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Torino Process 2014 - Eastern Europe

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Torino Process 2014 - Eastern Europe

  1. 1. TORINO PROCESS 2014 EASTERN EUROPE REGIONAL CONFERENCE TBILISI, 3 – 4 DECEMBER 2014 SIRIA TAURELLI
  2. 2. EASTERN EUROPE REGIONAL CONFERENCE - DECEMBER 2014
  3. 3. TORINO PROCESS 2014 THE TORINO PROCESS 3 THE TORINO PROCESS IS a participatory process leading to an evidence-based analysis of VET policies in a given country.
  4. 4. TORINO PROCESS 2014 PURPOSE TO BUILD CONSENSUS on the possible ways forward in VET policy and system development, including: •determining the state of the art and vision for VET development in the country 4 AND •after the 2012 edition, an assessment of whether countries are achieving the results they want and measuring progress in the reform implementation.
  5. 5. TORINO PROCESS 2014 PURPOSE 5 •To develop a common understanding of VET vision, priorities and strategy and exploring options for implementation. •To develop awareness, analysis capacities and policy prioritisation tools. •To monitor the implementation of long-term strategies and to contribute to impact-oriented policy making. •Opportunities for capacity development and policy learning within and among partner countries and with EU. •Results inform ETF’s support strategy and the EU’s external assistance. •Countries are empowered to coordinate donor contributions.
  6. 6. TORINO PROCESS 2014 FOUR PRINCIPLES 6 01 Ownership of both process and results by partner country stakeholders. 02 Broad participation in the process as a basis for reflections and consensus building/policy learning. 03 Holistic approach, using a broad concept of VET for both young people and adults and adhering to a system approach, including links to economic and social demands. 04 Evidence or knowledge-based assessment.
  7. 7. VISION FOR THE VET SYSTEMS 10 YEARS OF REFORMS, ONGOING PROCESS. NEWER AND COMPREHENSIVE STRATEGIES, LINKED TO NATIONAL DEVELOPMENT. GUIDING PRINCIPLES: QUALITY, RELEVANCE, ATTRACTIVENESS, PARTNERSHIP WITH LABOUR MARKET ACTORS, AND LIFELONG LEARNING. HOLISTIC VIEW ON VET: CLEARER IN MOLDOVA, RUSSIA AND UKRAINE. ATTRACTIVENESS IS THE SHORT/MEDIUM-TERM GOAL: ALL COUNTRIES UNIFORM QUALITY: GEORGIA, RUSSIA.
  8. 8. SUSTAINED GROWTH OF GDP
  9. 9. SERVICES INCREASE THEIR VALUE ADDED TO GDP
  10. 10. GENERALLY HIGH PARTICIPATION IN LABOUR MARKET
  11. 11. EMPLOYMENT RATES VARY BETWEEN 40% – 65%
  12. 12. UNEMPLOYMENT: FROM RATHER LOW TO HIGH 0.0 2.0 4.0 6.0 8.0 10.0 12.0 14.0 16.0 18.0 20.0 AM AZ BY GE MD RU UA EU-28 Source:National Statistical Offices; Eurostat Note: AM - population aged 15-75; RU - population aged 15-72; UA - population aged 15-70; BY - administrative data, population aged 16-59 (m) and 16-54 (f) Unemployment rates (15+) - last available year Total Female
  13. 13. YOUTH UNEMPLOYMENT MORE THAN THE DOUBLE 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 AM AZ GE MD RU UA EU-28 Source: National Statistical Offices; Eurostat Note: AM - population aged 15-75; RU - population aged 15-72; UA - population aged 15-70 Youth unemployment rates (15-24) - last available year Total Female
