Unit 5 sem 1

DAILY ACTIVITIES 
UNIT 5
UNIT GOALS 
TELL TIME 
TALK ABOUT PEOPLE’S DAILY ACTIVITIES 
TALK ABOUT WHAT YOU DO AT WORK 
DESCRIBE A JOB
SIMPLE PRESENT TENSE 
VERB] + s/es in third person 
Examples: 
You speak English. 
Do you speak English? 
You do not speak English.
USE 1 REPEATED ACTIONS 
Use the Simple Present to express the idea that an action is repeated or usual. The action 
can be a habit, a hobby, a daily event, a scheduled event or something that often happens. It 
can also be something a person often forgets or usually does not do. 
Examples: 
I play tennis. 
She does not play tennis. 
Does he play tennis? 
The train leaves every morning at 8 AM. 
The train does not leave at 9 AM. 
When does the train usually leave? 
She always forgets her purse. 
He never forgets his wallet. 
Every twelve months, the Earth circles the Sun. 
Does the Sun circle the Earth?
USE 2 FACTS OR GENERALIZATIONS 
The Simple Present can also indicate the speaker believes that a fact was true before, is true 
now, and will be true in the future. It is not important if the speaker is correct about the 
fact. It is also used to make generalizations about people or things. 
Examples: 
Cats like milk. 
Birds do not like milk. 
Do pigs like milk? 
California is in America. 
California is not in the United Kingdom. 
Windows are made of glass. 
Windows are not made of wood. 
New York is a small city. It is not important that this fact is untrue.
USE 3 SCHEDULED EVENTS IN THE 
NEAR FUTURE 
Speakers occasionally use Simple Present to talk about scheduled events in the 
near future. This is most commonly done when talking about public 
transportation, but it can be used with other scheduled events as well. 
Examples: 
The train leaves tonight at 6 PM. 
The bus does not arrive at 11 AM, it arrives at 11 PM. 
When do we board the plane? 
The party starts at 8 o'clock. 
When does class begin tomorrow?
EXERCISES 
http://www.englishpage.com/verbpage/verbs16.htm 
http://www.englishpage.com/verbpage/verbs1.htm
TIME EXPRESSIONS WITH SIMPLE 
PRESENT TENSE 
The simple present tense is used to talk about things that happen regularly, 
repeatedly or all the time. As a result of this, we often use some adverbs of 
frequency with the simple present tense to state how often somebody does 
something. 
Adverbs commonly used with the simple present tense are: always, usually, 
often, sometimes, occasionally, rarely and never. Note that the adverbs of 
frequency usually go before the verb. 
He often visits his grandparents. 
I often buy comics. 
We usually go to Singapore in April.
SIMPLE PRESENT: NEGATIVES AND 
QUESTIONS 
Forming a negative 
Negatives in the simple present are formed by adding don't or doesn't before the 
simple form of the verb: 
Subject Auxiliary Example 
I don't…… I don't sing 
You don't ……You don't sing 
He doesn't ……He doesn't sing 
She doesn't …..She doesn't sing 
It doesn't ……It doesn't sing 
We don't ……We don't sing 
They don't ……They don't sing
FORMING A YES/NO QUESTION 
Yes/no questions are also created using the auxiliary do. This time, the 
auxiliary is placed before the subject. Here are the rules: 
Auxiliary Subject Example 
Do……… I Do I sing? 
Do you .......Do you sing? 
Does he ….Does he sing? 
Does she ….Does she sing? 
Does it …Does it sing? 
Do we ….Do we sing? 
Do they …Do they sing?
EXERCISES 
http://www.englisch-hilfen.de/en/exercises/questions/simple_present.htm 
Negatives 
http://web2.uvcs.uvic.ca/elc/studyzone/330/grammar/presnq1.htm 
Yes/no questions 
http://web2.uvcs.uvic.ca/elc/studyzone/330/grammar/presnq2.htm
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Unit 5 sem 1

  • 2. UNIT GOALS TELL TIME TALK ABOUT PEOPLE’S DAILY ACTIVITIES TALK ABOUT WHAT YOU DO AT WORK DESCRIBE A JOB
  • 3. SIMPLE PRESENT TENSE VERB] + s/es in third person Examples: You speak English. Do you speak English? You do not speak English.
  • 4. USE 1 REPEATED ACTIONS Use the Simple Present to express the idea that an action is repeated or usual. The action can be a habit, a hobby, a daily event, a scheduled event or something that often happens. It can also be something a person often forgets or usually does not do. Examples: I play tennis. She does not play tennis. Does he play tennis? The train leaves every morning at 8 AM. The train does not leave at 9 AM. When does the train usually leave? She always forgets her purse. He never forgets his wallet. Every twelve months, the Earth circles the Sun. Does the Sun circle the Earth?
  • 5. USE 2 FACTS OR GENERALIZATIONS The Simple Present can also indicate the speaker believes that a fact was true before, is true now, and will be true in the future. It is not important if the speaker is correct about the fact. It is also used to make generalizations about people or things. Examples: Cats like milk. Birds do not like milk. Do pigs like milk? California is in America. California is not in the United Kingdom. Windows are made of glass. Windows are not made of wood. New York is a small city. It is not important that this fact is untrue.
  • 6. USE 3 SCHEDULED EVENTS IN THE NEAR FUTURE Speakers occasionally use Simple Present to talk about scheduled events in the near future. This is most commonly done when talking about public transportation, but it can be used with other scheduled events as well. Examples: The train leaves tonight at 6 PM. The bus does not arrive at 11 AM, it arrives at 11 PM. When do we board the plane? The party starts at 8 o'clock. When does class begin tomorrow?
  • 8. TIME EXPRESSIONS WITH SIMPLE PRESENT TENSE The simple present tense is used to talk about things that happen regularly, repeatedly or all the time. As a result of this, we often use some adverbs of frequency with the simple present tense to state how often somebody does something. Adverbs commonly used with the simple present tense are: always, usually, often, sometimes, occasionally, rarely and never. Note that the adverbs of frequency usually go before the verb. He often visits his grandparents. I often buy comics. We usually go to Singapore in April.
  • 9. SIMPLE PRESENT: NEGATIVES AND QUESTIONS Forming a negative Negatives in the simple present are formed by adding don't or doesn't before the simple form of the verb: Subject Auxiliary Example I don't…… I don't sing You don't ……You don't sing He doesn't ……He doesn't sing She doesn't …..She doesn't sing It doesn't ……It doesn't sing We don't ……We don't sing They don't ……They don't sing
  • 10. FORMING A YES/NO QUESTION Yes/no questions are also created using the auxiliary do. This time, the auxiliary is placed before the subject. Here are the rules: Auxiliary Subject Example Do……… I Do I sing? Do you .......Do you sing? Does he ….Does he sing? Does she ….Does she sing? Does it …Does it sing? Do we ….Do we sing? Do they …Do they sing?
  • 11. EXERCISES http://www.englisch-hilfen.de/en/exercises/questions/simple_present.htm Negatives http://web2.uvcs.uvic.ca/elc/studyzone/330/grammar/presnq1.htm Yes/no questions http://web2.uvcs.uvic.ca/elc/studyzone/330/grammar/presnq2.htm