5. The reason people do what they do. It is an
internal drive that encourages us to achieve
a particular goal.
6. External Motivation is an action taken by
another person. It usually involves the
anticipation of a reward of some kind.
Internal Motivation comes from the
satisfaction that occurs when a duty or task
Some organizations are using INCENTIVES to
encourage workers to develop good work habits and
to repeat behavior that is beneficial to themselves
and the organization.
7. It describes how individuals go about
satisfying a felt need. If your need is strong
enough, such as acute hunger or thirst, you
will be unable to concentrate on anything
else until that need has been taken care of.
“Not even God can talk to a hungry man.”
- Mahatma Gandhi
9. • Motives Are Individualistic
• Motives Change
• Motives May Be Unconscious
• Motives Are Often Inferred
• Motives Are Hierarchical
10. • Physiological Needs
• Safety and Security Needs
• Social or Belongingness Needs
• Esteem Needs
• Self-Actualization Needs
12. Maintenance Factors represent the basic
things people consider essential to any job,
such as salaries, fringe benefits, working
conditions, social relationships, supervision,
and organizational policies and
13. Motivational Factors are benefits above
and beyond the basic elements of job.
These benefits tend to increase employee
satisfaction – employees like to feel they are
getting something beyond a paycheck for
their time and effort at work.
16. Theory X: A Pessimistic View. According to
this theory, people do not really want to
work – they have to be pushed, closely
supervised, and prodded into doing things,
either with incentives such as pay or with
punishments for not working.
17. Theory Y: An Optimistic View. According to
this theory, work is natural to people as play
or rest. People are capable of self-direction
and can learn to both accept and seek
responsibility if they are committed to the
objectives of the organization.
19. Self-Fulfilling Prophecy – power of
expectations; reflects a connection between
your expectations for yourself and your
“Our lives are shaped not as much by our
experience, as by our expectations.”
- George Bernard Shaw