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Separationof Singaporefrom Malaysia 
Chapter 9 
Part 2
Topics for this chapter 
4problemsfaced during the merger 
1963 Singapore Election 
1964 Federal Election 
1964 Race Riots...
5reasonsfor separation between Singapore and Malaya 
Disagreement over Common Market 
Different Treatment of Races 
“Malay...
Singapore Politics 
1. 
Multiracial 
2. 
Meritocracy 
• 
A system based on rewarding based on a person’s talent and abilit...
Form Alliance Party. 
UMNO(United Malays National Organisation) 
MCA(Malaysian ChineseAssociation) 
MIC(Malaysian Indian C...
Alliance Party backed Singapore Alliance Party. (a Malaysian political party in Singapore) 
MalaysiaPolitics
1963 Singapore Elections 
1
1963 Singapore Election 
Singapore Alliance PartyA political party 
(Singapore branches of UMNO, MCA and MIC under Malaysi...
Aim of Singapore Alliance Party 
To win seats in the Singapore Legislative Assembly.
When did it happen? 
•September 1963
When did it happen? 
•September 1963 
What happened? 
•Singapore Alliance Party decided to challengePAP in the Singapore e...
When did it happen? 
•September 1963 
What happened? 
•Singapore Alliance Party decided to challengePAP in the Singapore e...
UMNO became unhappybecause it meant that they were unpopularin Singapore. 
Alliance Party vowed to re- organiseSingapore A...
1964 Federal Elections(in Malaya) 
2
Who was involved? 
1. 
Alliance Party 
2. 
PAP (wished to establish itself as a Malaysian political party)
When did it happen? 
•April 1964
When did it happen? 
•April 1964 
What happened? 
•PAP participated in the 1964 Federal elections of Malaysia. 
•Their pol...
When did it happen? 
•April 1964 
What happened? 
•PAP participated in the 1964 Federal elections of Malaysia. 
•Their pol...
Consequences 
Even though they won, Alliance Party was very upsetwith PAP even though PAP did not win. 
They felt politica...
Started an anti- PAP campaign using media (newspapers)
Started an anti- PAP campaign using media (newspapers) 
Spreadrumoursto Malaysto spoil PAP’s reputation.
Started an anti- PAP campaign using media (newspapers) 
Spreadrumoursto Malaysto spoil PAP’s reputation. 
Created more ten...
UtesanMelayu, a Malay newspaper claimed that 3000 Malay residents were affectedby the project 
But in reality, only 200 Ma...
Aim of Alliance Party 
To win the votes andsupportof the Malays in Singapore.
This racial tension in Singapore led to two Race Riots.
1964 Race Riots 
3
Who was involved? 
Singaporean Chinese and Malays 
UMNO 
PAP
When did it happen? 
•Julyand Sept1964
When did it happen? 
•Julyand Sept1964 
What happened? 
•During the celebration of Prophet Muhammad’s birthday in July 196...
When did it happen? 
•Julyand Sept1964 
What happened? 
•During the celebration of Prophet Muhammad’s birthday in July 196...
Consequences 
arrested 
556 
36 
killed 
injured 
3000
Damageof properties
Damageof properties 
Fearand Suspicionbetween the Chinese and the Malays
