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The GW Solar Institute
2nd Annual Symposium
Challenges to Solar as a Leading Solution
to Climate Change and Energy Problems
April 19, 2010 • 8:00am–5:00pm
Jack Morton Auditorium
805 21st Street, NW, Washington, DC
Letter from the Director
Since we last met in 2009, the GW Solar Institute has grown in many ways: we have a larger network, we are working with
a broader array of interests, and, most of all, we have added Debra Jacobson as Co-Director of the Institute. Despite the
Institute’s advancement, we meet here today to discuss many of the same issues facing solar energy; the solar option is real
and ready to be deployed, and our nation and world need it.
Lingering challenges to solar energy include: deployment hurdles like siting and transmission, hidden fossil fuel subsidies,
financing difficulties, integrating variable electric resources into the electric grid, unfavorable utility ratemaking policies, and
the development of a new infrastructure for fueling vehicles through electrification or solar-to-fuel products.
This year is different from last in several important ways. The political climate is more constrained by fiscal limits, but the will
to pursue solar energy is strong. Meanwhile, the average price of solar modules has declined substantially. As this continues,
solar energy becomes an increasingly attractive option for reducing CO2 and addressing energy needs. Perhaps the
constrained political environment will see much more targeted, even more effective, solar solutions.
Today is indeed about challenges but it is also about opportunities. We are here because we want to hear both the good and
the bad because it is the only way we can find new solutions.
Thanks for joining us,
Director, GW Solar Institute
Welcome Scott Sklar
8:45 – 9:00 am President, The Stella Group
Steven Knapp Arnold Goldman
President, The George Washington University Chairman, Brightsource
Peg Barratt Rhone Resch
Dean, GW Columbian College of Arts and Sciences President & CEO, Solar Energy Industries Association
Debra Jacobson Ken Zweibel
Co-Director, GW Solar Institute Executive Director, GW Solar Institute
Keynote Discussion – 40 Minutes
9:00 – 9:30am
Ambassador Stuart Eizenstat Break
Partner, Covington & Burling LLP 11:00 – 11:15am
Solar Vision Forum Solar Photovoltaic Electricity
9:30 – 11:00 am 11:15 am – 12:30 pm
Key issues and opportunities for moving forward with solar on Technical & economic feasibility of energy-significant
an energy-significant scale solar energy from PV
Moderator: Jerry Bloom Maja Wessels
Partner, Winston & Strawn LLP Executive Vice President, First Solar
John Lushetsky Julie Blunden
Manager, DOE Solar Energy Technologies Program VP of Public Policy and Corporate Communications, SunPower
David Miller Break
President, Electronics & Communications, DuPont 3:00 – 3:15 pm
Question & Answer Session
Solar Energy & Transportation
3:15 – 4:30 pm
Lunch Which makes sense – electricity or portable fuels from solar?
12:30 – 1:45 pm
Networking Lunch Sam Baldwin
Marvin Center, 3rd Floor Chief Technology Officer, EERE DOE
Solar Thermal Electricity Professor of Chemistry, The George Washington University
1:45 – 3:00 pm Don Paul
Technical & economic feasibility of energy-significant Executive Director, USC Energy Institute
solar energy from CSP
Question & Answer Session
Chief Technical Officer, Solar Reserve Wrap Up
Scott Frier 4:30 – 4:45 pm
Chief Operating Officer, Abengoa Solar Ken Zweibel
Executive Director, GW Solar Institute
VP for Energy Programs, Lockheed Martin
Question & Answer Session 4:45 – 5:30 pm
Sam Baldwin Peg Barratt
Dr. Sam Baldwin serves as the Chief Technology Dr. Peg Barratt is Dean of the Columbian
Officer for the Office of Energy Efficiency and College of Arts and Sciences at The George
Renewable Energy at the U.S. Department Washington University, the oldest college at
of Energy and a Member of the Board of the University. Departments and programs
Directors for the Office. In previous positions are supported in the arts and humanities;
he has served with the White House Office social and behavioral sciences; and natural,
of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP), the mathematical and biomedical sciences.