  14. 14. YOUTH NOT IN EMPLOYMENT, EDUCATION OR TRAINING
  15. 15. ADDRESSING ECONOMIC AND LABOUR MARKET FACTORS BRINGING VET CLOSER TO THE DEMANDS, PROVIDING HIGH SKILLS. FROM 2012, A WIDER AND MORE COHERENT RANGE OF ACTIONS: •EDUCATION AND BUSINESS COOPERATION •SKILLS ANTICIPATION •ENTREPRENEURIAL LEARNING •CAREER GUIDANCE •STRENGTHENING THE PUBLIC EMPLOYMENT SERVICES
  16. 16. DEMOGRAPHIC TRENDS ARE AS EXPECTED
  17. 17. SECONDARY AND POST-SECONDARY PREVAIL AMONG EMPLOYED 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% Armenia (2012, 15- 75) Azerbaijan (2013) Belarus (2012, 16- 59 (men) and 16-54 (women)) Georgia (2012) Republic of Moldova (2013) Russian Federation (2013, 15- 72) Ukraine (Ukraine, 15-70) 25.2 6.7 2.5 8.3 18.5 3.8 4.9 67 77.1 70.1 62.9 56.1 38.7 66.2 ISCED 0-2 ISCED 3-4
  18. 18. 25% - 50% OF UPPER SECONDARY STUDENTS GO TO VET 24.4 28.2 35.4 44.3 48.0 48.5 46.0 0.0 10.0 20.0 30.0 40.0 50.0 60.0 AM UA MD BY AZ RU EU-28 Average Share of VET students in Upper Secondary Education (%) - 2012
  19. 19. ADDRESSING DEMOGRAPHIC AND SOCIAL FACTORS AGEING POPULATION MIGRATION WELL EDUCATED POPULATIONS, HIGH LITERACY RATES LACK OF COMPLETION AMONG VET STUDENTS TO BE MONITORED POVERTY IN ARMENIA, GEORGIA, MOLDOVA DISABILITY IS A STRONG BARRIER TO ACCESS EDUCATION AND EMPLOYMENT
  20. 20. ADDRESSING DEMOGRAPHIC AND SOCIAL FACTORS MORE AWARENESS AND MEASURES IN PLACE VOUCHERS AND OTHER DEDICATED MEASURES FOR POOR FAMILIES PLANS FOR INTERNSHIPS PLANS FOR INCREASED FLEXIBILITY PLANS FOR UPGRADING INFRASTRUCTURE EMPLOYMENT SERVICES PROVIDE CVT, PLANS FOR MORE PLANS FOR IMPLEMENTING VALIDATION OF NON-FORMAL INFORMAL LEARNING
  21. 21. EDUCATION EXPENDITURE Education Expenditure (Last available years) AM AZ BY GE MD RU UA Public expenditure on education as % of GDP 3.3 2.4 5.1 2.0 7.1 4.3 6.2 Public expenditure on education as % of total government expenditure 13.7 7.2 12.8 6.7 18.3 24.5 19.2 Public expenditure on VET as percentage of the total spending on education M 5.2 10.8* 4.1 M 8.8* M Notes: * including vocational (initial) technical and secondary specialised education; M: missing data. Sources: The World Bank, NSO, UIS, TRP, MoE.
  22. 22. INTERNAL EFFICIENCY OF THE VET SYSTEMS QUALITY ASSURANCE MECHANISMS QUALIFICATIONS AND NQFS: •DIFFERENT IMPLEMENTATION STAGES: FROM INITIAL PHASES TO REVIEWS AIMED AT IMPROVING •OCCUPATIONAL STANDARDS THE FIRST OPERATIONAL STEP IN ALL COUNTRIES •PILOTS OF MODULAR CURRICULA START •NORMATIVE SIDE OF NQF ADVANCED FROM TORINO PROCESS 2012 TEACHERS AND TEACHER TRAINING: THE CHALLENGE
  23. 23. VET GOVERNANCE THE INTENSITY OF MONITORING, ASSESSING RESULTS AND IMPROVING POLICIES HAS INCREASED HIGHER COMPLEXITY AND PERFORMANCE IN MANAGING VET SYSTEMS EXPERTISE ON EVIDENCE: DOES IT FEED INTO POLICIES? EMPLOYERS, TO LESS EXTENT EMPLOYEES, PARTICIPATE MORE IN VET DIALOGUE EMPLOYERS INVOLVED IN IMPLEMENTATION IN AT LEAST 3 COUNTRIES SOCIAL DIALOGUE IN VET: NEED FOR MORE PRACTICE
  24. 24. VET REFORMS ARE ONGOING COMMONALITIES AND DIFFERENCES IN THE REGION DISCUSSION: KEY PROGRESS AND PRIORITIES

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