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Home Interior Components - Doors/Windows/Wardrobes
COMPONENTS AND MATERIALS FOR
A door is a movable structure used to close off an entrance, typically consisting of a
panel that swings on hinges or that slides or rotates inside of a space.
When open, they admit ventilation and light. The
door is used to control the physical atmosphere within a space by enclosing the air
drafts, so that interiors may be more effectively heated or cooled. Doors are
significant in preventing the spread of fire. They also act as a barrier to noise
They are also used to screen areas of a building for
aesthetics, keeping formal and utility areas separate. Doors also have
an aesthetic role in creating an impression of what lies beyond.
Architectural doors have numerous general and
specialized uses. Doors are generally used to separate interior spaces (rooms,
closets, etc.) for privacy, convenience, security, and safety reasons. Doors are
also used to secure passages into a building from the exterior for reasons of
safety and climate control.
TYPES OF DOORS
Saloon doors are a pair of lightweight swing doors often found in public bars, and
especially associated with the American west. Saloon doors, also known
as cafe doors, often use bidirectional hinges which close the door regardless of
which direction it is opened by incorporating springs.
saloon doors to the kitchen
Blind Door or Gibb door is a door with no visible trim or
operable components. It is designed to blend with the adjacent
wall in all finishes, and visually to be a part of the wall,
a disguised door.
Aluminum Blind Doors
BARN DOOR : it is a door characteristic of a barn. They are often/always found on
barns, and because of a barn's immense size (often) doors are subsequently big for
Sliding or barn door
LOUVRED DOOR : it has fixed or movable wooden fins
(often called slats or louvers) which permit open
ventilation while preserving privacy and preventing the
passage of light to the interior. Being relatively weak
structures, they are most commonly used
for wardrobes and drying rooms, where security is of less
importance than good ventilation, although a very similar
structure is commonly used to form window shutters
Interior Louvered Doors
FLUSH DOOR :
It is a completely smooth door,
having plywood or MDF fixed over a light timber frame, the hollow parts of which are
often filled with a cardboard core material. Skins can also be made out of hardboards,
the first of which was invented by William H Mason in 1924. Called Masonite, its
construction involved pressing and steaming wood chips into boards. Flush doors are
most commonly employed in the interior of a dwelling, although slightly more
substantial versions are occasionally used as exterior doors, especially within hotels
and other buildings containing many independent dwellings
MOULDED DOOR: it has the same structure as that of flush
door. The only difference is that the surface material is a moulded
skin made of MDF. Skins can also be made out of hardboards.
LEDGE AND BRACE DOOR: it is a door made from multiple
vertical planks fixed together by two horizontal planks (the
ledges) and kept square by a diagonal plank (the brace).
LEDGE AND BRACE DOOR
WICKET DOOR: it is a pedestrian door built into a much larger door allowing access
without requiring the opening of the larger door. Examples might be found on the
ceremonial door of a cathedral or in a large vehicle door in a garage or hangar.
BIFOLD DOOR: is a door unit that has several sections, folding
in pairs. Wood is the most common material, and doors may also
be metal or glass. Bifolds are most commonly made for closets,
but may also be used as units between rooms.
SLIDING GLASS DOOR: sometimes called an Arcadia
door or a Patio door, is a door made of glass that slides
open and sometimes has a screen (a removable metal
mesh that covers the door.
SLIDING GLASS DOOR
it is a transparent opening in a wall or door that allows the passage of light and, if not
closed or sealed, air and sound. Windows are usually glazed or covered in some
other transparent or translucent material like a float glass. Windows are held in place
by frames, which prevent them from collapsing in. Many glazed windows may be
opened, to allow ventilation, or closed, to exclude inclement weather.
SASH WINDOW : it is the traditional style of window in the United
Kingdom, and many other places that were formerly colonized by the UK, with two
parts (sashes) that overlap slightly and slide up and down inside the frame. The two
parts are not necessarily the same size.
Types of windows
Single-hung sash window:
One sash is movable (usually the bottom one) and the
other fixed. This is the earlier form of sliding sash
window, and is also cheaper
Single-hung sash window
HORIZONTAL SLIDING SASH WINDOW:
Has two or more sashes that overlap slightly but slide horizontally within the frame. In
the UK, these are sometimes called Yorkshire sash windows, presumably because of
their traditional use in that county.
