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Social Studies: Chapter 3.2 Role of Citizens in Society

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These slides introduce Chapter 3: Role of Citizens in Society under Issue 1: Exploring Citizenship and Governance to the Secondary 3 students who are studying Social Studies for the Singapore current syllabus 2016.

These slides are divided into 3 areas.
1. Contribute to the needs of society [Slide 11]
2. Influence government decisions [Slide 41]
3. Strengthen citizens' sense of belonging [Slide 71]

Video
https://youtu.be/PAzENetuV0E

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Social Studies: Chapter 3.2 Role of Citizens in Society

  1. 1. EXPLORING CITIZENSHIP & GOVERNANCE 3.2 Roles of Citizens in Society
  2. 2. Being a part of Singapore Society Chapter 1: What does it mean to be a Citizen of my Country? Chapter 2: How do we decide what is good for society? Chapter 3: How can we work for the good of society? Issue 1 Exploring Citizenship and Governance
  3. 3. How can work for the good of society? Part 1: Role of Government in Society Part 2: Role of Citizens in Society Chapter 3 How can work for the good of society?
  4. 4. 1 What is the roleof government? Do you think that citizensshould play a rolein societies? Why? 2
  5. 5. The process of decision-making is challenging .
  6. 6. What society deems necessary or would like to have differs across age groups and the stage of life people are in.
  7. 7. What can citizensdo to contribute towards the goodof society?
  8. 8. Role of Citizens in Society 1. Vote for their representatives in government 2. Communicate their views on national issues as Individuals Organised Groups
  9. 9. Outcome of Citizen Participation External 1. Influence government policies by providing feedback through various platforms 2. Improve outcomes in society 1. Address the needs of their fellow citizens 2. Respond to issues and challenges that they care about Internal 1. Be more conscious of how they complement government actions 2. Strengthen sense of belonging • Feel they have a role to play in the development of the country.
  10. 10. Chapter 3: Outcomes of Citizen Participation Contribute to the needs of the society Influence government decisions Strengthen citizens’ sense of belonging
  11. 11. Chapter 3: Outcomes of Citizen Participation Contribute to the needs of the society Influence government decisions Strengthen citizens’ sense of belonging
  12. 12. Individuals
  13. 13. Individuals are important in contributing to the needs of society through volunteering their towards meaningful social causes. Time Effort Money
  14. 14. They feel that their actions will be helpful and feel strongly for the cause they are contributing towards.
  15. 15. Their actions can benefit many people directly and inspire others to make similar improvements
  16. 16. Case Study A Litter at a Time
  17. 17. “A Litter at a Time” programme was started by Ms Elisa Ng in 2013 to encourage citizens to go an extra mile and pick up a piece of litter a day.
  18. 18. Every Singaporean can contribute to a better living environment in Singapore and the world we live in.
  19. 19. What does the Civil society mean?
  20. 20. the Civil societyare ups or organisations working in the interests of the citizens but operating outside of the governmental and business sectors.
  21. 21. Organised Groups
  22. 22. Citizens with common interests organise themselves into groups to contribute towards the needs of society.
  23. 23. Organised Groups have a significant effect on the area of need they are addressing as they can direct collective towards their causes. Efforts Ideas Resources
  24. 24. Formal Groups Devote continued efforts to support a specific cause • Benefit to society is sustainable Informal Groups Have specific short-term objectives • Efforts of these informal groups could help improve a specific situation that society may encounter.
  25. 25. Formal Groups
  26. 26. Clear objectives Formally registered with the government Address a wide range of interests such as protecting the environment. Characteristics
  27. 27. Formal Groups Non-governmental Organisations (NGOs) Voluntary welfare Organisations (VWOs) Formed by people with a common interest
  28. 28. NGOs An organization that is neither a part of a government nor a conventional for-profit business. Usually set up by ordinary citizens, NGOs may be funded by governments, foundations, businesses, or private persons VWOs A non-profit organisation that provides welfare services and/or services that benefit the community at large.
  29. 29. Cater to the needs of specific groups in society Complement the role of the government in working for the good of society. Roles
  30. 30. Case Study RDA(Riding for the Disabled Association Singapore)
  31. 31. RDA Singapore provides equine-assisted therapy to children and adults with physical and mental disabilities. They are the only organisation in Singapore that provides this therapy and sessions are given free of charge.
