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Civil rights powerpoint 2013 language & culture ii (1)
Martin Luther King, Malcolm X and Nelson
What are Civil and Political
They are a class of rights that
protect individuals' freedom from
by governments and private
organizations, and ensure one's
ability to participate in the civil and
political life of
the state without discrimination or
Civil Rights were not the same for all
African American people and South
African people suffered Racial
Segregation since 1955 in the United
States and 1913 (Black Land Act) in
How African-American people were
treated in that time?
Apartheid was a system of legalized racial
segregation enforced by the National Party
(NP) South African government between
1948 and 1994.
What was Apartheid?
Sophie Williams-de Bruyn
¨South Africa in 1956
was a very polarized
country and a very
oppressive place to
¨We were classified as
“We were not allowed
to mix with one
another that much.
We had our own
buses. They had their
own buses. We had
our own schools.
They had their own
African-American Civil Rights
This movement encompasses social movements in
the United States whose goal was to end racial
segregation and discrimination against black
Americans and enforce constitutional voting rights to
them in the south of United States.
In South Africa there was the same situation to stop
the anti-Apartheid System led by Nelson Mandela.
In both cases the citizens used non-violent methods
of struggle to achieve their aims.
Most important Civil Rights
(January 15, 1929
-April 4, 1968)
(May 19, 1925 -
(July 18, 1918 - )
Martin Luther King
He belonged to a Christian family.
He studied Sociology and Theology.
He became a Baptist Minister and Civil Rights
He made a great effort to spread peace and love
among human’s relations in the United States.
His most important objective was ending the legal
segregation of African American Citizens in the
south and other areas of the Nation.
He was fatally shot on April, 4, 1968.
Malcolm X´s birth name was Malcolm Little.
He was an African American Muslim minister and
human rights activist.
He had strong opinions and he spoke out against
He shared his ideas with people and he told
African American to stand up for their rights.
He was killed in 1965 in New York.
He was born in Transkei, South Africa on July
He joined the African National Congress in 1944
and was engaged in resistance against the ruling
National Party's apartheid policies after 1948.
Mandela was arrested in 1962 and sentenced to
five years' imprisonment with hard labour.
June 12, 1964, Mandela was sentenced to life
He was widely accepted as the most significant
black leader in South Africa and became a potent
symbol of resistance as the anti-apartheid
movement gathered strength.
After a whole process of racial segregation in the
history of South Africa, Mandela became the first
Civil Rights’ Legacy
Civil Rights Movements achieved impressive
judicial and legislative victories against
discrimination in public acomodation and
voting, and also a considerable succes in
convating job and housing discrimination.
“I have a dream that one day this nation
will rise up and live out the true
meaning of its creed: 'We hold these
truths to be self-evident: that all men
are created equal”
“I have a dream…” Speech by M.L.K