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0137033451 pp11

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0137033451 pp11

  1. 1. Copyright ©2011, 2006 by Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Pearson [imprint] Construction Methods and Management, 8th ed. S. W. Nunnally Chapter 11 WOOD CONSTRUCTION
  2. 2. Copyright ©2011, 2006 by Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Pearson [imprint] Construction Methods and Management, 8th ed. S. W. Nunnally INTRODUCTION • Wood is one of humankind’s oldest construction materials. – Today it is still widely used to construct residential, commercial, and industrial buildings, as well as such varied structures as piers, bridges, retaining walls, and power transmission towers. • In the United States, for example, 90% of all houses are constructed of wood.
  3. 3. Copyright ©2011, 2006 by Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Pearson [imprint] Construction Methods and Management, 8th ed. S. W. Nunnally WOOD MATERIALS AND PROPERTIES • Types • Moisture Content • Structural Wood • Strength • Wood Preservation • Fire-Retardant and Mold-Resistant Treated Wood • Glued Laminated Timber • Plywood • Other Wood Products • Mixing Sawn Lumber and Engineered Wood
  4. 4. Copyright ©2011, 2006 by Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Pearson [imprint] Construction Methods and Management, 8th ed. S. W. Nunnally WOOD MATERIALS AND PROPERTIES FIGURE 11-1. Glued laminated timber beam. (Courtesy of American Institute of Timber Construction)
  5. 5. Copyright ©2011, 2006 by Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Pearson [imprint] Construction Methods and Management, 8th ed. S. W. Nunnally WOOD MATERIALS AND PROPERTIES FIGURE 11-2. Erecting large glued laminated timber arches. (Courtesy of American Institute of Timber Construction)
  6. 6. Copyright ©2011, 2006 by Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Pearson [imprint] Construction Methods and Management, 8th ed. S. W. Nunnally FRAME CONSTRUCTION • Frame construction utilizes studs [typically spaced 16 or 24 in. (0.4 or 0.6 m) on center], joists, and rafters to form the building frame. – Framing members are usually of 2 in. (5 cm) nominal thickness. – This frame is then covered with siding and roof sheathing of plywood or lumber. • Frame construction is widely used in the United States for single-family residences, as well as for small multiple-family residences, offices, and shops.
  7. 7. Copyright ©2011, 2006 by Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Pearson [imprint] Construction Methods and Management, 8th ed. S. W. Nunnally FRAME CONSTRUCTION • Platform Frame Construction • Balloon Frame Construction • Foundation and Floor Construction • Framing Details • Roof Construction • Handling and Erecting Roof Trusses • Truss Damage and Repair • Siding • Plank-and-Beam Construction
  8. 8. Copyright ©2011, 2006 by Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Pearson [imprint] Construction Methods and Management, 8th ed. S. W. Nunnally FRAME CONSTRUCTION FIGURE 11-3. Platform frame construction. (Courtesy of American Forest and Paper Association)
  9. 9. Copyright ©2011, 2006 by Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Pearson [imprint] Construction Methods and Management, 8th ed. S. W. Nunnally FRAME CONSTRUCTION FIGURE 11-4. Balloon frame construction. (Courtesy of American Forest and Paper Association)
  10. 10. Copyright ©2011, 2006 by Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Pearson [imprint] Construction Methods and Management, 8th ed. S. W. Nunnally FRAME CONSTRUCTION FIGURE 11-5. Floor framing for platform frame construction. (U.S. Department of Agriculture)
  11. 11. Copyright ©2011, 2006 by Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Pearson [imprint] Construction Methods and Management, 8th ed. S. W. Nunnally FRAME CONSTRUCTION FIGURE 11-6. Floor truss and wood I-beam.
  12. 12. Copyright ©2011, 2006 by Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Pearson [imprint] Construction Methods and Management, 8th ed. S. W. Nunnally FRAME CONSTRUCTION FIGURE 11-7. Slab on grade with foundation wall. (U.S. Department of Agriculture)
  13. 13. Copyright ©2011, 2006 by Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Pearson [imprint] Construction Methods and Management, 8th ed. S. W. Nunnally FRAME CONSTRUCTION FIGURE 11-8. Combined slab and foundation. (U.S. Department of Agriculture)
  14. 14. Copyright ©2011, 2006 by Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Pearson [imprint] Construction Methods and Management, 8th ed. S. W. Nunnally FRAME CONSTRUCTION FIGURE 11-9. Joists supported by joist hangers and framing anchors. (Courtesy of Cleveland Steel Specialty, Bedford Hts., Ohio 44146)
  15. 15. Copyright ©2011, 2006 by Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Pearson [imprint] Construction Methods and Management, 8th ed. S. W. Nunnally FRAME CONSTRUCTION FIGURE 11-10. Exterior wall framing, platform construction. (U.S. Department of Agriculture)
  16. 16. Copyright ©2011, 2006 by Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Pearson [imprint] Construction Methods and Management, 8th ed. S. W. Nunnally FRAME CONSTRUCTION FIGURE 11-11. Roof framed with rafters and ceiling joists. (Courtesy of American Forest and Paper Association)
  17. 17. Copyright ©2011, 2006 by Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Pearson [imprint] Construction Methods and Management, 8th ed. S. W. Nunnally FRAME CONSTRUCTION FIGURE 11-12. Truss components. (Courtesy of ITW Building Components Group Inc., Alpine)
  18. 18. Copyright ©2011, 2006 by Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Pearson [imprint] Construction Methods and Management, 8th ed. S. W. Nunnally FRAME CONSTRUCTION FIGURE 11-13. Common types of roof truss. (Courtesy of ITW Building Components Group Inc., Alpine)
