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Physical edu project on football

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Physical edu project on football

  1. 1. .P.J SARASWATI VIHAR-2017-18P.J SARASWATI VIHAR-2017-18 PROJECT ON - FOOTBAPROJECT ON - FOOTBA Submitted by –Bhargav ChoudharySubmitted by –Bhargav Choudhary Class -Class -1212 Submitted to –Submitted to – Mr.Umesh SharmaMr.Umesh Sharma (P.G.T.Phy,Edu)(P.G.T.Phy,Edu)
  2. 2. Certificate This is to certify that master Bhargav Choudhary Of class 12 has prepared the project on Football This project is the result of his efforts and endevours.the project is found worthy Of acceptance as final project for the subject Physical&Health Education. He has prepared the project under my guidance and as per the norms provided By the CBSE.. Mr Umesh Sharma (P.G.T.PHY .EDU.)
  3. 3. • I would like to express my special thanks of gratitude to my teacher Mr.Umesh Sharma(P.G.T) as well as our principal Dr.Kishan Veer Shakya who gave me the golden opportunity to do this wonderful project on the topic Football, which also helped me in doing a lot of Research and i came to know about so many new things I am really thankful to them. Secondly i would also like to thank my parents and friends who helped me a lot in finalizing this project within the limited time frame. ACKNOWLEDGEMENT
  4. 4. CONTENT History of the game #Playfield,equipments ,measuremant Of playfield . #Latest general rules #Fundamental skills of game #Terminology #Specific warming up #Common injuries ,first aid and prevention steps #Important tournaments and venues #Important personalities
  5. 5. • • • RY
  6. 6. Playfield Measurement&Equipments
  7. 7. Latest General Rules 1 Penalty: If a player (such as Barcelona superstar Lionel Messi) stops and starts in his run-up to the ball - in an effort to try to make the goalkeeper move first, he (or she) is to be given the yellow card. The opponents will also be awarded a free kick. A short hesitation is allowed, but not a complete stop. 2. Triple jeopardy: Until now, hand-balls and fouls in the penalty area have often resulted in a defender being given a red card, a penalty and a suspension. In future, the referee will have the discretion to hand out a red card only when he deems that there was intent. If he determines that the offender tried to play the ball but still fouled, he is only to be handed a yellow card. Until now, if the referee deemed that a cast-iron scoring chance was prevented by the offender, the rules obliged him to show red, whatever a defender's intent. 3. Sending off: The referee will no longer only have the power to hand out red cards during the actual match, but also before the opening kick off, if a player conducts himself in an unsportsmanlike manner. In this case, the offender's team would still be allowed to start the match with 11 players.
  8. 8. 4. Breaks for the treatment of injuries: In future, if the physio's magic sponge can get the player back onto his feet within 20 seconds, the player won't have to leave the pitch. Until now, any player who required treatment has had to leave the pitch and could only return after getting permission from the referee. 5. Kick off: Until now, the ball has had to be played forward. Now the player performing the kick off also has the options of playing it backwards or sideways. 6. Attacking wall: For a time there was a trend towards attacking teams positioning players in amongst a defense's wall with the purpose of screening the goalkeeper's view. This is no longer permitted. 7. Drink breaks: Since the 2014 World Cup in Brazil the referee has had the option, particularly on a hot day or evening, to order a break so that the players can have a drink. Now, though, he also has to include the playing time lost in this way to time added on at the end of the match.
  9. 9. Fundamental SkillsFundamental skillsFundamental skills Passing-Passing- *Keep possesion of the ball*Keep possesion of the ball *set attacks*set attacks *provide a decisive or final pass.*provide a decisive or final pass. Shooting – an action of dispatching theShooting – an action of dispatching the Ball into opponents goal.Ball into opponents goal.
  10. 10. Dribbling- how an individual move the ball when faced by opponent. Passing- action of giving the ball to teammates . •Shooting- object of shooting is to dispatching the ball Into opponents ball basically attack.
  11. 11. Defending Skills – *Always keep between your opponent and goal. *Help to watch your opponent and ball . *Slow down your opponent when they run with the ball. *If you lose the ball strive to cover it.
  12. 12. Terminology *Playfield- the game can be play on natural and artificial surface which must be green &rectangular shape. *Ball- must be spherical made of leather,68-70cm in circumference. *No of players – 2 teams no more than of 11 players less *Than 7 plyers cannot play the game . *Equipments- player must wear jersey ,shorts stockings skingaurd &footware. *Refree- refree insures the laws of game. *Duration of match- 2 half consisting 45 minutes
  13. 13. * Methord of scoring – the ball cross the goal line inside the mouth of goal. *Panelty Kick – are given against the tream when they commit any offence Given normally a direct free kick Inside the goal area. *Throw in – use to restart the play after the ball cross the touch line. *Goal Kick – use to restrat the play after the goal has been scored. *Ball in and out of play – the ball is out of play once agoal has been scored or Refree wisle out the game.
  14. 14. Specific warming up 1. Walking Knee Hugs (hip mobility and glute stretch). Rise up onto your toes for each hug to activate your calf muscles and work your balance. 2. Dynamic Lunge with Rotation (hip stretch/opener and T-spine mobility). The hips, especially the hip flexors, are often tight in football players and sprinters. This stretch helps increase mobility for better sprinting power and reduces the risk of injury. It also helps you with T-spine (i.e., thoracic spine) mobility. If your T-spine is restricted or "locked" and cannot rotate properly, your lower back will rotate instead. Not a good thing, because it reduces sprint efficiency and increases the risk of injury. Like pretty much all of these dynamic stretches, the Dynamic Lunge also improves stability
