Ce diaporama a bien été signalé.
Nous utilisons votre profil LinkedIn et vos données d’activité pour vous proposer des publicités personnalisées et pertinentes. Vous pouvez changer vos préférences de publicités à tout moment.
Dr.Gurram. Srinivas,
Assistant Professor
Department of Poultry Science,
College of Veterinary Science,
Korutla, Karimnagar...
POULTRY BREEDS-HISTORY OF EVOLUTION
Cold blooded (poikilotherms) reptiles are the ancestors of birds
The birds are warm bl...
•Class - Used to designate a group of birds - developed in certain
regions or geographical areas.
• American, Asiatic, Med...
Variety - used to sub-classify breeds. There may be many
varieties within a breed differentiated by plumage colour,
patter...
1. Common egg-type strains
•BV-300, ISA, Babcock, Bovans, Euribrid, Hyline, HH-
260, Dekalb, Keystone, Lohmann and H & N N...
Types of Variations
• Leg and feet variations
– Silkie, Salmon Favorelle, etc
• Size
– Bantam, standard
Breeds and Varieties
Types of Variations
• Feather color
– Solid coloring
– Barring, penciled, mottled
Types of Variations
• Feather type
– Silkies, frizzles, long
tails
Types of Variations
• Feather distribution
– Polish, cochins, naked
neck
Types of Variations
• Comb type
– Single, rose, pea, v-shape, etc
Comb
Types
Comb Types
Comb
Types
Comb Types
Zoological names of domesticated fowls with
Chromosome number
Sl. No. Common Name Zoological Name and
Chromosome number
(2...
7. Guinea fowl Numida meleagris -
78
8. Partridge Perdix perdix- 80
9. Pheasant Phasianus colchicus -
82
10. Pea fowl Pavo...
CLASSIFICATION OF CHICKEN
.Based on the place of origin (Standard or official classification)
.Based on utility, economics...
American Class: Plymouth Rocks, Dominique, Wyandotte, Java,
Rhode Island Reds, Rhode Island Whites, Buckeyes, Chanteclers,...
•Continental - Eg. Houdans, Hamburg, Polish,
Campines, Lackvelders
•Oriental - Eg. Malaya, Yokohama, Sumatra,
Cubalayas
•F...
BASED ON UTILITY, ECONOMICS OR
COMMERCIAL VALUE
•Egg-type: Eg. White Leghorn
•Meat-type: Eg. Cornish, Plymouth Rock
•Dual ...
GENERAL CHARACTERISTICS OF VARIOUS
STANDARD CLASSES OF CHICKEN
• American Class
Body size - Medium to heavy
Egg shell co...
Plymouth Rock
Standard Weights: Cock-4.5kg
Hen-3.5 Kg
Use: Excellent fleshing property
used for broiler production.
Origin...
Rhode Island Red
• Standard Weights: Cock-3.8kg
Hen-2.9 Kg
• Varieties: Single Comb, and Rose
Comb
• Egg Shell Color: Brow...
New Hampshire
• Standard Weights: Cock-3.8kg
Hen-2.9 Kg
• Use: broiler production, large
egg size, early maturity.
• Origi...
Mediterranean Class
• Body size -Small
• Egg-type, non-broody
• Egg shell color - White
• Ear lobes -White
• Shanks - Clea...
Leghorn
• Weights: cock-2.7kg, hen-
2.0kg.
• Egg Shell Color: White.
• Varities-16
• Use: An egg-type chicken,
excellent l...
Leghorn-Chickens
Ancona
Minorca
Asiatic Class
• Body size -Heavy
• Egg shell colour-Brown,
• Broody with motherly instinct
• Ear lobes -Red, mostly
• Shan...
Brahma
Cochin
English Class
• Body size - Medium to large
• Egg shell colour - Brown
• Ear lobes - Red
• Shank - Clean and White
• Skin ...
CORNISH
• Standard Weights: Cock-5kg
Hen-3.5Kg
• Use: broiler production, rapid growth.
• Origin: England.
• Characteristi...
Turkey Varieties
Domestic turkeys at 1 ½ months old
