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Title Page & Preliminaries

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Title Page & Preliminaries

  1. 1. CENTENNIAL PANORAMA Pictorial History of UPLB Fernando A. Bernardo, PhD University of the Philippines Los Baños Alumni Association, Inc. 2007
  2. 2. Production Staff Writer and Production Manager Fernando A. Bernardo Assistant Production Manager Donna Bella T. Depositario Editors Emiliana N. Bernardo Dennis T. Depositario Graphic Artists Delfin R. Laforteza Simeon R. Manahan, Jr. Assistant Graphic Artist Al A. Benavente Secretary Nida E. Reyes Support Staff Lilia T. Tolentino Ma. Lourdes M. Rebulanan Photographers Fernando A. Bernardo Al A. Benavente Cris Quintana Pol Q. Veluz Cover Designers Delfin R. Laforteza Simeon R. Manahan, Jr. ISBN: 978-971-547-252-4 Copyright 2007 Published by the UPLB Alumni Association, Inc. College, Laguna, Philippines All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted in any form or by any means without the permission of the publisher. Second Printing, 2009 Printed by Jetstar Printers Inc. ii
  3. 3. Preface University of the Philippines Los Baños Alumni Association, Inc. UP Los Baños Alumni Association (UPLBAA) takes pride in publishing two books in commemoration of UPLB’s Centennial – UPLB Centennial Panorama and the accompanying volume, UPLB: A Century of Challenges and Achievements. These two books provide the most exhaustive and complete documentation of the rich history of UP Los Baños and are hence a very fitting tribute to commemorate our Alma Mater’s Centennial. For a long time, the officers of the Association have been preparing for this coffee table book. It finally took off when Dr. Fernando A. Bernardo agreed to undertake the daunting task even with the very limited resources that the Association was able to provide. There is no one in a better position to undertake this very significant task other than Dr. Bernardo. Not only is he an acclaimed scientist, prolific writer, and an artist; but as an administrator, he has witnessed the significant milestones and chal- lenges of UPLB’s growth and development. The accompanying volume came about as we felt it just necessary to share with all UPLB alumni the unexpected vastness of materials and information resulting from Dr. Bernardo’s painstaking research work. This book would not have been made possible without the gratis services of Dr. Bernardo together with the unequivocal help of alumni who assisted him including Mssrs. Frank C. Cornejo, Sim Cuyson and Ms. Bernie Quimpo. The valuable assistance they extended has made these books possible. This two-volume book is a treasure to own and it is with pride and pleasure to have given each and every UPLB alumni this rare opportunity to have these memorabilia of UPLB’s Centennial. ELPIDIO L. ROSARIO President iii
  4. 4. Introduction N ot a task but an exciting adventure! That was how I welcomed the suggestion of the UPLB Alumni Association president, Dr. Elpidio Rosario, that I produce a coffee table book (CTB) on the colorful history of UPLB. An exciting adventure, because I have never done this kind of work before. It is like venturing into an entirely different, unfamiliar world. As it turned out, this adventure had a lot of twists, turns, and surprises as well as disappointments, frustrations, and challenges. Why? CTBs usually consist of less narratives and a lot of pictures even without captions. As the saying goes, “A picture is worth a thousand words.” So why should one write captions? But this CTB is much different because it is a pictorial history of UPLB – and the history of UPLB is not a simple story. It consists of over 300 milestones, research breakthroughs, surprising stories, events, and anecdotes many of which could not be easily communicated in pictures, or pictures were simply not available in the annals of UP and the numerous publications one can find in libraries and archives. In this case, we have many stories without pictures, but we tried our best to observe a ratio of at most 30 percent narrative and 70 percent pictures, spacewise. Unlike writing the history of UPLB, preparing a CTB is not a one man’s job. The author had to organize a production team, with him as writer and production manager, Ms. Donna T. Depositario, as assistant production manager, and some support staff. Donna and the support staff helped in collecting pictures from different colleges, institutes and centers of UPLB, a task that required written