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Broiler production
broiler
• meat production
• cross bred of Plymouth Rock and Cornish
Advantage of Broiler Farming
• Initial investment is a little
• Rearing Period – 35 days
• More Number of flocks can be ta...
Selection of site for poultry farm
• well connected with roads.
• Electricity and water.
• enough space for further expans...
Essential equipments:
• 1 feeder per 50 chicks
• Chick drinker: 1 drinker per 50 chicks.
• Jumbo drinker: 1 drinker per 50...
• Hand or power sprayer.
• Flame gun
• Feeding scoops.
• Measuring cups for medicines.
• Automatic vaccinator.
Shed cleaning and disinfection:
• maintaining optimal health status of birds.
• Immediately after the birds are lifted, em...
• Clean the equipments with detergents and
remove the scales in drinkers using
hydrochloric acid.
• equipments should be k...
• White wash the walls and floors using
limestone (Lime+Kerosene+Formalin)
• Clean and mop the bulbs and other electrical
...
Procedure for fumigation:
• done 48 hours prior to the chick arrival.
• fumigated with 2 kg bleaching powder and 4
litres ...
Potassium permanganate method
• 2 parts of formalin mixed with 1 part of
KMNO4 for complete expulsion of gas.
1) Single st...
Preparation of shed to receive chicks
• 1 or 2 days prior to the arrival of chicks,
spread the litter material (paddy husk...
• 4 kg of newspaper for 1000 sq. ft. area
• Round brooding is better and more effective
than rectangular brooding.
• For r...
Brooding
• Management of baby chicks till 4 weeks in
broilers and around 6-8 wks in layers is called
as brooding.
• The de...
DIFFERENT TYPES OF BROODERS
• Infra red bulbs
• Heating coils
• Gas brooders
• Kerosene stove
• Coal/charcoal stove
• Cent...
• Infra red bulbs : heated quickly. They are self
reflecting in nature and can provide warmth
for 200 to 250 chicks, but i...
• Centralised heating system - environmentally
controlled
• Battery brooders –Bulbs or heaters with
thermostats are used t...
• Brooding area - 0.22 sq. ft per chick.
• Newspaper
• Switch brooder to pre heat the brooding area
6 hours before chick a...
• First 72 hours paper feeding
• Put plenty of feed on the paper for the chicks
(20 gm/day/chick) on paper.
• tyre feeders...
• monitored closely for first three days
• Examine the crop
Temperature
• Maintenance of correct temp is essential.
• Its varies as per atmospheric conditions
• During 1st week – 33o...
• Too high or too low temp results in
- slow feathering
- retarded growth
- pecking and mortality
• Behaviour and distribu...
• When Temp is less – chicks will try to hurdle near
the source of heat
• If temp is too high - chicks will go away from
s...
• The height of the brooder at day old stage -
15-30 cm above the litter level.
• As the chicks grows, the height will be
...
lighting
• 24 hrs. Lighting first 3 days
• increase the feeding time, increase weight gain, and
improve feathering in broi...
Space management:
Age (days) Space/bird (Sq. ft.)
0-3 0.22
4-7 0.22-0.30
8-14 0.30-0.45
15-21 0.45-0.60
22 onwards Full sp...
• Expand the brooding area gradually
• Overcrowding leads to huddling, dampness of
litter, multiplication of disease causi...
Curtain Management:
• Generally in brooding period the side curtain
should be more tightly sealed to preserve
heat.
• This...
Nutrition
• Broiler starters ration - 22-23% protein and
3050Kcal energy.
• Broiler finisher - 20-21% protein and 3150 Kca...
Vaccination schedule
1) O day – Marek’s disease, HVT strain, strictly sub
cutaneous.
2) 5 – 7 days of age- Ranikhet Diseas...
