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Witchcraft (1).pptx

  1. Witchcr aft
  2. What is Witchcraft? Witchcraft is historically defined as the use of sorcery or magic, or the exercise or invocation of purported supernatural powers, to manipulate people or events. Witchcraft has frequently been perceived, particularly in the West, as the work of crones who gather in secrets at night, engage in cannibalism and orgiastic ceremonies with the Devil or Satan, and practice black magic, despite definitions differing in diverse historical and culture settings. Witchcraft thus defined exists more in the imagination of contemporaries than in any objective reality. Yet this stereotype has a long history and has constituted for many cultures a viable explanation of evil in the world. The intensity of these beliefs is
  3. The History of Witchcraft The majority of people believe that Christians invented witches. But the notion of the witch who soars through the air and draws strength from ominous cosmic powers to do harm on others predates Christianity, most likely by a considerable amount of time. Circe, who transform men into animals, in referred to as witch in Homer's Odyssey (c.800 BC) while Plutarch mentions witchcraft in his work On Superstition (c.AD 100). Roman law legislation, some of which are transmitted to the Christian world, include extensive mention of illicit magic. Mony of those early laws, meanwhile, were actually against sorcery, which, in contrast
  4. How did the figure of the witch emerge? Many ancient Greek curse tablets, known as katares or curses that bind tightly have been discovered by archaeologists. The Greeks seem to have developed these curses, with many of them focusing on legal or sporting everts. Where the dead could perform their magic more effectively, the written tablets were placed in graves, wells, or fountains. Later decades saw a number of individuals who were difficult to reconcile with Christianity come to light as a result of ongoing efforts to combat heresy. Though usually made without any connection to witchcraft, such representations sparked the development of the image of the heretic witch. One of these creatures was unique to the western Alps. She was the female representation of winter, sometimes known as Bertha, Perchta, or Befuna. She penalised noncompliance to social norms and praised virtue. Because she stood for the cold and the winter, she was consistently portrayed as an
  5. Historical and religious prespectives
  6. Near East Beliefs The Nile Valley and ancient Near East appear to have been hotbeds or sorcery practise and belief. It was prominent in the cultures of Babylonia and ancient Egypt. The Maqlu, an Akkadian anti-witchcraft ceremony, was a part of the latter tradition. About 2000 BC's Code of Hammurabi contains the following instructions: If a man casts a spell on another man and it is not justified, the target of the spell must travel to the holy river and jump into it. The person who cast the charm on him will inherit his home if the holy river overtakes him and drowns him. If the holy river declares him innocent and he remains unharmed the man
  7. Abrahamic religions- Christianity- Hebrew Bible The Holy Scripture frequently makes mention to sorcery, and the harsh condemnations of such practises found there appear to be more focused on the abomination of magic itself than on the possibility of fraud, according to the New Advert Catholic Encyclopaedia. The Masoretic words kshaf and qesem are translated into the words witch, witchcraft and witchcrafts in the King James Version: the Greek word pharmakeia is translated into these same English phrases on the Greek New Testament. Exodus 22:18 and Deuteronomy 18:11-12 provide scripture basis for Christian witch hunters in the early modern era.
  8. Abrahamic religions- Christianity- Hebrew Bible Hebrew words that are typically translated as witch or sorceress have unclear definitions. It was translated as pharmakea or pharmakous in the Septuagint. In the 16th century, Reginald Scot, a well-known opponent of the witch trials, argued that poisoners rather than witched were the intended translation of the Greek words, and the Latin equivalent veneficos from the Vulgate. He is referenced in Daniel 2:2 alongside other magic practitioners who could interpret dreams, including magicians, astrologers and Chaldeans. His hypothesis is still somewhat valid but is nor usually recognised.
  9. References Britannica. (Unknown). Witchcraft. [Online]. Witchcraft | Definition, History, Varieties, & Facts | Britannica. Last Updated: Unknown. Available at: [Accessed 15 February 2023]. English Heritage. (Unknown). A JOURNEY INTO WITCHCRAFT BELIEFS. [Online]. A Journey into Witchcraft Beliefs | English Heritage. Last Updated: Unknown. Available at: [Accessed 15 February 2023]. Wikipedia. (Unknown). Witchcraft. [Online]. Witchcraft - Wikipedia. Last Updated: 8 February 2023. Available at: [Accessed 15 February 2023].