and personal requests and many follow-ups. In many cases, the different UPLB units had many outstanding achievements, such as research break- throughs and improved technologies, all written up and even published, but without pictures. How could we take pictures of past events? Impossible if the field experiments are gone. But whenever possible and desirable, we have to ask professors or scientists to reenact what they did in the laboratories or out in the field – not an easy task because they are not trained as actors, neither are we trained as directors. Obviously, we have to hire good photographers, but even good photographers cannot turn back the hands of time to capture in their cameras past events. They had to make do with whatever is available at present, and we have to coach them to focus on objects of real interest in UPLB’s history. In some cases, UPLB units gave us old pictures from their files, but in most cases there was a lot to be desired in terms of quality. We have to observe high standards of quality for a CTB. In the beginning, the author hired an experienced layout artist, Mr. Delfin “Toti” Laforteza. He encountered quality problems with photocopies of pictures from various old iv
  5. 5. publications. In fact, he had to go to the libraries to take pictures of the originals. He slowed down, perhaps because of the depressing and time-consuming task of improving many of the 650 old pictures for Chapters 1 to 12 of the book. To beat the deadline for printing in July, the author had to hire another layout artist, Mr. Simeon Manahan, Jr., to handle the pictures for Chapters 13 to 19. Altogether, this book of 19 chapters has over 1,000 pictures! A thousand pictures sounds too many, but in truth, we should have added more to complete our story about the colorful past of UPLB, and its numerous contributions to nation building, but we had time constraints. Producing a CTB covering a hundred years of interesting and exciting events, from the pioneering days in the wilderness at the foot of Mt. Makiling to the present challenges and continuing activities of a great university, is by no means an easy task. To paraphrase the entomologists, “You don’t have to be crazy to do this kind of work, but it helps.” To the members of the Production Team, and all those who, in one way or another, helped in the production of this CTB, goes my heartfelt and everlasting gratitude. Without their support, it would have been impossible to achieve what we did in less than six months. For the names of those who helped the author in producing this book, please turn to the list of members of the Production Team and the Acknowledgement. May all of you, readers, enjoy the colorful pages of UPLB’s history. Fernando A. Bernardo v
  6. 6. Contents CHAPTER 1 Agriculture and Forestry During Colonial Times 3 Filipinas During the Spanish Regime 4 Aftermath of the Filipino-American War 8 CHAPTER 2 Copeland’s Pioneering Years 1907-1917 11 The Bureau of Education Conceived the School 12 UP’s First Born: The College of Agriculture 12 The Bureau Served as Foster Mother 14 Classes Were Held in Tents 14 A Forest School Created as a Branch of the College of Agriculture 16 Division of Forest Investigation Transferred to Los Baños 16 The College Grew Despite Limited Support from UP 18 Student Thesis Became a Requirement for Graduation 21 Students Gave Birth to a Scientific Journal: The Philippine Agriculturist and Forester 22 Dr. Charles Fuller Baker, an Outstanding Scientist Arrived 25 First Commencement Day Held Before the Inauguration of a Permanent School Building 26 First Batch of 15 Forest Rangers Graduated Under the Bureau 27 The “First School” Became Independent with the Bureau Director as Dean 27 Dean Copeland Retired at Age 44 Due to Political Problems 28 CHAPTER 3 Historic Developments Under Baker 1917-1927 31 First World War: Overwhelming Response to the Call for Volunteers to the National Guard 32 Successful Lobbying for the Central Agricultural Experiment Station 33 Campus Development and Planting of Royal Palms 34 Strengthening of the Socio-economic Dimension of College Programs 35 The College of Veterinary Science Transferred from Pandacan to Los Baños 36 Glorious Victories of Los Baños in University Athletic Competitions 38 Offering of BS Sugar Technology in 1920 39 Unexpected Large Enrolments in 1920-1921 with Students from China, Siam, Java, India, Japan, and Guam 40 College Extension Function Highlighted: First Laguna Farmers Day (1922) and First Laguna Provincial Fair (1924) Held on the Campus 41 Release of High-Yielding Sugar Cane Varieties Resistant to Diseases 42 Other Research Outputs and Breakthroughs 43 Dean Charles Fuller Baker Passed Away 44 vi
