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Key features of Open Education in Romania

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Romanian initiatives of Open Education

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Key features of Open Education in Romania

  1. 1. Key Features of Open Education in Romania “ICT in Education in Central and Eastern European Countries“ WEBINAR 3rd “Belt and Road Open Education Learning Week” hosted by BRICOER Beijing Normal University, Smart Learning Institute, 26-27 November 2018
  2. 2. Gabriela GROSSECK assoc. prof. dr. West University of Timisoara Department of Psychology 4 Bd Vasile Parvan 300223 Timisoara, Romania Email: gabriela.grosseck@e-uvt.ro Twitter, Instagram, Slideshare, LinkedIn etc.: @ggrosseck Carmen HOLOTESCU prof. dr. University “Ioan Slavici” Timisoara Department of Computer Sciences 144 Paunescu Podeanu Str. 300569 Timisoara, Romania Email: carmen.holotescu@islavici.ro Twitter, Instagram, Slideshare, LinkedIn etc.: @cami13 La Blouse Roumaine by Henri Matisse
  3. 3. 1. Country overview 2. Key features of Digital Romania 3. Open Education // OERs and MOOCs 4. Romanian Initiatives in Open Education 5. Drivers and Barriers Contents
  4. 4. Country overview Area: 238,391 km2 Capital: Bucharest Currency: RON EUR/ RON: 4.6 Population: apox: 19 mill 2004 - NATO membership 2007 - EU membership 2019 - EU Presidency Head of state: President (since Dec 2014) Klaus Werner Iohannis The main ethnic groups are Romanian (84%) The language is Romanian For more details see EU, Country Report Romania 2018
  5. 5. Digital Romania – at a glance
  6. 6. The full report on Romania is available here. Digital Economy and Society Index (DESI) 2018 ranking
  7. 7. The full report on Romania is available here. Digital Economy and Society Index (DESI) 2018 ranking
  8. 8. The full report on Romania is available here. Digital Economy and Society Index (DESI) 2018 ranking
  9. 9. See further details on https://ec.europa.eu/digital-single-market/en/policies/digital-learning-ict-education
  10. 10. Opening UP education See http://europa.eu/rapid/press-release_IP-13-859_en.htm 25 October 2013
  11. 11. Open Education Definition Core and Transversal Dimensions Open education is a mode of realising education, enabled by digital technologies aiming to widen access and participation to everyone. It offers multiple ways of teaching and learning, building and sharing knowledge, as well as a variety of access routes to formal and non- formal education, bridging them. Open education means access to content, courses, support, assessment and certification in ways that are flexible, and accommodate diverse needs. Barriers, as regards for example entry or cost, are reduced or eliminated. Source: OpenEdu JRC IPTS Report “Opening up Education: a support framework for HE institutions”, 2016 ec.europa.eu/jrc/en/open-education
  12. 12. „ICT tools, Open Educational Resources (OERs), and open educational practices (OEPs) allow for an increase in the effectiveness of education, allowing for more personalised learning, a better learning experience. Ultimately, opening up education may lead to a situation where all individuals may learn anytime, anywhere, with the support of anyone, using any device.” Open Education Europa Opening UP education through new technologies Initiative openeducationeuropa.eu ec.europa.eu/education/policy/strategic-framework/education-technology_en.htm (Sept 2013)
  13. 13. OER Definition […] „the open provision of educational resources, enabled by information and communication technologies, for consultation, use and adaptation by a community of users for non-commercial purposes.” UNESCO (2002, 2018) unesco.org/new/en/communication-and-information/access-to-knowledge/open-educational-resources https://www.oercongress.org/unesco-oer-recommendation
  14. 14. unesdoc.unesco.org/images/0021/002136/213605e.pdf What are OERs? Open Educational Resources „are any type of educational materials that are in the public domain or introduced with an open license. The nature of these open materials means that anyone can legally and freely copy, use, adapt and re-share them. OERs range from textbooks to curricula, syllabi, lecture notes, assignments, tests, projects, audio, video and animation.” Big and Little OERs (Weller, 2010) Massive OERs = OpenMOOCs (ECO Project, OE Consortium + EdX)