Male turkey 1 ½ months
Female turkey 1 ½ months
2 ½ months
3 ½ months
6 months
Common varieties of turkeys
• Broad Breasted Bronze
• Broad Breasted White
• BeltsVille White
• White Holland
• Narraganse...
Broad Breasted White.
• Cross between Bronze and
White Holland.
• Noted for large meaty
breast.
Broad Breasted Bronze
Broad Breasted Bronze
• Most popular and heaviest variety of turkey
• having a broad and prominent chest region and
bronze...
BELTSVILLE SMALL WHITE
TURKEY
• medium sized turkey
having white feathers
• They produce more eggs
compared to Broad
Breas...
Narragansett
• Reared in germany and
italy
• Used to cross local
breeds in European
countries
White holland
• Developed in Holland
• Used cross with the local basic turkey to
improve their growth rate and reproductiv...
Classification of DUCKS
1).EGG type. Ex: Khaki Campbell ,
Indian Runner
2).MEAT type. Ex: MUSCOVY, Aylesbury,
Pekins, Roue...
Khaki Campbell
Khaki Campbell
• It was developed in England crossing Rouen
and white Indian Runner and mallard.
• Plumage color: khaki
• ...
Indian Runner
Indian runner
• Origin: Indonesia
• Second good layer next to khaki campbell
• 3 varieties
- white
- white pencilled
- faw...
pekin
White Pekin
• Origin: China
• Most popular for meat purpose
• Has creamy white plumage, yellow flesh, long, broad
and deep...
Muscovy-Duck
• Originated in South
America.
• Tree nesting duck
• Curly feathers on face.
• Still doubt whether it
is duck...
• Grazes like goose. Like goose, male have no
such curled feathers in the tail
• No feathers on the face
• Skin is bright ...
• Incubation period-35 days (other ducks 28
days)
• Duck -2.2 to 3.1kg. Drake: 4.5-6.4 kg
• Hardy, good foragers, disease ...
Aylesbury
Aylesbury
• Origin: England
• Plumage color: white
• Legs and feet are bright orange and bill is yellow
• It is regarded a...
Rouen
Rouen
• Origin: France
• Good for roasting
• Eggs are light blue in color
• Duck: 4 kg
• Drake: 4.5 kg
Hybrid ducks
• Hytop and legarth (Meat type)
• Cherry vally (Egg type)
Indigenous duck breeds
• Chara and chempalli (Kuttanad ducks) of
Kerala
• Sythemet and nageswari (North Eastern states)
• ...
QUAILS
• 1974,Central Avian Research Institute
imported Japanese quail from California.
• very suitable for commercial pro...
Varieties quails developed in India
• CARI Uttam
• CARI Ujjawal
• CARI Sweta
• CARI Pearl
• CARI Brown
• CARI Sunheri
• Na...
Licence requirement for quail farming
• A government license is required
• quail considering the jungle variety of the
bir...
• Females (150-180 g) are heavier than the
males(120-130 g)
• Marketing age - 5 weeks
• Age at sexual maturity - starts la...
Male
Female quail
Male and female identification
• The breast of the male quail is usually narrow and
covered with equally distributed brown...
Guinea Fowl
• Three domestic varieties
• Pearl
• White
• Lavender
classification poultry breeds (chicken, turkey, duck and quail)
classification poultry breeds (chicken, turkey, duck and quail)
classification poultry breeds (chicken, turkey, duck and quail)
classification poultry breeds (chicken, turkey, duck and quail)
classification poultry breeds (chicken, turkey, duck and quail)
classification poultry breeds (chicken, turkey, duck and quail)
Prochain SlideShare
Chargement dans…5
×