National Renewable Energy Laboratory, the Dr. Barratt served as Deputy Director of the
Congressional Office of Technology Assessment (OTA), Princeton Clinical Research Policy Analysis and Coordination program at NIH
University, the U.S. Senate, and elsewhere. (CRpac) until 2006, and before that as Division Director for Behavioral
and Cognitive Sciences and Program Director for Developmental
Dr. Baldwin is the author or co-author of 9 books and monographs
and Learning Sciences/Children’s Research Initiative at the National
at OSTP, OTA, DOE, and elsewhere, and more than 30 papers and
technical reports on energy technology and policy, physics, and
other issues. He is a Fellow of the American Association for the Prior to her service at NSF, Dr. Barratt directed the Institute for Children,
Advancement of Science and holds a doctorate in physics. Youth, and Families at Michigan State University and was a member of
the faculty of the University of Wisconsin-Madison for 19 years in the
Department of Human Development and Family Studies and served
as department chair. She received the University of Wisconsin-Madison
Distinguished Teaching Award in 1998.
She received a doctorate in developmental psychology from the
University of Wisconsin-Madison, and received bachelor’s and
master’s degrees in psychology from Michigan State University.
She also holds a Master of Philosophy in psychology from The
George Washington University.
Jerry Bloom Julie Blunden
Jerry Bloom is a partner at Winston and Strawn, Since April of 2005, Julie Blunden has
LLP. He is chair of the firm’s energy, project served as VP of Public Policy and Corporate
development, and finance practice group Communications for SunPower, leading public
and focuses his practice on the development relations, financial relations, public policy,
and operation of domestic and international and market development. Prior to SunPower,
independent energy projects, electric-industry Blunden was a consultant at KEMA-XENERGY
restructuring and privatization, and mergers on energy markets, renewable resources and
and acquisitions. policy to industry, utilities and state and federal
governments. In that role, Blunden supported the Schwarzenegger
Bloom has extensive experience in the negotiation of off-take
administration in developing the Million Solar Homes Initiative. In
and power purchase agreements, engineering, procurement, and
1997, she co-founded Green Mountain Energy Company, a national
construction contracts, operation and maintenance agreements,
retail electric supplier of renewable power.
fuel supply agreements, syndication, and agency agreements. He
has assisted in the development and operation of energy projects Blunden began her career doing development and acquisitions in
in the United States, Mexico, Costa Rica, Brazil, Turkey, Pakistan, the independent power generation business at the AES Corporation.
Indonesia, Australia, the Philippines, and China. He is also active in She received a Master of Business Administration degree from
the development of small- and utility-scale photovoltaic and thermal the Stanford Graduate School of Business and a bachelor’s from
solar facilities. He is also a member of the Advisory Board of the GW Dartmouth College majoring in engineering, modified with
Solar institute. environmental studies. She serves on the board of directors at
the Center for Resource Solutions and the Real Goods Solar Living
Bloom received a bachelor’s in psychology in 1974 and a master’s
Institute, as well as on the board of advisors for Vote Solar.
in counseling in 1976 from The George Washington University. He
received a Juris Doctor from the University of Miami School of Law
Stuart E. Eizenstat Scott Frier
Ambassador Eizenstat is head of the Scott Frier is the Chief Operating Officer
international practice of Covington and Burling for Abengoa Solar Inc., which has a 20-year
LLP. His work at Covington focuses on resolving history of solar thermal R&D in Europe and has
international trade problems and business developed several +25 MW solar thermal plants.
disputes with the U.S. and foreign governments, Frier had been in the oil and gas industry until
and international business transactions and 1988 when he became General Manager of the
regulations on behalf of U.S. companies and world’s first commercial solar thermal power
others around the world. facility—SEGS I and II—near Barstow, California.
During a decade and a half of public service in three U.S. He then moved on to become the General Manager of the five
administrations, Ambassador Eizenstat has held a number of key Kramer SEGS for LUZ and afterwards, became the Chief Operating
senior positions, including chief White House domestic policy adviser Officer of KJC Operating Company (KJC OC), the world’s largest
to President Jimmy Carter (1977–1981); U.S. Ambassador to the producer of solar energy, until it was sold at the end of 2004. Frier
European Union, Under Secretary of Commerce for International Trade, then served as President and CEO of Solargenix Operating Service –
Under Secretary of State for Economic, Business and Agricultural Affairs, now Acciona Solar. During his tenure, Acciona developed the Nevada
and Deputy Secretary of the Treasury in the Clinton Administration Solar One Project, a 64 MW plant near Boulder City, Nevada. It was
(1993–2001). the first large-scale parabolic trough plant constructed in the US in
During the Clinton Administration, he had a prominent role in the
development of key international initiatives, including the negotiations Frier left Acciona Solar, to serve as Chief Operating Officer of Abengoa
of the Transatlantic Agenda with the European Union (establishing Solar, where he is currently developing large-scale solar-thermal
what remains of the framework for the U.S. relationship with the EU); projects in the U.S. Southwest as well as supporting other large-scale
the development of the Transatlantic Business Dialogue (TABD) among international developments.
