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Social Studies - Transnational Terrorism

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These slides introduce Chapter 1: Transnational Terrorism to the Secondary 4 students who are studying Social Studies for the Singapore current syllabus.

These slides are divided into 3 areas.
1. Who is Osama? What is Al-Qaeda? [Slide 4]
2. Muslim Extremism [Slide 9]
3. Israel-Palestine Conflict [Slide 37]

Any feedback is welcome.

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Social Studies - Transnational Terrorism

  1. 1. How did it become our problem?
  2. 2. Osama Bin Laden and Al-Qaeda Now that he’s dead, is Al-Qaeda still dangerous?
  3. 3. Osama Bin Laden created Al-Qaeda (Arabic for ‘the base’) in 1989. It is an organisation of Arabs who volunteered to fight the Soviet occupation of Afghanistan in the 1980’s.
  4. 4. The Iraqi invasion of Kuwait in 1990! Osama Bin Laden (OSL) was unhappy because: The Saudi government rejected his offer to defend Saudi Arabia from Saddam Hussein (and asked the UN for help instead).
  5. 5. The Saudi government allowed foreigners/ non-muslims on ‘Holy Land’ (‘Desert Storm’ and ‘Desert Shield’). As a result, he began directing Al- Qaeda to fight the Saudi government, the USA and any US allies.
  6. 6. Why are they considered Muslim Extremists? Why are they considered terrorists?
  7. 7. MUSLIM EXTREMISM My version of Islam is different from most Muslim’s version.
  8. 8. allows me to use violence/ kill to achieve the goals of my religion (God approves). clearly states that if I die for my religion, I will go to ‘heaven’ and be rewarded there. excuses the murder of innocents (including civilians, the elderly, women and children) as long as they are not Muslim, and come from countries that support the USA.
  9. 9. Wage a ‘Holy War’ (Jihad) against the USA and her allies. Expel all foreign troops from the ‘Holy Land’ (Saudi Arabia). Eradicate all other types of Muslim believers. Establish a pan-Islamic state in the Middle East. Eradicate the Jewish state of Israel and return their land to the Palestinians.
  10. 10. The whole region (called Palestine) was under the European colonial powers (British, French German etc.). Apart from a few historical incidents, the relations between the Jews and the Arab Muslims were mostly peaceful. Muslim 78% Jews 11% Christians 10% Others 1% 1922
  11. 11. There was a growing number of European Jewish immigrants that were arriving in the Palestine. They were desperate to escape.
  12. 12. Nazi Adolf Hitler
  13. 13. As the news of the ‘Holocaust’ is revealed, there is worldwide sympathy for the Jews. Thus, the UN decides to divide up Palestine in order to grant the Jews a homeland of their own.
  14. 14. The Arab Palestinians refuse to accept the UN ruling. Street riots and violence against Jews in Palestine begins. 14th May 1948 The British leave the Palestine and grants independence to the new Jewish state; Israel is born!
  15. 15. 1.15th May 1948 1st Arab-Israeli War: 5 neighbouring Arab states attack Israel. 2.1967 2nd Arab-Israeli War (The 6-Day War) 3.1973 3rd Arab-Israeli War (The ‘Yom Kippur’ War)
  16. 16. Jordan and Egypt have officially made peace with Israel, most other Arab states have backed off and no longer threaten Israel. Palestinian Arabs still refuse to accept any 2 State Solution. • They formed the P(alestinian) L(iberation) O(rganisation) to continue fighting the Israelis through acts of terrorism.
  17. 17. We deserve a country of our own. We have a right to have a country here in Palestine because it is mentioned in our holy book: The Talmud We deserve a country of our own because we have been persecuted for thousands of years in other countries as immigrants. We are willing to give up land to give the Palestinian Arabs their own country too, but only according to the UN partition in 1947.
  18. 18. We deserve a country of our own. The Jews have no right to be here, this is our land. The UN and the British had no right to give away land that was not theirs. We will NEVER accept the partition of Palestine into 2 Jewish and Palestinian Arab states. We will fight in any way possible to get the Jews out of our land and to destroy the state of Israel.
  19. 19. The Jews have no right to be in the Palestine. Since our Arab Muslim brothers are being kicked out of their land by the Jews, we will help them fight the Jews in any way possible, but especially through training and funding for acts of terrorism. Since the USA is supporting Israel, then they are also my enemy and I will fight them in any way possible.
  20. 20. Wage a ‘Holy War’ (Jihad) against the USA and her allies. Expel all foreign troops from the ‘Holy Land’ (Saudi Arabia). Eradicate all other types of Muslim believers. Establish a pan-Islamic state in the Middle East. Eradicate the Jewish state of Israel and return their land to the Palestinians.
  21. 21. Through the years from 1990 onwards, Al-Qaeda and Osama Bin Laden gradually the frequency and scale of their attacks on the USA…
  22. 22. Until They were so well-trained, well-funded and well- organised, they were able to carry out the biggest terrorist attack of all time…
  23. 23. After 9/11, the US government (under George W Bush) declared a ‘War on Terror’ and invaded Afghanistan. Al Qaeda’s ability to launch direct attacks has been badly affected as many of their leaders and members were slowly caught and arrested.
  24. 24. They are still dangerous as now as they have changed their mode of operations. Now, Al Qaeda provides funding and training for other terrorist groups that share their goals.
  25. 25. ASEAN Convention on Counter Terrorism
  26. 26. Goh Bang Rui Follow me on @slideshare. @gohbangrui bit.ly/gohbangrui

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