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Social Studies Chapter 6 What are the Experiences and Effects of Living in a Diverse Society

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These slides introduce Chapter 6: What are the Experiences and Effects of Living in a Diverse Society under Issue 2: Living in a Diverse Society to the Secondary 3 students who are studying Social Studies for the Singapore current syllabus 2016.

These slides are divided into 3 areas.
1. Interactions in a Diverse Society [Slide 4]
2. Exchanges and Appreciation in a Diverse Society [Slide 19]
3. Challenges in a Diverse Society [Slide 30]

Video
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kkKkx3MDoeM&ab_channel=MrGohBR

Any feedback is welcome.

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Social Studies Chapter 6 What are the Experiences and Effects of Living in a Diverse Society

  1. 1. Living in a Diverse Society 6 What are the experiences and effects of living in a diverse society?
  2. 2. Is Harmony Achievable? Chapter 4: What is Diversity? Chapter 5: Why is There Greater Diversity in Singapore? Chapter 6: What are the Experience s and Effects of Living in a Diverse Society? Chapter 7: How can We Respond in a Diverse Society? Issue 2 Living in a Diverse Society
  3. 3. Chapter 6: What are the experiences and effects of living in a diverse society? Interactions in a Diverse Society Exchange and Appreciation in a Diverse Society Challenges in a Diverse Society
  4. 4. Chapter 6: What are the experiences and effects of living in a diverse society? Interactions in a Diverse Society Exchange and Appreciation in a Diverse Society Challenges in a Diverse Society
  5. 5. What makes up the diversity we see in Singapore today? How do you think interactions can take place in a diverse society?
  6. 6. 1. What can you learn from these activities in your school? 2. What suggestions do you have to improve these activities so that they further strengthen the interaction between different races and ethnic groups in the school? Think about activities that strengthen interactions between different races and ethnic groups in school. PG 151
  7. 7. What is common space ?
  8. 8. Common Spacerefers to physical space, shared values and common experiences that build our national identity.
  9. 9. Government and non-government organisations create and provide common space to bring people together to interact.
  10. 10. Common space provides opportunities for people of different nationalities, races and ethnicities, religions and economic status to come together and have common experiences. Some examples include social, cultural and sports events.
  11. 11. Case Study Inter-Racial and Religious Confidence Circles (IRCC)
  12. 12. What they do Example of event How it builds meaningful interaction? They promote inter- faith and inter- ethnic activities such as heritage trails, talks, dialogues, etc. Inter-Faith Dialogue It builds meaningful interaction as participants gain greater insight into the religion and practices of others. This enables the building of positive relationships across different communities.
  13. 13. Case Study OnePeople.sg
  14. 14. What they do Example of event How it builds meaningful interaction? Spearheading programmes and initiatives to foster interactions and friendships among different ethnic communities. CampTeen It promotes harmony by bringing youths from all different races together to participate in bonding activities.
  15. 15. Case Study People’s Association (PA)
  16. 16. What they do Example of event How it builds meaningful interaction? Act as a bridge between the government and the people Community Learning Journey, House Visits It creates common space by offering a wide range of community programmes and volunteering opportunities for Singaporeans from all walks of life.
  17. 17. Friendship Among Different Nationalities
  18. 18. Source A: A group of tourists viewing a cultural show of alligator- wrestling, a Native American practice.
  19. 19. Chapter 6: What are the experiences and effects of living in a diverse society? Interactions in a Diverse Society Exchange and Appreciation in a Diverse Society Challenges in a Diverse Society
  20. 20. The attitude of being open helps to ensure we learn and share with others, benefiting from the enriching experiences that result. Deeper appreciation and understanding could develop from these experiences.
  21. 21. Cultural exchanges can create distinct experiences due to a diversity in nationality, race and ethnicity, religion and socio-economic status. The interaction of local cultures and foreign ideas can result in fusion in areas such as food, music and fashion.
  22. 22. Fusion FoodLaksa Pesto Linguine
  23. 23. Fusion MusicEast Meets West fusion by Ashwin Batish, Kuumbwa Jazz (Casbah Shuffle Sitar in Raga Bhairav)
  24. 24. Fusion FashionPriscilla Shunmugam
  25. 25. Foreign scientists can share their knowledge and expertise to help strengthen research competencies and collaborations with Singaporeans.
