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How to integrate Open Education in the classroom

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How to integrate Open Education in the classroom

  1. 1. How to integrate open education in the classroom Fabio Nascimbeni
  2. 2. ToC 1. Educators as the key to Open Education 2. The Open Educator: who, what, how 3. Open Educators competencies 4. Suggestions and ideas 5. To know more
  3. 3. 1. Educators as the key to Open Education
  4. 4. Open Education «A way of carrying out education, often using digital technologies. Its aim is to widen access and participation to everyone by removing barriers and making learning accessible, abundant, and customisable for all.» (European Commission)
  5. 5. Were are we? The victory of Open Education (Weller 2014) • Policy: international (UNESCO 2019) agreement on OE priority • Institutions: open initiatives in more and more universities • >500 institutions offering MOOCs vs The power of the Status Quo • Frontal teaching is often still the norm • OER are in an eternal “experimentation phase” • The MOOCs hype is settling down
  6. 6. Why change is so slow? What is missing?
  7. 7. We need a peaceful army of Open Educators (University) educators need Information, Inspiration, Capacity, Support to work in the open. https://it.pinterest.com/pin/545780048568142339/
  8. 8. 2. The Open Educator: who, what, how
  9. 9. Who: an Open Educator definition An Open Educator choses to use open approaches, when possible and appropriate, with the aim to remove all unnecessary barriers to learning. She works through an open online identity and relies on online social networking to enrich and implement her work, understanding that collaboration bears a responsibility towards the work of others. Open design Open content Open teaching Open assessment 4 components
  10. 10. What: Open Educator activities Design Content Teaching Assessment Individual designer New to OER Traditional teacher Traditional evaluator Collaborative designer OER user Engaging teacher Innovative evaluator Open designer OER specialist Open teacher Open evaluator OPENNESSCOLLABORATION
  11. 11. Cronin, 2017
  12. 12. How: Open Educator competencies
  13. 13. 3. Open educators competences
  14. 14. Competence area 1: OER
  15. 15. Use Open Licenses
  16. 16. Work with OER: the 5 R open = free + permissions
  17. 17. Work with OER: repositories
  18. 18. MOOCs
  19. 19. Competence area 2: Open Pedagogies
  20. 20. Open Educational Practices Cronin, C., & MacLaren, I. (2018). Conceptualising OEP: A review of theoretical and empirical literature in Open Educational Practices. Open Praxis, 10(2), 127-143. Open scholarship Networked participatory scholarship Open pedagogy Critical digital pedagogy (…)
  21. 21. What can I do through open teaching? Promoting Public Knowledge 1. Assign only open access readings 2. Have students post their assignments publicly (on their own blogs, on social media..) 3. Get students to give each other feedback openly (having them actually write a comment on their posts, using online annotations) 4. Ask students to do a public scholarship assignment (leaving a comment on a news story, diting or creating a Wikipedia page) Promote engagement and motivation 5. Have students lead seminars on topics of their choosing (they pick the readings, the activities, and then guide the discussion) 6. Have students create course syllabus (from scratch or not) 7. Use contract grading and negotiated grading 8. Use open-ended assignments (students setting their own questions and assignment length, and no specific rubrics) Promote co-creation 9. Promote the use of the open web 10. Use social annotation Adapted from Alperin: https://www.scholcommlab.ca/2020/01/10/keynote-opened-2019/
  22. 22. Co-design your syllabus with your students
  23. 23. Content: Use open textbooks
  24. 24. Teaching: Transform your course into a MOOC
  25. 25. Assessment: Assess students' work by sharing it publicly
  26. 26. Practice 1: Use open textbooks as teaching resources: the WikitoLearn example Practice 2: Use a MOOC in the classroom Practice 3: Implement "Open Flipped Classroom" teaching Practice 4: Integrate course content with an OER slides playlist Practice 5: Transform your course into a MOOC: the AMMIL methodology Practice 6: Create an OER-based module for teaching foreign languages Practice 7: Switch from a commercial textbook to an open textbook Practice 8: Transform your MOOC into an OER Practice 9: Use open video tutorials to foster explorative learning Practice 10. Co-produce OER through teachers' content clubs Practice 11: Share innovative teaching practices through an online repository Practice 12: Produce OER playlists with the help of Artificial Intelligence Practice 13: Co-design your syllabus with your students Practice 14: Use OER to support socialisation of perspective students Practice 15: Use OER for personalised and inclusive pedagogy: the path²in approach Practice 16: Edit Wikipedia in the Classroom Practice 17: Make your course digital with the help of your students Practice 18: Use Open Data as teaching resources: a case from social sciences Practice 19: Assess students' work by sharing it publicly Practice 20: Implement OER-based renewable assignments Practice 21: Engage Students with Professional Communities of Practice Practice 22: Collaboratively created online publications by students Practice 23: Foster students collaboration through online dialogue Practice 24: Use social media to build an open and collaborative learning environment. 24 real-life practices
  27. 27. 4. Suggestions and ideas to become an Open Educator
  28. 28. Step 1. Check your starting competences Platform URL: http://rd.unir.net/pub/oef
  29. 29. Step 2. Take a course on Open Education https://course.openmedproject.eu/
  30. 30. Step 3. Explore OER repositories OER Metafinder, https://oermetafinder.gmu.edu/ OER Commons, www.oercommons.org MERLOT, www.merlot.org Connexions, www.cnx.org
  31. 31. Step 3b. Explore MOOCs platforms Coursera, www.coursera.org 45M students, 150 partners, 3800 courses edX, www.edx.org 24M students, 100 partners, 2600 courses Udacity, www.udacity.com 12M students FutureLearn www.futurelearn.com 10M stidents, 100 partners, 880 courses Edraak (Jordan), www.edraak.org
  32. 32. Step 4. Get inspired by existing open educators www.opengame-project.eu www.oerworldmap.org
  33. 33. Step 5. Explore open tools
  34. 34. Step 6. Connect with Open Education practitioners Lorna Campbell (http://lornamcampbell.org/) Dave Cromier (http://davecormier.com/edblog/) Cathrine Cronin (https://catherinecronin.net/) Stephen Downes (https://www.downes.ca/) Jim Groom (https://bavatuesdays.com/) Alan Levine (https://cogdogblog.com/) Audrey Watters (http://hackeducation.com/) Martin Weller (http://blog.edtechie.net/) David Wiley (https://opencontent.org/blog/)
  35. 35. 4. To know more
  36. 36. https://stateof.creativecommons.org
  37. 37. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wikipedia:The_Wikipedia_Adventure
  38. 38. https://ec.europa.eu/jrc/en/publication/practical-guidelines-open-education-academics-modernising-higher- education-open-educational
  39. 39. www.23things.ed.ac.uk
  40. 40. https://oerworldmap.org/

Notes de l'éditeur

  • This means re-imagining their role from the owners of knowledge to critical friends, co-travellers, mediators, facilitators.
  • On April 4, 2001, MIT announced it would publish educational materials from all of its courses freely and openly on the Internet. Ten years later, OCW has shared materials from more than 2000 courses with an estimated 100 million individuals worldwide. 
  • The biggest OER on the planet