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Growth And Development Of Infants


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Growth And Development Of Infants

  1. 1. Growth and Development of Infants<br />
  2. 2. Physical Growth & Development<br />Baby grows more while he is an infant than at any other time. <br />Caregivers keep a record of how your baby is growing on a "growth chart" during your baby's regular check-ups.<br />
  3. 3. Physical Growth & Development<br />
  4. 4. Physical Growth & Development<br />
  5. 5. Physical Growth & Development<br />
  6. 6. Physical Growth & Development<br />You will begin to see a pattern (schedule) of having BMs and urinating. <br />Not yet ready for potty training.<br />
  7. 7. Movement - Gross Motor(Body Control and Skills)<br />
  8. 8. Movement - Gross Motor<br />
  9. 9. Movement - Gross Motor<br />
  10. 10. Movement - Fine Motor (Hand and Finger Skills)<br />
  11. 11. Movement - Fine Motor<br />Fine motor movements are when your baby can control his fingers with purpose. <br />
  12. 12. Movement - Fine Motor<br />
  13. 13. Movement - Fine Motor<br />
  14. 14. Daily Living Activities<br />
  15. 15. Daily Living Activities<br />Set up a routine (regular schedule) of sleeping and eating. <br />A routine is very important to make sure you and your baby get enough rest and sleep.<br />
  16. 16. Daily Living Activities<br />
  17. 17. Daily Living Activities<br />Habits and rituals, like reading a story or bathing before bed, are important. <br />These rituals help your baby feel safe and let him know what should happen. <br />Having rituals may help your baby if he has a hard time going to sleep.<br />
  18. 18. Daily Living Activities<br />
  19. 19. Language Development<br />
  20. 20. Language Development<br />Learns to talk by copying the words and sounds you make. <br />Talk, read, and sing to your baby using a soft, gentle voice. <br />Use different tones of voice also. <br />Learned some basic language skills by the end of his 1st year. <br />Speak few simple words.<br />
  21. 21. Language Development<br />
  22. 22. Intellectual Development<br />
  23. 23. Intellectual Development<br />Your baby's brain grows and develops faster during this 1st year than at any other time. <br />Give your baby different things to look at, listen to, and feel. <br />Make eye contact when your are talking to your baby. <br />Limit how much time you put your infant in front of the TV. <br />
  24. 24. Intellectual Development<br />Playing with and reading to your baby is a much better way to help him learn than staring at a TV. <br />Try playing with your baby by showing him a toy, hiding it, and then helping him find it. Or, show him how a toy works.<br />Your baby should be able to do the following things by the end of his 1st year.<br />
  25. 25. Intellectual Development<br />
  26. 26. Intellectual Development<br />
  27. 27. Intellectual Development<br />
  28. 28. Personality and Emotional Development<br />
  29. 29. Personality and Emotional Development<br />You are telling your baby that his thoughts and feelings are important when you react to his cues (signs). <br />Helps build your baby's self-esteem (how he thinks about himself). <br />
  30. 30. Personality and Emotional Development<br />Do not worry about spoiling your baby by giving him too much attention. <br />Give your baby a feeling of safety and trust when you quickly and consistently comfort your baby when "demanded.“<br />
  31. 31. How can you keep your baby safe during this first year? <br />
  32. 32. Safety First<br />Be sure to make and keep appointments with your child's caregivers for routine medical checkups and vaccinations.<br />Put your baby on his back for sleeping.<br />Keep all medicines, cleaning products and other household chemicals locked and out of reach.<br />
  33. 33. Safety First<br />Keep small objects that may cause choking away from your child. <br />This includes food, such as hot-dogs, whole grapes, whole raw carrots, raw celery, peanuts, popcorn, chips or candy. <br />Cut all foods into small size bites.<br />
  34. 34. Safety First<br />Keep matches, cigarette lighters, and guns locked and out of reach.<br />Never leave your child home alone. <br />Never leave your baby alone in the car. The temperature inside the car can change a lot. <br />Neverleave your toddler alone near water.<br />
  35. 35. Safety First<br />Never leave your baby alone up high like on a changing table, the couch, a chair, or the bed.<br />Always keep a hand on your baby and never walk away when your baby is on a high place.<br />Do not use walkers. <br />They are dangerous and have caused serious injuries and even death when they fall down stairs.<br />
  36. 36. Safety First<br />Use approved car seats correctly. <br />Before you choose a child safety seat for your child, check the age and weight limits for the seat. <br />
  37. 37. Safety First<br />Put the car seat in the back seat of the car and secure it facing backwards. <br />Never put your child in a front seat with a safety airbag.<br />
  38. 38. Rear-Facing Infant Seat<br />Use this child safety seat from birth up to 20 to 22 pounds. <br />Baby must be rear-facing until 1 year old AND at least 20 pounds. <br />Some seats of this type can hold babies up to 30 or 35 pounds.<br />
  39. 39. Convertible (Rear-Facing and Forward-Facing)<br />Baby must be rear-facing from birth up to at least 1 year old. <br />Use this seat until your baby weighs 20 to 35 pounds. <br />Safest to keep your baby rear-facing as long as possible. <br />
  40. 40.
