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We define Architecture – As Mother of all Arts. Art cannot really be separated from the most practical consideration. Architecture is the process of thought, to visualise, to conceptualize and to learn the flow of thought process in evolution of designs. In today’s technological advancements, information technological growth and scientific innovations, Art and Architecture has become very complex and sensitive.
A creative person finds many ways to express himself. These expressions are seen in different forms of art and craft. The architectural education provides a wide base for the people with a good expressional value. Famous monuments of the country are the greatest examples of the work of the great architects. The architect is the person responsible for the layout of these enormous structures. These structures include the designs of the townships, commercial buildings, house designs and many more. Thus along with the wide scope of architecture courses, this field also includes a lot of responsibility.
With the countrys current growth in industrial andeconomic activities, there exists wide employmentopportunities for architects, both in the public and privatesectors. A qualified architect can work with governmentorganisations like central and state public workdepartments, housing and urban development corporation,municipalities, city development authorities, state housingboards etc. They are also employed in industrial ventures,consultancy and private architectural firms, teachinginstitutions, real estate development firms etc. The mostprivileged scope in the field of architecture is privatepractice.
The biggest benefit of the architectural education is that itgives a wide scope for the creative skills of a person.While being creative, the person also learns to managethe resources in which he/she is supposed to fit the planof the work. The scope of architecture courses gives apromising career and opens many doors of opportunitiestowards a successful career.Various branches like landscape designing, townshipplanning, interior designing, naval architecture andconstruction management compile the course ofarchitecture. The scope of architecture courses has nearlytouched all the aspects, thus making this industry excitingand glamorous.
Construction is one of the fastest growing sectors in Indian economy. Inthe last few decades our economy has witnessed hectic and massiveconstruction activities, new structures have been raised, and townshipshave evolved. All this has importantly led to creation of avenues for thoseinterested in making a career in architect. Architects are the licensedprofessionals trained in the art and science of building. They are involvedin all the phases of the building construction i.e. the functional, safety,economical and have to satisfy the needs of its occupants. They areresponsible person for the planning, designing and supervision ofconstruction works for houses, office buildings, skyscrapers, landscapes,and even entire cities.Council of Architecture and Indian Institute of Architects have a key roleto play so that status and future of Architectural education in India couldbe properly monitored and chiselled out in the rightful direction and inthe coming new Millennium we hope to be equipped and geared withnew advancement in technology along with awareness of vernacularArchitecture in which India is proud to be on top.
Good health with good eyesight, keen observation; rational and pragmatic approach, creativity and originality, analytical and mathematic ability, dexterity, (in drawing and sketching) proficiency in geometrical modelling, keen desire to update knowledge of latest development in structural techniques and materials, good understanding of legal and financial matters, ability to issue clear instructions and explanations to team-mates, clients and contractors, good perception of social and psychological attitudes, and an authoritative personality.
Therefore Architecture is actually an expression of human experience in the creation of usable spaces. The physical enclosure which defines a space is the structure and the medium required to build the structure is Material. The expression of Technology can be defined as the technique to develop a structure envelope to define a space, conveyed through a medium of a certain materials, reflected in the building form. Therefore the education of Architecture should respond to the Technological growth, the needs and requirements of the people and the availability and affordability of materials. Architectural is an expression of human experience in the creation of build environment. Technology is incorporated to develop a physical enclosure exploiting the intrinsic properties of the material.
As per the requirements of people and discovery of new materials, Technology has adopted itself during the past. Primitive shelters of early nomadic hunter barely advanced beyond the simple type of hut. Egyptian and Greek monuments constructed of tall stone columns and beams had constrained of short span which necessitated a close spacing of columns. With Romans developing the use of circular arches and distinctive expression of the ‘some’, permitted larger spacing. The beginning of the 18th century was marked by the advent of Industrial Revolution resulting in the change of social, political and economical infrastructure. The need and requirement of the people for larger public buildings, railway station, bridges, industrial sheds gave rise to the use of new appropriate material like steel, coal etc.
May be in rural context the use of locally available materials and localconstruction techniques give rise to economical structures as perpeople’s needs and requirements, but in Urban Contexts havingscarcity and thigh cost of land, the high urbanised growth and impactof population inflow has given rise to a greater and serious concern tovery effective, functional and utility bound spaces. The people’s needand demand for large spans, more floor area spaces, high rise buildingshave given rise to development of new technological advancement ofuse of High Tensile Steel and suspended structures.•Therefore keeping in view the observation and considering as explain,it is suggested that the teaching process/methods should follow theevolution process – invent of the technological system, materialapplication in the various historical movements and periods.•Student of Architecture must have the feel, taste, use, physical andchemical test of the materials so that the same could be co-related andshould become inbuilt process thought in evolution of design.