Malaysian Solidarity Convention 
4
When did it happen? 
•6 June 1965
When did it happen? 
•6 June 1965 
What is it? 
•A political party formed byPAP andother Malaysian political partieswho op...
When did it happen? 
•6 June 1965 
What is it? 
•A political party formed byPAP andother Malaysian political partieswho op...
PAP 
A responseto what the Alliance Party did. 
Spreadingof rumoursabout PAP against the Malay community in Singapore 
All...
TheUnderlying Reason 
After the riots, Alliance Party and PAP had an agreementnot to challenge each other politically. 
Al...
Consequences 
Seen as a challengeto Alliance Party 
Seen as a threatto the special privileges enjoyed by Malays in Malaysia
This caused a further strainin relationsbetween PAP and UMNO.
Recap 
4problemsfaced during the merger 
1963 Singapore Election 
1964 Federal Election 
1964 Race Riots 
Malaya Solidarit...
5reasonsfor separation between Singapore and Malaya 
Disagreement over Common Market 
Different Treatment of Races 
“Malay...
They can be categorisedinto 
Economic 
Political 
Disagreement over Common Market 
Different Treatment of Races 
“Malaysia...
No Common Market (P) 
The Central Government (Malaysia) delayedthe setting up of the Common Market. 
There was a delay in ...
MalayaMalays were given special privileges and rights to help them improve on their standard of living 
SingaporeMeritocra...
‘Malaysian Malaysia’ whereby people were accorded equal treatment regardless of their race. 
SingaporePAP joined Malaysian...
Communalismvs Multiracialism 
Malaya expected Singapore to follow their political system. (Each political group take care ...
This can be seen from the 1963 Singapore Elections, 1964 Federal Elections and the Malaysian Solidarity Convention whereby...
Link 
These politicaland economicdifferencesled to disagreementsand increasedtensionsbetween the Alliance Party and PAP.
In the end, TunkuAbdul Rahman realized that the many disagreementscouldnotbesettled. 
He felt that it was bestfor Singapor...
This story between Malaysia and Singapore came to an end.
Merdeka! 
Singapore’s Independence! 
9thAugust 1965
Definition 
Nation 
It consists of an organisedpopulationand government. 
Republic 
It is a nation governed by representat...
16thSeptember 1965 
•Joined the UnitedNations 
8thAugust 1967 
•Formed ASEAN(Association of Southeast Asian Nations) to he...
Indonesia 
Malaysia 
Philippines 
Singapore 
Thailand
1945 
Singapore was still a British colony after Japanese Occupation ended 
1948 
First election, SPP won 
1955 
Labour Fr...
April 1961 
Ong EngGuan won the Hong Lim by- election. 
May 1961 
Tunkusuggested a possible merger in his speech. 
August ...
Created by 
Goh Bang Rui 
Follow me 
on 
@slideshare. 
@gohbangrui 
bit.ly/gohbangrui
History - Chapter 9 Part 2 Separation of Singapore from Malaysia
History - Chapter 9 Part 2 Separation of Singapore from Malaysia
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History - Chapter 9 Part 2 Separation of Singapore from Malaysia

