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Aristotle

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Ethics group project

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Aristotle

  1. 1. • One of the greatest ancient greek philosophers in the history of western science and philosophy • The first to classify areas of human knowledge into distinct disciplines • Founder of the first scientific institute, Lyceum Who is
  2. 2. FUN FACTS • Aristoteles is Aristotle’s full name • Aristotle means “the best purpose” • Aristotle was revered as “the first teacher • Aristotle was head of the academy of Macedon. Taught future kings ptolemy and cassander. • In the play, “A divine Comedy”, Aristotle was described as being next to plato in the first circles of hell • It was speculated that Aristotle had a gay partner besides being married. 3
  3. 3. What is the ultimate purpose of human existence? “ “
  4. 4. is happiness The end or goal for which we should direct all our activities
  5. 5. Virtuous habits are always a mean state between the extremes of excess and deficiency
  6. 6. Virtuous acts always require conscious choice moral purpose &
  7. 7. 8 • Practical rather than theoretical • An understanding of psychology grounded by the realities of daily life • Eudaimonia – an ongoing and stable dynamic Ethics How Men should best live
  8. 8. 9 What makes a virtuous character?
  9. 9. 10 What makes a virtuous person’s • Must be done knowingly • Must be chosen for their own sake • Must be chosen according to a stable disposition actions virtuous?
  10. 10. 11 According to Aristotle’s Nicomachean Ethics, for which sentence should there be no possible logical continuation? Nicomachean Ethics Recap (a) I want to lose weight so that… (b) I want to be rich so that... (c) I want to be happy so that… (d) I want to travel the world so that…
  11. 11. 12 • Highest human good is an activity that is an end in itself. • The goal of Nicomachean Ethics is to determine how best to achieve happiness. Nicomachean Ethics Recap
  12. 12. Real Life Examples
  13. 13. Happiness Virtuous Habits = Mean State Complete Responsibility = Conscious Choices My Journey in Ethics Class
  14. 14. Happiness Virtuous Habits = Mean State Complete Responsibility = Conscious Choices
  15. 15. Pros 1)Does not focus on the moral act but on the person. 2)Highlights the importance of character and motivation in making ethical judgments 3)Opportunity to learn and improve one’s moral life 16
  16. 16. Cons 1)The mean for the right kind of action varies 2)There is difficulty defining eudaimonia 3)Aristotle defines moral responsibility in a negative way 17
  17. 17. Conclusion -> The end goal is happiness -> Happiness is a harmony between your inclinations and what you can through intellect is good for you -> Habit (hexis) -> Mean state -> 3 main moral virtues - Courage, Justice, Temperance 18

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