  32. 32. RDA Singapore was founded in 1982, with just 5 riders and a whole lot of heart. Since then, more than 6,000 disabled children and adults have experienced the benefits of the therapy that our horses and ponies so lovingly provide.
  33. 33. Informal Groups
  34. 34. Organise with a specific, short- term objective to attend to issues that arise suddenly Temporarily formed and might not be registered Complement the support structures provided by the government at that point in time. Characteristics
  35. 35. Case Study SG Haze Rescue
  36. 36. Singaporeans headed by Mr Jeremy Chua join hands to help people weather haze.
  37. 37. The Sg Haze Rescue is an effort by an individual in 2013 to complement government’s efforts. The group distributed masks to senior citizens and less privileged individuals across Singapore.
  38. 38. This outpouring of charity and goodwill arose from spontaneous people- powered initiatives. As a people we are unfazed by the haze, reminding us of the importance of taking ownership of our own communities.
  39. 39. Mr Jeremy Chua contributed in a constructive and responsible manner by identifying the country’s efforts to manage the haze situation. In doing so, he contributed towards the efforts that ensure Singaporeans remain healthy during the haze period.
  40. 40. Chapter 3: Outcomes of Citizen Participation Contribute to the needs of the society Influence government decisions Strengthen citizens’ sense of belonging
  41. 41. Chapter 3: Outcomes of Citizen Participation Contribute to the needs of the society Influence government decisions Strengthen citizens’ sense of belonging
  42. 42. Singaporeans’ feedback and suggestions can influence the decisions made and plans for Singapore.
  43. 43. • “Our Singapore Conversation” (OSC) Announced in 2012 by PM Lee Hsien Loong
  44. 44. Individuals Role
  45. 45. National-level conversation where citizens can come and share their views and ideas about what matters to Singapore, as well as their hopes and dreams.
  46. 46. Initiate conversations Amongst citizens Between citizens and the government
  47. 47. The OSC was also conducted through social media channels where some Singaporeans participated through the Facebook page.
  48. 48. Government Singaporeans Feedback Aspirations
  49. 49. The common hopes and desires of Singaporeans were collated and reflected.
  50. 50. Singaporeans’ Aspirations
  51. 51. Opportunities Purpose Assurance Spirit Trust • Good jobs in a resilient economy • Broader definitions of success • Affordable and accessible basic needs • Strong family and community values • Constructive and meaningful citizen engagement • Different ways of fulfilling potential • Shared identity, embracing diversity • Collective responsibility • Care for the disadvantaged, respect for every Singaporean's dignity • Trust and accountability • Early investment for life's uncertainties • Respect for all, regardless of jobs and qualifications • Mutual understanding between Singaporeans • Passion to contribute
  52. 52. Opportunities Purpose Assurance Spirit Trust • Good jobs in a resilient economy • Broader definitions of success • Affordable and accessible basic needs • Strong family and community values • Constructive and meaningful citizen engagement • Different ways of fulfilling potential • Shared identity, embracing diversity • Collective responsibility • Care for the disadvantaged, respect for every Singaporean's dignity • Trust and accountability • Early investment for life's uncertainties • Respect for all, regardless of jobs and qualifications • Mutual understanding between Singaporeans • Passion to contribute
  53. 53. Opportunities Purpose Assurance Spirit Trust • Good jobs in a resilient economy • Broader definitions of success • Affordable and accessible basic needs • Strong family and community values • Constructive and meaningful citizen engagement • Different ways of fulfilling potential • Shared identity, embracing diversity • Collective responsibility • Care for the disadvantaged, respect for every Singaporean's dignity • Trust and accountability • Early investment for life's uncertainties • Respect for all, regardless of jobs and qualifications • Mutual understanding between Singaporeans • Passion to contribute
  54. 54. Opportunities Purpose Assurance Spirit Trust • Good jobs in a resilient economy • Broader definitions of success • Affordable and accessible basic needs • Strong family and community values • Constructive and meaningful citizen engagement • Different ways of fulfilling potential • Shared identity, embracing diversity • Collective responsibility • Care for the disadvantaged, respect for every Singaporean's dignity • Trust and accountability • Early investment for life's uncertainties • Respect for all, regardless of jobs and qualifications • Mutual understanding between Singaporeans • Passion to contribute
