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Artificial Intelligence and Cognitive Computing

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Artificial Intelligence and Cognitive Computing

  1. 1. IBM Cloud & Cognitive Artificial Intelligence and Cognitive Computing What is it? What’s new? What’s next? Florian Georg IBM Cloud & Cognitive Technical Leader Keynote DataDirect IT Security Forum 20 Sept 2017
  2. 2. IBM Cloud & Cognitive MUSK Zuckerberg "AI is a fundamental risk to the existence of human civilization.” “people who [..] drum up these doomsday scenarios -- […] I actually think it is pretty irresponsible […] In the next five to 10 years, AI is going to deliver so many improvements in the quality of our lives”
  3. 3. IBM Cloud & Cognitive Long term: Superhuman intelligence and reign of the robots? […] he was surprised at how easily the bot beat a human player, adding that it felt “a little like [a] human, but a little like something else.” https://www.slashgear.com/openais-dota-2-bot-defeats-worlds-best-pro-player-12494928/ ?
  4. 4. IBM Cloud & Cognitive Today (and tomorrow): Cognitive Systems http://www.kaaltv.com/news/ibm-has-hand-in-creating-accessible-self-driving-bus/4604924/ REASON They can reason, grasp underlying concepts, form hypotheses, and infer and extract ideas. UNDERSTAND Cognitive systems understand imagery, language and other unstructured data like humans do. LEARN With each data point, interaction and outcome, they develop and sharpen their expertise, so they never stop learning. INTERACT With abilities to see, talk and hear, cognitive systems interact with humans in a natural way. https://youtu.be/8_bi-S0XNPI
  5. 5. IBM Cloud & Cognitive .. but haven’t we been there already? https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/AI_winter The A.I. Winters of the 1970s / 80s
  6. 6. IBM Cloud & Cognitive What is it REALLY? Statistics & Math + Data + Computing Power + X Supervised Learning Unsupervised Learning Online vs. Offline … Machine Learning
  7. 7. IBM Cloud & Cognitive Supervised Learning: Decision Trees induction from training data, generalizes to future observations
  8. 8. IBM Cloud & Cognitive Supervised Learning: (Deep) Neural Networks
  9. 9. IBM Cloud & Cognitive Unsupervised Learning: k-means https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/K-means_clustering
  10. 10. IBM Cloud & Cognitive Demos and Examples of Cognitive Systems
  11. 11. IBM Cloud & Cognitive The IBM Cloud Platform Cloud Infrastructure A highly scalable, security enabled infrastructure Data Tools to prepare data for cognitive AI Cognitive building blocks for developers Applications, solutions and services Targeted solutions for enterprise businesses Ingestion Conversation Storage Analytics Deployment Governance Visual Recognition Discovery Speech Compare and Comply Document Conversion DLaaS Nat Language Understanding Nat Language Classifier Tone Analyzer Personal Insight Knowledge Query Cloud Integration Networking Security Core Enterprise Infrastructure Cognitive Systems Virtual Servers File Storage Object Storage Cognitive Micro-services DevOps Tooling Watson Oncology Watson Cyber Security Weather IBM Services & Ind. Solutions Watson Virtual Agent Watson Explore and Discover IBM Risk and Compliance Asset Mgmt. (Maximo)
  12. 12. IBM Cloud & Cognitive http://openwhisk-darkvision.mybluemix.net/#!/
  13. 13. IBM Cloud & Cognitive https://speech-to-text-demo.mybluemix.net/
  14. 14. IBM Cloud & Cognitive IBM Watson for Cyber Security https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MYZOIdK4o1M
  15. 15. IBM Cloud & Cognitive Other Examples •Predictive Maintenance •Elderly Care •Fake News Detection •…
  16. 16. IBM Cloud & Cognitive Summary
  17. 17. IBM Cloud & Cognitive What’s new ? • Advances in algorithms after the “AI Winter”. (e.g. on issues like the “vanishing gradient problem” or “curse of dimensionality) • Availability of (lots!) of data - IoT, connected devices, sensor networks, unstructured data … • Large scale, “on-demand” computing power à The Cloud • Focus on supporting humans, rather than replacing them: Cognitive vs. “traditional” AI
  18. 18. IBM Cloud & Cognitive What’s next ? • AI and Cognitive will have lots of impact on our lives • New cross-discipline questions on “super human intelligence” - ethics, regulations etc. • Space Travel ! "Runaround" (1942), Isaac Asimov
  19. 19. IBM Cloud & Cognitive Further Reading
  20. 20. IBM Cloud & Cognitive Florian Georg IBM Cloud and Cognitive Technical Leader Thanks https://www.linkedin.com/in/fgeorg/ https://twitter.com/florian_georg Get started on our IBM cloud platform: http://bluemix.net

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