  7. 7. CHAPTER 4 Growth and Beauty Under the Bureau of Forestry 1917-1936 47 Filipinos Trained as Forestry Pensionados in US Universities 48 Choice of Narra as the National Tree 49 Birth of the Makiling Echo in 1922 50 Glorious Celebration of the School’s 20th Anniversary 50 Discovery of Doña Aurora, Mount Makiling’s Legacy to the World of Ornamentals 54 About 4,000 Hectares Converted to the Makiling Forest Reserve and National Park 54 Beginning of Traditions: Celebrations of Forestry Day and Moving-Up Day 56 Tamesis Rose to the Top Positions in the Bureau and the School 57 CHAPTER 5 Landmarks in Agriculture Under B. M. Gonzalez 1927-1938 59 Bienvenido M. Gonzalez, the First Filipino at the Helm of the College 60 The New Dean Expected No Less Than Excellent Outputs from the Faculty and Students 61 Creation of a Department of Agricultural Education and a Rural High School 63 Laboratory Research Facilities and Other Buildings Constructed 64 Construction of the College of Agriculture Campus Gate-the Most Symbolic Landmark of the College for Decades 68 “Hail College Dear” Sung Publicly for the First Time During the 1934 Loyalty Day 69 The College of Agriculture Recognized Nationally and Internationally as a Scientific Center 69 UPCA-Generated Technologies in the 1930s 70 Gonzalez Elected UP President 72 CHAPTER 6 Devastation During World War II 1941-1945 75 Leopoldo B. Uichanco Appointed Dean 76 World War II Broke Out 77 Classes Continued... 78 Under the Scorching Rising Sun 78 War Prisoners Liberated 80 Decades of Setback 82 The Schools Begun Rising from the Ashes 83 vii
  8. 8. CHAPTER 7 Changes and Challenges in Forestry Under Tamesis, Amos and Mabesa 1945-1957 85 The UP and Bureau of Forestry Teaching Staff 87 Local Training with International Programs 88 Women’s Invasion of Forestry Begun 90 Honoring Those Who Gave Their Lives to the Cause of Forestry 92 Construction of the Forest Products Laboratory, the Largest and Best Equipped in the Eastern Hemisphere 93 Tamesis Retired and Amos Took Over 94 Successful Lobbying for a New College of Forestry Building 95 The College of Forestry Separated from the Bureau 96 Massive Staff Development Program Under the ICA-NEC Training Grants 96 CHAPTER 8 Milestones on the Lower Campus During the Uichanco Years 1945-1959 99 Reconstruction and Rehabilitation After the War 100 Graduation of the First Summa Cum Laudes 100 Of Culture and Social Graces 100 Meteoric Rise in Enrolment 102 Reliable But Aging Professors Had to Train Over a Hundred Young Assistant Instructors and Research Assistants 104 Physical Facilities Development 106 ICA-NEC and Rockefeller Scholarship Grants Resulted in Massive Staff Development 108 Colorful Mussaenda Varieties Bloomed and Beautified Ornamental Gardens 110 UPCA-Cornell University Contract Accelerated Improvements in Instruction, Research and Extension 111 A Breakthrough in Inter-Agency Collaboration Increased National Rice and Corn Production 114 Expansion and Strengthening of Extension Programs 116 Novel Approach in Farm and Home Development 119 Establishment of the Agricultural Credit and Cooperatives Institute (ACCI) to Serve Southeast Asian Countries 120 CHAPTER 9 Milestones on the Upper Campus During the Zamuco and Lantican Years 1958-1971 123 Many Pursued PhD Studies Abroad 125 National Impact of the Makiling National Park and Botanic Gardens 126 Construction of the Forestry Technology Building 128 Zamuco Retired and Lantican Took Over 129 A Comprehensive Campus Development Plan Implemented 130 Forestry Graduate Program Approved 131 Launching of a Well-Organized Long-Term Forestry Extension Program 131 Establishment of the Forest Products Research Institute 133 viii
