• 57th Nation state of United
Nations, Pakistan emerged
as a sovereign state on
• Ideology of Pakistan is
based on Islam and Two
4. What is ideology
Ideology is a French word.
The French philosopher Tracy used the word ideologie
in French Revolution.
An ideology is a set of aims and ideas that directs
one's goals, expectations, and actions
The term ‘ideology’ means science of ideas.
5. What is an Ideology?
• A subjective phenomena
• Science of ideas and ideals
• A set of proposals about human nature and society
• An interpretation of the past, explanation of the
present and a vision for the future
• Not consistent but dynamic phenomena.
• Two ideological states in the world
I:- Pakistan II:-Israel
6. Here's what Webster's dictionary gives us for
a systematic body of concepts esp. about human life
a manner or the content of thinking characteristic of
an individual, group, or culture
the integrated assertions, theories, and aims that
constitute a sociopolitical program
7. Emergence of an ideology
• A phenomena to achieve some particular objectives
• Always emerges in crisis
• Emerges amongst the exploited and dissatisfied groups
• Oppressed, rejected and mistreated people lead to
emergence of ideologies.
8. Importance of An Ideology
Works as a lynch pin among revolutionaries
A cementing force
Provides a line of action
A pre-requisite for establishment of a new social
9. Basis of Ideology of Pakistan
Sovereignty belongs to Allah.
Islamic state governed by teachings of Quran &
To save the distinct religious, political, economical,
cultural and social identity of Muslims
10. Emancipation from Hindu domination.
To establish an Islamic economic system.
To establish an Islamic democracy
11. The only sovereign is Allah
Islam acted as a nation building force before the
establishment of Pakistan. Ideology of Pakistan
basically means that Pakistan should be a state where
the Muslims should have an opportunity to live
according to the faith and creed based on the Islamic
principles. They should have all the resources at their
disposal to enhance Islamic culture and civilization.
12. Quaid-e-Azam said
“Pakistan was created the day the first Indian national
entered the field of Islam.” From the above statement,
it is clear that Ideology of Pakistan is an Islamic one.
13. Islam, a Nation-Building Force
Pakistan came into being on the basis of Islam. It was
only Islam, which galvanized Muslims and lined them
up behind Muslim League. Other factors, political and
economic ones, also played some part in uniting
Muslims to struggle for Pakistan but Islam was the
preponderant factor as it serves as a cementing force
for Muslim society and is the primary link between
Muslims the world over.
14. Quaid-e-Azam said
“We do not demand Pakistan simply to have a piece of
land but we want a laboratory where we could
experiment on Islamic principles.”
15. The fundamental teachings of Islam are universally
accepted. Belief in God, finality of prophet-hood, human
rights and social justice, management of affairs through
consensus, moral values of charitableness, tolerance and
universal brotherhood; these are sonic of the cardinal
principles enshrined by the Quran and Sunnah. The only
force which keeps Muslim nation united is Islam which is
the ideological foundation of Pakistan.
16. Democratic System
In an Islamic state, all the affairs are decided on the basis of
Shariat (Democracy). In other words, all the social,
economic, political and the cultural affairs are operated on
the basis of mutual consensus and Islamic democracy. The
same system has also been referred in Surah Al-Imram,
Muhammad (P.B.U.H) used to operate all the state affairs
after discussing with his Sahabas (companions), When this
questions rose that what would be the system of
government in Pakistan, it should, no doubt, be Islamic.
17. Creation of Pakistan is the glorious example of ijma-e-
ummat (national consensus). At the time of
establishment of Pakistan, referendum was held in all
the Muslim majority provinces to take their consent to
the included in Pakistan.
19. DISPUTES ON THE BASE OF
Violent disputes between Armenistan and Azerbaijan.
In Kashmir (Hindu-Muslim).
In Indian Punjab there is Khalisa Movement.
In Sri-Lanka “Tamil and Sinhalese”.
Long running dispute between Arabs and Jewish.
Kurds in Turkey, Iraq and Iran.
In Africa, Nationalism is in the form of tribalism. (Pakistan
20. Definition: Nation
A nation is a territory or country as political entity or a
grouping of people who share real or imagined
common history, culture, language or ethnic origin,
often possessing or seeking its own government.
21. RELIGION-SOLE LOGIC FOR
IDEOLOGY OF PAKISTAN
Foundation of Pakistan could not possibly be laid on
common race, common language and common
In Pakistan, there were numerous ethnic group such as
Punjabi, Sindhi, Balochi, Bengali and Pashtun.
So, religion was a nation-building force.
22. Quaid’s words regarding Pakistan as nation.
“ Islam has taught us this and i think you will agree with
me, for whatever else you may be and whatever you are, you are a
Muslim. You belong to a nation now; you have carved out a
territory, vast territory, it is all yours; it does not belong to a
Punjabi or a Sindhi or a Pathan or a Bengali; it is yours”.
23. WAS QUAID IN FAVOR OF
THEOCRATIC STATE? Islam-Nationalism, Patriotism- not Secterianism.
Pakistan- religious state not theocratic state.
Islam creates a Polite civil Society.
“Make no mistake; Pakistan is not a
theocracy or anything like it, Islam demands from us
the tolerance of other creeds and we welcome in closest
association with us all those who, of whatever creed or
themselves willing and ready to play their part as true
and loyal citizens of Pakistan”.
24. Two Nation theory
A concept given by Sir Syed Ahmad Khan that there
were two Nations in British India
Muslims of India had there own culture, civilization,
mores, stereotypes,norms contrary to that of other
Non-Muslims of India.
25. HINDUISM AND ISLAM
Extremist point of view regarding Muslims.
26. The Two Nation Theory was the basis of the struggle for creation
of Pakistan which held that Hindus and Muslims are two
separate nations. They in spite of living together for centuries
could not forget their individual cultures and civilization. Al-
his ideas in 1001 A.D in his famous book "Kitab-ul-Hind" as The
Hindu society maintained this peculiar character over the
centuries. The two societies, Hindus and Muslims, like two
streams have sometimes touched but never merged, each
following its separate course.
27. Hindu Nationalism
A number of Hindu nationalist movement, which emerged
from time to time in the Indian history, added fuel to the
fire by playing up the tension and antagonism which
already existed between the two communities. The Hindu
nationalist leaders totally ignored the great contribution
made by the Muslims in the Indian society by way of
promoting education and other social activities. Their
writings and ideas flared up the communal discord
between Hindus and Muslims to further pollute condition.
28. Economic Differences
After 1857, the Muslim economic was crushed and all
trade policies were framed in such a way so as to
detriment the Muslim condition. They were thrown
out of Government services and their estates and
properties were confiscated while the Hindus were
provided with the ample opportunities to progress
The fundamental concept of the ideology of Pakistan
is that Muslims are separate nation having their own
culture, literature, religion and way of life. They
cannot be merged in any other nation. They should be
able to develop their culture and religious traditions in
an Islamic State and they should be able to create a
true Islamic society for themselves.
31. Thus the ideology of Pakistan which developed
through the period of Mohammad Bin Qasim and
others and followed by political leaders like Quaid-e-
Azam was materialized in 1947.