  41. 41. Safety First: Prevent Choking<br />Do not attach pacifiers or other objects to the crib or body with a string or cord. <br />Keep small objects away from your baby. <br />This includes toys or stuff animals that have small breakaway parts. <br />Baby's can suffocate if they play with plastic bags. <br />Never leave plastic bags or wrappings where your baby can reach them.<br />
  42. 42. Safety First<br />Always keep your baby in a smoke-free area. Do not allow people to smoke around your baby.<br />
  43. 43. Safety First: Prevent Burns<br />Do not hold your baby when smoking, drink hot liquids or when cooking. <br />Do not heat formula or breast milk in the microwave. <br />Your baby skin is also very sensitive to the sun.<br />Keep your baby out of direct sunlight to prevent sunburn.<br />
  44. 44. Safety First: Prevent Burns<br />Check the water temperature before putting your child in the tub. <br />Have your water heater set to less than 120° F to lessen the chance of an accidental burning. <br />Never leave your baby alone in the water. <br />
  45. 45. Safety First<br />Do not leave your baby to answer the phone or doorbell. <br />Either let it ring or wrap your baby in a towel and take your baby with you.<br />
  46. 46. Safety First<br />Keep anyone with a cough, cold, or infectious disease (spreadable illness) away from your newborn.<br />
  47. 47. Safety First<br />Call caregivers if your baby seems sick. <br />Fever, refusing to eat, vomiting (throwing up), or diarrhea (runny, watery BMs) are good reasons to call. <br />Also call if your baby is more fussy or quieter than usual or looks jaundiced (yellow skin and eyes).<br />
  48. 48. Safety First<br />And, call your baby's caregiver if you are worried or have questions about your baby's growth or development.<br />
  49. 49. How do infants react to being sick or in the hospital?<br />
  50. 50. Infants React to Being Sick or in the Hospital<br />Separation and stranger anxiety are very strong by the time your baby is 6 months. <br />Your baby cannot describe his pain, like where it is and how bad it hurts<br />
  51. 51. Infants React to Being Sick or in the Hospital<br />Breathing and heartbeat are very fast.<br />Eating poorly or regurgitation (food keeps coming up and vomiting).<br />Does not look at you or he keeps looking away and doesn't want to be touched.<br />Fussier than normal or listlessness (not moving much at all).<br />Hiccoughs, sneezing, and yawning a lot.<br />Shaking.<br />Skin changes from his normal color to red, pale, gray or blue.<br />
  52. 52. How can you help your infant when he is sick or in the hospital?<br />
  53. 53. Help your infant when he is sick or in the hospital<br />Be involved in caring for baby each day, like helping with feedings, baths, dressing, and diapering. <br />Try to keep your baby's schedule as much like it is at home as possible.<br />Ask for the same caregiver to lessen the number of people caring for your baby. <br />Soon your baby will recognize his caregivers and won't be so afraid.<br />
  54. 54. Help your infant when he is sick or in the hospital<br />Always try to be present when your baby is getting medical care. <br />Hold your baby in your lap during procedures if at all possible. <br />This helps calm your baby and make him feel safe. <br />Comfort your baby and provide support by stroking (touch) your baby and talking in a soothing way.<br />
  55. 55. Help your infant when he is sick or in the hospital<br />Make sure your baby has things that remind him of you and make him feel safe, like his blanket. <br />Leave a picture of you or a recording of your voice to be played if you can't be with him.<br />Praise your baby as often as possible.<br />
  56. 56. References<br />http://www.drugs.com/cg/normal-growth-and-development-of-infants.html<br />