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The flipped video can be found at the below link.
http://bit.ly/historychapter9part2video

These slides explain the five reasons behind the Separation between Singapore and Malaysia as well as the four events leading up to the Separation.

This is used to teach Secondary 2 History syllabus and it is the second part of Chapter 9 which explains the Separation of Singaproe and Malaysia.

Any feedback is welcome.

Publié dans : Formation
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History - Chapter 9 Part 2 Separation of Singapore from Malaysia

  1. 1. Separationof Singaporefrom Malaysia Chapter 9 Part 2
  2. 2. Topics for this chapter 4problemsfaced during the merger 1963 Singapore Election 1964 Federal Election 1964 Race Riots Malaya Solidarity Convention
  3. 3. 5reasonsfor separation between Singapore and Malaya Disagreement over Common Market Different Treatment of Races “Malaysian Malaysia” Campaign Different Political Ideology Political Rivalry between PAP and Alliance Party
  4. 4. Singapore Politics 1. Multiracial 2. Meritocracy • A system based on rewarding based on a person’s talent and ability Background Malaysia Politics 1. Communal Politics 2. BumiputeraPolicy • Special rights and privileges is given to a certain race or group.
  5. 5. Form Alliance Party. UMNO(United Malays National Organisation) MCA(Malaysian ChineseAssociation) MIC(Malaysian Indian Congress) Malays/ Bumiputra Chinese Indians
  6. 6. Alliance Party backed Singapore Alliance Party. (a Malaysian political party in Singapore) MalaysiaPolitics
  7. 7. 1963 Singapore Elections 1
  8. 8. 1963 Singapore Election Singapore Alliance PartyA political party (Singapore branches of UMNO, MCA and MIC under Malaysia’s political parties) Who was involved?
  9. 9. Aim of Singapore Alliance Party To win seats in the Singapore Legislative Assembly.
  10. 10. When did it happen? •September 1963
  11. 11. When did it happen? •September 1963 What happened? •Singapore Alliance Party decided to challengePAP in the Singapore elections of 1963.
  12. 12. When did it happen? •September 1963 What happened? •Singapore Alliance Party decided to challengePAP in the Singapore elections of 1963. Results of elections: •Singapore Alliance Party did not win any seatin the election, not even in areas where there were more Malays.
  13. 13. UMNO became unhappybecause it meant that they were unpopularin Singapore. Alliance Party vowed to re- organiseSingapore Alliance Party to defeat PAP in next election. Such comments affected the relationship between UMNO and PAP in a negativemanner. Consequences
  14. 14. 1964 Federal Elections(in Malaya) 2
  15. 15. Who was involved? 1. Alliance Party 2. PAP (wished to establish itself as a Malaysian political party)
  16. 16. When did it happen? •April 1964
  17. 17. When did it happen? •April 1964 What happened? •PAP participated in the 1964 Federal elections of Malaysia. •Their political campaigns attracted large crowds.
  18. 18. When did it happen? •April 1964 What happened? •PAP participated in the 1964 Federal elections of Malaysia. •Their political campaigns attracted large crowds. Results of Elections •PAP won only 1 seat. •The Alliance party won 89 out of 104 seats.
  19. 19. Consequences Even though they won, Alliance Party was very upsetwith PAP even though PAP did not win. They felt politicallythreatened. Alliance Party wished to make people in Malaysia and Singapore dislike PAP.
  20. 20. Started an anti- PAP campaign using media (newspapers)
  21. 21. Started an anti- PAP campaign using media (newspapers) Spreadrumoursto Malaysto spoil PAP’s reputation.
  22. 22. Started an anti- PAP campaign using media (newspapers) Spreadrumoursto Malaysto spoil PAP’s reputation. Created more tensionsand problems between PAP and Alliance Party
  23. 23. UtesanMelayu, a Malay newspaper claimed that 3000 Malay residents were affectedby the project But in reality, only 200 Malay families were affected. Newspaper claimed that PAP discriminatedMalaysin Singapore. Resettlement Project in Singapore
  24. 24. Aim of Alliance Party To win the votes andsupportof the Malays in Singapore.
  25. 25. This racial tension in Singapore led to two Race Riots.
  26. 26. 1964 Race Riots 3
  27. 27. Who was involved? Singaporean Chinese and Malays UMNO PAP
  28. 28. When did it happen? •Julyand Sept1964
  29. 29. When did it happen? •Julyand Sept1964 What happened? •During the celebration of Prophet Muhammad’s birthday in July 1964, there was a clashbetween Chinesepolicemenand Malayparticipants. •It turned into full-blownraceriots.
  30. 30. When did it happen? •Julyand Sept1964 What happened? •During the celebration of Prophet Muhammad’s birthday in July 1964, there was a clashbetween Chinesepolicemenand Malayparticipants. •It turned into full-blownraceriots. Why did it happen? •Alliance Party’s anti-PAP campaign created tensionsand angerbetween the Chinese and Malays in Singapore. •These tensions turned into violenceduring the celebration.
  31. 31. Consequences arrested 556 36 killed injured 3000