53

Partager

Télécharger pour lire hors ligne

classification poultry breeds (chicken, turkey, duck and quail)

Télécharger pour lire hors ligne

exotic breeds
.Based on the place of origin (Standard or official classification)

.Based on utility, economics or commercial value
Turkey breeds, quail varieties, duck breeds, comb types

Livres associés

Gratuit avec un essai de 30 jours de Scribd

Tout voir

Livres audio associés

Gratuit avec un essai de 30 jours de Scribd

Tout voir

classification poultry breeds (chicken, turkey, duck and quail)

  1. 1. Dr.Gurram. Srinivas, Assistant Professor Department of Poultry Science, College of Veterinary Science, Korutla, Karimnagar, 505326 Telangana, India
  2. 2. POULTRY BREEDS-HISTORY OF EVOLUTION Cold blooded (poikilotherms) reptiles are the ancestors of birds The birds are warm blooded, (homeotherms) feathered and flying reptiles, adapted for hot and dry climate of their terrestrial habitat birds are classified into the class Aves, Subclass Neornithes, super order Ratitae (flat breast bone- Ostrich, Emu and Kiwi) and Carinatae (Keel breast bone- all flying birds) Red jungle fowl - closely resembles chicken - main ancestor.
  3. 3. •Class - Used to designate a group of birds - developed in certain regions or geographical areas. • American, Asiatic, Mediterranean and English. •Breed - refers to an established group of birds within a species which have same general body shape, morphological characteristics, simillar body weight at specific ages and egg production and some other characteristics. • Ex. Rhode Island Red, Leghorn, Cornish, etc.
  4. 4. Variety - used to sub-classify breeds. There may be many varieties within a breed differentiated by plumage colour, pattern and comb type Ex. White Leghorn, Barred Plymouth Rock etc Strain - Any bird of a particular breed developed by a breeeder by introducing certain economic traits – Egg size, EW, growth rate, laying ability, mortality, FCR.
  5. 5. 1. Common egg-type strains •BV-300, ISA, Babcock, Bovans, Euribrid, Hyline, HH- 260, Dekalb, Keystone, Lohmann and H & N Nick chick. 2. Common Meat-type strain •Cobb, Ross, Steggles, Arbor acres, Hub chicks, Hybro, Hubbard, Lohmann, Pilch, Starbro, Tegel, Anak-2000, Marshall, Peterson, Samrat-2000 and Avian-34.
  6. 6. Types of Variations • Leg and feet variations – Silkie, Salmon Favorelle, etc • Size – Bantam, standard
  7. 7. Breeds and Varieties
  8. 8. Types of Variations • Feather color – Solid coloring – Barring, penciled, mottled
  9. 9. Types of Variations • Feather type – Silkies, frizzles, long tails
  10. 10. Types of Variations • Feather distribution – Polish, cochins, naked neck
  11. 11. Types of Variations • Comb type – Single, rose, pea, v-shape, etc
  12. 12. Comb Types
  13. 13. Comb Types
  14. 14. Comb Types
  15. 15. Comb Types
  16. 16. Zoological names of domesticated fowls with Chromosome number Sl. No. Common Name Zoological Name and Chromosome number (2n) 1. Chicken Gallus gallus domesticus - 78 2. Duck Anas platyrynchos - 80 3. Turkey Meleagris gallopavo - 80 4. Goose Anser anser- 80 5. Japanese quail Coturnix coturnix japonica - 78 6. Bobwhite quail Colinus virginianus -78
  17. 17. 7. Guinea fowl Numida meleagris - 78 8. Partridge Perdix perdix- 80 9. Pheasant Phasianus colchicus - 82 10. Pea fowl Pavo cristatus – 80 11. Ostrich Struthio camelus – 80 12. Pigeon Columba livia – 80 13. Dove Columba oenas -80 14. 15. Muscovy Duck Emu Cairina moschata – 80 Dromaius novaehollandiae-80
  18. 18. CLASSIFICATION OF CHICKEN .Based on the place of origin (Standard or official classification) .Based on utility, economics or commercial value
  19. 19. American Class: Plymouth Rocks, Dominique, Wyandotte, Java, Rhode Island Reds, Rhode Island Whites, Buckeyes, Chanteclers, Jersey Giants, Lamonas, New Hampshire, Hollands and Delawares. Asiatic Class: Cochin, Langshan, Brahma English Class: Dorkings, Redcaps, Cornish, Orpingtons, Sussex, Australorp Mediterranean Class: White Leghorn, Minorca, Spanish, Andalusian, Ancona, Sicilian Buttercup, Catalanas BASED ON THE PLACE OF ORIGIN
