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Computer Ethics By: Paola Ariza
Ethics? <ul><li>Ethic refers to the standards and rules that "should" be followed and it helps us to regulate our conduct in a group or with a set of individuals. Since the term Ethics is a relative term, it is branched under philosophy, which states how users of World Wide Web should make decisions regarding their conduct. </li></ul>
<ul><li>Computer ethics is a new branch of ethics that is growing and changing rapidly as computer technology also grows and develops. </li></ul>
1. Thou shalt not use a computer to harm other people. 2. Thou shalt not interfere with other people's computer work. 3. Thou shalt not snoop around in other people's computer files. 4. Thou shalt not use a computer to steal. 5. Thou shalt not use a computer to bear false witness. 6. Thou shalt not copy or use proprietary software for which you have not paid. 7. Thou shalt not use other people's computer resources without authorization or proper compensation. 8. Thou shalt not appropriate other people's intellectual output. 9. Thou shalt think about the social consequences of the program you are writing or the system you are designing. 10. Thou shalt always use a computer in ways that ensure consideration and respect for your fellow humans The Ten Commandments On Computer Ethics
Computers are often far more efficient than humans in performing many tasks. In the industrialized world many workers already have been replaced by computerized devices -- bank tellers, auto workers, telephone operators, typists, graphic artists, security guards, assembly-line workers, and on and on. Even professionals like medical doctors, lawyers, teachers, accountants and psychologists are finding that computers can perform many of their traditional professional duties quite effectively.
Why do we need computer ethics? The growth of the WWW has created several novel legal issues The existence of new questions that older laws cannot answer Traditional laws are outdated/anachronistic in this world a more coherent body of law is needed to govern Internet and computers
Cyber Ethics <ul><li>the most common problem isn't hacking (illegally accessing Web sites) or cracking (vandalizing Web sites); It's the unauthorized downloading of games and software. </li></ul><ul><li>the average hacker is likely to be a teenager and given that most homes now have at least one computer </li></ul>
Code of Ethics <ul><li>Information stored on the computer should be treated as seriously as written or spoken word. </li></ul><ul><li>Privacy should not be violated. In case of academic use, it is known plagiarism. </li></ul><ul><li>Information from public viewing should not be modified or deleted or inaccessible since these are considered as destructive acts. </li></ul><ul><li>Intrusive software such as "worms" and "viruses" which are destructive to the computer system is also illegal. </li></ul><ul><li>Congesting somebody’s system with a lot of unwanted information is also unethical. </li></ul><ul><li>Sending obscene and crude messages through mail or chat is also forbidden. </li></ul><ul><li>Sending sexually explicit content, message or pictures is also forbidden. </li></ul>
Ethics is a set o f moral principles that govern individual or a group on what is acceptable behaviour while using a computer. Computer ethics is set o f moral principles that govern the usage o f computers. One o f the common issue o f computer ethics is violation o f copyright issues. Duplicating the copyrighted content without the authors approval , accessing personal in f ormation o f others are some o f the examples that violate ethical principles.
Ethical rules for computer users <ul><li>Do not use computer to harm other users. </li></ul><ul><li> Do not use computers to steal other's in f ormation. </li></ul><ul><li> Do not access f iles without the permission o f owner. </li></ul><ul><li> Do not copy copyrighted so f twares without the authors permission. </li></ul><ul><li> Always respect copyright laws and policies. </li></ul><ul><li> Respect the privacy o f others, just as you expect the same f rom others. </li></ul><ul><li> Do not use other user's computer resources with out their permission. </li></ul><ul><li> Use Internet ethically. </li></ul><ul><li> Complain about illegal communication and activities, i f f ound, to Internet service Providers and local law en f orcement authorities. </li></ul><ul><li> Users are responsible f or sa f eguarding their User Id and passwords. They should not write them on paper or anywhere else f or remembrance. </li></ul><ul><li> Users should not intentionally use the computers to retrieve or modi f y the in f ormation o f others which may include password in f ormation, f iles etc. </li></ul>
References <ul><li>Stanford Encyclopedia Of Philosophy </li></ul><ul><li>Computers Professionals For Social Responsibility </li></ul><ul><li>Computer Ethics - code of ethics in computing </li></ul><ul><li>Computer Ethics — Information Security Education and Awareness </li></ul>