  19. 19. Copyright ©2011, 2006 by Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Pearson [imprint] Construction Methods and Management, 8th ed. S. W. Nunnally FRAME CONSTRUCTION FIGURE 11-17. Common truss installation errors. (Information provided courtesy of the Wood Truss Council of America [WTCA]. This information is from WTCA’s Metal Plate Connected Wood Truss Handbook, 3rd ed., 2002. For more information, contact WTCA at 608/274-4849 or visit www.woodtruss.com)
  20. 20. Copyright ©2011, 2006 by Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Pearson [imprint] Construction Methods and Management, 8th ed. S. W. Nunnally FRAME CONSTRUCTION FIGURE 11-18. Brick veneer wall. (Courtesy of APA)
  21. 21. Copyright ©2011, 2006 by Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Pearson [imprint] Construction Methods and Management, 8th ed. S. W. Nunnally FRAME CONSTRUCTION FIGURE 11-19. Stucco over sheathing. (Courtesy of APA)
  22. 22. Copyright ©2011, 2006 by Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Pearson [imprint] Construction Methods and Management, 8th ed. S. W. Nunnally FRAME CONSTRUCTION FIGURE 11-20. Common types of wood siding. (Courtesy of American Forest and Paper Association)
  23. 23. Copyright ©2011, 2006 by Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Pearson [imprint] Construction Methods and Management, 8th ed. S. W. Nunnally FRAME CONSTRUCTION FIGURE 11-21. Plywood siding over sheathing. (Courtesy of American Forest and Paper Association)
  24. 24. Copyright ©2011, 2006 by Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Pearson [imprint] Construction Methods and Management, 8th ed. S. W. Nunnally FRAME CONSTRUCTION FIGURE 11-22. Comparison of plank- and-beam and conventional framing. (Courtesy of American Forest and Paper Association)
  25. 25. Copyright ©2011, 2006 by Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Pearson [imprint] Construction Methods and Management, 8th ed. S. W. Nunnally FRAME CONSTRUCTION 11-23. Plank-and-beam framing for one-story house. (Courtesy of American Forest and Paper Association)
  26. 26. Copyright ©2011, 2006 by Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Pearson [imprint] Construction Methods and Management, 8th ed. S. W. Nunnally TIMBER CONSTRUCTION • Buildings • Bridges • Other Structures
  27. 27. Copyright ©2011, 2006 by Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Pearson [imprint] Construction Methods and Management, 8th ed. S. W. Nunnally TIMBER CONSTRUCTION FIGURE 11-24. Traditional heavy timber construction. (Courtesy of American Forest and Paper Association)
  28. 28. Copyright ©2011, 2006 by Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Pearson [imprint] Construction Methods and Management, 8th ed. S. W. Nunnally TIMBER CONSTRUCTION FIGURE 11-25. Typical roof beam and column connection details. (Courtesy of American Forest and Paper Association)
  29. 29. Copyright ©2011, 2006 by Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Pearson [imprint] Construction Methods and Management, 8th ed. S. W. Nunnally TIMBER CONSTRUCTION FIGURE 11-26. Rigid arch frame supported at floor. (Courtesy of American Forest and Paper Association)
  30. 30. Copyright ©2011, 2006 by Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Pearson [imprint] Construction Methods and Management, 8th ed. S. W. Nunnally TIMBER CONSTRUCTION FIGURE 11-27. Barrel arch frame supported by exterior pier. (Courtesy of American Forest and Paper Association)
  31. 31. Copyright ©2011, 2006 by Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Pearson [imprint] Construction Methods and Management, 8th ed. S. W. Nunnally TIMBER CONSTRUCTION FIGURE 11-28. Bowstring roof truss supported by wood column. (Courtesy of American Forest and Paper Association)
  32. 32. Copyright ©2011, 2006 by Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Pearson [imprint] Construction Methods and Management, 8th ed. S. W. Nunnally TIMBER CONSTRUCTION FIGURE 11-29. Timber trestle bridge with frame bent. (U.S. Department of the Army)
  33. 33. Copyright ©2011, 2006 by Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Pearson [imprint] Construction Methods and Management, 8th ed. S. W. Nunnally TIMBER CONSTRUCTION FIGURE 11-30. Typical timber trestle and pile bridge bent.
  34. 34. Copyright ©2011, 2006 by Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Pearson [imprint] Construction Methods and Management, 8th ed. S. W. Nunnally TIMBER CONSTRUCTION FIGURE 11-31. Highway bridges supported by glued laminated timber beams. (Courtesy of American Institute of Timber Construction)
  35. 35. Copyright ©2011, 2006 by Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Pearson [imprint] Construction Methods and Management, 8th ed. S. W. Nunnally FASTENINGS, CONNECTIONS, AND NOTCHING • Fastenings • Connectors • Notching and Boring of Beams Table 11-1. Common wire nail sizes
  36. 36. Copyright ©2011, 2006 by Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Pearson [imprint] Construction Methods and Management, 8th ed. S. W. Nunnally FASTENINGS, CONNECTIONS, AND NOTCHING FIGURE 11-32. Typical timber connectors. (Courtesy of American Forest and Paper Association)
  37. 37. Copyright ©2011, 2006 by Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Pearson [imprint] Construction Methods and Management, 8th ed. S. W. Nunnally FASTENINGS, CONNECTIONS, AND NOTCHING FIGURE 11-33. Typical light-metal framing devices. (Courtesy of Cleveland Steel Specialty, Bedford Hts., Ohio 44146)
  38. 38. Copyright ©2011, 2006 by Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Pearson [imprint] Construction Methods and Management, 8th ed. S. W. Nunnally FASTENINGS, CONNECTIONS, AND NOTCHING FIGURE 11-34. End notching of beam.

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