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European Survey of Enterprises on New and Emerging Risks
Working together for risk preventionWhat can ESENER tell us about management leadership and workerparticipation? Name and title of speaker Date | Event titleSafety and health at work is everyone’s concern. It’s good for you. It’s good for business.
ESENER – a window on how health and safety is managed inworkplaces across 31 countries In 2009, 36,000 managers and worker representatives were interviewed across 29,000 workplaces. ESENER asked about health and safety management, management of stress, violence and harassment and about the way in which workers are involved. www.esener.eu 2
What does ESENER tell us about managementleadership? The survey included directly relevant questions: • Is health and safety raised regularly in high level management meetings? • Is there a policy, management system or action plan on health and safety? and supporting questions, such as: • Do you have procedures in place? • Do you take preventive measures? • Do you use specialist information? These questions can be combined to generate a composite health and safety score • As explained in the report: Management of occupational safety and health – an analysis of the findings of the European Survey of Enterprises on New and Emerging Risks (ESENER). Available at: http://osha.europa.eu/en/publications/reports/management-of-occupational-safety- and-health-analysis-of-data-from-the-esener/view www.esener.eu 3
Management leadershipHealth and safety issues raised regularly in high levelmanagement meetings % establishments It is important that health and safety is100 discussed at the highest levels so that it can be integrated in key business processes and is seen as a priority for 80 the whole organisation. 60 40 20 0 EE 7 BE DE NO RO TA G FR IE UK DK HR HU CH SE ES FI CY 31 EL SK LU TR NL CZ AT LV SI IT PL PT LT T -2 TO B M EU L www.esener.eu 4
Management leadershipPrevalence of a documented policy, established managementsystem or action plan on health and safety A document explaining how health and % establishments safety is managed, including the lines of100 responsibility, is essential for clear and effective leadership.9080706050 85% of managers state that the40 policy has an impact302010 0 EE 7 BE DE BG NO RO FR IE UK DK HU HR CH ES SE FI CY 31 EL SK LU TR NL T O CZ AT LV SI IT LT PL PT T -2 M EU L TA www.esener.eu 5
Management leadership Health and safety management composite score The composite score combines the results from nine survey questions on health and safety management actions 9 and procedures. 7.7 8 7.7 7.7 7Predicted OSH score 5.3 6 5.2 5.1 5 4 3 2 1 0 EL TR CH LU FR LT AT DE LV CY EE CZ PL MT HU SI PT BE SK RO HR NL FI DK IT NO BG ES IE SE UK Country www.esener.eu 6
Management leadershipSize of establishment and health and safety managementcomposite score 8 7 Predicted OSH score 6 The size of the workplace is the strongest predictor of the level of health and safety management. Below 150 employees, the average number of preventive measures 5 and policies starts to tail off rapidly. 4 0 100 200 300 400 500 600 Size of establishment (number of employees) www.esener.eu 7
Management leadershipSize of establishment and health and safety managementcomposite score in different countries 9 8 7 Sweden 6 Spain In some countries even the very smallest Slovenia 5 workplaces indicate high levels of health and safety measures and procedures. Germany However, we must remember that without 4 genuine management commitment these can be France simply a ‘paper exercise’. 3 0 100 200 300 400 500 600 www.esener.eu 8
What does ESENER tell us about workerparticipation? What form of worker participation is in place? • Direct involvement of workers or through representation (health and safety representative, health and safety committee, works council, or shop-floor trades union) • How does this affect the prevalence of procedures or measures to manage health and safety? Secondary analysis combining type of worker participation with management commitment • As explained in the report: Worker representation and consultation on health and safety - an analysis of the findings of the European Survey of Enterprises on New and Emerging Risks (ESENER). Available at: http://osha.europa.eu/en/publications/reports/esener_workers- involvement/view www.esener.eu 9
Worker participationWorkplaces regularly checked as part of a risk assessment:the effect of employee representation % establishments, EU27 Risk assessment is more 100 likely if there is a health and safety representative – especially in small firms. 95 90 85 80 75 10 to 19 20 to 49 50 to 249 250 to 499 500 + EU-27 Average Total Establishments with H&S representative www.esener.eu 10
Worker participationEffect of worker representation and management commitment on thelikelihood of having a health and safety policy in place 12 Management commitment is associated with having a health and safety policy, as is having worker representation (especially if it is specific to health and safety). However, the effect is greatest where 10 high management commitment is combined with both forms of worker representation. 8 Odds ratios 6 4 2 0 No representation General only Specialist only Both forms Low management commitment High management commitment Forms of worker representation: General — works council and/or trade union representative; Specialist OSH — health and safety committee and/or health and safety representative www.esener.eu 11
Worker participationEffect of worker representation and management commitmenton the prevalence of measures to deal with psychosocial risks 6 5 Once again, the combination of high management commitment together with worker representation (especially if it is specific to health and safety) is strongly associated with better management of 4 stress, violence and harassment. Odds ratios 3 2 1 0 No representation General only Specialist only Both forms Low management commitment High management commitment Forms of worker representation: General — works council and/or trade union representative; Specialist OSH — health and safety committee and/or health and safety representative www.esener.eu 12
Worker participationWhere do we find high management commitment combinedwith both general and specific worker representation? Nordic traditions of social dialogue are particularly evident in the smaller sized establishments. Forms of worker representation: General — works council and/or trade union representative; Specialist OSH — health and safety committee and/or health and safety representative www.esener.eu 13
Summary of main conclusions from OSH managementand worker participation studies Firms take a systematic approach to managing OSH • Goal-setting approach of Framework Directive appears successful in getting firms to address OSH using a coherent, systems-based approach Smallest establishments need support • Below 150 employees management of OSH starts to fall rapidly, but the extent to which this happens varies across countries Worker participation is a key success factor • Health and safety representatives make an important difference; they need further support, particularly in facing up to the challenges posed by psychosocial risks Worker participation and management leadership • Workplaces that have high management commitment and both forms of worker representation (OSH + union/works council) are nearly 10 times more likely to have an OSH policy than workplaces that have no commitment or representation www.esener.eu 14
Further information www.esener.eu Find out more about ESENER Download publications Use our interactive tool to generate results by country, establishment size and sector www.esener.eu 15