  26. 26. For example, the Biomedical Research Council (BMRC) of the Agency for Science, Technology and Research (A*STAR) funds and supports public research initiatives in Singapore. Under BMRC, internationally renowned scientists with the expertise and knowledge to jump-start the country’s biomedical sciences moved to Singapore.
  27. 27. This led to robust research, which in turn has led to significant discoveries made in Singapore, like the H1N1 flu vaccine.
  28. 28. Connecting with local Singaporean customers
  29. 29. What were some perspectives from Singaporeans on customer service officers who were unable to speak English well? What were some of the responses May Wu received from customers when she first started out as a customer service officer in Singapore?
  30. 30. Chapter 6: What are the experiences and effects of living in a diverse society? Interactions in a Diverse Society Exchange and Appreciation in a Diverse Society Challenges in a Diverse Society
  31. 31. Although diversity can bring a wealth of positive experiences and effects, it may lead to experiences that are not so desirable. Actions, opinions and feelings expressed irresponsibly could erode trust and weaken cohesion among people.
  32. 32. What is Prejudice ?
  33. 33. prejudicerefers to an unfair feeling of dislike for a person or group because of race, sex, religion, etc.
  34. 34. What are stereotypes ?
  35. 35. stereotypesare beliefs held by one social group about another social group.
  36. 36. Some of these stereotypes are negative (prejudices) and they may lead to discrimination against the victims. Victims are either hurt or excluded from interactions in a diverse society.
  37. 37. Case Study Rental Discrimination
  38. 38. Incident Who was the victim? How would the victim feel? Why is it important not to perpetuate stereotypes/ discriminate against others? Rental Discrimination Foreigners seeking rental They would feel that the landlords are being unfair to discriminate against them because of their nationality. By stereotyping all foreigners as having undesirable traits, we are also discriminating against foreigners who are not trouble- makers or have practices which are compatible with Singaporean lifestyles.
  39. 39. Case Study Pastor Rony Tan
  40. 40. Incident Who was the victim? How would the victim feel? Why is it important not to perpetuate stereotypes/ discriminate against others? Pastor comments negatively on Buddhism Followers of Buddhism They would feel that the pastor had made insensitive and hurtful remarks about their religion as it belittles their beliefs. These negative remarks would cause misunderstandings between followers of the religions involved and may lead to tension and possibly conflict.
  41. 41. Case Study Singaporeans are dogs?
  42. 42. Incident Who was the victim? How would the victim feel? Why is it important not to perpetuate stereotypes/ discriminate against others? A student from China referred to Singaporeans as “dogs” Singaporeans Singaporeans will feel offended that they have been compared to an animal. This negative remark may cause Singaporeans to think poorly of Chinese nationals and thus form misconceptions about them as being rude and haughty.
  43. 43. Prejudice is dangerous and can create an environment where discrimination can happen more often. Misconceptions and discrimination can bring inconvenience to those affected.
  44. 44. Incidents involving locals making derogatory remarks against foreigners may form perceptions of Singaporeans as being xenophobic.
  45. 45. Case Study Amy Cheong
  46. 46. Was the incident an issue over nationality, race and ethnicity or religion? When did this incident occur and who were involved? What was the impact of this incident on the people involved and on the diverse society in Singapore? How was the incident resolved? What is your personal view regarding this incident? What could be the alternative response and what lessons can be learnt from this?
  47. 47. SOURCE A Some have questioned whether reporting social media posts, which are obviously prejudiced and hurtful, to the police was the best way to address this problem of people having wrong perceptions of each other. A. Why do you think people made the police reports? B. Do you think reporting to the police was the best way to address the problem of people posting negative comments? C. Suggest two ways through which you can help address negative perceptions of people related to their nationality/ race and ethnicity/ religion/ socio- economic status.
  48. 48. Episodes of prejudice and discrimination can cause unnecessary suffering for groups that are targeted for abuse which are both verbal and shown through actions.
  49. 49. Misunderstanding is unavoidable due to the incomplete information people may have. To avoid strengthening prejudices, it is important to be aware of the prejudices caused by incomplete understanding.
  50. 50. Competition for Resources Standard of Living Social Mobility Concerns over
  51. 51. Competition for Resources Standard of Living Social Mobility Concerns over