  9. 9. CHAPTER 10 Cascading Developments in Umali’s Decade 1959-1970 137 Birth of the International Rice Research Institute (IRRI) in Los Baños 138 Launching of the UP-Cornell Graduate Education Program 142 Birth of the Department of Food Science and Technology 144 Organization of the Association of Colleges of Agriculture in the Philippines (ACAP) 146 Massive Staff Development Under Rockefeller Foundation 147 Birth of the Dairy Training and Research Institute (DTRI) 148 UPCA Launched a Massive Facilities Development Program 150 Establishment of the Southeast Asian Regional Center for Graduate Study and Research in Agriculture (SEARCA) 154 Creation of the UPLB Graduate School 156 Breakthroughs in Research and National Awards 157 UPCA at the Helm of the National Rice and Corn Program: The Country Exported Rice for the First Time in History 158 CHAPTER 11 Years of Instability 1970-1972 161 Proposed Phasing Out of Vice-President for UPLB 162 Proposed UPLB Development Plans for the 1970s 162 UPLB’s Movement for Independence 163 Lopez Maneuvers to Keep UPLB Under UP 164 P.D. No. 58 Grants UPLB Full and Complete Autonomy 165 Birth of the Philippine Council for Agricultural Research (PCAR) 166 CHAPTER 12 Giant Strides as an Autonomous University Under Samonte 1973-1978 171 Birth of the College of Basic Sciences and Humanities 172 Reorganization and Strengthening of Growth Points in UPLB 174 Birth of Postharvest HorticultureTraining and Research Center (PHTRC) 179 Birth of the Institute of Plant Breeding (IPB) 180 Birth of the National Crop Protection Center (NCPC) 182 Separation of the Department of Horticulture from Agronomy 184 UP College of Agriculture Wins the 1977 Ramon Magsaysay Award 185 ix
  10. 10. CHAPTER 13 Birth of National Centers of Excellence: The Javier Years 1979-1985 187 Birth of BIOTECH 188 Birth of the Forestry Development Center 192 Birth of the Centre for Forestry Education, Research and Development and Institute of Forest Conservation 194 Research Breakthroughs in Forestry 194 Creation of the Research Management Center 194 Chancellor Javier Appointed Chairman of the National Science Development Board (NSDB) 194 Completion of Constructions Under the World Bank Education Loan 195 Creation of Three New Institutes in the College of Agriculture 196 Creation of Institutes of Basic Sciences as National Centers of Excellence 202 Birth of the National and Regional Training Centers for Rural Development 207 Complete Transfer of the College of Veterinary Medicine to Los Baños 208 CHAPTER 14 UPLB in Clear and Placid Waters: The de Guzman Years 1985-1991 211 Improvement of UPLB Organization and Its Administrative Affairs 212 Academic Reforms 213 Creation of Two UPLB Institutes 214 Birth of Philrice 218 Creation of the Ecosystems Research and Development Bureau (ERDB) 220 Creation of the Southern Tagalog Agriculture and Resources Research and Development Consortium (STARRDEC) 222 Successful Implementation of the Diamond Jubillee Housing Project 223 Completion of Vital Infrastructures 224 CHAPTER 15 Pursuing Dreams in a Short Term: The Aspiras Years 1991-1993 227 Task Force Pinatubo 228 Flower and Garden Shows 230 Birth of the UPLB Agroforestry Program (UAP), Now the Institute of Agroforestry (IAF) 232 Record Achievements in Extension and Promotion of Technologies 234 Books Published 235 Awards and Honors Reaped by UPLB Staff and Students 236 Planning for the Future 237 x
  11. 11. CHAPTER 16 UPLB on the Wings: The Villareal Years 1993-1999 239 Milestones in Strengthening the Physical Sciences 240 Milestones in Strengthening UPLB’s Capacity in Socio-economics and Communication 245 Research Breakthroughs 251 Breakthroughs in Extension and Community Development 252 Lifting the Morale of UPLB Staff and Students 255 Reorganization of the College of Forestry and Renaming It College of Forestry and Natural Resources 256 Implementation of a Massive Physical Development Program 260 CHAPTER 17 Milestones in Controversial Times: The David Years 1999-2005 263 Reforms and Fruitful Changes in Financial Management 264 Streamlining Academic Programs 266 Improvements in Research and Extension Management 267 Reorganization of the College of Agriculture 268 Birth of the Philippine Forestry Education Network 269 Research Outputs and Breakthroughs 270 Extension and Public Service 273 Improving Services for the Welfare of Staff and Students 275 Modernization/Improvement of Facilities 276 CHAPTER 18 Recent Developments Under Chancellor Velasco 279 Development of a 3-Year Plan 280 Unprecedented Devastation by a Typhoon 281 Sustaining UPLB’s Contribution to Nation Building 282 Improvements in Student Services 283 Online Administrative Services and Online Student Registration System 284 Building and Strengthening Partnerships 284 Addressing the Frequent Brownouts in UPLB 284 Strengthening UPLB’s Role in the Los Baños Science Community Foundation, Inc. (LBSCFI) 285 Development of the CA Agripark 285 Gearing Up for the UP Centennial 286 CHAPTER 19 UPLB: Major Achievements and Challenges Beyond 100 289 UPLB’s Impact in Education and Nation Building 290 Major Concerns and Challenges Beyond 100 308 xi