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Carnival customs

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Carnival customs

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Carnival customs

  2. 2. The last 3 weeks in Greece we celebrate the period of APOKRIES, a similar celebration to Carnival, that is a common tradition and fest for a lot of European countries. The greek word ΑΠΟΚΡΙΕΣ (strictly) means abstaining from meat.
  3. 3. Also, according to one version, the greek word originated from the Latin word "carnival" consists of the words carne = meat and vale = salute. The concept of this period is first encountered in Ancient Greece, in the processions that took place during the Eleusinian Mysteries, which along with ceremonies dedicated to god Dionysus are the ancestors of contemporary carnival.
  4. 4. • The first week of AΠΟΚΡΙΕΣ that ends on the Sunday of the Assumption is also called Prophethood, because they used to say that CARNIVAL was about to begin. • The second week is called Creatine or Creatophagus because they eat meat and didn't fast on either Wednesday or Friday, that they use to do during other weeks of the year. This week is celebrated with feasts and buckwheat without any religious restrictions. • The last Sunday,1st of March, people they use to eat only dairy products preparing themselves for the Clean Monday.
  5. 5. Carnival customs in Ancient Greece These days it becomes the custom of fun, entertainment and "masquerade", of disguise, which has remained Kronia's "Lupercalia" and "Saturnalia" and one of the earliest "Dionysian feasts" of the Greeks, where the people were dressed as masquerades, drinking wine and cheerfulness reached the vertical in honor of Dionysus
  6. 6. One of the most famous traditional carnivals in Greece is "Boules" in Naousa Imathias. The custom has its roots in antiquity and is probably related to tribal initiation ceremonies such as the adult ceremony in which the young man, dressed in women's clothing and driven by unmarried men of the breed, will in turn be initiated into her secrets, will expel women's clothing and will be transformed into a man.
  7. 7. Today we can observe that in its centuries-long history custom has transformed and incorporates in its individual elements the local tradition, myths, legends, songs and heroic struggles of Naoussa, located on northern Greece.
  8. 8. Thessaloniki's Soho and Lesvos’ features “KOUDOUNATOI", an event related to the fertility of the earth or, for many, to love. The culmination of the events takes place three days before Clean Monday, where participants dressed in goat costumes and bells throughout their body rush out and dance on the streets and squares.
  9. 9. Jamala from IOANNINA The “Jamala", the carnival fires, will light up in various neighborhoods of the city of Ioannina on the night of last Sunday, before Lent Monday.
  10. 10. Jamala from IOANNINA A 19th-century custom in Ioannina, it has been continuously reviving from the 1980s until today. The “Jamala" are warmed by the freezing of the area, and when the first spark is lit ... the motto is to start the big celebration.
  11. 11. Fights with flour and coal The custom of "flour war" has been revived in Galaxidi, in centre of Greece, for three centuries. Generous quantities of flour are thrown among the carnivalists, who, as the custom states, must be smeared with charcoal on the face.
  12. 12. Fights with flour and coal Of course in recent years, faces have been literally covered by a whole host of rather original materials, such as indigo, shoe polish and more.
  13. 13. TONGUE TWISTER • ΑΛΕΥΡΟΜΟΥΝΤΖΟΥΡΩΜΑΤΑ • (Alevromoujouromata) • Just another time • ΑΛΕΥΡΟΜΟΥΝΤΖΟΥΡΩΜΑΤΑ • (Alevromoujouromata)
  14. 14. Traditional wedding ceremony revival In several places of Greece during the last Sunday of APOKRIES people revive the customs of a traditional wedding ceremony.
  15. 15. Traditional wedding ceremony revival Many people dressed in folklore customs celebrate a wedding ceremony as a tradition They sing, they dance, they have fun for hours and hours.
  16. 16. Clean or Ash Monday The Clean or Ash Monday is the first day of the LENT PERIOD, before EASTER, while people avoid to eat meat and dairy foods. This day, Clean Monday, people use to go to countryside with their picnic food. After meal they use to play another game they fly kites.
  17. 17. Clean or Ash Monday The flying of kites and the dancing with the wind, high in the blue sky, signify the rising, the clearing of the soul after the Dionysian fest of Carnival. Although the kite is starring in our own Kuluma, the popular word for CLEAN MONDAY, we should remember that his homeland is the Far East.
  18. 18. The history of kite has deep roots in ancient China, going back more than 2,400 years. Originally, of course, the material for making the kites was not the paper, but the wood. The people of the East used kites in magical ceremonies, religious events and rituals to exorcise evil. They believed that the higher the kite flies, the more lucky they will be in their life.
  19. 19. Thank you for your attention