European and U.S. CEOs; the negotiation of the Japan Port Agreement
with the Japanese government; and the negotiation of the Kyoto
Protocol on global warming, where he led the U.S. delegation.
Arnold Goldman William R. Gould Jr.
Arnold J. Goldman is the Chairman and Gould serves as the Chief Technical Officer
Founder of both BrightSource Energy Inc. for SolarReserve. He brings more than thirty
and BrightSource Industries (Israel), Ltd. (BSII). years of technical experience to SolarReserve
Goldman founded Luz International, Ltd. in the areas of engineering, procurement and
and served as its Chief Executive Officer. Luz construction of power plants and power related
International, Ltd. designed, constructed, systems—with the last twelve years of his career
financed, and operated the world’s nine largely dedicated to solar energy installations.
largest Solar Electric Generating Systems Gould’s highly regarded solar energy expertise
(SEGS) which, at the time, generated ninety percent of the world’s includes extensive feasibility work, design, construction, cost
solar electricity. Goldman also co-founded Electric Fuel Ltd., an estimating, and financial due diligence on various concentrating
electric battery/fuel cell company listed today as Aerotech on the solar thermal power plant technologies, including power tower and
NASDAQ exchange. He was the Vice President of Engineering and solar trough designs. This work includes facilities in development,
co-founder of Lexitron, the first word processing company in the construction and in operation in the U.S. as well as installations in
U.S. Raytheon purchased Lexitron in 1977. Europe, Africa the Middle East, and Latin America.
Goldman is the recipient of two international awards for his Gould served as Project Manager of the Solar Two project built in 1997
contribution to solar energy development. He holds numerous near Barstow, California by the U.S. Department of Energy. This highly
patents for his inventions and innovations. He holds a Bachelor successful demonstration facility was the largest thermal power tower
of Science in engineering from UCLA and a Master of Science in installation at the time and utilized molten salt technology for energy
Electrical Engineering from the University of Southern California. capture and storage, similar to SolarReserve’s current technology.
Gould received Bachelor of Science and Master of Science degrees
in mechanical engineering from Brigham Young University and is a
licensed Professional Engineer in a several states.
Debra Jacobson Steven Knapp
Debra Jacobson joined the Solar Institute as Steven Knapp became the 16th president of
Co-Director in September 2009. She has worked The George Washington University on August
in the fields of energy and environmental law 1, 2007. A distinguished scholar with nearly
and policy for more than 30 years or more than 30 years of experience in higher education
25 years, Jacobson worked in the legislative and administration, Dr. Knapp previously served as
executive branches of the Federal government, provost and senior vice president for academic
including 16 years as a staff member on the affairs at The Johns Hopkins University.
House Committee on Energy and Commerce
and 6 years as a legislative aide to a member of the Committee. As president, Dr. Knapp’s priorities include enhancing GW’s
In addition, Jacobson served for five years as a senior advisor and partnerships with organizations and agencies throughout the
in special assistant positions in the Office of the Secretary, the Office nation’s capital, increasing the institution’s preeminence in research,
of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, and the Office of addressing the affordability of higher education, and strengthening
Environmental Management at the Department of Energy. connections with its lifelong and worldwide community of alumni.
He also has convened task forces on sustainability and campus
Since 2002, Jacobson has taught Energy Law at the GW Law School
safety and security.
and worked as an independent consultant on energy and climate
issues. She was a founding member of the Women’s Council on Energy A specialist in 18th- and 19th-century English literature and literary
and the Environment in 1981 and currently serves as an Advisor to the theory, Dr. Knapp served for 16 years on the faculty at the University
REIL Project and as a Member of the DOE’s Wind Powering America of California, Berkeley, where he held leadership positions in the
Strategy Committee. Department of English and on university committees. Dr. Knapp
earned a master’s degree and doctorate from Cornell University and
She earned a Juris Doctor from The George Washington Law School
a Bachelor of Arts degree from Yale University.
and a Bachelor of Arts in environmental studies from the University
of Rochester. She is a member of the Bar in both New York and
Stuart Licht John Lushetsky
Dr. Licht is Professor of Chemistry in The John Lushetsky is the Manager of the
George Washington University Columbian U.S. Department of Energy’s Solar Energy
College of Arts and Sciences and is a founding Technologies Program (SETP) with responsibility
member of the GW Institute of Basic Energy for all solar technology development, grid
Science and Technology. His current research integration, and market transformation activities
focuses on the generation of fuels from under the Solar America Initiative announced by
sunlight, and he has published numerous President Bush in 2006. His career has included
articles on the subject, which have been significant technology development and
featured in the Journal of Physical Chemistry. commercialization roles with both start-up and Fortune 500 companies.
