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Total Physical Response(TPR)What is TPR?TPR is an approach toteaching a secondlanguage, based onlistening linked to physicalactivities which aredesigned to reinforcecomprehension.
Total Physical Response(TPR)A little more on TPR . . .Total Physical Response (TPR) is a method developed by Dr.James J. Asher to aid learning second languages.The method relies on the assumption that when learning a second oradditional language, that language is internalized through a processof code-breaking similar to first language developmentStudents respond to commands that require physical movement.TPR is primarily intended for ESL teacher, although the method isused in teaching other languages as well.
Total Physical Response(TPR)What is the connection to theclassroom? TPR is not always dancing and singingsongs! Generally, we refer to bodymovement with instruction to engagelearners.Students learn by identifying a certainkey point to some action.TPR can be used for all curriculum,literacy, science, math, and so on.
What are advantages of TPR?Fun and Easy: Students enjoyactivity!Simple TPR activities do notrequire a great deal ofpreparation on the part of theteacher.TPR is inclusive and works wella class with mixed ability levels.Good for kinesthetic learnerswho need to be active in class.
Good tool for buildingvocabulary.Actions help build connectionsin the brain.Helps learners achieve fluencyfaster by immersing learners inactivities that involve them insituational language use.Good instructional practice forESL’s in their silent period.Works well for child and adultlearners.
What are disadvantages ofTPR?Most useful for beginners.Preparation becomes anissue for teachers at higherlevels.Students are not generallygiven the opportunity toexpress their own thought inas creative manner.
It is easy to over use TPR and begin tobore students.May limit teachers in term of scope oflanguage that can be addressed.Can be a major challenge for shy students.
Who benefits most fromTPR?TPR seems towork effectivelyfor children andadults. There is noage barrier.English speakingstudents who havelittle academicreinforcement athome.
Principles• Makes emphasis in the physical activity asanswer to the linguistic message.• The teacher uses orders the most part of thetime and the communication with his/herstudents in class is practiced in this way.• The activities in class privilege thedevelopment of the listening comprehensionand the vocabulary and speech’sacquisition. Students often listen toteacher’s orders and in this way, theyacquire a great familiarity with the languagesounds that he/she studies, at the sametime that he/she increases his/hervocabulary by means of the teacher’sactions observation.
•The method respects the initial silence ofstudents (silent period). This silent periodhelps students to take confidence in theirknowledge seen that by means of theobservation and the listening they canassociate sounds, actions and meanings.When students are surer they start, generallyin a spontaneous way, the use of the spokenlanguage and take the place of the teacher togive orders.Mistake’s correction is flexible and indirect,miming how generally happens when childrenacquire their mother language.
Struggling studentsTeachers are noticing growth instudents learning, and boosting theacademic levels in their classrooms.