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The Knee Joint
The Knee Joint
Is the largest synovial joint
in the body
The Knee Joint
Found at the junction of
the thigh and the leg
The Knee Joint
Consists of 3 distinct articulations
to form a complex hinge joint
The Knee Joint
Consists of 3 distinct articulations
to form a complex hinge joint
•Medial Tibiofemoral joint
•Patellofemoral joint
The Knee Joint
Consists of 3 distinct articulations
to form a complex hinge joint
The Knee Joint
Anterior View
The Knee Joint
Anterior View
Femur
The Knee Joint
Anterior View
Fibula
The Knee Joint
Anterior View
Tibia
The Knee Joint
Anterior View
Patella
The Knee Joint
Lateral View
The Knee Joint
Lateral View
Femur
The Knee Joint
Lateral View
Tibia
The Knee Joint
Lateral View
Fibula
The Knee Joint
Lateral View
Patella
The Knee Joint
Medial View
The Knee Joint
Medial View
Patella
The Knee Joint
Medial View
Femur
The Knee Joint
Medial View
Tibia
Ligaments of the Knee Joint
The knee joint is
stablised on either side
by collateral ligaments
Medial view
Medial Collateral Ligament
Medial view
Arises from the
medial epicondyle of the Femur
Wide insertion onto the proximal
asp...
Medial Collateral Ligament
Medial view
Resists forces that push the
knee medially
Lateral Collateral Ligament
Lateral view
Arises from the
Lateral Epicondyle of the Femur
Cord-like structure that inserts ...
Lateral Collateral Ligament
Lateral view
Stabilises the lateral side of the knee
Cruciate Ligaments
Anterior view with the Knee Joint flexed
Anterior Cruciate Ligament
Arises from the anterior
aspect of the Intercondylar
area of the Tibia
Inserts onto the medial
...
Anterior Cruciate Ligament
Stabilises the Knee by
preventing forward
movement of the Tibia
relative to the Femur
Posterior Cruciate Ligament
Posterior View
Posterior Cruciate Ligament
Posterior View
Attaches to the lateral aspect of
the Medial Femoral Condyle and
the Intercondy...
Posterior Cruciate Ligament
Posterior View
Attaches to the lateral aspect of
the Medial Femoral Condyle and
the Intercondy...
Posterior Cruciate Ligament
Posterior View
Prevents backward
movement of the
Tibia relative to the Femur
Oblique Popliteal Ligament
Oblique Popliteal Ligament
Arises as an extension from the
lateral side of semimembranosus
tendon
Attaches to medial aspec...
Oblique Popliteal Ligament
Blends with posterior joint capsule
Forms part of floor of the popliteal
fossa
Function: primar...
Arcuate Popliteal Ligament
Fibres blend with the joint capsule
and run from Lateral Femoral
Condyle and adjacent
intercond...
Arcuate Popliteal Ligament
Stabilises posterior aspect
of the Knee
Patellar Ligament
(Patellar Tendon)
Attaches the lower pole
of Patella to the Tibial
Tuberosity
It is the continuation of
...
Patellar Ligament
(Patellar Tendon)
Attaches the
Patella to the Tibia
It is the continuation of
the tendon of
Quadriceps F...
Muscles and Tendons
around the Knee Joint
Sartorius
Gracilis
Semitendinosus
Means ‘Goose’s Foot’
Comprises 3 conjoined
tendons
Pes Anserinus
Medial view
Semimembranosus
Divides into a series of slips at the level of
the knee and has a complex attachment
Most fibres attach to...
Biceps Femoris
The Long and Short Heads unite to
form a tendon that inserts onto the
head of the Fibula
Posterior view
lon...
Iliotibial
Tract
Attaches to
Gerdy’s Tubercle
on the anterior aspect of the
Lateral Tibial Condyle
Tensor Fasciae Latae
Ge...
Quadriceps
Femoris
Patella
Patellar
Ligament
Quadriceps Femoris
comprises 4 muscles
•Rectus Femoris
•Vastus Lateralis
•Vas...
Menisci
2 crescent-shaped intra-articular fibrocartilaginous structures
situated one on each Tibial Facet
Superior view of proxima...
Menisci
Each Meniscus has an anterior and posterior horn through which
the Meniscus gains attachment to the tibial plateau...
Menisci are wedge-shaped in
cross-section
The Menisci widen and deepen the
Tibial articular surface that
receives the Femo...
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Slideshow: Knee Joint

The Funky Professor videos can be viewed here;
http://publishing.rcseng.ac.uk/journal/video?videoTaxonomy=FUNK