  15. 15. flickr.com/photos/mathplourde/8620174342/ 2008 - 1st cMOOC: George Siemens and Stephen Downes co-taught “Connectivism and Connective Knowledge” - 25 tuition- paying students at the University of Manitoba, Canada plus ~2300 participants worldwide. web.archive.org/web/20080629220943/http://ltc.umanitoba.ca:83/connectivism/
  16. 16. class-central.com mooc-list.com MOOC platforms and directories Adapted from slideshare.net/ggrosseck/miniatelier-de-initiere-in-mooc edx.org/verified-certificate edx.org/xseries edx.org/micromasters udacity.com/nanodegree coursera.org/specializations futurelearn.com/programs In May 2015 - the largest MOOC ever: 440,000 participants in English Language Learning MOOC http://tinyurl.com/largestMOOC
  17. 17. openuped.eu home.eadtu.eu Higher Education Online: MOOCs the European way Fostering international Higher Education collaboration though ICT and open education menon.org/projects/emundus The European Multiple MOOC Aggregator platform.europeanmoocs.eu home.eadtu.eu The European Association of Distance Teaching Universities ecolearning.eu bizmooc.eu movemeproject.eu European Projects related to MOOCs “MOOCs are online courses designed for large numbers of participants (>148, Dunbar number), that can be accessed by anyone anywhere as long as they have an internet connection, are open to everyone without entry qualifications, and offer a full/complete course experience online for free”. eadtu.eu/documents/Publications/OEenM/Institutional _MOOC_strategies_in_Europe.pdf European MOOC Consortium (EMC) - October 2017 (FutureLearn, FUN, EduOpen, OpenupEd and miríadaX) langmooc.com moocknowledge.eu
  18. 18. OE Initiatives in Romania educatiedeschisa.ro poerup.referata.com/wiki/Romania
  19. 19. CCR was launched in September 2, 2008, with the help of ApTI (The Association for Technology and Internet) http://ro.creativecommons.org/ http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/ro/ http://wiki.creativecommons.org/Romania
  20. 20. National OE initiatives 1. Knowledge based Economy Project (2005-2013) • OER educational policies (recommendations in 2007) • OE Resources and Practices: in the schools participating in the project 2. OER in the Government Programme • National Strategy on Digital Agenda for Romania 2020 (Feb 2015): Strategic Lines of Development for ICT in Education: using OER and Web 2.0 in formal and LLL education - imdd.ro/sites/default/files/library (ro); • Implement an e-learning platform and online repositories for OERs - edu.ro/rețea-de- resurse-educaționale-deschise-la-nivelul-inspectoratelor-școlare-județene • Digital textbooks - manuale.edu.ro; but do not use open licences / format 3. Romanian Coalition for OER Launced in October 2013, gathering persons and organizations that support and promote the concepts of open access and OER - educatiedeschisa.ro; guides/workshops; organized National Conferences for Open Education in 2014-2018; four proposals for open education for the government inovarepublica.ro/educatie-deschisa-romania/; OER repository was planned (spring 2016), proposal renewed for OUG (Nov 2016) 4. The Educated Romania (2016-2018) Project of the Romanian Presidency; a broad public debate on education and research for a set clear policies presidency.ro/ro/romania-educata
  21. 21. Regional and institutional OER initiatives Related to FLOSS (Free / Libre / Open Source Software): • Groups • Conferences/Events • Courses / Trainings / Research • Linux distributions and Open Source projects development Related to OER, OEP and Open Content/Access: • Courses / Trainings / Programs • Open Content / Open Access / Communities for OER and OEP • Studies