Broiler management
Broiler management
Broiler management
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Broiler management

rearing of broilers, shed cleaning, feeding, watering, nutrition and vaccination

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Broiler management

  1. 1. Broiler production
  2. 2. broiler • meat production • cross bred of Plymouth Rock and Cornish
  3. 3. Advantage of Broiler Farming • Initial investment is a little • Rearing Period – 35 days • More Number of flocks can be taken in the same shed. • Broiler has high FCR. • Faster Return from the investment. • Demand for poultry Meat
  4. 4. Selection of site for poultry farm • well connected with roads. • Electricity and water. • enough space for further expansion. • located in the open space as it provides good ventilation. • Water quality: Hardness-below 750 ppm and pH-6.0 to 8. • Foot bath • death pit
  5. 5. Essential equipments: • 1 feeder per 50 chicks • Chick drinker: 1 drinker per 50 chicks. • Jumbo drinker: 1 drinker per 50 birds. • Weighing Balance • Raking equipment • Hover brooder or Gas Brooder: 1 gas brooder per 1000 chicks. • Coal Heater: 1 heater per 350 chicks.
  6. 6. • Hand or power sprayer. • Flame gun • Feeding scoops. • Measuring cups for medicines. • Automatic vaccinator.
  7. 7. Shed cleaning and disinfection: • maintaining optimal health status of birds. • Immediately after the birds are lifted, empty the feeders, disconnect the drinkers and remove them out of the shed. • clean the shed from top to bottom (roofs, side walls, wire mesh ) • Soak the floor for 12 hours using 2 kg washing soda with 50 liters of hot water for every 1000 sq. ft.
  8. 8. • Clean the equipments with detergents and remove the scales in drinkers using hydrochloric acid. • equipments should be kept outside for sun drying. • Formalin spray: 5% solution of formalin spray for every 1000 sq. ft.(500 ml+10 litres of water).
  9. 9. • White wash the walls and floors using limestone (Lime+Kerosene+Formalin) • Clean and mop the bulbs and other electrical fittings.
  10. 10. Procedure for fumigation: • done 48 hours prior to the chick arrival. • fumigated with 2 kg bleaching powder and 4 litres of formalin for every 1000 sq. ft. • after fumigation should not be opened till the day of chick arrival.
  11. 11. Potassium permanganate method • 2 parts of formalin mixed with 1 part of KMNO4 for complete expulsion of gas. 1) Single strength concentration: mixing 40 ml formalin with 20 g kmno4 for each 2.83 m3 of space 2) Double strength: 80 ml of formalin with 40g of kmno4 for each 2.83 m3.
  12. 12. Preparation of shed to receive chicks • 1 or 2 days prior to the arrival of chicks, spread the litter material (paddy husk,saw dust) about 5 cm thickness. • Spread old news papers over the litter to avoid eating the litter. • Arrange chick guards. • Arrangement of feeders and waterers under brooder.
  13. 13. • 4 kg of newspaper for 1000 sq. ft. area • Round brooding is better and more effective than rectangular brooding. • For round brooding of 350 nos. of chick, one 40 ft. length plain G.I. sheet of 1.5 ft. height will be required.
  14. 14. Brooding • Management of baby chicks till 4 weeks in broilers and around 6-8 wks in layers is called as brooding. • The device used for providing artificial heat during brooding is called as brooder.
  15. 15. DIFFERENT TYPES OF BROODERS • Infra red bulbs • Heating coils • Gas brooders • Kerosene stove • Coal/charcoal stove • Centralized heating system • Battery brooders • Biogas brooders
  16. 16. • Infra red bulbs : heated quickly. They are self reflecting in nature and can provide warmth for 200 to 250 chicks, but it is expensive. • Gas brooding is now practiced particularly in semi-environmentally controlled and environmentally controlled houses. These are costly but can take care of 1500 to 2000 chicks. • Heater coils may also be provided for warmth instead of bulbs. These coils are more suitable for cold climates, because they give more heat.