  15. 15. 3. Backward Ninjas (glute activation and hamstring stretch).The true name for these is "Inverted Hamstring Stretches," but one of my high school players called them "Backward Ninjas," and it stuck. Try to keep your hips square. Easier said than done. In the video, AJ is still working on it. 4. Hip Rotations (active leg and hip stability of the standing leg). 5. Lateral Lunges (gluteus medius activation). This "side butt" muscle is commonly overlooked. Like with rotator cuff muscles of the shoulder, you are only as strong as your weakest link. When this muscle is relatively weak, knee injury is more likely. This move also stretches the groin and helps prevent injuries there. Finally, it prepares you for all-important lateral movements. 6. Backward Skips (glute engagement). This is important because glute activation increases sprinting power and reduces the risk of hamstring strains. Swing the arms back, nice and loose, to increase mobility in the shoulders. 8. A-Runs (increase intensity within the range of motion for sprinting). 9. Backward Lunge Reach and Twist (stretches the quads, hip flexors and psoas [a muscle in front of the hip that goes into the abdomen] and increases mobility of the hip, shoulder and T-spine). 10. Punters (dynamic hamstring stretching and hip mobility). 11. Backpedal (works the athletic stance and engages the glutes). This is an especially important warm-up drill for linebackers and defensive backs. 12. Carioca. This is like the A-run, but is more specific for lateral movements .
  16. 16. Common Injuries ACL injuries - The anterior cruciate ligament in the knee can become damaged or torn when a player is impacted from the front or rear. MCL injuries - Injury to the medial collateral ligament in the knee is also very common because it occurs when the knee is impacted from the side. Torn meniscus - When a player rotates their body while a foot stays planted, the knee can twist, causing the meniscus to tear. Ankle sprains and strains - Perhaps the most common injury in all sports, ankles are susceptible to soft tissue damage when pivoting, changing direction, or putting too much pressure on the joint. Muscle contusions - A strong impact to a large muscle, usually in the thigh, can cause a contusion. This is basically a large, deep bruise that can impair muscle function. Torn hamstrings - Bursts of speed can cause the hamstrings to tear if the player is not conditioned or properly warmed up. Shoulder tendinitis - Frequent throwing can cause overuse injuries like shoulder tendinitis from repetitive motions. Shoulder separation or dislocation - A direct blow below the shoulder can cause a separation of the acromioclavicular joint, while a dislocation occurs when the head of the humerus detaches from the scapula.
  17. 17. # Have a pre-season health and wellness evaluation # Perform proper warm-up and cool-down routines # Consistently incorporate strength training and stretching # Hydrate adequately to maintain health and minimize cramps # Stay active during summer break to prepare for return to sports in the fall # Wear properly fitted protective equipment, such as a helmet, pads, and mouthguard # Tackle with the head up and do not lead with the helmet # Speak with a sports medicine professional or athletic trainer if you have any concerns about football injuries or football injury prevention strategies Prevention StepsPrevention Steps
  18. 18. IMPORTANT TOURNAMENTS The major international competetion of football is FIFA Cup UEFA Champions League It was launched soon after UEFA’s first congress,which was held in Vienna on 2nd march 1955. It was founded in June 1954. It is simply known as Champion’s league and is one of the most prestigious tournaments in the world. This league begins in mid July. Winner of this league gets qualified for the UEFA Super Cup and FIFA World Cup. Real Madrid the most successful club in competitions’ history have won the tournaments ten times. UEFA European Championship It is the primary association football competition played by the senior men’s national team of UEFA. It was founded in 1960 and is held after every four years. European championship winners get the opportunity to compete in FIFA Confederations Cup. Till now 14 European Championship tournaments have been won by nine different national teams. One of the six major football union across the globe viz. CONCAF in North America, Conmebol in Latin America, CAF in Africa, AFC in Asia, UEFA in Europe and OFC in Oceania
  19. 19. Indian tournamentsIndian tournaments Federation Cup It was founded in 1977 in India in which 10 teams participate. The current champion of this cup is Bengaluru FC, however Mohan Bagan is the most successful club with 13 titles. Before formation of I-League (NFL). In 1997, the federation cup was the most prestigious football cup in India Durand Cup The Durand football tournament started 128 years ago in 1888. The number of participating teams varies. Current champion is Salgaocar Football Club and Pune football cup was the runner-up. It is one of the leading prizes in Indian Football. Indian Super Cup It was founded in 1997 and it consists of 2 teams.Current championship that was held in New Delhi, 2011 witnessed East Bengal as a new champion. The winner team of the game receives the trophy while players receive individual medals. Santosh Trophy It was founded in 1942 and it comprises of 31 teams. Current champion is Services. The tournament was held in Maharashtra in 2016. Top six goal- scorers of this trophy are- (a) Inder singh (Punjab) 45 goals; (b) Mohammed Habib (Andhra and Bengal) 34 goals; (c) Shyam Thappa (Services and Bengal) 31 goals; (d) P.K.Banerjee (Bengal and Railways) 28 goals; (e) Surajit Sengupta (Bengal) 26 goals; and (f) Biswajit Bhattacharya (Bengal) 26 goals.
  20. 20. IMPORTANT PERSONALITIESIMPORTANT PERSONALITIES

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