  22. 22. Open Educational Resources / Practices (1) - "OER Awareness Activities for Librarians and Academics in Romania", funded by CC Affiliate Project, implemented in 2013-2014 by ApTI Association for Technology and Internet, Soros Foundation Romania and National Association of Libraries and Librarians in Romania: workshops/events related to OER/MOOC, two guides - Projects and sites that offer information/workshops about copyright issues, open licenses and OER: Open Educational Resources Policy in Europe http://oerpolicy.eu/?s=romania, http://kosson.ro, http://acces-deschis, http://oerup.eu, http://copy- me.org, http://www.ordu.ro, http://dreptuldeautor.noisieu.ro/creative-commons , http://culturaineducatie.ro - Different products developed under CC licenses http://ro.creativecommons.org - Digital resources on the KEP portal created by teachers and pupils in the pre-university system, by using different Web2.0 technologies, guide “OER for different disciplines” http://tinyurl.com/KEPOERguide - KEP launched two guides in 2012, having as central topics the OER and collaborative technologies (Web2.0) in education: "Integration of new technologies in education" and "Using ICT for educational activities" - Open journals related to open education are http://iteach.ro/experientedidactice, http://www.elearning.ro - Open materials and discussions around them: http://forum.portal.edu.ro, http://didactic.ro, http://e-scoala.ro, http://www.dascali.ro, http://educatie.inmures.ro
  23. 23. - Teachers training in KEP, Didatec project (http://ctmtc.utcluj.ro/sites/didatec_ ) received certificates, acknowledging also their skills in using/creating OER - Training/courses related to open educational pedagogies are offered by Moodle Romania, Didatec, iTeach, Sloop2desc, ActiveWatch Media Monitoring, UPT Technology Enhanced Learning hosted by Cirip.eu, Compendiu.ro - links at http://poerup.referata.com/wiki/Rom ania#Regional_OER_initiatives - Projects under CC licenses for Informal Learning / Serendipity: Romanian Encyclopedia http://enciclopediaromaniei.ro , Veioza Arte http://veiozaarte.ro - a video sharing platform acting as an open source production house for the Romanian cultural scene, Local Records http://www.localrec.ro are collections of audio products, Brașov Creative Commons Film Festival http://bvccfilmfest.tumblr.com - City Projects http://cityprojects.ro - community proposing/working on software projects for local communities/ smart cities, based on open data - Most of the national projects related to OER are designed / implemented for the pre-university level, while in academia they are implemented by a single university or a group of universities Open Educational Resources / Practices (2)
  24. 24. MOOC platforms - UniCampus unicampus.ro: started in April 2014 under the initiative of Politehnica University of Timisoara and Association of Technical Universities from Romania (rouni.ro ); offers cMOOCs on a platform based on Moodle; - NOVAMOOC novamooc.uvt.ro: development and innovative implementation of MOOCs in Higher Education, West University Timisoara (2015-17); - MOOC.ro mooc.ro: developed by Moodle.ro, currently offers 2 MOOCs about Moodle and Articulate; - Drivers: - researchers and teaching staff, seldom the policy makers and managers of the institutions; - companies and associations; - eStudent estudent.ro: MOOCs on psychology, communication, business, geography and Romanian language (APIO, CTRL-D, experts); - Startarium startarium.ro: platform nurturing an entrepreneurship ecosystem; a group of organizations and experts offer MOOCs, mentoring and crowdfunding for around 8,000 potential entrepreneurs who design and develop their start-up plans using the platform features; - MOOCs for students and teachers, for companies/start-ups
  25. 25. Romanian MOOC projects - UniBuc Virtual unibuc-virtual.net: Credis, Department of Distance Learning of University of Bucharest, offered 3 MOOCs for Teachers Training on a platform based on Google Apps; - University "Vasile Goldis" Arad plans to offer MOOCs in partnership with Fédération Européenne des Écoles; - University „Babes Bolyai” Cluj Napoca – eLIADA eliada.ubbcluj.ro/proiect - materials for 4 MOOCs; - MOOCs on Udemy – NGO Management, Association Young Initiative udemy.com/management-ong; - Critical Thinking MOOC was developed and run in 2014 by Maastricht School of Management Romania on Iversity (msmromania.org/content/msmro-produces-first- mooc-eastern-europe); - MOOC in medical education – Romanian Angel Appeal Foundation – raa.ro; - MOOCBuddy – the 1st Messenger chatbot for MOOCs - facebook.com/MyMOOCBuddy;