  32. 32. Damageof properties
  33. 33. Damageof properties Fearand Suspicionbetween the Chinese and the Malays
  34. 34. Malaysian Solidarity Convention 4
  35. 35. When did it happen? •6 June 1965
  36. 36. When did it happen? •6 June 1965 What is it? •A political party formed byPAP andother Malaysian political partieswho opposed the Alliance Party (M’siapolitical party)
  37. 37. When did it happen? •6 June 1965 What is it? •A political party formed byPAP andother Malaysian political partieswho opposed the Alliance Party (M’siapolitical party) Why was it formed? •To campaign for a ‘Malaysian Malaysia’where everyone would be treatedequallyregardlessof their raceor religion.
  38. 38. PAP A responseto what the Alliance Party did. Spreadingof rumoursabout PAP against the Malay community in Singapore Alliance Party Felt very upsetand betrayed.
  39. 39. TheUnderlying Reason After the riots, Alliance Party and PAP had an agreementnot to challenge each other politically. Alliance Party went back on their word, and said they wanted to participateagainin Singapore’s electionsin 1967.
  40. 40. Consequences Seen as a challengeto Alliance Party Seen as a threatto the special privileges enjoyed by Malays in Malaysia
  41. 41. This caused a further strainin relationsbetween PAP and UMNO.
  42. 42. Recap 4problemsfaced during the merger 1963 Singapore Election 1964 Federal Election 1964 Race Riots Malaya Solidarity Convention
  43. 43. 5reasonsfor separation between Singapore and Malaya Disagreement over Common Market Different Treatment of Races “Malaysian Malaysia” Campaign Different Political Ideology Political Rivalry between PAP and Alliance Party
  44. 44. They can be categorisedinto Economic Political Disagreement over Common Market Different Treatment of Races “Malaysian Malaysia” Campaign Different Political Ideology Political Rivalry between PAP and Alliance Party
  45. 45. No Common Market (P) The Central Government (Malaysia) delayedthe setting up of the Common Market. There was a delay in the setting up of the Common Market as Singapore was seen as an economic rival/ competitor. (Elaboration) AND led to a decline in the business of Singapore’s trade and this caused Singapore to be unhappy with Malaya. Disagreements over Economic Matters 1
  46. 46. MalayaMalays were given special privileges and rights to help them improve on their standard of living SingaporeMeritocracy for all Everyone is equal and is treated equally regardless of race or religion AND this difference towards the treatment of different races led to tensionand unhappinessbetween Singapore and the Central Government. Different Treatment of Races 2
  47. 47. ‘Malaysian Malaysia’ whereby people were accorded equal treatment regardless of their race. SingaporePAP joined Malaysian opposition parties to form the Malaysian Solidarity Convention Malaysiasaw the move by PAP as challengingthe CentralGovernment. AND this created tensionbetween PAP and UMNO and UMNO even called for the arrest of Lee Kuan Yew.. “Malaysian Malaysia” campaign 3
  48. 48. Communalismvs Multiracialism Malaya expected Singapore to follow their political system. (Each political group take care of own races) MalayaCommunal politics (where political parties were formed along racial groups) SingaporeMultiracialism (where political parties include different races) Difference in Political Ideology 4
  49. 49. This can be seen from the 1963 Singapore Elections, 1964 Federal Elections and the Malaysian Solidarity Convention whereby both countries competed against each other politically. Political Rivalry between PAP and Alliance Party 5
  50. 50. Link These politicaland economicdifferencesled to disagreementsand increasedtensionsbetween the Alliance Party and PAP.
  51. 51. In the end, TunkuAbdul Rahman realized that the many disagreementscouldnotbesettled. He felt that it was bestfor Singaporeto leaveMalaysia. PAP finally agreed to the decision.
  52. 52. This story between Malaysia and Singapore came to an end.
  53. 53. Merdeka! Singapore’s Independence! 9thAugust 1965
  54. 54. Definition Nation It consists of an organisedpopulationand government. Republic It is a nation governed by representativeselectedby the people, and where the Headof Stateis not a king or queen, but a President
  55. 55. 16thSeptember 1965 •Joined the UnitedNations 8thAugust 1967 •Formed ASEAN(Association of Southeast Asian Nations) to help to keepthe peaceamong neighboring countries
  56. 56. Indonesia Malaysia Philippines Singapore Thailand
  57. 57. 1945 Singapore was still a British colony after Japanese Occupation ended 1948 First election, SPP won 1955 Labour Front won 1959 Full Internal Government Chronology of Events
  58. 58. April 1961 Ong EngGuan won the Hong Lim by- election. May 1961 Tunkusuggested a possible merger in his speech. August 1961 Barisan Sosialis started a campaign to oppose the merger. 1964 Race riots between the Chinese policemen and the Muslims at the Padang.
  59. 59. Created by Goh Bang Rui Follow me on @slideshare. @gohbangrui bit.ly/gohbangrui

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