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ICOH 2015 - EU OSH Strategies and national examples

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A policy development session on OSH in Asian Countries at the 31st International Congress on Occupational Health (ICOH) Seoul.

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ICOH 2015 - EU OSH Strategies and national examples

  1. 1. Safety and health at work is everyone’s concern. It’s good for you. It’s good for business. EU OSH strategies and national examples Dr Christa Sedlatschek Director 2 June 2015 31st International Congress on Occupational Health (ICOH) Seoul Policy Development Session on OSH in Asian Countries
  2. 2. http://osha.europa.eu 2 Outline of the presentation 1. Some health and safety challenges 2. EU OSH Strategies • EU Strategic Framework on OSH 2014-2020 • EU-OSHA Multiannual Strategic Programme 2014-2020 • National OSH Strategies
  3. 3. http://osha.europa.eu 3 Some health and safety challenges  Economic and demographic change  Micro and small enterprises  New and emerging risks  28 different OSH systems  Work related diseases (psychosocial risks, MSDs, cancer, etc.)
  4. 4. http://osha.europa.eu 4 OSH in the EU • 85% of workers satisfied with the health and safety situation in their workplace (EB 2014), thanks to the comprehensive legislation and policy actions implemented by EU, Member States and social partners. • However: − > 4 000 workers die of accidents at work and > 3 million workers are victims of a serious accident at work. − 160 000 deaths annually are attributed to work-related diseases, 95 000 of which to occupational cancer. − Costs due to work-related sick leave, work-related diseases and accidents are unacceptably high and put a heavy burden on competitiveness and social security budgets in addition to workers’ health.
  5. 5. http://osha.europa.eu 5 Health: The big challenge • More than 150,000 work-associated deaths annually (accidents + ill-health) • 90% of those deaths are from disease rather than accidents Source: ILO
  6. 6. http://osha.europa.eu 6 Demographic change: Age, gender, mobility
  7. 7. http://osha.europa.eu 7 ESENER-2 – Risk factors present in the establishment (% establishments, EU-28). Base: all establishments in the EU-28. Note: psychosocial risk factors shaded in orange. 0 20 40 60 80 100 Discrimination, for example due to gender, age or ethnicity Employees' lack of influence on their work pace or work… Job insecurity Poor communication or cooperation within the organisation Long or irregular working hours Loud noise Heat, cold or draught Increased risk of slips, trips and falls Chemical or biological substances Time pressure Risk of accidents with vehicles in the course of work Lifting or moving people or heavy loads Risk of accidents with machines or hand tools Repetitive hand or arm movements Tiring or painful positions, including sitting for long periods Having to deal with difficult customers, patients, pupils etc.
  8. 8. http://osha.europa.eu 8 ESENER-2 - Reasons why workplace risk assessments are not carried out regularly, by establishment size (% establishments, EU-28). 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 5-9 10-49 50-249 250+ The hazards and risks are already known There are no major problems The necessary expertise is lacking The procedure is too burdensome Base: establishments in the EU-28 that do not carry out risk assessments regularly.
  9. 9. http://osha.europa.eu 9 ESENER-2 - Major reasons for addressing health and safety (% establishments, EU-28). Base: all establishments in the EU-28. 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 Fulfilling legal obligation Meeting expectations from employees or their representatives Avoiding fines from the labour inspectorate Maintaining the organisation's reputation Maintaining or increasing productivity
  10. 10. http://osha.europa.eu 10 ESENER-2 - Major difficulties in addressing health and safety (% establishments, EU-28). Base: all establishments in the EU-28. 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 5-9 10-49 50-249 250+ The complexity of legal obligations The paperwork A lack of time or staff A lack of money A lack of awareness among staff A lack of expertise or specialist support A lack of awareness among management
  11. 11. http://osha.europa.eu 11 ESENER-2 - Difficulties in addressing health and safety, by country: the complexity of legal obligations (% establishments, EU-28). Base: all establishments in the EU-28. 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 Lithuania Slovenia Latvia Finland Denmark Estonia Malta Sweden Romania Hungary Slovakia United Kingdom Bulgaria Luxembourg Spain Ireland Czech Republic Austria Cyprus Croatia Germany EU-28 Poland Portugal Netherlands Belgium France Greece Italy Major difficulty Minor difficulty Not a difficulty No answer
  12. 12. http://osha.europa.eu 12 EU Strategic Framework Two key components: 1. A comprehensive body of EU legislation covering the most significant occupational risks and providing common definitions, structures and rules. 2. Multiannual action programmes since 1978, followed by European strategies (2002-06 and 2007-12), to identify priorities and objectives, provide a framework for coordinating national policies and promote a culture of prevention.
  13. 13. http://osha.europa.eu 13 EU Strategic Framework 2014 - 2020  Challenges identified are MSEs, work-related diseases, and demographic change  Objectives focus on structural issues not on themes 1. Consolidation of national strategies 2. Facilitate compliance, especially in MSEs 3. Better enforcement by Member States 4. Simplifying legislation 5. Ageing, new risks, occupational diseases 6. Improving statistical data collection 7. Better international coordination
  14. 14. http://osha.europa.eu 14 EU instruments • Legislation • EU funds • Social dialogue • Communication and information • Synergies with other policy areas