  17. 17. • Centralised heating system - environmentally controlled • Battery brooders –Bulbs or heaters with thermostats are used to provide warmth to chicks in the battery cages. • Bio-gas brooders – Certain farms use the cage droppings and cow dung to generate bio-gas; which will be used to provide light and heat to the birds. • If kerosene stoves or coal stoves are used, a metal vessel with sand is placed over the stove to dissipate heat properly.
  18. 18. • Brooding area - 0.22 sq. ft per chick. • Newspaper • Switch brooder to pre heat the brooding area 6 hours before chick arrival. • Fill the chick drinkers with water about 4 hours before chick arrival. • Add sanitizer, electrolytes, antibiotic powder and B-complex to water
  19. 19. • First 72 hours paper feeding • Put plenty of feed on the paper for the chicks (20 gm/day/chick) on paper. • tyre feeders • Dip the beak of the chicks in the chick drinker for 10% of the chicks to learn to drink.
  20. 20. • monitored closely for first three days • Examine the crop
  21. 21. Temperature • Maintenance of correct temp is essential. • Its varies as per atmospheric conditions • During 1st week – 33oC (95oF) good • To be reduced by 2.6oc (5oF) each week till it reaches to room temperature of 21oC (70oF). • Temp is measured 6 cm above the litter.
  22. 22. • Too high or too low temp results in - slow feathering - retarded growth - pecking and mortality • Behaviour and distribution of chicks under and around brooder is the best guide for judging correctness of temp instead of thermometre.
  23. 23. • When Temp is less – chicks will try to hurdle near the source of heat • If temp is too high - chicks will go away from source of heat, near to the guard and remain there with dull movements. Even may show panting also. • If birds congregate themselves in masses in brooder space it indicates draftiness of weather. • If temp is favourable: evenly spread under and around brooder with alert and pleasant movements. • Based on chicks position and movement, adjust temperature.
  24. 24. • The height of the brooder at day old stage - 15-30 cm above the litter level. • As the chicks grows, the height will be gradually increased and the number of bulbs gradually reduced. •
  25. 25. lighting • 24 hrs. Lighting first 3 days • increase the feeding time, increase weight gain, and improve feathering in broiler. • Measured Lux units using Lux meter. • For day old broiler chicks, an intensity of 100 lux units at bird’s eye level • This can be achieved by providing one 100 watt round bulb at 2 ft height from the floor level for every round brooding. • After brooding an intensity of 20 lux is required for birds which can be achieved by providing 40 Watt tube light at 6 ft. height. • Light intensity should be uniform throughout the farm. • A tube light emits around 60 lux for 400 sq. ft. at 6 ft height.
  26. 26. Space management: Age (days) Space/bird (Sq. ft.) 0-3 0.22 4-7 0.22-0.30 8-14 0.30-0.45 15-21 0.45-0.60 22 onwards Full space
  27. 27. • Expand the brooding area gradually • Overcrowding leads to huddling, dampness of litter, multiplication of disease causing organism. • Less space give away to competition, which causes to become weak and die due to starvation. • Inadequate space and improper equipments alignment will decrease the bird performance.
  28. 28. Curtain Management: • Generally in brooding period the side curtain should be more tightly sealed to preserve heat. • This closed environment to the broiler farms may result in reduced air circulation. • In such circumstances when you feel uncomfortable open side curtain and give fresh air.
  29. 29. Nutrition • Broiler starters ration - 22-23% protein and 3050Kcal energy. • Broiler finisher - 20-21% protein and 3150 Kcal energy
  30. 30. Vaccination schedule 1) O day – Marek’s disease, HVT strain, strictly sub cutaneous. 2) 5 – 7 days of age- Ranikhet Disease, Lasota strain to be given by occulo-nasal method ( one drop each in the eye and nostrils) or drinking water. 3) 14th day – IBD or Gumboro Disease live georgia vaccine (intermediate) by eye drop or drinking water method. 4) 25-28 days of age: RD lasota vaccine through drinking water.

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