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Trocaire Sphere Presentation Dha

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Trocaire Sphere Presentation Dha

  1. 1. Sphere Project Module 1 Session 1 What is Sphere and why is it important?
  2. 2. Learning objectives Sphere Project Module 1 • To describe why the Sphere Project is important • To describe the Sphere Project’s structure and process • To describe the Sphere handbook’s basic structure • To describe the difference between - Minimum standards - Key indicators - Guidance notes • To discuss some current trends or events that have impacted on our understanding of “humanitarianism”
  3. 3. Tools to put principles and values into action Sphere Project Module 1 Each Chapter includes • Minimum standards • Key indicators • Guidance notes The Code of Conduct 2004 Edition Introduction What is Sphere? The Humanitarian Charter Standards common to all sectors Water Supply, Sanitation and Hygiene Promotion Food Security, Nutrition and Food Aid Shelter, Settlement and Non-Food items Health Services
  4. 4. Why is the Sphere handbook needed? Sphere Project Module 1 • Post- Rwanda 1994 - Multi-donor evaluation “Unnecessary deaths” • NGO concern with quality and accountability - has been ongoing • Historic practice no longer sufficient - Increasing complexity of disasters - Numbers of disasters increasing - Changing nature of humanitarian community and increasing diversity - Increasing number of actors with different measures of success
  5. 5. Extensive consultation Sphere Project Module 1 4000+ people 400 organisations 80 countries around the world 2004 handbook revised edition 1997 Initial consultation 2000 handbook launched
  6. 6. Sphere process Sphere Project Module 1 • Make argument for universal assistance • Achieve consensus on technical standards and indicators • Obtain agreement on core principles and actions
  7. 7. Sphere handbook Sphere Project Module 1 • The Humanitarian Charter • The Code of Conduct • Standards Common to all sectors • The diagram and contents for each technical chapter • The introduction • The index Now choose your favourite chapter, and look at the standards in that chapter Find and mark these sections in your book to help you find key topics quickly:
  8. 8. Humanitarian Charter: Informed by international law Sphere Project Module 1 • Right to life with dignity - Universal Declaration of Human Rights - Civil, political, economic and social covenants - The Geneva Conventions - Convention against Torture - Rights of the Child • The distinction between combatants and non-combatants - Geneva Conventions - Rights of the Child • The principal of non-refoulement - Convention on the Status of Refugees - Convention against Torture - Rights of the Child
  9. 9. What is a minimum standard? Sphere Project Module 1 The minimum level of service to be attained in humanitarian assistance General nutritional support standard 1: Nutrient supply The nutritional needs of the population are met. see page 137
  10. 10. What are key indicators? Sphere Project Module 1 Signals that show whether a standard has been attained. They provide a way of measuring and communicating both the impact, or result, of programmes as well as the process, or methods, used. The indicators may be qualitative or quantitative . Key indicators • Levels of moderate malnutrition are stable at, or declining to, acceptable levels. • There are no cases of scurvy, pellagra or beri-beri. • Rates of xeropthalmia or iodine deficiency disorders are not of public health significance (see guidance notes…) see page 90/ 138
  11. 11. What are guidance notes? Sphere Project Module 1 They disseminate experience, illuminate areas of controversy, and help use indicators properly in context Guidance notes “… deciding whether levels of malnutrition are acceptable requires analysis of the current situation in light of local norms...” see page 92/ 139
  12. 12. Standards, key indicators and guidance notes Sphere Project Module 1 Minimum standards Guidance notes Key indicators When asked, please find examples of each of these in your handbook.
  13. 13. In conclusion: Tools Sphere Project Module 1 Humanitarian Charter: • provides the framework to convert the appreciation of rights into action Key indicators: • provide signals to assess whether the standards have been met Minimum standards: • provide standards to aspire to • enable planning Guidance notes: • provide information to help apply indicators in context
  14. 14. Sphere Project Module 1 Session 2 The Code of conduct
  15. 21. Humanitarian Charter: Sections Sphere Project Module 1 • Commitment to promote - observance of fundamental humanitarian principles - appreciation of our own ethical obligations • Description of roles, duties & responsibilities • Statement of humanitarian principles • Commitment to consistently achieve the minimum standards • Acknowledgement that our fundamental accountability is to those we seek to assist
  16. 22. <ul><li>- The right to life with dignity </li></ul><ul><li>The distinction between combatants and non combatants </li></ul><ul><li>- the principle of non refoulement </li></ul>
  17. 24. The Humanitarian Charter and the Code of conduct : Key principles Dignity Accountability Neutrality Independance Ethical/ Moral Non governemental actors Impartiality Participation Transparency Reduce future vulnerabilities The right to life with dignity Legal Government/ States Warring parties NGOs The distinction between combatants and non combattants ADVOCACY The principle of non refoulement Humanitarian action Humanity Obligation to provide Humanitarian assistance where needed Respect Attempt to achieve minimum standards to satisfy people basic right to life with dignity We acknowledge that our fundamental accountability must be to those we seek to assist Non- discrimination Empowerment Sustainability