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Slideshow: Knee Joint

  1. 1. The Knee Joint
  2. 2. The Knee Joint Is the largest synovial joint in the body
  3. 3. The Knee Joint Found at the junction of the thigh and the leg
  4. 4. The Knee Joint Consists of 3 distinct articulations to form a complex hinge joint
  5. 5. The Knee Joint Consists of 3 distinct articulations to form a complex hinge joint •Medial Tibiofemoral joint
  6. 6. •Patellofemoral joint
  7. 7. The Knee Joint Consists of 3 distinct articulations to form a complex hinge joint
  8. 8. The Knee Joint Anterior View
  9. 9. The Knee Joint Anterior View Femur
  10. 10. The Knee Joint Anterior View Fibula
  11. 11. The Knee Joint Anterior View Tibia
  12. 12. The Knee Joint Anterior View Patella
  13. 13. The Knee Joint Lateral View
  14. 14. The Knee Joint Lateral View Femur
  15. 15. The Knee Joint Lateral View Tibia
  16. 16. The Knee Joint Lateral View Fibula
  17. 17. The Knee Joint Lateral View Patella
  18. 18. The Knee Joint Medial View
  19. 19. The Knee Joint Medial View Patella
  20. 20. The Knee Joint Medial View Femur
  21. 21. The Knee Joint Medial View Tibia
  22. 22. Ligaments of the Knee Joint
  23. 23. The knee joint is stablised on either side by collateral ligaments Medial view
  24. 24. Medial Collateral Ligament Medial view Arises from the medial epicondyle of the Femur Wide insertion onto the proximal aspect of the medial Tibia
  25. 25. Medial Collateral Ligament Medial view Resists forces that push the knee medially
  26. 26. Lateral Collateral Ligament Lateral view Arises from the Lateral Epicondyle of the Femur Cord-like structure that inserts anterior to the Apex of the Fibular head
  27. 27. Lateral Collateral Ligament Lateral view Stabilises the lateral side of the knee
  28. 28. Cruciate Ligaments Anterior view with the Knee Joint flexed
  29. 29. Anterior Cruciate Ligament Arises from the anterior aspect of the Intercondylar area of the Tibia Inserts onto the medial aspect of the Lateral Femoral Condyle
  30. 30. Anterior Cruciate Ligament Stabilises the Knee by preventing forward movement of the Tibia relative to the Femur
  31. 31. Posterior Cruciate Ligament Posterior View
  32. 32. Posterior Cruciate Ligament Posterior View Attaches to the lateral aspect of the Medial Femoral Condyle and the Intercondylar Notch
  33. 33. Posterior Cruciate Ligament Posterior View Attaches to the lateral aspect of the Medial Femoral Condyle and the Intercondylar Notch Distal part of the Ligament attaches to the posterior aspect of the intercondylar Region of the Tibia and the adjacent posterior Tibia
  34. 34. Posterior Cruciate Ligament Posterior View Prevents backward movement of the Tibia relative to the Femur
  35. 35. Oblique Popliteal Ligament
  36. 36. Oblique Popliteal Ligament Arises as an extension from the lateral side of semimembranosus tendon Attaches to medial aspect of Lateral Femoral Condyle
  37. 37. Oblique Popliteal Ligament Blends with posterior joint capsule Forms part of floor of the popliteal fossa Function: primary stabiliser of the Posterolateral Knee
  38. 38. Arcuate Popliteal Ligament Fibres blend with the joint capsule and run from Lateral Femoral Condyle and adjacent intercondylar area of posterior Tibia to Head of the Fibula
  39. 39. Arcuate Popliteal Ligament Stabilises posterior aspect of the Knee
  40. 40. Patellar Ligament (Patellar Tendon) Attaches the lower pole of Patella to the Tibial Tuberosity It is the continuation of the tendon of Quadriceps Femoris
  41. 41. Patellar Ligament (Patellar Tendon) Attaches the Patella to the Tibia It is the continuation of the tendon of Quadriceps Femoris
  42. 42. Muscles and Tendons around the Knee Joint
  43. 43. Sartorius Gracilis Semitendinosus Means ‘Goose’s Foot’ Comprises 3 conjoined tendons Pes Anserinus Medial view
  44. 44. Semimembranosus Divides into a series of slips at the level of the knee and has a complex attachment Most fibres attach to the posterior aspect of the Medial Tibial Condyle Some fibres form a strong expansion and pass obliquely upwards to the Lateral Femoral Condyle to form the oblique Popliteal Ligament Posterior view
  45. 45. Biceps Femoris The Long and Short Heads unite to form a tendon that inserts onto the head of the Fibula Posterior view long head short head
  46. 46. Iliotibial Tract Attaches to Gerdy’s Tubercle on the anterior aspect of the Lateral Tibial Condyle Tensor Fasciae Latae Gerdy’s Tubercle Proximally it receives two muscles •Tensor Fasciae Latae •Gluteus Maximus Iliotibial Tract Anterior view
  47. 47. Quadriceps Femoris Patella Patellar Ligament Quadriceps Femoris comprises 4 muscles •Rectus Femoris •Vastus Lateralis •Vastus Intermedius •Vastus Medialis Extends and stabilises the knee during gait Anterior view
  48. 48. Menisci
  49. 49. 2 crescent-shaped intra-articular fibrocartilaginous structures situated one on each Tibial Facet Superior view of proximal right tibia Medial Meniscus Lateral Meniscus anterior posterior Menisci
  50. 50. Menisci Each Meniscus has an anterior and posterior horn through which the Meniscus gains attachment to the tibial plateau Medial Meniscus Lateral Meniscus Anterior horns Posterior horns Superior view of proximal right tibia
  51. 51. Menisci are wedge-shaped in cross-section The Menisci widen and deepen the Tibial articular surface that receives the Femoral Condyles
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Slideshow: Knee Joint The Funky Professor videos can be viewed here; http://publishing.rcseng.ac.uk/journal/video?videoTaxonomy=FUNK

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