  20. 20. •Continental - Eg. Houdans, Hamburg, Polish, Campines, Lackvelders •Oriental - Eg. Malaya, Yokohama, Sumatra, Cubalayas •French, South American (or) Latin American - Eg. Araucana African - Eg. Negro, Jago
  21. 21. BASED ON UTILITY, ECONOMICS OR COMMERCIAL VALUE •Egg-type: Eg. White Leghorn •Meat-type: Eg. Cornish, Plymouth Rock •Dual purpose: Eg. Rhode Island Red, New Hampshire •Game type: Eg. Aseel •Fancy variety or Exhibition - type: Eg. Silky, Frizzled, Bantams •Desi type: Eg. Kadaknath, Naked neck, Chittagong
  22. 22. GENERAL CHARACTERISTICS OF VARIOUS STANDARD CLASSES OF CHICKEN • American Class Body size - Medium to heavy Egg shell colour -Brown Shanks - Clean and yellow Skin - yellow (except Jersey Black giant, where the shanks are black) Ear lobes-Red Comb Shape- Rose or Single Eg. Plymouth rock, Wyandotte, Rhode Island Red, Jersey Black giant, New Hampshire
  23. 23. Plymouth Rock Standard Weights: Cock-4.5kg Hen-3.5 Kg Use: Excellent fleshing property used for broiler production. Origin: America Variety- 7 (Barred & White ) Characteristics: They possess long deep body . Single comb Grayish-white plumage-black bars. Auto sexing Brown-eggs
  24. 24. Rhode Island Red • Standard Weights: Cock-3.8kg Hen-2.9 Kg • Varieties: Single Comb, and Rose Comb • Egg Shell Color: Brown • Use: Egg production. • Origin: Massachusetts and Rhode Island. • Characteristics: Long rectangular body, golden brown plumage – Relatively hardy. – The best egg layers of the dual purpose breeds. – handle marginal diets and poor housing conditions.
  25. 25. New Hampshire • Standard Weights: Cock-3.8kg Hen-2.9 Kg • Use: broiler production, large egg size, early maturity. • Origin: Massachusetts and New Hampshire (developed from RIR). • Characteristics: – They possess a deep, broad body, grow feathers rapidly. – Single comb – The color is chestnut red . – Brown-eggs
  26. 26. Mediterranean Class • Body size -Small • Egg-type, non-broody • Egg shell color - White • Ear lobes -White • Shanks - Clean and yellow/slate coloured • Skin -Yellow or White • Eg: Leghorn, Minorca, Ancona, Andalusian
  27. 27. Leghorn • Weights: cock-2.7kg, hen- 2.0kg. • Egg Shell Color: White. • Varities-16 • Use: An egg-type chicken, excellent laying. • E.P-300 eggs/year • Origin: city of Leghorn, Italy. • Characteristics: A small, compact and light body, active. • Small head with well set comb • Neatest of all birds
  28. 28. Leghorn-Chickens
  29. 29. Ancona
  30. 30. Minorca
  31. 31. Asiatic Class • Body size -Heavy • Egg shell colour-Brown, • Broody with motherly instinct • Ear lobes -Red, mostly • Shank - feathered and yellow • Skin - Yellow (except Langshan) • Eg: Brahma, Cochin, Langshan
  32. 32. Brahma
  33. 33. Cochin
  34. 34. English Class • Body size - Medium to large • Egg shell colour - Brown • Ear lobes - Red • Shank - Clean and White • Skin -White • Comb shape -Single (except Cornish with pea comb) • Eg: Australorp, Cornish, Dorking, Orpington and Sussex
  35. 35. CORNISH • Standard Weights: Cock-5kg Hen-3.5Kg • Use: broiler production, rapid growth. • Origin: England. • Characteristics: – Close compact feathering and heavy flesh – Breast is very deep and broad at shoulder. – pea comb – Varities- 4
  36. 36. Turkey Varieties
  37. 37. Domestic turkeys at 1 ½ months old
  38. 38. Male turkey 1 ½ months Female turkey 1 ½ months
  39. 39. 2 ½ months
  40. 40. 3 ½ months
  41. 41. 6 months
  42. 42. Common varieties of turkeys • Broad Breasted Bronze • Broad Breasted White • BeltsVille White • White Holland • Narragansett Hybrid turkey: Nicholas Turkey ( BBB and BeltsVille White)
  43. 43. Broad Breasted White. • Cross between Bronze and White Holland. • Noted for large meaty breast.
  44. 44. Broad Breasted Bronze
  45. 45. Broad Breasted Bronze • Most popular and heaviest variety of turkey • having a broad and prominent chest region and bronze coloured feathers • The males 15-18 kg and female 12-13 kg, • Most of the present day hybrid turkeys are crosses of different strains of Broad Breasted Bronze or Beltsville White • Nicholas Turkey – popular in North america. It is the cross of the Broad Breasted Bronze and Beltsville white
