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‘Dignity by Design’ in the Built Environment

  1. ‘Dignity by Design’ in the Built Environment Agenda for online discussion 11 January 2021 1. Introduction – Vicky Bowman MCRB (5) 2. Eurocham Construction and Infrastructure Advocacy Group – Erik Foppen (co-chair) - CIAG introductions and priorities (10) 3. IHRB Dignity by Design/Built Environment Project – presentation and questions by Annabel Short (10) 4. Doh Eain – current relevant activities (5) – Emilie Roell/Bev Salmon 5. Kalaw Market project (5) – Chaw Kalya 6. General discussion of how Dignity by Design could be used in Myanmar (30) • Challenges and opportunities for implementation in Myanmar, at industry level • Challenges and opportunities for implementation at the level of specific built environment projects (including Kalaw Market) 7. Round-up of next steps
  2. Founders: Financial support from governments of: • UK • Norway • Switzerland • Netherlands • Ireland • Denmark MCRB aims to provide a trusted and impartial platform for the creation of knowledge, building of capacity, undertaking of advocacy and promotion of dialogue amongst businesses, civil society, governments, experts and other stakeholders with the objective of encouraging responsible business conduct throughout Myanmar. No. 6.A Shin Saw Pu Rd, Ahlone, Yangon Tel/Fax: 01 01-512613 Institute for Human Rights and Business
  3. What Does A ‘Responsible Business’ Do? 3 ဥပဒေကို ဒလေးစာေးလိုက်နာခြင်ေး Respect the law လာဘ်ဒပေးလာဘ်ယူမှု/ လဖက်ရည်ဖိုေး ဒပေးခြင်ေးမ ေး မလိုပ်ဒ ာင်ခြင်ေး Not pay bribes or tea money ၎င်ေး၏ အလိုပ်သမာေးမ ာေးကို ဒလေးစာေးခြင်ေး Respect workers’ rights ၎င်ေး၏ Customer မ ာေးကို တာဝန်ယူမှုရစာခဖင် က် ံခြင်ေး Treat customers responsibly အြန်ဒ ာင်ခြင်ေး Pay taxes အခြာေးစေးပာေးဒရေးလိုပ်ငန်ေး မ ာေးကို တဝန်ယူမှုရ စာ က် ံ န်ေးခြင်ေး Treat other businesses responsibly သဘာဝပတ်ဝန်ေးက င်ကို ဒလေးစာေးခြင်ေး Respect the environment လူအြင်အဒရေးကို ဒလေးစာေးခြင်ေး Respect human rights ပင်လင်ေးခမင်သာမှုရခြင်ေး Be transparent သက် ိုင်သူမ ာေးနင် ြ တ် က်ဒ ာင်ရက်ခြင်ေး Engage with stakeholders
  4. 4 The European Standardization Organizations CEN and CENELEC approved the first European standard on the accessibility and usability of the built environment. EN 17210, Accessibility and usability of the built environment – Functional requirements will be published at the beginning of 2021. It sets out the requirements that the built environment, including urban areas, needs to fulfill in order to be considered accessible and usable. It will help Member States, and more particularly architects, to guarantee accessibility for persons with disabilities, and many other people with functional limitations, to the physical environment.
  5. Advocacy Strategy Construction and Infrastructure Advocacy Group (CIAG) Group Mandate The aim of the group is to provide support and objective guidance to the Myanmar government in its effort to build the nation in a sustainable, affordable and qualitative manner. Group Advocacy Agenda ▪ Construction Standards ▪ Sustainability in Construction ▪ Preservation of Heritage ▪ Enforcing Construction Safety ▪ Contract Management Standardisation Group Advocacy Activities ➢ Dialogue with Myanmar and International Stakeholders (both public and private) ➢ Technical Advisory and Policy Recommendations ➢ Development of Advocacy Platform Main advocacy vision … … as the main tool for Sustainable Development
  6. Memorandum of Understanding with Federation of Myanmar Engineering Societies Myanmar Construction Entrepreneurs Federation Advocacy Strategy Construction and Infrastructure Advocacy Group (CIAG) Group Members If deployed effectively and throughout the entire sector, they provide a common technical language and are the basis of assessing performance of construction products and protocols to achieve quality and sustainability. Standardisation
  7. Coalition for Dignity In the Built Environment
  8. Building Dignity pilots: Putting the Framework into Practice Why • Maximize social outcomes and mitigate human rights risks – on site and through supply chains • Strengthen active participation and agency of end- users, local communities, workers • Strengthen collaboration between decision-makers across the lifecycle • Demonstrate leadership and competitive advantage • Generate and share lessons-learned as part of a global community of practice • Scale action by inspiring others How • Establish Building Dignity roles within project team, and accountability mechanism • Map and engage rights holders from outset and throughout • Conduct human rights due diligence and identify social outcomes – action plan for project lifecycle • Integrate the findings into project processes, identifying key leverage points to embed human rights • Adapt, learn, adjust along the way • Document and share learnings
  9. First pilot project underway: The conversion of a former school building into an inclusion centre for newly-arrived migrants and refugees in Bergen, Norway The pilot is part of Bergen’s designation as a “human rights city” Pilot project lead on the ground: Bergen City Architects Coalition partner on the ground: Rafto Foundation Preliminary design phase complete, moving into detailed design and construction phase, project completion date December 2023
  10. Doh Eain Renewing Yangon
  11. Doh Eain is a participatory design practice based in Yangon, Myanmar, dedicated to making better cities. In a world of rapid urbanisation, we want to ensure that cities remain places with identity, and that they are liveable, inclusive and sustainable. Restoration Protecting buildings for local homeowners and creating sustainable solutions Public Space Design Creating inclusive public spaces together with those that use them Public Outreach Building the next generation of city shapers. advocacy and campaigns for resilient cities and communities. Research and Engagement Gathering data, fostering collaboration, agency and empowerment with local communities About Doh Eain Our Areas of Work