  15. 15. http://osha.europa.eu 15 Implementation • Framework for action, cooperation and exchange of good practice– implementation requires the active collaboration of national authorities and social partners • Open debate and collaboration with key stakeholders (national authorities, social partners, EU institutions, specialised committees – ACSH, SLIC – the European Agency for Safety and Health at Work …) • Review in 2016 in light of the results of the ex-post evaluation of the EU acquis, progress on its implementation, review of EU2020 strategy • Monitoring, associating EU institutions and relevant stakeholders. 15
  16. 16. http://osha.europa.eu 16 EU-OSHA strategic approach EU Strategic Framework Multi-annual strategic programme Identified priorities Annual Management Plan Specific projects
  17. 17. http://osha.europa.eu 17
  18. 18. http://osha.europa.eu 18 • Anticipating change • Facts and figures • Tools for OSH management • Raising awareness • Networking knowledge • Networking and Corporate communication EU-OSHA Multi-annual Strategic Programme 2014-2020: priority areas
  19. 19. http://osha.europa.eu 19 Activities under the multi-annual programme  Anticipating change • Foresight methodology • Green jobs • Research priorities  Facts and figures • MSEs • Older workers • ESENER • Work related diseases • Benefits of OSH  OSH tools • OIRA • E-Tools  Raising awareness • Campaigning • NAPO  Networking knowledge • OSHWiki • Strategies  Networking • International networking
  20. 20. http://osha.europa.eu 20 The EU-OSHA response
  21. 21. http://osha.europa.eu 21 Healthy Workplaces Campaigns • Campaigning is a key part of our business • Decentralised information Campaign in Member States, EFTA, and candidate and potential candidate countries to address an OSH issue • Focus on a single theme • Agency coordinates campaign activities • Provides and distributes information materials in 25 languages • Provides support services to Focal Points to stimulate national activities • Recruits official European Campaign partners • Organises Good Practice Award competition and the Closing Event • Focal Points promote the Campaign via the organisation of activities at national level • Campaign partners relay activity in their organisations / networks • Media partners are also actively involved in the promotion of the Campaign
  22. 22. http://osha.europa.eu 22 Key partners and resources  Campaign organised in more than 30 countries  Supported by a network of partners • National focal points, Social partners, Official campaign partners • Media partners • Enterprise Europe Network • EU institutions, organisations and associations Resources  Campaign Guide and Leaflet  Good Practice Awards Flyer  Online Campaign Toolkit  E-Guide on “Managing stress at company level”  www.healthy-workplaces.eu (in 25 languages)  Reports (cost and benefit of OSH)  EU-OSHA / Eurofound joint report  ESENER secondary analysis reports  Napo film
  23. 23. German OSH system – legislative framework Source: SUGA 2012 Governmental OSH law the Federal Government and the Länder (Bund & Länder) OSH system in Germany Accident insurance (autonomous) law accident insurance institutions Legislation Bund and Länder: laws and decrees, authorisation of accident prevention regulations Legislation (only after demand assessment) accident prevention regulations on the authority of Bund and Länder Advice / surveillance laws and decrees by Labour Inspectorates Advice / surveillance Accident prevention regulations by prevention services Co-operation in the Joint German Occupational Safety and Health Strategy (GDA) Directives of the EU, ILO Conventions EU Strategy 2007 – 2012 SLIC Evaluation 2005 ILO Convention 187 = Workplace and Workforce Changes =
  24. 24. Joint German OSH Stragey - approach • Binding cooperation of the three institutional OSH actors • Concentration of prevention activities on areas of main concern • Coordination of the prevention and inspection services of the statutory accident insurance funds and the federal states • Cooperation with social partners and other relevant actors, e.g. health insurance funds
  25. 25. Joint German OSH Strategy – core elements Joint German OSH Strategy Development of joint OSH objectives Evaluation of objectives, joint fields of action and work programs Improvement of the cooperation and coordination of the actions of the public OSH authorities and accident insurance funds Establish- ment of a transparent, reasonable und user- friendly set of provisions and regulations Elaboration of joint fields of action and work programs and their implemen- tation according to uniform principles
  26. 26. Joint objectives and work programs 2008 - 2012 • Three OSH objectives - eleven work programs • Objectives Work programs Reduction in the frequency and severity of occupational accidents* • Construction works • Temporary workers • Driving and transporting safely Reduction in the frequency and severity of musculoskeletal workloads and disorders* • Nursing and care • Office work • Precision engineering • Food industry • HORECA • Public urban transport Reduction in the frequency and severity of skin diseases • Skin *) including reduction of psychosocial risks and the promotion of a systematic and integrative approach towards OSH in the enterprises
  27. 27.  Improvement in the organisation of company occupational safety and health (ORGA)  Reduction in work-related health hazards and musculoskeletal disorders (MSD)  Protection and strengthening of health in the case of work-related mental load (PSYCH) Working program 2013 - 2018
  28. 28. Danish OSH efforts 2012-2020
  29. 29. 29 Strategies serve as a political instrument • An effective approach • All players in the OSH field are involved and contribute • Evaluations to measure progress
  30. 30. Strategy for Danish OSH efforts up to 2020  Based on knowledge about  Labour market trends  An analysis on health and safety issues  Methods and tools  Dialogue with the social partners  Dialogue with the Danish Parliament 30
  31. 31. OSH efforts to 2020  The strategy contains 19 initiatives in 3 categories:  Initiatives changing the inspection methods  Initiatives aimed at enhancing OSH at enterprises  Initiatives on research, monitoring OSH and evaluation 31
  32. 32. http://osha.europa.eu 32 Thank you!