  26. 26. - For the next future: - Virtual mobilities through MOOCs (OpenVM – CeL); - Pilot for credit transfer system allowing students’ participation in MOOCs to count towards their degrees; at this moment for some courses the participation in MOOCs can contribute to the activity/project mark; - Developing MOOCs together with companies assuring a better integration in the labour market. - MOOCs integration in blended academic courses at Politehnica University of Timisoara (Web Programming, Instructional Technologies, Embedded Systems courses), University “Ioan Slavici” of Timisoara (Multimedia, OOP and Parallel Algorithms courses); - MOOC accreditation at UPT - Digital Marketing - http://atelieruldigital.jaromania.org/ - Teacher continuing professional development using MOOCS at University “Ioan Slavici” of Timisoara - participation in MOOCs related to OE, but also to topics of taught courses and research directions; Drivers: - researchers and teaching staff; - policy makers and managers of the institutions; MOOC integration in formal education
  27. 27. Variants of blending MOOCs in university courses from Carmen Holotescu, Gabriela Grosseck, Vladimir-Ioan Cretu, Antoanela Naaji. (2014). Integrating MOOCs in Blended Courses. 10th International Scientific Conference eLearning and Software for Education, Bucharest, Romania –researchgate.net/publication/260987116_Integrating_MOOCs_in_Blended_Courses
  28. 28. For students: - autonomy in assessing their own learning needs for choosing the MOOCs in which to participate - exposing to: - high quality materials created with • top educational technologies • collaboration in global learning communities - a broader range of experiences For teachers: - new skills and tasks: - complex course design/management - OERs and MOOCs curation - evaluation of distributed/collaborative activities of students, - facilitation of the local learning community and nurture of its integration in the global communities of MOOCs - improving knowledge in their own area of expertise - improving their competencies/skills for adopting new models of OEP Benefits/Challenges of MOOCs integration in blended courses/flipped classrooms make xMOOCs more close to cMOOCs
  29. 29. MOOC events and studies Workshops (OEW) and national / international conferences (Open Education / eLSE, SMART) related to open education and MOOCs organized by members of the Romanian Coalition for OER • Studies, PhD thesis • search MOOC Romania on GS; Check also: • Opening Up Education in Romania • OER in Romania
  30. 30. Blockchain projects • Course about Blockchain Development (Ethereum, Hyperledger, Hashgraph) at University “Ioan Slavici, since 2017-2018 academic year– the 1st university course • OpenEduChain - http://openeduchain.io - a repository for open educational assets (OERs, MOOCs, OPs), which also issues certificates & open badges for universities/educational and training institutions • eLSE Open Education Workshop – Blockchain Topic
  31. 31. Strengths in Romanian OE initiatives Romania is active in the OE movement: • trainings/courses related to OER and OEP organized for both pre-university and university sectors • formal documents at governamental level related to OER and Web2.0 • national events related to open resources produced by pre- university teachers; national guides were published too • directories with open resources (more numerous for pre- university level) • projects in development for MOOCs at university level and for continuing education • strong communities/events for open source, open access, open data, open licences.
  32. 32. Barriers in the OE adoption / OERs&MOOCs development • rigid policies in formal education related to curricular systems and assessment practices; • the lack of possibility to officially accredit online courses, in spite of an impressive number of projects related to online courses over the last 18 years, and of the policy proposals coming from different organizations. Such courses can only be used in a blended approach in formal education; • the lack of MOOC-related strategies at national level in formal and continuing education; • teachers lack of time and interest to explore, understand, evaluate and use new technologies, OERs and MOOCs in the teaching-learning process; • a reduced number of training programs for adopting open educational practices; • lack of incentives, official recognition and promotion for teachers implementing open educational practices. Recommendations for policy makers educational institutions, teachers http://www.edusoft.ro/brain/index.php/brain/article/view/822
  33. 33. Thank you! Carmen Holotescu Twitter: @cami13 Gabriela Grosseck Twitter: @ggrosseck 1918-2018 Celebrating together