14. 1. What is the United Nations World Tourism Organization? Who are the members? What does the organization do? UNWTO is the only organization representing all national and official interests. Private commercial interests are allied members. UNWTO recommends positive measures for UN member countries which are desirous of expanding and improving their tourism. They also attempt to harmonize tourism policies of the various countries and to facilitate the movement of people between countries. Also UNWTO is a specialized agency of the UN helping to resolve any tourism problems.
15. 2.Why should a hotel or restaurant be a member of a state or regional tourism organization? Provide three (3) compelling reasons. 1.The hotel or restaurant would receive a share of the increased tourist business due to the promotional efforts of the organization. 2.Other tourist and non-tourist businesses in the community would also benefit from the work of the organization. 3.A regional association works to attract visitors to this particular destination. It helps to meet competition and receive a larger share of the tourist business. 4.It involves the management staff in tourism affairs and thus increases interest in attracting visitors and making the community more stimulating and attractive.
20. 4.State the meaning of “open skies” agreements. What effects are they expected to produce? “ Open skies” agreements are accords made between two countries that abolish all legal and diplomatic barriers hindering airlines passenger travel. Such agreements will increase the efficiency of international airline operations, increase competition, and greatly improve interconnectedness. Enacting many such agreements would considerably stimulate global tourism.