  46. 46. BELTSVILLE SMALL WHITE TURKEY • medium sized turkey having white feathers • They produce more eggs compared to Broad Breasted Bronze • The toms weigh 10-12 kg at maturity and hens 7-8 kg • Produces more eggs compared to BBB therefore included in breeding programmes
  47. 47. Narragansett • Reared in germany and italy • Used to cross local breeds in European countries
  48. 48. White holland • Developed in Holland • Used cross with the local basic turkey to improve their growth rate and reproductive ability.
  49. 49. Classification of DUCKS 1).EGG type. Ex: Khaki Campbell , Indian Runner 2).MEAT type. Ex: MUSCOVY, Aylesbury, Pekins, Rouen 3). Ornamental: Crested white Black East india
  50. 50. Khaki Campbell
  51. 51. Khaki Campbell • It was developed in England crossing Rouen and white Indian Runner and mallard. • Plumage color: khaki • Light body weight • Size of head of male is larger than female • Bills and shank - black in color • Egg production : 300 eggs per year per bird • Duck: 2.0-2.2 kg • Drake: 2.2-2.4 kg
  52. 52. Indian Runner
  53. 53. Indian runner • Origin: Indonesia • Second good layer next to khaki campbell • 3 varieties - white - white pencilled - fawn • Body is broader in front and slightly tappering at back • Lean appearance and wedge shaped bill • 250-280 eggs per year • Duck: 1.5-2.1 kg, Drake :2.0-2.6 kg
  54. 54. pekin
  55. 55. White Pekin • Origin: China • Most popular for meat purpose • Has creamy white plumage, yellow flesh, long, broad and deep body. • Bills and legs – deep orange color • Attains 2.2 to 2.5 kg body weight in 7 weeks of age with a FCR 1:2.6-3.0 kg • 160 eggs • Duck: 3.3-3.6 kg • Drake – 3.8-4.2 kg
  56. 56. Muscovy-Duck • Originated in South America. • Tree nesting duck • Curly feathers on face. • Still doubt whether it is duck or goose
  57. 57. • Grazes like goose. Like goose, male have no such curled feathers in the tail • No feathers on the face • Skin is bright red in color with carancules around the eye. • Drake has a knob on head which gives crest appearance • Voice is not characteristic of sex
  58. 58. • Incubation period-35 days (other ducks 28 days) • Duck -2.2 to 3.1kg. Drake: 4.5-6.4 kg • Hardy, good foragers, disease resistant. • When Crossed with other breeds produces sterile ducks called ‘Mule ducks’
  59. 59. Aylesbury
  60. 60. Aylesbury • Origin: England • Plumage color: white • Legs and feet are bright orange and bill is yellow • It is regarded as deluxe table bird because of its light bone and high percentage of creamy white flesh • Duck: 4.0-4.2 kg • Drake: 4.3-4.6 kg
  61. 61. Rouen
  62. 62. Rouen • Origin: France • Good for roasting • Eggs are light blue in color • Duck: 4 kg • Drake: 4.5 kg
  63. 63. Hybrid ducks • Hytop and legarth (Meat type) • Cherry vally (Egg type)
  64. 64. Indigenous duck breeds • Chara and chempalli (Kuttanad ducks) of Kerala • Sythemet and nageswari (North Eastern states) • Aarani ducks of tamilnadu • Pati, Deo, Cinahanh and Rajhanh varieties of Assam
  65. 65. QUAILS • 1974,Central Avian Research Institute imported Japanese quail from California. • very suitable for commercial production of both meat and eggs. • Suitable for indian conditions
  66. 66. Varieties quails developed in India • CARI Uttam • CARI Ujjawal • CARI Sweta • CARI Pearl • CARI Brown • CARI Sunheri • Nandanam Quail
  67. 67. Licence requirement for quail farming • A government license is required • quail considering the jungle variety of the bird, which is a protected species • Ministry of environment and forests
  68. 68. • Females (150-180 g) are heavier than the males(120-130 g) • Marketing age - 5 weeks • Age at sexual maturity - starts laying eggs 6-7 weeks of age • Produces 280 eggs per year • Egg weight 9-10 g
  69. 69. Male
  70. 70. Female quail
  71. 71. Male and female identification • The breast of the male quail is usually narrow and covered with equally distributed brown and white feathers. • But the female quail has a broad breast covered with brown feathers with black dots.
  72. 72. Guinea Fowl • Three domestic varieties • Pearl • White • Lavender
  • AroobaSiddiqui2

