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Child welfare committee and juvenile justice board in India _An overview

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Child welfare committee and juvenile justice board in India _An overview

  1. 1. Overview on Child Welfare Committee and Juvenile Justice Board
  2. 2. Presentation Overview This presentation brings details of the ● Overview of Child Welfare Committe ● Overview of Juvenile Justice Board ● Basic Standard Operating Procedures for CWC CWC and the● 12 basic category of children under produces related to its functioning
  3. 3. Overview of Child Welfare Committee CWC is a statutory body appointed as a competent authority for all children in need of care and protection by the JJ Act. ● A Child can be brought before the committee (or a member of the committee) by a police officer, any public servant, CHILDLINE personnel, any social worker or public spirited citizen, or by the child himself/herself. ● The CWC usually sends the child to a children's home while the inquiry into the case is conducted for the protection of the child. ● The CWC meets and interviews the child to learn his/her background information and also understand the problem the child is facing.
  4. 4. Contd.. ● The probation officer (P.O) in charge of the case must also submit regular reports of the child. ● The purpose of the CWC is to determine the best interest of the child and find the child a safe home and environment either with his/her original parents or adoptive parents, foster care or in an institution. ● A final order must be given within four months of the admission of the child before the CWC. ● The CWC also has powers to hold people accountable for the child such as in the case of child labour, the employers are fined or made to give bonds to the children.
  5. 5. Specific Categories of Children CWC members should understand the following categories while making a decision in relation to the children. 1: Surrendered child 2: Abandoned child and missing child 3: Procedure to be followed for declaring a child free for adoption 4: Child of parents considered unfit for their care
  6. 6. Contd.. 5: Child marriage 6: Working child 7: Child beggar 8: Street child 9: Child trafficked for sexual exploitation 10: Child who is victim of abuse 11: Child who is mentally or physically challenged 12: Child affected by HIV/AIDS.
  7. 7. Functions of CWC ● Take cognizance of and receive children produced before the Committee ● Decide on the matters brought before the Committee ● Reach out to such children in need of care and protection who are not in a position to be produced before the Committee ● Conduct necessary inquiry on all issues relating to and affecting the safety and well being of the child
  8. 8. Functions of CWC Contd.. ● Declare a child legally free for adoption. ● Maintain liaison with the JJ Board in respect of cases needing care and protection ● Direct the Child Welfare Officers or Probation Officers or non- governmental organisations to conduct social inquiry ● Ensure necessary care and protection, including immediate shelter ● Ensure appropriate rehabilitation and restoration, including passing necessary directions to parents or guardians or fit persons or fit institutions
  9. 9. Juvenile Justice Board and its Function ● The purpose of a separate court is that its purpose is socio-legal rehabilitation and reformation not punishment. ● The JJB consists of a metropolitan magistrate or a judicial magistrate of the first class and two social workers, at least one of whom should be a woman. ● The police have 24 hours to produce a child before the court once he is arrested. ● JJB are meant to resolve cases within a four month period.
  10. 10. Juvenile Justice Board and its Function contd.. ●Once the child has been brought before the JJB he/she is registered into the closest Observation Home. Most circumstances the juvenile can be released on bail by the JJB. ●The home probation officer (P.O.) in charge will also submit a report ●Based on the Police and P.O. report the JJB calls for the child's plea. ●If the child pleads guilty the JJB will pass appropriate orders for the child. ●If the juvenile pleads not guilty the JJB must further investigate by calling witnessing and accusers to testify before the court.

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