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Elements & Principles of Art Through Photography

Using photographs and infographics to explore the main elements and principles of art. Adapted partly from the work of:
Mrs. Moncure @moncurephoto.weebly.com
Ms. Rosania-Harvie @www.nhvweb.net

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Elements & Principles of Art Through Photography

  1. 1. With  help  from:   Mrs.  Moncure  @/moncurephoto.weebly.com   Ms.  Rosania-­‐Harvie  @www.nhvweb.net  
  2. 2. ¡  The  “building  block”  of  design.       ¡  All  good  design  will  have  one  or  more  of   these  elements:  line,  color,  shape,  form,   texture,  space,  and  value.   ¡  This  presentation  aims  to  show  you  some   illustrations  of  these  elements  through   photography.    It  could  also  be  done  through   other  art  methods,  such  as  painting,  fashion   design,  sculpture,  etc.    
  3. 3. Line     A  line  is  one-­‐dimensional  and   can  vary  in  width,  direction,  and   length.     Lines  also  can  define  the  edges   of  a  form.     Lines  can  be  horizontal,  vertical,   or  diagonal,  straight  or  curved,   thick  or  thin.     Leading  lines  draw  your  eye   around  the  composition.   Alfred  Steiglitz,  The  Steerage,  1907  
  4. 4. Damir,  Railway  
  5. 5. Nynne  Joergensen  
  6. 6. Blurred  Line  Photography  
  7. 7. David  Peterson  
  8. 8. Ariel  
  9. 9. ¡  Lines:   §  Connect  information   §  Separate  information   §  Show  physical  or   chronological   movement  and   progression  
  10. 10. ¡  Lines:   §  Connect  information   §  Separate   information   §  Show  physical  or   chronological   movement  and   progression  
  11. 11. ¡  Lines:   §  Connect  information   §  Separate  information   §  Show  physical  or   chronological   movement  and   progression  
  12. 12. Color   Color  has  three  main   characteristics:  hue  (red,   yellow,  green),  value  (how   light  or  dark  it  is),  and   intensity  (how  bright  or   dull  it  is).    Colors  can  also  be   described  as  warm  or  cool.   Furthermore,  there  is  black   &  white  and  also   monochromatic:  one  color   plus  its  tints  (adding  white)   and  shades  (adding  black).   Sandy  Skoglund,  Revenge  of  the  Goldfish,   1981  
  13. 13. Warm:   Magenta   Red   Orange   Yellow     Cool:   Green   Cyan   Blue   Purple  
  14. 14. Anya  Kozyreva,  Blue  
  15. 15. Scott  Voelker  
  16. 16. Sandy  Skoglund  
  17. 17. ¡  Color:   §  Connects   information   §  Separates   information   §  Adds   emphasis   and  mood  
  18. 18. ¡  Color:   §  Connects   information   §  Separates   information   §  Adds   emphasis   and  mood  
  19. 19. ¡  Color:   §  Connects   information   §  Separates   information   §  Adds   emphasis   and  mood  
  20. 20. Shape   Shape  is  two   dimensional,  with  a   height  and  width.       Organic  shapes  are   made  by  nature,   and  often  not   completely  defined.   Inorganic  shapes   are  man-­‐made,   such  as  triangles   and  rectangles.   Laszlo  Moholy-­‐Nagy,  Photogram,  1924  
  21. 21. fineartamerica.com  
  22. 22. Edward  Weston  
  23. 23. ¡  Shape:   §  Connects   information   §  Separates   information  
  24. 24. ¡  Shape:   §  Connects   information   §  Separates   information  
  25. 25. Form   Form  is  three   dimensional,   has  height  and   width  and   depth.         Photographers     emphasize   form  by  the  use   of  highlights   and  shadows.   Ansel  Adams,  Mount  Williamson-­‐  Clearing  Storm,  1944  
  26. 26. David  Peterson  
  27. 27. David  Peterson  
  28. 28. Brian  Walker  
  29. 29. ¡  Form:   §  Gives  a   sense  of   dimension,   either  2D  or   3D  
  30. 30. Texture   The  surface  quality  of  an   object  that  we  sense  through   touch.  All  objects  have  a   physical  texture  (think-­‐   horse  hair,  dolphin  smooth).       In  a  two-­‐dimensional  work,   texture  gives  a  visual  sense   of  how  an  object  depicted   would  feel  in  real  life  if   touched.   Kelly  Clark,  Tiger  Cat!,  2005  
  31. 31. Meret  Oppenheim,  Objet  
  32. 32. Don  Peters  
  33. 33. Jeff  Guyer  
  34. 34. David  Peterson  
  35. 35. ¡  Texture:   §  Gives  a  sense  of   tactile  feel  –  how   it  would  feel  to   the  touch  in  real   life  