    Sep. 9, 2021
  • ShaneikCunningham

    Jun. 26, 2021
  • mayuritankar7

    May. 26, 2021
  • PragatiDixit8

    Apr. 26, 2021
  • hanzgh

    Feb. 23, 2021
  • AbhishekMaroor

    Feb. 6, 2021
  • ShowrovMahmud

    Jan. 23, 2021
  • sathishprince1

    Nov. 26, 2020
  • ShumailaK1

    Oct. 21, 2020
  • RenarinKawaii

    Oct. 14, 2020
  • NagasriMamidala

    Oct. 8, 2020
  • RaviKumar5253

    Sep. 20, 2020
  • MohamedAli2172

    Aug. 6, 2020
  • DrVijaySinghBaderiya

    Jun. 17, 2020
  • JoshuaFaerber

    Jun. 3, 2020
  • ahmedabdelazim48

    May. 30, 2020
  • MubarakQuaynor

    May. 22, 2020
  • VinayIppa

    Apr. 7, 2020
  • ArahJadeAcosta

    Feb. 29, 2020
  • AuduAbdulrasaq

    Feb. 20, 2020

exotic breeds .Based on the place of origin (Standard or official classification) .Based on utility, economics or commercial value Turkey breeds, quail varieties, duck breeds, comb types

Vues

Nombre de vues

41 126

Sur Slideshare

0

À partir des intégrations

0

Nombre d'intégrations

17

Actions

Téléchargements

1 062

Partages

0

Commentaires

0

Mentions J'aime

53

×