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The Ankle Joint
(Talocrural Joint)
The Ankle Joint
Also known as the
Talocrural Joint
Anterior View Ankle Joint
The Ankle Joint
Also known as the
Talocrural Joint
Typical synovial joint
mediallateral
Formed by an
articulation of the
- Distal Tibia
mediallateral
Formed by an
articulation of the
- Distal Tibia
- Distal Fibula
mediallateral
Formed by an
articulation of the
- Distal Tibia
- Distal Fibula
- Talus
mediallateral
Distal Tibia + Medial Malleolus
and
Distal Fibula + Lateral Malleolus
form a deep recess or
‘mortice’
for the body of the ...
The ankle joint is the only
‘mortice’ joint
in the body
mediallateral
Ligaments of the Ankle Joint
The ankle joint is
stabilised on the
Medial Collateral Ligament
The ankle joint is
stabilised on the
medial side by the
Lateral Collateral
Ligament
The ankle joint is
stabilised on the
lateral side by the
medial view of ankle joint
Fibula
medial view of ankle joint
Tibia
medial view of ankle joint
Talus
medial view of ankle joint
Calcaneu
m
medial view of ankle joint
Medial Collateral Ligament
Calcaneu
m
Also known as the
Deltoid Ligament
medial view of ankle joint
Medial Collateral Ligament
Calcaneu
m
Has two parts
- Superficial layer
- Deep layer
medial view of ankle joint
Medial Collateral Ligament
Calcaneu
m
The superficial layer is
triangular in shape and
has three parts
medial view of ankl...
Medial Collateral Ligament
Calcaneu
m
Superficial layer has fibres from
Tibia to
- Navicular Tuberosity
medial view of ank...
Medial Collateral Ligament
Calcaneu
m
Superficial layer has fibres from
Tibia to
- Navicular Tuberosity
- Sustentaculum Ta...
Medial Collateral Ligament
Calcaneu
m
Superficial layer has fibres from
Tibia to
- Navicular Tuberosity
- Sustentaculum Ta...
Medial Collateral Ligament
Calcaneu
m
The deep layer has
fibres from Tibia to
medial aspect of Talus
medial view of ankle ...
Lateral View Ankle Joint
Lateral View Ankle Joint
Tibia
Lateral View Ankle Joint
Fibula
Lateral View Ankle Joint
Talus
Lateral View Ankle Joint
Calcaneum
Lateral Collateral Ligament
Lateral View Ankle Joint
Has three discrete parts
Lateral Collateral Ligament
Lateral View Ankle Joint
Has three discrete parts
- Anterior Talofibular
Lateral Collateral Ligament
Lateral View Ankle Joint
Has three discrete parts
- Anterior Talofibular
- Calcaneofibular
Lateral Collateral Ligament
Lateral View Ankle Joint
Has three discrete parts
- Anterior Talofibular
- Calcaneofibular
- P...
Lateral Collateral Ligament
Lateral View Ankle Joint
Has three discrete parts
- Anterior Talofibular
- Calcaneofibular
- P...
Both Collateral Ligaments have 3 sets of fibres running from
Tibia or Fibula to
- Anterior Talus
- Posterior Talus
- Calca...
Additionally the Tibia and Fibula are held
together by two very strong ligaments
Additionally the Tibia and Fibula are held
together by two very strong ligaments
Anterior View
Additionally the Tibia and Fibula are held
together by two very strong ligaments
Anterior Tibiofibular
Ligament
Additionally the Tibia and Fibula are held
together by two very strong ligaments
Posterior ViewAnterior Tibiofibular
Ligam...
Additionally the Tibia and Fibula are held
together by two very strong ligaments
Posterior Tibiofibular
Ligament
Anterior ...
Movement of the Ankle Joint
Dorsiflexion
The ankle is a hinge joint and permits
movement in one plane around a single axis
Dorsiflexion is when
the fo...