  55. 55. Opportunities Purpose Assurance Spirit Trust • Good jobs in a resilient economy • Broader definitions of success • Affordable and accessible basic needs • Strong family and community values • Constructive and meaningful citizen engagement • Different ways of fulfilling potential • Shared identity, embracing diversity • Collective responsibility • Care for the disadvantaged, respect for every Singaporean's dignity • Trust and accountability • Early investment for life's uncertainties • Respect for all, regardless of jobs and qualifications • Mutual understanding between Singaporeans • Passion to contribute
  56. 56. organised groups’ Role
  57. 57. Efforts of NGOs can also help refine government policies and point to areas which require more attention.
  58. 58. For example, in 2011, two NGOs – the Humanitarian Organisation for Migration Economics (HOME) and the Transient Workers Count Too (TWC2) put forth their recommendations on improving the working conditions of foreign domestic workers in Singapore.
  59. 59. Recommended that foreign domestic workers be given a day off a week in recognition for the work they do.
  60. 60. The Singapore Environment Council Conducted an ENVision dialogue sessions to understand Singaporeans' values and redefine a vision for our environment. Recognised that Singapore‘s clean, green and safe environment should not be taken for granted.
  61. 61. Case study MINDS(Movement for the Intellectually Disabled of Singapore)
  62. 62. MINDS is a voluntary welfare organisation which contributes to society.
  63. 63. MINDS focuses on catering to the needs of persons with intellectual disability.
  64. 64. Children with intellectual disabilities Contributing and responsible citizens in Singapore Ensure equal education opportunities
  65. 65. MINDS runs Special education schools Employment development centres Training and development centres A multi-service residential home for adults and children A social integration programme for clients Home-based care services.
  66. 66. Case study Return MY CPF RALLY
  67. 67. The Return Our CPF rally in 2014 highlighted needs related to financial security. While some agreed with the organisers that more can be done to support citizens after retirement
  68. 68. Some others felt that the government is ensuring that citizens will have continued finance after retirement and that the organizers are highlighting issues in a unconstructive manner.
  69. 69. Chapter 3: Outcomes of Citizen Participation Contribute to the needs of the society Influence government decisions Strengthen citizens’ sense of belonging
  70. 70. Chapter 3: Outcomes of Citizen Participation Contribute to the needs of the society Influence government decisions Strengthen citizens’ sense of belonging
  71. 71. Involve citizens in the sharing and discussion of views related to the future of Singapore.
  72. 72. Government/ political leaders Citizens
  73. 73. Government/ political leaders Citizens Clarify or provide feedback on national issues and policies
  74. 74. Case study REACH(Reaching Everyone for Active Citizenry@Home)
  75. 75. Singaporeans can also engage with the government and provide their feedback through channels such as REACH.
  76. 76. This facebook page provides information to the public and allows for feedback from them.
  77. 77. Case study *SCAPE
  78. 78. 2007When the government wanted to create a space for youths to create, explore and showcase their creative talents, it consulted a range of interest groups. This consultation resulted in *SCAPE.
  79. 79. *SCAPE is a place in the heart of Orchard Road for recreational, social and community activities for youths.
  80. 80. 2200 Over this number of pieces of feedback were given by youths in a two-month consultation exercise.
  81. 81. Their ideas were submitted in the form of Youths were involved in the planning and development of the space throughout the project. Did you know? Videos Impressions Models
  82. 82. Through this exercise, it shows ACTIVE ROLE these youths collectively play in changing the landscape in Orchard Road.
  83. 83. Political leaders are setting up their own communication platforms in social media to stay in touch with and connect with citizens.
  84. 84. Citizens also provide feedback on societal issues through feedback pages found in media platforms and websites of government agencies.
  85. 85. Feedback Provide relevant authorities ideas and perspectives for better understanding of their policies and programmes. This will help inform future planning and decision-making.
  86. 86. Constructive feedback provided by citizens would be IMPORTANT.
  87. 87. There are different perspectives on how far feedback provided to the government shapes decision-making and policy formulation.
  88. 88. This could affect a person's sense of belonging to Singapore if one feels that the government is not listening to one's feedback.
  89. 89. Many Singaporeans should share and discuss their views with the government in a responsible and constructive manner. This ensures that the feedback can be carefully considered and relevant as well as feasible changes can be made. Thus, society will benefit from the collective views and efforts of citizens.
  90. 90. The End of Chapter 3 Part 2

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