  52. 52. What are the perspectives regarding the impact of foreigners on the standard of living in Singapore that has led to discontentment from Singaporeans?
  53. 53. Employment Housing Transportation are some areas that some Singaporeans have expressed concerns over.
  54. 54. With the increasing numbers of foreigners in our workforce, some Singaporeans fear that foreigners are taking their jobs away.
  55. 55. Foreigners who come to Singapore on a valid Employment Pass and S Pass are eligible to work in Singapore based on their relevant qualifications and a specific salary criterion.
  56. 56. Foreigners can also be employed as lower-skilled foreign workers, with many in the construction and shipping sectors. These foreigners are work permit holders.
  57. 57. There are some who believe that employers would rather hire foreigners than local workers because they earn lower pay. Therefore, the inflow of these foreigners lead to low wages for Singaporeans in the low-income group.
  58. 58. Government’s efforts to address concerns Stringent foreign workforce controls Monthly levy for Work Permit holders has been increasing since 2010. Quotas for S Pass and Employment Passes reduced Eligibility criteria were tightened since 2010 From August 2014, companies need to advertise their job vacancies in the Jobs Bank administered by the Workforce Development Agency
  59. 59. Another concern was in the areas of Living spaceand infrastructure Increasingly congested public transport system Competition over healthcare resources Availability of public housing
  60. 60. Expansion of rail network More public housing, hospitals and healthcare facilities Government’s efforts to address concerns
  61. 61. Would stopping foreign manpower from coming into Singapore be a viable solution?
  62. 62. Affected Parties What role does foreign manpower play? What is the impact of stopping foreign manpower from entering Singapore? Businesses For e.g. they are hired as service staff in a restaurant. Businesses would need to source for local workers who may find the work tough and not stay for long.
  63. 63. Affected Parties What role does foreign manpower play? What is the impact of stopping foreign manpower from entering Singapore? Households For e.g. they are hired as domestic workers. Many domestic workers are helping to take care of the young and old while the adults go to work. Stopping foreign domestic workers will result in a drop in the manpower as the adults have to be there for their dependants.
  64. 64. Affected Parties What role does foreign manpower play? What is the impact of stopping foreign manpower from entering Singapore? Hospitals For e.g. they are hired as nurses Hospitals may not have enough manpower to take care of our increasingly ageing population.
  65. 65. Affected Parties What role does foreign manpower play? What is the impact of stopping foreign manpower from entering Singapore? Others For e.g. they are hired as construction workers Less locals want to work in the construction industry. Singapore’s development will be less-efficient.
  66. 66. Foreign Talent in Singapore
  67. 67. Competition for Resources Standard of Living Social Mobility Concerns over
  68. 68. What is social mobility ?
  69. 69. Social mobilityrefers to movement of individuals between different socio-economic status.
  70. 70. Income gaps between the lower and higher income groups have increased over the years in Singapore. Singaporeans feel that there is limited social mobility.
  71. 71. Diminishing manufacturing sector in Singapore leads to loss of jobs which will affect the lower income group’s ability to progress up the socio- economic ladder.
  72. 72. Therefore, the government Emphasises on re- training and the learning of new skills Upholds the principle of meritocracy
  73. 73. Social Mobility in Singapore Will it be possible to achieve equality for everyone in society? Why or why not? Based on the data shown by DPM Tharman, are Singaporeans in lower income groups able to move up the socio-economic ladder? How do you know?
  74. 74. Should Singapore award scholarships primarily based on academic merit or should more scholarships be given to those from the lower socio- economic status groups who show potential? PG 188
  75. 75. Allocation of resources is challenging due to the trade-offs. Providing opportunities for anyone to succeed, regardless of socio- economic backgrounds, are constantly being refined by the government to meet the peoples’ aspirations.
  76. 76. Reflection 1. How have some of these interactions with people of different backgrounds led to a rich experience for you? 2. How have other interactions led to discomfort and misconceptions? 3. Which of these experiences did you thought most about? 4. What is your role in preventing acts of prejudice from harming relations in a diverse society like Singapore? What is your role in strengthening harmony in a diverse society?
  77. 77. The End of Chapter 6

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