning Theory presented by
Bandura (Standford Psychologist), that
postulate that there are dynamic
relationships among personal factors, the
social and physical environment, and
behavior (Bandura, 1986)
A person can be both an agent for and a
respondent to change.
It is easier to know what we are not
good at- than to know what are we
A person can perform only from
Discover your strengths through
Whenever you make a decision, write
down what you expect will happen.
One year later, compare the actual
results with your expectations
17. How Do I Perform?
Different people work and perform differently
Too many people work in ways that are not
How one performs is unique: matter of
Just as what a person is good at or not good
at is a given.
Am I a reader or a listener?
How do I learn?
Work hard to improve the way you perform
(do not try to change yourself)
19. What Are My Values?
Use the mirror test
Value system of an organization and
To be effective in an organization, a
person’s values must be compatible
with the organization’s values (not
the same but close enough to coexist)
Or where I do not belong…
A big or a small
“Yes, I will do that”
If I am not a decision maker
I should have learned to say
no to a decision maker
When we answer to the three
previous questions, I can and
should decide where I
What does the situation
Given my strengths, my way
of performing, and my values,
how can I make the greatest
contribution to what needs to
What results have to be
achieved to make a
Where and how can I achieve
results that will make a difference
within the next year and half?
The results should be hard to
achieve, but also they should
be within reach
The results must be meaningful
(they should make a
First is to accept the fact that other people
are as much individuals as you yourself
Taking responsibility for communication
Today the great majority of people
work with others who have different
tasks and responsibilities.
28. The Second Half Of Your
You must Begin long
before you enter the
second half of your
Managing oneself increasingly leads
one to begin a second career:
Start one (move to another
Develop a parallel career
Social entrepreneurs (another
activity, usually a nonprofit)
People who manage the second half
of their lives may always be a minority
The majority may “retire on the job”
31. Strength of article
Continuous feed back analysis
You can analysis whether you
are a reader or a listener
You can learn most deeply held
Know about own self to become
own chief executive officer
Remain what you are don’t try to
39. . Comparison of article
with my life
Knowing my strengths:
Habits and preferences will reflect in the period
of 2-3 years feedback analysis.
My performance in tasks:
Under pressure I am a good worker.
Generally I am not a good team player and at
times I lack confidence while working on a
Fear of loss and failure.
I am a listener not a reader. To
manage myself I need to develop
reading skills and a combination of
both listening and reading skills.
What are my values:
To live a worthy life my values are
based on Islamic values and I
prefer being ethical and moral as
thee society and my working place
My values and values of
organization where I work should
be inline other wise my
performance will go down.
Where do I belong ?
To get fit in an organizational structure.
I need to go from a transformation
process, based on my strengths, work
styles and value
Only when I operate from a
combination of my strength, self
knowledge I can achieve true and