Prior to coming to The George Washington University, Dr. Licht served Lushetsky was previously with Corning, Inc., where he held a number
as a Program Director in the Chemistry Division of the National Science of senior positions with responsibility for strategic marketing,
Foundation. He also held professor positions at Technion Israel Institute account management and business development activities. Most
of Technology, Clark University, and the University of Massachusetts, recently, Lushetsky was responsible for developing new strategic
Boston, where he served as Chair of the Chemistry Department from business opportunities in the solar technologies as well as the
2003 to 2006. computer electronics, medical device and life science, and water
Dr. Licht earned his doctorate from the Weizmann Institute of Science
and a bachelor’s degree in chemistry and a master’s in physics from Prior to Corning, Lushetsky was with Electrosource, Inc., an Austin,
Wesleyan University. Texas-based start-up developing an advanced battery technology for
electric and hybrid vehicles. While with Electrosource, Lushetsky had
responsibility for marketing, business development and company
Lushetsky holds a Master of Business Administration in international
business from The George Washington University, and a bachelor’s and
master’s degree cum laude in engineering science from the University
David Miller Chris Myers
David B. Miller is President of DuPont Electronics Christopher D. Myers was appointed Vice
& Communications. Miller joined DuPont in President of Government and Energy Programs
1981. He began his career with DuPont at for Lockheed Martin Mission Systems & Sensors
the Savannah River Plant in Aiken, S.C., where (MS2) in January 2010.
he held several positions in engineering and
In this role, he is responsible for ensuring MS2’s
manufacturing. He then moved into the
business strategies are properly coordinated
DuPont Electronic Materials business where
and executed in conjunction with Lockheed
he held assignments in sales, marketing, and
Martin’s Corporate Washington office. Myers also leads MS2’s entry
business management, including Managing Director of the Asia Pacific
into the renewable energy market as the capture executive for Energy
Region. Upon his return from Asia, Miller became a Director in DuPont
Generation and is responsible for establishing and growing MS2’s
Investor Relations. He was named Vice President and General Manager,
presence in this field.
DuPont Electronic Technologies in January 2001. In June 2007, he was
named group Vice President of DuPont Electronic & Communication Previously, Myers was Vice President, Business Development, where he
Technologies. He assumed his present position in October 2009. was responsible for new business acquisition, technology research and
development for MS2 pursuits. He has also served as Vice President,
Miller is also a member of the Semiconductor Equipment and Materials
Advanced Programs, with responsibility for leading MS2’s efforts
International (SEMI) North America Advisory Board, serving on the
in developing advanced sensors and weapons systems for surface
public policy subcommittee.
combatant ships. Before that role, he was Vice President, Seabased
He received a Bachelor of Science in electrical engineering from the Missile Defense Programs, which included overseeing Aegis Ballistic
University of Virginia. Missile Defense.
Myers joined Lockheed Martin after a distinguished career with the
U.S. Navy. He earned a bachelor’s degree in political science from The
University of Colorado at Boulder and a Master of Public Administration
degree from Cornell University.
Donald Paul Rhone Resch
Dr. Donald Paul is the Executive Director of the Rhone Resch is President and Chief Executive
University of Southern California Energy Institute, Officer of the Solar Energy Industries Association
where he also holds the William M. Keck Chair in (SEIA). At SEIA, Resch is responsible for all
Energy Resources. The USC Energy Institute was aspects of the association’s operations and
launched in 2008 to create a university-based implementation of SEIA’s strategic priorities.
framework to support and expand opportunities Resch is a registered lobbyist with more than
in energy-related research, education, and public 15 years of experience working in clean energy
policy development. development and climate change issues. Prior
to coming to SEIA, he was Senior Vice President of the Natural Gas
Dr. Paul had a distinguished career at Chevron, retiring in 2008
Supply Association, a trade association that represents both major
as the corporation’s Vice President and Chief Technology Officer.
and independent companies that produce and market natural gas.