  36. 36. Space   Real  space  is  three   dimensional.  Space  in  a  work   of  art  refers  to  a  feeling  of   depth  or  three  dimensions.   It  can  also  refer  to  an  artist’s   use  of  the  area  around  the   picture  plane.       Positive  space:  the  space   occupied  by  the  primary   object.   Negative  space:  The  space   around  the  primary  object.   Josef  Koudelka,  Czechoslovakia,  1968  
  37. 37. Valerie  Hayken  
  38. 38. Valerie  Hayken  
  39. 39. Valerie  Hayken  
  40. 40. Josef  Koudelka  
  41. 41. ¡  Space:   §  Use  of  positive   space  connects   ideas,  showing   relationships     §  Use  of  negative   space  breaks  up   information,  making   it  easier  to  digest  
  42. 42. ¡  Space:   §  Use  of  positive   space  connects   ideas,  showing   relationships     §  Use  of  negative   space  breaks  up   information,   making  it  easier  to   digest  
  43. 43. Value   Value  is  the   lightness  or   darkness  of  a   surface.  It  is   frequently  used   when  talking  about   shading,  but  is  also   important  in  the   study  of  color.   Ben  Von  Wong,  Redemption,  2012  
  44. 44. R0bert  Dawson  
  45. 45. R0bert  Dawson  
  46. 46. Ben  Von  Wong  
  47. 47. ¡  Value:   §  Similar  colour   value  connects   elements   §  Value  can   suggest   strength  of   relationship   §  Helps  create   mood  
  48. 48. ¡  The  principles  of  art  are  the  rules  or  guidelines   of  art.       ¡  Used  to  organize  or  arrange  the  structural   elements  of  design.   ¡  Principles  are  balance,  proportion,  rhythm,   emphasis,  harmony,  variety  and  unity.  
  49. 49. Balance   Balance  is  similar  to  our   physical  sense  of  balance.   It  is  how  the  artist  uses   opposing  forces  in  a  way   that  results  in  visual   stability.     Most  successful   compositions  achieve   balance  in  one  of  two   ways:  symmetry  (the   same  on  both  sides,  like  a   butterfly  wing)  or   asymmetry.     Annie  Leibovitz  
  50. 50. Christopher  Lin  
  51. 51. Jardkerd  Kritsada  
  52. 52. ¡  Balance  
  53. 53. Proportion   Proportion  relates  to   the  relative  size  and   scale  of  the  various   elements  in  a  design.     Specifically,  the   relationship  between   the  objects.   Diane  Arbus,  A  Jewish  Giant  At  Home  With  His  Parents  in  the  Bronx,  NY,  1970    
  54. 54. Museum  and  Institute  of  History  and  Science,  The  Dome  of  Santa  Maria  del  Fiore  
  55. 55. Nynne  Joergensen  
  56. 56. ¡  Proportion  
  57. 57. Rhythm   Rhythm  in  an   artwork  indicates   movement  by  the   repetition  of   elements.     Rhythm  can  make   an  artwork  seem   active.   Robert  Capa,  D-­‐Day  Landing,  1944  
  58. 58. Christian  Ngo,  Glass  Bottles  
  59. 59. ¡  Rhythm  
  60. 60. Emphasis   Emphasis  is  to  make  one   part  of  an  artwork   dominant  over  the  other   parts.  It  attracts  the   viewer’s  eyes  to  a  place  of   special  importance  in  an   artwork.   Steve  McCurry,  Afghan  Girl,  1985  
  61. 61. Ansel  Adams,  The  Tetons  and  the  Snake  River,  1942  
  62. 62. Donte  
  63. 63. ¡  Emphasis  
  64. 64. Harmony   Harmony  is  the  pleasing   quality  achieved  by   different  elements  of  a   composition  interacting   to  form  a  whole.    Harmony   is  often  accomplished   through  repetition  of  the   same  or  similar   characteristics.   Joel  Meyerowitz,  Cape  Light,  1979  
  65. 65. Matthew  Stewart  
  66. 66. ¡  Harmony  
  67. 67. Variety   Differences  achieved  by   opposing,  contrasting,   changing,  elaborating,   or  diversifying   elements  in  a   composition  to  add   individualism  and   interest.   William  Wegman,  B  is  for  Baker,  2012  
  68. 68. Peter  Cunningham  
  69. 69. ¡  Variety  
  70. 70. Unity     Unity  is  the  result   of  bringing  the   elements  of  art  into   the  appropriate   ratio  between   harmony  and   variety  to  achieve   a  sense  of   oneness.  It  is  the   sense  that   everything  works   together  and  looks   like  it  fits.   Mary  Ellen  Mark,  Monkey  Trainer’s  Daughter:  Indian  Street     Performers,  New  Delhi,  India,  1980  
  71. 71. Felipe  Dana  
  72. 72. Annie  Liebovitz  
  73. 73. Miss  Aniela  
  74. 74. ¡  Unity  

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