10. Agriculture sector faces inherent
threats, like the weather.
Poverty is most pronounced in
agriculture; 2 out of 3 poor persons are
from the farming sector
Manufacturing will provide good
quality jobs; farming should be linked to
11. FOOD ISSUES IN THE PHILIPPINES
• The Philippines is largely an agricultural
• Agriculture and agribusiness constitute the
backbone of Philippine economy.
• Food scarcity and lack of access to food in
adequate quantities and of nutritional
value are widespread.
12. • Despite the seeming agricultural
abundance, the Philippines is locked in a
chronic food crisis and food security is
13. Lack of access to wealth
20. ORGANIC AGRICULTURE
• Organic farming is the production of
crops and livestock without the use of
synthetic chemicals and in-organic
21. OOrrggaanniicc FFaarrmmiinngg:: AA GGrroowwiinngg TTrreenndd
• Consumer demand for organic farming is rising at 20%
• The highest growth is in Argentina, US, and China.
• People are growing conscious of adverse effects of
where there is a focus on
at the expense of health
and the environment.
How do you think industrial agriculture contributes to
global warming and water pollution?
22. Principles of Organic Agriculture
• The Principle of Health - Organic Agriculture
should sustain and enhance the health of soil,
plant, animal and human as one and
• The Principle of Ecology - Organic Agriculture
should be based on living ecological systems
and cycles, work with them, emulate them
and help sustain them.
23. • The Principle of Fairness - Organic Agriculture
should build on relationships that ensure
fairness with regard to the common
environment and life opportunities.
• The Principle of Care - Organic Agriculture
should be managed in a precautionary and
responsible manner to protect the health and
well being of current and future generations
and the environment.
25. HHeeaalltthh RRiisskkss:: IInndduussttrriiaall MMeetthhooddss
• Pesticide residues on produce
remain after washing and peeling.
have links to cancer.
• Antibiotics we ingest
from plant and animal sources
lead to the development of untreatable
Do you worry about pesticide residues on or
antibiotics in your food? Explain.
26. AAddddiittiioonnaall HHeeaalltthh RRiisskkss
• Plant and animal growth hormones
disrupt endocrine system.
lead to early puberty.
• Biological engineering
Unregulated items are
virtually invisible in stores.
genetic code could
How do you think genetically modified food might
impact your health?
28. EEnnvviirroonnmmeennttaall HHaazzaarrddss
• Environmental hazards comprise air pollution, global
warming, and other problems.
• Synthetic fertilizers
largest source of nitrous oxide
300 times more toxic than carbon
will affect air pollution and intensify
global warming if continued
Are you concerned about air pollution in your
country? Why or why not?
29. AAuutthhoorriittiieess oonn WWaatteerr PPoolllluuttiioonn
• Animal waste, fertilizers, and pesticides leach into soil.
They run off through irrigation and contaminate ground
water (large portion of water supply).
They contain nitrates, which cause permanent damage to
Are you concerned about water pollution in your
country? Why or why not?
30. DDeeaadd ZZoonneess iinn OOcceeaannss
• Preponderance of nitrogen in fertilizers
helps crops grow; harms oceans
generates algal overgrowth
• Algal overgrowth
no plant or animal
31. UUnnssuussttaaiinnaabbllee SSooiill
• Industrial mono-cropping: one crop is planted
repeatedly on a single field.
The process relies on the use of synthetic fertilizers.
Mono-cropping kills microorganisms needed to produce soil
Infertile soil leads to erosion,
and reduced biodiversity.
If mono-cropping is destroying farmlands and
biodiversity, what is the alternative?
32. VViicciioouuss CCyyccllee
• Soil infertility leads to a vicious cycle
of fertilizer use.
Increasing fertilizer use leads to
• Increased use of pesticides
Only the fittest pests survive.
Stronger pesticides are then needed.
What are the environmental hazards associated with
the use of pesticides?
33. CCrroopp RRoottaattiioonn
• Holistic farming techniques
infuse soil with essential nutrients.
ensure different crops are planted every year.
vary the nutrient demand in soil.
create sustainable soil.
How does organic farming affect soil?
34. AAnniimmaall WWeellffaarree
• Small-scale organic farms are
less likely to confine livestock
to small spaces.
against the use of antibiotics.
• Free-range farms
allow animals to roam freely.
reduce stress and susceptibility
How do you feel about confining animals to small
spaces in order to produce food?
41. Benefits of Urban Agriculture
• Sense of fulfillment for producing the
food that they eat.
• Transformed sensitivity at their
environment as it will now mean a
source of what they eat to nourish their
42. • Desire to grow more and raise more food as
they seem tastier and more nutritious aside
from the fact that they are safe from toxic
• Changed regard to discarded materials, refuse,
rains, sunlight, air, soil, and degradable wastes
to something that can be used beneficially for
production of the food that can be readily
brought to the dining table without much
Agritourism is the practice of
attracting visitors and travelers to
agricultural areas, generally for
educational and recreational
48. Benefits of Agritourism
–Diversification of activities and income
–Protection against fluctuating conditions
–Increased on-farm revenue and employment
–Off-season revenue and employment
–Allows farmers to add value
49. Benefits of Agritourism
Increased business sustainability
Encourages/allows farmers to
keep their farms and pass them
down to future generations
50. Benefits of Agritourism
–Nostalgic, rural, outdoor experiences
•Landscapes, activities, the way of life
•Agricultural practices, food production, rural
–Contribution to sustainability
–Access to healthy, fresh, local (+ organic) foods
51. Benefits of Agritourism
For the tourism industry
A new and underexploited market
–Enhancement and diversification of existing
–New destination sites and regions
52. Benefits of Agritourism
–Contributes to rural economic development
–Builds support for agriculture and farmers
–Builds support for regional products
–Preservation of rural lands, buildings and
53. The Most Successful
Agritourism Product Combines
Farm Produce or Activity with
a Farm Experience
54. Three Levels of Agritourism
I. Sales – most basic – selling produce
direct to the consumer on-farm
II. Experiences – authentic (seasonal) farm
III. Destinations – large, year-round,
permanent retail shopping