During his 33 year tenure at Chevron, he held a variety of positions in
In addition, he has served as Program Manager at the EPA’s Climate
research and technology, exploration and production operations, and
Protection Division in the Office of Air and Radiation, developing
executive management, including service as president of Chevron’s
energy efficiency programs to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and
Canadian subsidiary. As Chevron’s Chief Technology Officer, he was
hazardous air pollutants from the petroleum industry.
responsible for the corporation’s three major technology subsidiaries:
Energy Technology, Information Technology, and Technology Ventures. Resch has also supported the U.S. Department of Energy’s
He was extensively involved in forming external research and Environmental Management Program, evaluating the energy efficiency
technology partnerships between Chevron and major universities, of industrial operations and reviewing regulatory compliance with
governments, and businesses. respect to Superfund, the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act,
the Toxic Substance Control Act, as well as the Clean Water Act, Clean
Dr. Paul’s public service record is expansive, and he was recently
Air Act, and the Occupational Safety and Health Act.
recognized for his career contributions as a recipient of the USC Viterbi
School of Engineering’s Distinguished Service Award and an honorary He received a Master of Public Administration degree in management
Doctorate of Engineering from the Colorado School of Mines. from Syracuse University’s Maxwell School, a Master of Environmental
Engineering from SUNY Syracuse, and a Bachelor of Arts from the
University of Michigan.
Scott Sklar Maja Wessels
Scott Sklar is President of The Stella Group, a Maja Wessels leads First Solar’s government
strategic marketing and policy firm for clean affairs, sustainable development and
distributed energy users and companies. The firm community relations activities globally.
specializes in blending technologies and financing Wessels joined First Solar as Vice President of
for projects, assisting companies to scale-up Government Affairs for the Europe, Middle East
market penetration, and facilitating federal and and Africa region in May 2008 after serving four
state polices to expand markets. He joined the years as Senior Vice President of Government
company full-time as its President in 2000. Affairs at Honeywell for the EMEA region and
three as President, United Technologies International Operations for
For fifteen years, he was simultaneously the Executive Director of
Europe. Wessels chaired the American Electronics Industry Association
the Solar Energy Industries Association and the National BioEnergy
Europe from 2006 to 2007 and prior to that served as President of the
Industries Association. Sklar also served as Political Director of the
American Chamber of Commerce to the EU from 2003 to 2007. From
Solar Lobby, formed by several national environmental groups, and
1997 to 2000 she was Vice President of Government Affairs in Europe at
co-founded the Congressional Solar Coalition, which helped drive
legislation for renewables in the 1970s. His co-authored book,
A Consumer Guide to Solar Energy, was re-released for its third printing, Wessels received a bachelor’s degree from Dartmouth College. She
and his co-authored book, The Forbidden Fuel: Power Alcohol in the also holds a master’s degree in international economics and European
Twentieth Century, was updated and re-released in early 2010 by studies from the School of Advanced International Studies at The Johns
University of Nebraska Press. Hopkins University.
Sklar serves on and chairs numerous industry and non-profit boards.
Sklar will join The George Washington University in September 2010
to teach a course on sustainable energy within the Columbia College
of Arts and Sciences.
Ken Zweibel has almost 30 years experience
in solar photovoltaics. During his 26 years at
the National renewable Energy Lab (NREL),
Zweibel led their development of thin film PV,
serving as program leader for the Thin Film PV
Partnership Program until 2006. The Thin Film
Partnership worked with most U.S. stakeholders
in thin film PV (companies, universities,
scientists) and is often credited with being important to the success
of thin film PV in the U.S. Zweibel subsequently co-founded and
became Chairman and President of a thin film CdTe PV start-up,
PrimeStar Solar, a majority of which has been purchased by General
Electric. Zweibel authored the “Solar Grand Plan,” an article appearing
in Scientific American (January 2008).
Since July 2008, Zweibel has been Director of the Solar Institute at
The George Washington University in Washington, D.C. The Institute
conducts research into the economic, technical, and public policy
issues associated with the development and deployment of solar
energy to meet global energy and environmental challenges. Zweibel
has been on the Steering Committee of the “DOE Solar Vision” since
June 2009, when it began an effort to develop a deployment plan for
solar through 2030. Zweibel also keeps an active blog on solar energy,
Printed on recycled paper made with process-chlorine-free 100% post-consumer waste fiber, manufactured with electricity powered by wind power. G32025
The George Washington
University Solar Institute
researches the economic,
technical, and public policy
issues associated with the
development and deployment
of solar energy to meet
global energy needs and