  12. About Doh Eain Who We Are and The Services We Offer We are a multidisciplinary team of 35 researchers, urban designers, architects, community engagement specialists and PR professionals. We are a mix of Yangon nationals and long-time Yangon residents originally from Europe, the US and Australia. ● Research ● Community Engagement ● Community-Led Placemaking ● Urban Planning ● Public Space Design ● Architectural Design ● Heritage Building Conservation ● Property Management ● Financial Investment Support ● Programming and Events ● Awareness Raising, Advocacy & Events ● Workshops, Education & Training We provide the following services:
  13. Downtown Yangon The Challenge Yangon has an incredibly rich history. Once the ‘Pearl of the East’, the city has layers of historical and cultural influences, making it a unique place to live in and travel to. Following decades of military rule and relative isolation, Yangon presently has one of the highest concentrations of intact heritage buildings in Asia. It still features cohesive historical neighborhoods with green public spaces keen to keep their history alive. However, between 1990 and 2011 35% of Yangon’s heritage buildings were destroyed (~1800 buildings). More are destroyed every year. As the economy expands and land values rise, more and more heritage owners opt to demolish. At the same time already limited public space is rapidly diminishing.
  14. Downtown Yangon The Challenge There is a significant lack of public space in Yangon. Yangon inhabitants only have 0.37 square meters of public space per person. In comparison Jakarta has 6 square meters, Bangkok, has 8.5 square meters and Paris has 30 square meters. Public spaces are vital for people and cities. They stimulate local economies, support healthy behaviours and create a sense of identity and social cohesion. There are significant social inequalities in communities in Yangon, particularly for those who are more vulnerable and for women and girls. Well designed and inclusive places can have profound and positive impacts on the lives of all Yangon’s citizens. Infrastructure is weak with challenges in water management, waste management, sewage and mobility (particularly no-car). This has a wide-ranging impact - on personal health, space, environment, drainage, climate change
  15. Our Principles The values that underpin our work Participation Asset Based Inclusiveness Environmentally Sustainable Financially Sustainable Working with communities can be consultative, participatory or co-creative. We believe that neighbourhood where the local community members are actively participating in regenerating their areas are the most successful and sustainable. We believe an asset-based approach can inspire confidence, pride and long-term stewardship. Instead of a focus on problems or needs, our work starts with understanding strengths. We seek in all our activities to be inclusive of age, gender, (dis)ability, socio-economic background, religion and ethnicity, and continually reflect and take positive action to promote the inclusion of excluded individuals and groups. We use sustainable materials, apply sustainable design thinking, and have a long-term view in our projects, Where possible, our projects intend to contribute to biodiversity and health in the city. Where possible we want our projects to contribute to the livelihoods of people, e.g. through the increase of the value of their assets or new income opportunities.
  16. Approach A Holistic Approach to Transformation of the Built Environment Design Procurement Financing Implementatio n Maintenance Community & Stakeholder Engagement Research Monitoring & Evaluation
  17. Examples of Our Work Selection of Current Projects Advisory Work on Financing the Protection of Built Heritage - AICS Financial modelling and advisory work on the protection of built cultural heritage for a 15 million Euro fund (grant and loan components) established by the Italian Government to the Myanmar Government. Work includes EIRR calculations assessing social, environmental, cultural and economic impact.
  18. Examples of Our Work Selection of Current Projects Global Future Cities Project: Moe Lan Thar - UKFCDO International programme funded by the UK government to support the reduction of poverty through economic growth and resilient development. The Yangon programme is focusing on ‘revitalising Yangon streetscapes’ and implementing a pilot project on exemplar public space and integrated design along with policy guidelines for the long-term impact of the ground-breaking project in Myanmar.
  19. Examples of Our Work Selection of Current Projects Climate resilience for Water Security, Thaketa - RVO, Kingdom of the Netherlands A Dutch consortium of technical specialists bringing Climate Resilience and Water Security to Thaketa through an innovative community led approach to integrate technical solutions. The team includes expert engineers, flood modellers, real-estate development specialists, water supply specialists and water treatment specialists.
  20. Examples of Our Work Selection of Current Projects Yangon Alley Garden Programme - Multiple sponsors In 2017 Doh Eain started an initiative, initially through crowdfunding, to transform the back alleyways of Yangon from waste dumping sites into safe active spaces. The programme has developed into a network of 12 Alley Gardens which were transformed through a robust community engagement process of co- creation. Our existing network of Alley Gardens provide 14,000 sq m of public space with 16 community committees established and 7,900 residents directly participating in the process. The Alley Gardens currently see 300,000 visitors every year.
  21. Examples of Our Work Selection of Current Projects Heritage Building Restoration - Doh Eain & Impact Investors We finance, design and deliver heritage restoration projects; working with local homeowners and communities to protect buildings which are at risk of demolition and providing a sustainable income for their families. We currently have a portfolio of 25 properties across Yangon.
  22. Examples of Our Work Selection of Current Projects