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OLD AGE HOMES
FOR THE ELDERLY
Team Members: Harsh Khatri, Shyam Rajgarhia,
Chayan Dhall, Rishabh Bhandari, Kripa Grover,
Tanya Aggarwal, Simran Mattu, Radhika Ahuja
Changing world Scenario
The world will have more
people who live to see their
80s or 90s than ever before.
The past century has seen
in life expectancy.
Soon, the world will have
more older people than
The world population is
Low- and middle-income
countries will experience
the most rapid and dramatic
Source :WHO 2010
Ageing: The Indian Scenario…
India is one of the few
countries in the world where
sex ratio of aged is in favor of
Population above 60 years 10% suffer from impaired
10% Hospitalized at given
point of time.
Age more than 70 years More than 50% suffer form 1
or more chronic conditions
like CHD, Cancer and HT .
Problems faced by Elderly
Caregivers’ perspectives on elder care
demanding behaviors of older people
selfishness and self centeredness
rigid and opinionated
nagging and criticizing
being jealous and impatient
Experience of abuse and
An elder is physically abused when she is not
attended by her caregivers who are in most cases
family members. They need timely care
(a) when they experience a simple head ache or
back ache and cold
(b) if family members or caregivers are not taking
the elderly to doctor when sick
(c) when elderly are not served meals
(d) do not help elderly with personal chores in
spite of the elderly assisting in the family chores
Old Age People in Joint Family
• The joint family system has
been prevalent in India since
ancient times and has always
given a special place to the
• The elderly are not only revered
and well taken care of, but also
enjoy and amuse themselves in
counterparts. The others in the
family also benefit from their
• Even today, elder people in joint
families live convenient lives
due to availability of care and
• In a fast pacing world, joint
families prove difficult in
• They are decreasing by the
day, which is why, many
veterans who traditionally
lived in joint families(but now
live in nuclear homes) are
compelled to shift to old age
Old Age People in Nuclear Family
• The primary reason for the
formation of nuclear families
is job opportunities available
in the city.
• Nuclear families can prove
useful to veterans. Moreover
veterans can be useful to
• With both working parents,
children derive guidance from
• Grandparents too, if living in
cities, find company their
• Full time care has to be
ensured for elders which can
prove to be expensive.
grandparents may have a
generation gap in the case of
which, both parties end up
• People in nuclear families are
not able to devote due to time
to their elderly, even if they
pay for their expenses.
• The emotional support is not
provided and may cause
relation gaps to widen.
HOW TO ACHIEVE OPTIMUM ELDERLY CARE?
• Active advocacy at various levels of planning.
• Need for reorganization of the facilities and
• Efforts need to be made to revive cultural values and
reinforce the traditional practice of interdependence
• Surveillance of the on-going programmes and
evaluation of their effectiveness.
Solutions for the Elderly
• Increasing awareness among physicians,
mental health professionals, home health
care workers and others who provide
services to older adults and family
members can help break patterns of abuse
or neglect, and both the person
experiencing the abuse and the abuser can
receive needed help.
preventing elder abuse. As most cases of
abuse occur in the home by family
members or caregivers, there needs to be
a concerted effort to educate the public
about the special needs and problems of
older adults and the risk factors for
• Respite care — having someone else care for
the elder, even for a few hours each week is
essential to reducing caregiver stress, a major
contributing factor in elder abuse. Respite care
is especially important for caregivers of people
suffering from Alzheimer's disease or of older
people who are severely disabled. Area
Agencies on Aging are a local resource for
services that might help family caregivers find
respite and in-home help with difficult care
tasks, such as bathing, dressing and cooking.
• Counselling for behavioural or personal
problems in the family or for the individual
with mental health and/or substance abuse
problems can play a significant role in
helping people change lifelong patterns of
behaviour or find solutions to problems
emerging from current stresses. If there is a
substance abuse problem in the family,
treatment is the first step in preventing
violence against the older family member.
• Social contact and support can be a
boon to older persons and to family
members and caregivers as well.
Having other people to talk to is an
important part of relieving tensions.
Many times, families in similar
circumstances can band together to
informal respite for each other. In
addition, when there is a larger
social circle, abuse is less likely to
go unnoticed. Isolation of elders
increases the probability of abuse,
and it may even be a sign that abuse
is occurring. Sometimes abusers will
threaten to keep people away from
the older person.
Advantages of Old Age Homes
Old age homes are meant for senior citizens who are
unable to stay with their families or are destitute.
These old age homes have special medical facilities for
senior citizens such as mobile health care systems,
ambulances, nurses and provision of well-balanced meals.
So they can live a healthy life.
Good services and good behavior of the staff, food being
palatable and wholesome are the main advantage of old
Apart from food, shelter and medical amenities, old age
homes also provide yoga classes to senior citizens.
Old age homes also provide access to telephones and
other forms of communication so that residents may keep in
touch with their loved ones.
The entertainment and library facilities are also available
for the sole purpose of the senior citizens.
Disadvantages of Old Age Homes
Some elders are not taken care of properly.
Some have to share rooms with others, and sometimes
they don’t get along.
Generally children send their parents to old age home to
stay away from them. It’s not a good example for a
country like India where old people are considered a
Sometimes there is lack of facilities at these old age
homes as well as lack of caretakers also. These old
persons are left to themselves and there is no body that
can take care of them at this age.
Their management is profit driven. Patient care is low on
their priority's. Employees are poorly trained. badly paid,
and not usually treated well.