Horizontal sliding sash window
CASE MENT WINDOW : A window with a hinged sash
that swings in or out like a door comprising either a side-
hung, top-hung (also called "awning window"; see below),
or occasionally bottom-hung sash or a combination of
these types, sometimes with fixed panels on one or more
sides of the sash.
CASE MENT WINDOW
An awning window is a casement window that is hung
horizontally, hinged on top, so that it swings outward like
A hopper window is a bottom hung casement window that opens similar to a draw
bridge typically opening to the outside.
TILT AND SLIDE WINDOW:
A window (more usually a door-sized window) where the
sash tilts inwards at the top and then slides horizontally
behind the fixed pane.
TILT AND SLIDE WINDOW
A window above a door; in an exterior door the transom window
is often fixed, in an interior door it can open either by hinges at
top or bottom, or rotate on hinges. It provided ventilation before
forced air heating and cooling. A fan-shaped transom is known as
a fanlight, especially in the British Isles.
CLEARSTORY WINDOW :
A window set in a roof structure or high in a wall, used for daylighting
A multi-panel window, with at least three panels set at different
angles to create a protrusion from the wall line
A window with many panels. It is most often seen in Tudor-
style houses and monasteries. An oriel window projects from
the wall and does not extend to the ground. Oriel windows
originated as a form of porch. They are often supported by
brackets or corbels. Buildings in the Gothic Revival style
often have oriel windows.
Thermal, or Diocletian, windows are large semicircular windows (or niches) which are
usually divided into three lights (window compartments) by two vertical mullions. The
central compartment is often wider than the two side lights on either side of it.
A window that cannot be opened, whose function is limited to
allowing light to enter (Unlike an unfixed window, which can
open and close). Clerestory windows are often fixed. Transom
windows may be fixed or operable.
A very large fixed window in a wall, typically without glazing
bars, or glazed with only perfunctory glazing bars near the
edge of the window. Picture windows are intended to provide
an unimpeded view, as if framing a picture
A window glazed with small panes of glass separated by wooden or lead "glazing bars",
or "muntins", arranged in a decorative "glazing pattern" often dictated by the
architectural style at use. Due to the historic unavailability of large panes of glass, this
was the prevailing style of window until the beginning of the 20th century, and is
traditionally still used today.
STAINED GLASS :
A window composed of pieces of colored glass, transparent,
translucent or opaque, frequently portraying persons or
scenes. Typically the glass in these windows is separated by
lead glazing bars.
A closet (especially in North American usage) is a small and enclosed space, a cabinet,
or a cupboard in a house or building used for general storage or hanging clothes. A
closet for food storage is usually referred to as a pantry. A closet, through French from
Latin clausum, "closed" began life in the 17th century as a small private room, often
behind a bedroom, to which a man or woman could retire, for privacy, reading, or
enjoyment of personal works of art: for this usage, see Cabinet (room).
Modern closets can be built into the walls of the house during construction so that they
take up no apparent space in the bedroom, or they can be a large, free-standing piece
of furniture designed for clothing storage, in which case they are often called
a wardrobe or armoire.
TYPES OF CLOSETS:
Broom closet: A narrow floor-to-ceiling space for the storage of lengthy items. To
come out of the broom closet means to admit to being a Wiccan.
A coat closet is a closet of a house where people store their
hoods, jackets and coats. A coat closet is typically located in the
entryway, so that it is close to the front door.
A tall, narrow closet, typically located in or near bathrooms and/or bedrooms. Such a
closet contains shelves used to hold towels, washcloths, sheets, and toiletries.
An architectural slang term for a small, oddly shaped, "left over"
space, whether actually used as a closet or not.
A closet used for permanently housing appliances, most commonly
the heating/cooling unit and water heater, especially in apartments
where they cannot be put in a garage, attic, or basement.
A closet large enough to walk inside to store clothes on
two or three sides. They may have lighting, mirrors, and
flooring distinct from adjacent rooms.
A very shallow closet closed off from a room by a curtain or folding doors, with only
enough depth to hang clothes or store them folded on shelves.
(WC) is not a storage closet but a flush toilet. The term
comes from the British English definition of a closet as a
small private room. In this case, it was a small private
room with running water.