Plantarflexion
Plantarflexion is
when the foot is
moved downwards
into the ground
Plantarflexion
To help you
remember the
direction think of
plantarflexion as
‘planting your feet’
into the ground
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Slideshow: Ankle Joint

  1. 1. The Ankle Joint (Talocrural Joint)
  2. 2. The Ankle Joint Also known as the Talocrural Joint Anterior View Ankle Joint
  3. 3. The Ankle Joint Also known as the Talocrural Joint Typical synovial joint mediallateral
  4. 4. Formed by an articulation of the - Distal Tibia mediallateral
  5. 5. Formed by an articulation of the - Distal Tibia - Distal Fibula mediallateral
  6. 6. Formed by an articulation of the - Distal Tibia - Distal Fibula - Talus mediallateral
  7. 7. Distal Tibia + Medial Malleolus and Distal Fibula + Lateral Malleolus form a deep recess or ‘mortice’ for the body of the Talus medial
  8. 8. The ankle joint is the only ‘mortice’ joint in the body mediallateral
  9. 9. Ligaments of the Ankle Joint
  10. 10. The ankle joint is stabilised on the
  11. 11. Medial Collateral Ligament The ankle joint is stabilised on the medial side by the
  12. 12. Lateral Collateral Ligament The ankle joint is stabilised on the lateral side by the
  13. 13. medial view of ankle joint
  14. 14. Fibula medial view of ankle joint
  15. 15. Tibia medial view of ankle joint
  16. 16. Talus medial view of ankle joint
  17. 17. Calcaneu m medial view of ankle joint
  18. 18. Medial Collateral Ligament Calcaneu m Also known as the Deltoid Ligament medial view of ankle joint
  19. 19. Medial Collateral Ligament Calcaneu m Has two parts - Superficial layer - Deep layer medial view of ankle joint
  20. 20. Medial Collateral Ligament Calcaneu m The superficial layer is triangular in shape and has three parts medial view of ankle joint
  21. 21. Medial Collateral Ligament Calcaneu m Superficial layer has fibres from Tibia to - Navicular Tuberosity medial view of ankle joint
  22. 22. Medial Collateral Ligament Calcaneu m Superficial layer has fibres from Tibia to - Navicular Tuberosity - Sustentaculum Tali of Calcaneum medial view of ankle joint
  23. 23. Medial Collateral Ligament Calcaneu m Superficial layer has fibres from Tibia to - Navicular Tuberosity - Sustentaculum Tali of Calcaneum - Talus medial view of ankle joint
  24. 24. Medial Collateral Ligament Calcaneu m The deep layer has fibres from Tibia to medial aspect of Talus medial view of ankle joint
  25. 25. Lateral View Ankle Joint
  26. 26. Lateral View Ankle Joint Tibia
  27. 27. Lateral View Ankle Joint Fibula
  28. 28. Lateral View Ankle Joint Talus
  29. 29. Lateral View Ankle Joint Calcaneum
  30. 30. Lateral Collateral Ligament Lateral View Ankle Joint Has three discrete parts
  31. 31. Lateral Collateral Ligament Lateral View Ankle Joint Has three discrete parts - Anterior Talofibular
  32. 32. Lateral Collateral Ligament Lateral View Ankle Joint Has three discrete parts - Anterior Talofibular - Calcaneofibular
  33. 33. Lateral Collateral Ligament Lateral View Ankle Joint Has three discrete parts - Anterior Talofibular - Calcaneofibular - Posterior Talofibular
  34. 34. Lateral Collateral Ligament Lateral View Ankle Joint Has three discrete parts - Anterior Talofibular - Calcaneofibular - Posterior Talofibular
  35. 35. Both Collateral Ligaments have 3 sets of fibres running from Tibia or Fibula to - Anterior Talus - Posterior Talus - Calcaneum Medial Collateral Ligament also has fibres from Tibia to Navicular Summary of Collateral Ligaments
  36. 36. Additionally the Tibia and Fibula are held together by two very strong ligaments
  37. 37. Additionally the Tibia and Fibula are held together by two very strong ligaments Anterior View
  38. 38. Additionally the Tibia and Fibula are held together by two very strong ligaments Anterior Tibiofibular Ligament
  39. 39. Additionally the Tibia and Fibula are held together by two very strong ligaments Posterior ViewAnterior Tibiofibular Ligament
  40. 40. Additionally the Tibia and Fibula are held together by two very strong ligaments Posterior Tibiofibular Ligament Anterior Tibiofibular Ligament
  41. 41. Movement of the Ankle Joint
  42. 42. Dorsiflexion The ankle is a hinge joint and permits movement in one plane around a single axis Dorsiflexion is when the foot is moved upwards away from the ground
  43. 43. Plantarflexion Plantarflexion is when the foot is moved downwards into the ground
  44. 44. Plantarflexion To help you remember the direction think of plantarflexion as ‘planting your feet’ into the ground
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Slideshow: Ankle Joint The Funky Professor videos can be viewed here; http://publishing.rcseng.ac.uk/journal/video?videoTaxonomy=FUNK

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