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CASE STUDY GLOBAL INTERDEPENDENCE: 13. 3 INTERNATIONAL TOURISM IN ECUADOR/GALAPAGOS

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CASE STUDY GLOBAL INTERDEPENDENCE: 13. 3 INTERNATIONAL TOURISM IN ECUADOR/GALAPAGOS

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CASE STUDY GLOBAL INTERDEPENDENCE: 13. 3 INTERNATIONAL TOURISM IN ECUADOR/GALAPAGOS

  1. 1. A2 LEVEL CAMBRIDGE CHAPTER 13: GLOBAL INTERDEPENDENCE 13.3 THE DEVELOPMENT OF INTERNATIONAL TOURISM INTERNATIONAL TOURISM IN ECUADOR International tourism is Ecuador’s third largest source of foreign income after the export of oil and bananas. The number of visitors has increased substantially, both to mainland and to Galapagos Islands. The tourists are attracted by the great diversity of flora and fauna. Ecuador is protected by national parks and nature reserves. As visitor numbers began to rise Ecuador’s government was anxious not to suffer the negative impact of mass tourism. Ecotourism has helped to bring income to poorest parts of the country. It has provided local people with an alternative of making a living. Ecuador’s government invested $600 million in tourism advertising and development in 2013. Government’s goal was to provide more security and better services, promote destinations and products, and offer more connectivity. This included the point of arrival, efficient transportation, medical services and food. The aim was to expand and improve the country’s tourism destinations. Ecuador started to expand new routes, improve access, signage, telephone services, Internet and access to tourism information. Quito Turismo established the goal to turn Quito into a major centre for conventions and events. Covering just 283,561 square km, Ecuador is one of the world’s most biologically diverse countries, featuring warm beaches, active volcanoes and dense forests. The country is home to about 25,000 species of plants, 1,600 species of birds, 4,500 species of butterflies, 350 species of reptiles, 375 species of amphibians and 320 species of mammals. In 2012, the islands welcomed 180,831 visitors – 69% of them foreigners, according to the Galápagos National Park.

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